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經文:

撒母耳記上 1:1-1:1

註釋:

   The First Book of SAMUEL, otherwise called The First Book of
                           the KINGS

  1;  Elkanah, a Levite, having two wives, worships yearly at
     Shiloh.
  4;  He cherishes Hannah, though barren, and provoked by
     Peninnah.
  9;  Hannah in grief prays for a child.
 12;  Eli first rebuking her, afterwards blesses her.
 19;  Hannah, having born Samuel, stays at home till he is
     weaned.
 24;  She presents him, according to her vow, to the Lord.

 * Ramathaim-zophim.
   This ancient town, now called Ramla, is, according to Phocas,
   about thirty-six miles west of Jerusalem, and, according to
   modern travellers, about nine miles from Joppa and a league
   from Lydda, between which it is situated.  It is built on a
   rising ground, on a rich plain, and contains about two
   thousand families.

  19  Mt 27:57 
 * Arimathea.  mount.
  Jud 17:1  19:1 
 * Elkanah.
  1Ch 6:25-27,34 
 * Zuph.
  9:5 
 * Ephrathite.
  17:12  Jud 12:5  Ru 1:2  1Ki 11:26 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:2-1:2

註釋:

 * two.
  Ge 4:19,23  29:23-29  Jud 8:30  Mt 19:8 
 * but.
  Ge 16:1,2  25:21  29:31  Jud 13:2  Lu 1:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:3-1:3

註釋:

 * yearly.  Heb. from year to year.
  Ex 23:14,17  34:23  De 16:16  Lu 2:41 
 * to worship.
  De 12:5-7,11-14 
 * Shiloh.
  9  Jos 18:1  Jud 18:31  Ps 78:60  Jer 7:12-14 
 * And the.
  9  2:12-17,34  3:13  4:4,11,17,18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:4-1:4

註釋:

 * offered.
  Le 3:4  7:15  De 12:5-7,17  16:11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:5-1:5

註釋:

 * a worthy portion.  or, a double portion.
   The Hebrew phrase, {manah achath appayim,} is correctly
   rendered by Gesenius, {ein Stud fur zwei personen, doppelle
   Portion,} "a portion for two persons, a double portion;" for
   {aph} in Hebrew, and [prosopon] in Greek, which literally mean
   a face, are used for a person.

  Ge 43:34  45:22 
 * he loved.
  Ge 29:30,31  De 21:15 
 * shut up.
  Ge 20:18  30:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:6-1:6

註釋:

 * adversary.
  Le 18:18  Job 6:14 
 * provoked her.  Heb. angered her.

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:7-1:7

註釋:

 * year.
  2:19 
 * when she.  or, from the time that she.  Heb. from her going
   up.

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:8-1:8

註釋:

 * why weepest.
  2Sa 12:16,17  2Ki 8:12  Job 6:14  Joh 20:13,15  1Th 5:14 
 * am not.
  Ru 4:15  Ps 43:4  Isa 54:1,6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:9-1:9

註釋:

  3:3,15  2Sa 7:2  Ps 5:7  27:4  29:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:10-1:10

註釋:

 * in bitterness of soul.  Heb. bitter of soul.
  Ru 1:20  2Sa 17:8  Job 7:11  9:18  10:1  Isa 38:15  54:6  La 3:15 
 * prayed.
  Ps 50:15  91:15  Lu 22:44  Heb 5:7 
 * wept sore.
  Ge 50:10  Jud 21:2  2Sa 13:36  2Ki 20:3  Jer 13:17  22:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:11-1:11

註釋:

 * vowed.
  Ge 28:20  Nu 21:2  30:3-8  Jud 11:30  Ec 5:4 
 * look.
  Ge 29:32  Ex 4:31  2Sa 16:12  Ps 25:18 
 * remember.
  19  Ge 8:1  30:22  Ps 132:1,2 
 * a man child.  Heb. seed of men.  I will give.
   Samuel, as a descendent of Levi, was the Lord's property, from
   twenty-five years of age till fifty; but the vow here implies
   that he should be consecrated to the Lord from his infancy to
   his death, and that he should not only act as a Levite, but as
   a Nazarite.

 * there.
  Nu 6:5  Jud 13:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:12-1:12

註釋:

 * continued praying.  Heb. multiplied to pray.
  Lu 11:8-10  18:1  Eph 6:18  Col 4:2  1Th 5:17  Jas 5:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:13-1:13

註釋:

 * spake.
  Ge 24:42-45  Ne 2:4  Ps 25:1  Ro 8:26 
 * she had.
  Zec 9:15  Ac 2:13  1Co 13:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:14-1:14

註釋:

 * How long.
  Jos 22:12-20  Job 8:2  Ps 62:3  Pr 6:9  Mt 7:1-3 
 * put away.
  Job 11:14  22:23  Pr 4:24  Eph 4:25,31 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:15-1:15

註釋:

 * No, my Lord.
  Pr 15:1  25:15 
 * of a sorrowful spirit.  Heb. hard of spirit.  poured.
  Ps 42:4  62:8  142:2,3  143:6  La 2:19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:16-1:16

註釋:

 * a daughter.
  2:12  10:27  25:25  De 13:13 
 * out of.
  Job 6:2,3  10:1,2  Mt 12:34,35 
 * complaint.  or, meditation.

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:17-1:17

註釋:

 * Go.
  25:35  29:7  Jud 18:6  2Ki 5:19  Mr 5:34  Lu 7:50  8:48 
 * the God.
  1Ch 4:10  Ps 20:3-5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:18-1:18

註釋:

 * Let thine.
  Ge 32:5  33:8,15  Ru 2:13 
 * went her.
  Ec 9:7  Joh 16:24  Ro 15:13  Php 4:6,7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:19-1:19

註釋:

 * they rose.
  9:26  Ps 5:3  55:17  119:147  Mr 1:35 
 * knew.
  Ge 4:1 
 * and the Lord.
  11  Ge 8:1  21:1  30:22  Ps 25:7  136:23  Lu 23:42 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:20-1:20

註釋:

 * when the time was come about.  Heb. in revolution of days.
   Samuel.  that is, Asked of God.  Because.
  Ge 4:25  5:29  16:11  29:32-35  30:6-21  41:51,52  Ex 2:10,22 
   Mt 1:21

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:21-1:21

註釋:

  3  Ge 18:19  Jos 24:15  Ps 101:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:22-1:22

註釋:

 * then.
  De 16:16  Lu 2:22,41,42 
 * and there.
  11,28  2:11,18  3:1  Ps 23:6  27:4 
 * for ever.
  Ex 21:6  Le 25:23  Jos 4:7  Ps 110:4  Isa 9:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:23-1:23

註釋:

 * Do what.
  Nu 30:7-11 
 * the Lord.
  2Sa 7:25  Isa 44:26 
 * son suck.
  Ge 21:7,8  Ps 22:9  Mt 24:19  Lu 11:27 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:24-1:24

註釋:

 * A.M. 2839.  B.C. 1165.  An. Ex. Is. 326.  she took.
  Nu 15:9,10  De 12:5,6,11  16:16 
 * three bullocks.
   The LXX., Syriac, and Arabic, read "a bullock of three years
   old;" which is probably correct, as we read (ver. 25) that
   they slew {eth happar,} "the bullock."

 * house.
  4:3,4  Jos 18:1 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:25-1:25

註釋:

 * brought.
  Lu 2:22  18:15,16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:26-1:26

註釋:

 * as thy soul.
  17:55  20:3  Ge 42:15  2Sa 11:11  14:19  2Ki 2:2,4,6  4:30 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:27-1:27

註釋:

 * For this.
  11-13  Mt 7:7 
 * and the Lord.
  Ps 66:19  116:1-5  118:5  1Jo 5:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 1:28-1:28

註釋:

 * lent him.  or, returned him, whom I have obtained by
   petition, to the Lord.
   The word {hishilteehoo}, "I have lent him," is the {Hiphil}
   conjugation of {shu(846c),} "he asked," (ver. 27,) and refers to
   the name of Samuel.

 * he shall be.  or, he whom I have obtained by petition shall
   be returned.  he worshipped.
  Ge 24:26,48,52  2Ti 3:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:1-2:1

註釋:

  1;  Hannah's song in thankfulness.
 12;  The sin of Eli's sons.
 18;  Samuel's ministry.
 20;  By Eli's blessing Hannah is more fruitful.
 22;  Eli reproves his sons.
 27;  A prophecy against Eli's house.

 * prayed.
  Ne 11:17  Hab 3:1  Php 4:6 
 * My heart.
  Lu 1:46,47-56  Ro 5:11  Php 3:3  4:4  1Pe 1:8 
 * mine horn.
  Ps 18:2  89:17  92:10  112:8,9  Lu 1:69 
 * my mouth.
  Ex 15:1,21  Jud 5:1,2  Ps 51:15  71:8  Re 18:20 
 * I rejoice.
  Ps 9:14  13:5  20:5  35:9  118:14  Isa 12:2,3  Hab 3:18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:2-2:2

註釋:

 * none holy.
  Ex 15:11  De 32:4  Ps 99:5,9  111:9  Isa 6:3  57:15  1Pe 1:16 
  Ro 4:8  15:4 
 * none beside.
  De 4:35  2Sa 22:32  Ps 73:25  Isa 43:10,11  44:6,8 
 * rock.
  De 3:24  32:20,31,39  Ps 18:2  71:3,19  86:8  89:6,8  Isa 40:18 
  Jer 10:6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:3-2:3

註釋:

 * let not arrogancy.  Heb. hard.
  Ps 94:4  Pr 8:13  Isa 37:23  Da 4:30,31,37  Mal 3:13  Jude 1:15,16 
 * a God.
  1Ki 8:39  Ps 44:21  94:7-10  147:5  Jer 17:10  Heb 4:12  Re 2:23 
 * by him.
  Job 31:6  Isa 26:7  Da 5:27 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:4-2:4

註釋:

 * The bows.
  Ps 37:15,17  46:9  76:3 
 * stumbled.
  Isa 10:4  Jer 37:10  2Co 4:9,10  12:9  Eph 6:14  Php 4:13 
  Heb 11:34 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:5-2:5

註釋:

 * full.
  Ps 34:10  Lu 1:53  16:25 
 * the barren.
  1:20  Ps 113:9 
 * waxed feeble.
  1:6  Isa 54:1  Jer 15:9  Ga 4:27 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:6-2:6

註釋:

 * killeth.
  De 32:39  2Ki 5:7  Job 5:18  Ps 68:20  Ho 6:1,2  Joh 5:25-29  11:25 
  Re 1:18 
 * he bringeth.
  20:3  Ps 116:3  Isa 26:19  Jon 2:2-6  Mt 12:40  2Co 1:9,10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:7-2:7

註釋:

 * maketh.
  De 8:17,18  Job 1:21  5:11  Ps 102:10 
 * bringeth.
  Ps 75:7  Isa 2:12  Jas 1:9,10  4:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:8-2:8

註釋:

 * the poor.
  Job 2:8  42:10-12  Ps 113:7,8  Da 4:17  Lu 1:51,52 
 * set them.
  15:17  Ge 41:14,40  2Sa 7:8  Job 36:6,7  Ec 4:14  Da 2:48  6:3 
  Jas 2:5  Re 1:6  3:21  5:10  22:5 
 * the pillars.
  Job 38:4-6  Ps 24:2  102:25  104:5  Heb 1:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:9-2:9

註釋:

 * will keep.
  Job 5:24  Ps 37:23,24  91:11,12  94:18  121:3,5,8  Pr 16:9  1Pe 1:5 
 * his saints.
  De 33:3  Ps 37:28  97:10  Pr 2:8  Jude 1:1,3 
 * be silent.
  Job 5:16  Ec 5:17  Jer 8:14  Zep 1:15  Mt 8:12  22:12,13  Ro 3:19 
  2Pe 2:17  Jude 1:13 
 * by strength.
  17:49,50  Ps 33:16,17  Ec 9:11  Jer 9:23  Zec 4:6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:10-2:10

註釋:

 * adversaries.
  Ex 15:6  Jud 5:31  Ps 2:9  21:8,9  68:1,2  92:9  Lu 19:27 
 * out of heaven.
   The LXX. insert, "Let not the wise glory in his wisdom, nor
   the strong glory in his strength, nor the rich glory in his
   riches; but let him who glorieth glory in this, that he
   understandeth and knoweth the Lord, and executeth judgment and
   righteousness in the midst of the earth."

 * he thunder.
  7:10  12:18  Job 40:9  Ps 18:13,14 
 * judge.
  Ps 50:1-6  96:13  98:9  Ec 11:9  12:14  Mt 25:31,32  Joh 5:21,22 
  Ro 14:10-12  2Co 5:10  Re 20:11-15 
 * he shall.
  12:13  15:28  16:1  2Sa 7:8,13  Ps 2:6  21:1,7  Isa 32:1  45:24 
  Mt 25:34  28:18 
 * exalt.
  Ps 89:17,24  92:10  148:14  Lu 1:69 
 * anointed.
  12:3  Ps 2:2  20:6  28:8  45:7  Ac 4:27  10:38 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:11-2:11

註釋:

 * minister.
  18  1:28  3:1,15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:12-2:12

註釋:

 * the sons.
  Ho 4:6-9  Mal 2:1-9 
 * sons of Belial.
  10:27  25:17  De 13:13  Jud 19:22  1Ki 21:10,13  2Co 6:15 
 * knew.
  3:7  Jud 2:10  Jer 2:8  22:16  Joh 8:55  16:3  17:3  Ro 1:21,28-30 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:13-2:13

註釋:

  13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:14-2:14

註釋:

 * all that the flesh-hook.
  29  Ex 29:27,28  Le 7:34  Isa 56:11  Mal 1:10  2Pe 2:13-15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:15-2:15

註釋:

  Le 3:3-5,16  Ro 16:18  Php 3:19  Jude 1:12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:16-2:16

註釋:

 * presently.  Heb. as on the day.
  Le 3:16  7:23-25 
 * I will take.
  Jud 18:25  Ne 5:15  Mic 2:1,2  3:5  1Pe 5:2,3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:17-2:17

註釋:

 * before.
  Ge 6:11  10:9  13:13  2Ki 21:6  Ps 51:4  Isa 3:8 
 * abhorred.
  Mal 2:8,13  Mt 18:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:18-2:18

註釋:

 * ministered.
  11  3:1 
 * a linen ephod.
  22:18  Ex 28:4  Le 8:7  2Sa 6:14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:19-2:19

註釋:

 * a little coat.
   {Meil katon,} "a little cloak" or {surtout;} an upper garment:
   see note on Ex 28:4.

 * from year to year.
  1:3,21  Ex 23:14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:20-2:20

註釋:

   The natural place for this verse seems to be before the 11th,
   after which the 21st should probably come in; and after the
   21st, perhaps the 26th should follow.

 * blessed.
  Ge 14:19  27:27-29  Nu 6:23-27  Ru 2:12  4:11 
 * loan.  or, petition which she asked, etc.
  1:27,28 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:21-2:21

註釋:

 * visited.
  1:19,20  Ge 21:1  Lu 1:68 
 * grew.
  26  3:19  Jud 13:24  Lu 1:80  2:40,52 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:22-2:22

註釋:

 * Now.
  8:1 
 * did unto.
  13-17  Jer 7:9,10  Eze 22:26  Ho 4:9-11 
 * women.
   It is probable that these were persons who had some employment
   about the tabernacle:  see note on Ex 38:8.

 * assembled.  assembled by troops.
  Ex 38:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:23-2:23

註釋:

 * Why.
  1Ki 1:6  Ac 9:4  14:15 
 * I hear, etc.  or, I hear evil words of you.  by all.
  Isa 3:9  Jer 3:3  8:12  Php 3:19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:24-2:24

註釋:

 * no good.
  Ac 6:3  2Co 6:8  1Ti 3:7  3Jo 1:12 
 * ye make.
  17,22  Ex 32:21  1Ki 13:18-21  15:30  2Ki 10:31  Mal 2:8  Mt 18:7 
  2Pe 2:18  Re 2:20 
 * transgress.  or, cry out.

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:25-2:25

註釋:

 * sin against.
  De 17:8-12  25:1-3 
 * if a man.
  3:14  Nu 15:30  Ps 51:4,16  Heb 10:26 
 * who shall.
  1Ti 2:5  Heb 7:25 
 * hearkened.
  De 2:30  Jos 11:20  2Ch 25:16  Pr 15:10  Joh 12:39,40 
 * because.
   Rather, therefore, as the particle {kee} also signifies (see
   Ps 116:10:)  so Noldius, {Ideo voluit Jehova eos interficere,}
   "Therefore Jehovah purposed to destroy them."

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:26-2:26

註釋:

 * grew on.
  21 
 * was in.
  Pr 3:3  Lu 1:80  2:40,52  Ac 2:47  Ro 14:18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:27-2:27

註釋:

 * a man.
  9:4  De 33:1  Jud 6:8  13:6  1Ki 13:1  1Ti 6:11  2Pe 1:21 
 * Did I.
  Ex 4:14,27 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:28-2:28

註釋:

 * And did I.
  Ex 28:1,4,6-30  29:4-37  39:1-7  Le 8:7,8  Nu 16:5  17:5-8  18:1-7 
  2Sa 12:7 
 * did I give.
  Le 2:3,10  6:16  7:7,8,32,34,35  10:14,15  Nu 5:9,10  18:8,19 
  De 18:1-8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:29-2:29

註釋:

 * kick ye.
  13-17  De 32:15  Mal 1:12,13 
 * and at mine.
   They disdained to take the part allowed by the law; and would
   take for themselves what part they pleased, and as much as
   they pleased.

  13-16 
 * habitation.
  De 12:5,6  Jos 18:1 
 * and honourest.
   By permitting his sons to deal thus with the sacrifices, and
   to be served first, by taking their part before the fat, etc.,
   was burnt to the Lord, Eli thus honoured his sons above God.

  Le 19:15  De 33:9  Mt 10:37  22:16  Lu 14:26  2Co 5:16  Jas 3:17 
 * make.
  13-16  Isa 56:11,12  Eze 13:19  34:2  Ho 4:8  Mic 3:5  Ro 16:18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:30-2:30

註釋:

 * I said.
  Ex 28:43  29:9  Nu 25:11-13 
 * Be it far.
  Nu 35:34  *marg 
  2Ch 15:2  Jer 18:9,10 
 * them.
  Jud 9:10  Ps 50:23  Pr 3:9,10  Isa 29:13  Da 4:34  Mal 1:6 
  Joh 5:23  8:49  13:31,32  17:4,5 
 * I will honour.
  Ps 18:20  91:14  Joh 5:44  12:26  1Co 4:5  1Pe 1:7 
 * that despise.
  Nu 11:20  2Sa 12:9,10  Mal 2:8,9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:31-2:31

註釋:

 * I will cut.
   That is, I will destroy the strength, power, influence, and
   authority of thee and thy family; of which the arm of man
   being the instrument, is used as the emblem.

  4:2,11,17-20  14:3  22:17-20  1Ki 2:26,27,35  Job 22:9  Ps 37:17 
  Eze 30:21-24  44:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:32-2:32

註釋:

 * an enemy, etc.
   Or, the affliction of the tabernacle, for all the wealth which
   God would have given Israel.  This appears to be the right
   translation; for, agreeably to this prediction, he did see the
   tabernacle deprived of the ark, which was its glory, and lived
   to hear that it was captured by the Philistines.

  4:4,11,22  Ps 78:59-64 
 * an old man.
  Zec 8:4 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:33-2:33

註釋:

 * to consume.
  22:21-23  1Ki 1:7,19  2:26,27  Mt 2:16-18 
 * in the flower, etc.  Heb. men.

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:34-2:34

註釋:

 * a sign.
  3:12  1Ki 13:3  14:12 
 * in one day.
  4:11,17 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:35-2:35

註釋:

 * I will raise.
  1Ki 1:8,45  2:35  1Ch 29:22  Eze 34:23  44:15,16  Heb 2:17  7:26-28 
 * I will build.
  25:28  Ex 1:21  Nu 25:13  2Sa 7:11,27  1Ki 11:38  1Ch 6:8-15 
  Ne 12:10,11 
 * mine.
  Ps 2:2  18:50 

經文:

撒母耳記上 2:36-2:36

註釋:

 * is left.
  1Ki 2:27  Eze 44:10-12 
 * Put.  Heb. Join.  one of the priest's offices.  Heb. somewhat
   about the priesthood.  eat.
  29,30  Mal 1:13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:1-3:1

註釋:

  1;  How the word of the Lord was first revealed to Samuel.
 11;  God tells Samuel the destruction of Eli's house.
 15;  Samuel, though loath, tells Eli the vision.
 19;  Samuel grows in credit.

 * the child.
  15  2:11,18 
 * the word.
  21  Ps 74:9  Isa 13:12  Am 8:11,12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:2-3:2

註釋:

 * his eyes.
  2:22  4:15  Ge 27:1  48:19  Ps 90:10  Ec 12:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:3-3:3

註釋:

 * ere.
   Before sun-rise:  for it is probable the lamps were
   extinguished before the rising of the sun; see the Parallel
   Passages.

 * the lamp.
  Ex 27:20,21  30:7,8  Le 24:2-4  2Ch 13:11 
 * the temple.
  1:6  Ps 5:7  27:4  29:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:4-3:4

註釋:

 * called Samuel.
  Ge 22:1  Ex 3:4  Ps 99:6  Ac 9:4  1Co 12:6-11,28  Ga 1:15,16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:5-3:5

註釋:

  5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:6-3:6

註釋:

  4:16  Ge 43:29  2Sa 18:22  Mt 9:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:7-3:7

註釋:

 * Now Samuel.
   Or, Thus did Samuel before he knew the Lord, and before the
   word of the Lord was revealed unto him.

 * did not yet.
   Samuel was not destitute of the knowledge of God, in that
   sense which implies the total absence of true piety, as Eli's
   sons were; for he knew and worshipped the God of Israel:  but
   he did not know him as communicating special revelations of
   his will to him, in the manner in which he made it known to
   the prophets.

  Jer 9:24  Ac 19:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:8-3:8

註釋:

 * the third.
  Job 33:14,15 
   Although Samuel did not apprehend the way in which God reveals
   himself to his servants the prophets--by the "still small
   voice"--yet when this direct communication from the Almighty
   was made the third time, in a way altogether new and strange
   to him, it seems astonishing that he did not immediately
   apprehend.  Perhaps he would have been sooner aware of a
   divine revelation, had it come in a dream or a vision.  Those
   who have the greatest knowledge of divine things, should
   remember the time when they were as babes, unskilful in the
   word of righteousness.

  1Co 13:11,12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:9-3:9

註釋:

 * Speak.
  Ex 20:19  Ps 85:8  Isa 6:8  Da 10:19  Ac 9:6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:10-3:10

註釋:

 * the Lord came.
   This seems to imply a visible appearance, as well as an
   audible voice.

 * as at other.
  4-6,8 
   Samuel did not now rise and run as before, when thought he Eli
   called, but lay still and listened.  All must be silent, when
   God speaks.  Observe, however, Samuel in his reply left out
   one word:  he did not say, Speak, Lord, but only Speak, for
   thy servant heareth; perhaps, as Bp. Patrick suggests, out of
   uncertainty, whether it was God that spake to him or not.
   However, by this answer way was made for the message he was
   now to receive, and Samuel was brought acquainted with the
   words of God and visions of the Almighty.

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:11-3:11

註釋:

 * I will do.
  Isa 29:14  Am 3:6,7  Hab 1:5  Ac 13:41 
 * both the ears.
  2Ki 21:12  Isa 28:19  Jer 19:3  Lu 21:26 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:12-3:12

註釋:

 * I will perform.
  2:27-36  Nu 23:19  Jos 23:15  Zec 1:6  Lu 21:33 
 * when I begin, etc.  Heb. beginning and ending.

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:13-3:13

註釋:

 * For I have told him.  or, And I will tell him, etc.
  2:27-30,31-36 
 * I will.
  2Ch 20:12  Eze 7:3  18:30  Joe 3:12 
 * which he knoweth.
  1Ki 2:44  Ec 7:22  1Jo 3:20 
 * his sons.
  2:12,17,22,23-26 
 * vile.  or, accursed.  restrained them not.  Heb. frowned not
   upon them.
  2:23-25  1Ki 1:6  Pr 19:18  23:13,14  29:15  Mt 10:37 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:14-3:14

註釋:

 * the iniquity.
  2:25  Nu 15:30,31  Ps 51:16  Isa 22:14  Jer 7:16  15:1  Eze 24:13 
  Heb 10:4-10,26-31 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:15-3:15

註釋:

 * opened.
  1:9  Mal 1:10 
 * Samuel.
   Samuel reverenced Eli as a father, and feared to distress him
   by shewing what God had purposed to do.  It does not appear
   that God commanded Samuel to deliver this message; he
   therefore did not attempt it till adjured by Eli.  It might be
   supposed that Samuel would have been so full of ecstasy as to
   have forgotten his ordinary service, and run amongst his
   friends to tell them of the converse he had with God in the
   night:  but he modestly keeps it to himself.  Our secret
   communion with God is not to be proclaimed on the house-top.

 * feared.
  Jer 1:6-8  1Co 16:10,11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:16-3:16

註釋:

  16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:17-3:17

註釋:

 * I pray thee.
  Ps 141:5  Da 4:19  Mic 2:7 
 * God.
  20:13  Ru 1:17  2Sa 3:35  19:13  1Ki 22:16  Mt 26:63 
 * more also.  Heb. so add.  thing.  or, word.

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:18-3:18

註釋:

 * every whit.  Heb. all the things, or, words.
   Whit, or wid, comes from the Anglo-Saxon {wiht,} which
   signifies person, thing, etc.:  every whit is every thing:
   equivalent to every jot.

 * It is the Lord.
  Ge 18:25  Jud 10:15  2Sa 16:10-12  Job 1:21  2:10  Ps 39:9 
  Isa 39:8  La 3:39  1Pe 5:6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:19-3:19

註釋:

 * grew.
  2:21  Jud 13:24  Lu 1:80  2:40,52 
 * the Lord.
  18:14  Ge 39:2,21-23  Isa 43:2  Mt 1:23  Lu 1:28  2Co 13:11,14 
  2Ti 4:22 
 * let none.
  9:6  1Ki 8:56  Isa 44:26 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:20-3:20

註釋:

 * Dan.
  Jud 20:1  2Sa 3:10  17:11 
 * established.  or, faithful.
  1Ti 1:12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 3:21-3:21

註釋:

 * And the Lord.
   {Wyyoseph yehowah lehaira(9468),} "And Jehovah added to appear:"
   that is, He continued to reveal himself to Samuel at Shiloh.

 * appeared.
  Ge 12:7  15:1  Nu 12:6  Am 3:7  Heb 1:1 
 * the word.
  1,4 

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:1-4:1

註釋:

  1;  The Israelites are overcome by the Philistines at Ebenezer.
  3;  They fetch the ark unto the terror of the Philistines.
 10;  They are smitten again, the ark taken, and Hophni and
     Phinehas are slain.
 12;  Eli at the news, falling backward, breaks his neck.
 19;  Phinehas's wife, discouraged in her travail with I-chabod,
     dies.

 * A.M. 2863.  B.C. 1141.  An. Ex. Is. 350.  came.  or, came to
   pass.  Heb. was.
  3:11 
 * Eben-ezer.
   That is, the place afterwards so called:  See the Parallel
   Texts.

  5:1  7:12 
 * Aphek.
   This Aphek was situated in the tribe of Judah, and is probably
   the same as Aphekah.

  Jos 15:53 
   It must be carefully distinguished from that near Jezreel, and
   another in Asher.

  29:1  Jos 19:30  1Ki 20:30 

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:2-4:2

註釋:

 * put.
  17:8,21 
 * they joined battle.  Heb. the battle was spread.  Israel.
  Jos 7:5-8,12  Ps 44:9,10 
 * and they.
  Ps 79:7,8  106:40,41  La 3:40 
 * the army.  Heb. the array.

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:3-4:3

註釋:

 * Wherefore.
  De 29:24  Ps 74:1,11  Isa 50:1  58:3 
 * Let us.
  14:18  Nu 31:6  Jos 6:4,5  2Sa 15:25  Isa 1:11-15  Jer 7:4,8-15 
  Mt 3:9,10 
 * fetch.  Heb. take unto us.  the ark.
  Nu 10:33  De 31:26  Jos 4:7  1Ch 17:1  Jer 3:16  Heb 9:4 
 * it may save.
  Jer 7:8-11  Am 5:21,22  Mt 23:25-28  Ro 2:28,29  1Co 10:1-5 
  2Ti 3:5  1Pe 3:21  Jude 1:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:4-4:4

註釋:

 * which dwelleth.
  2Sa 6:2  2Ki 19:15  Ps 80:1  99:1 
 * the cherubims.
  Ex 25:18-22  Nu 7:89 
 * Hophni.
  2:12-17,22  Ps 50:16,17  Mal 1:9  Ac 19:15,16 
 * with the ark.
  Nu 4:5,15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:5-4:5

註釋:

 * all Israel.
   They vainly supposed that the ark would save them, when the
   God of it had departed from them because of their wickedness.

  Jud 15:14  Job 20:5  Jer 7:4  Am 6:3  Mic 2:11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:6-4:6

註釋:

 * What meaneth.
  Ex 32:17,18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:7-4:7

註釋:

 * were afraid.
  Ex 14:25  15:14-16  De 32:30 
 * heretofore.  Heb. yesterday or the third day.

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:8-4:8

註釋:

 * smote.
  Ex 7:5  9:14  Ps 78:43-51 

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:9-4:9

註釋:

 * Be strong.
  2Sa 10:12  1Co 16:13  Eph 6:10,11 
 * as they have.
  De 28:47,48  Jud 10:7  13:1  Isa 14:2  33:1 
 * quit yourselves like men.  Heb. be men.

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:10-4:10

註釋:

 * Israel.
  2  Le 26:17  De 28:25  Ps 78:9,60-64 
 * every man.
  2Sa 20:1  1Ki 12:16  22:36  2Ki 14:12 
 * a very great.
  2Sa 18:7  2Ch 13:17  28:5,6  Isa 10:3-6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:11-4:11

註釋:

 * the ark.
  2:32  Ps 78:61 
 * the two sons.
  2:34  Ps 78:64  Isa 3:11 
 * were slain.  Heb. died.

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:12-4:12

註釋:

 * with his clothes rent.
   These, as we have already remarked, were the general signs of
   sorrow and distress.

  2Sa 1:2 
 * with earth.
  Jos 7:6  2Sa 13:19  15:32  Ne 9:1  Job 2:12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:13-4:13

註釋:

 * sat upon.
  1:9 
 * his heart.
  Jos 7:9  Ne 1:3,4  Ps 26:8  79:1-8  137:4-6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:14-4:14

註釋:

 * What meaneth.
  6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:15-4:15

註釋:

 * ninety.
  3:2  Ps 90:10 
 * and his eyes.
  Ge 27:1 
 * were dim.  Heb. stood.

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:16-4:16

註釋:

 * What is there done.  Heb. What is the thing.
  2Sa 1:4 
 * my son.
  3:6  Jos 7:19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:17-4:17

註釋:

 * Israel.
  10,11  3:11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:18-4:18

註釋:

 * when he made.
  21,22  Ps 26:8  42:3,10  69:9  La 2:15-19 
 * his neck.
  2:31,32  3:12,13  Le 10:3  1Co 11:30-32  1Pe 4:17,18 
 * And he had.
   "He seems to have been a judge to do justice only, and that in
   south-west Israel."

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:19-4:19

註釋:

 be delivered. or, cry out. came upon her.
 Heb. were turned.

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:20-4:20

註釋:

 * Fear not.
  Ge 35:17,18  Joh 16:21 
 * neither did she regard it.  Heb. and set not her heart.
  Ps 77:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:21-4:21

註釋:

 * I-chabod.  that is, Where is the glory?.  or, There is no
   glory.  The glory.
  Ps 26:8  78:61,64  106:20  Jer 2:11  Ho 9:12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 4:22-4:22

註釋:

 * The glory.
  Ps 137:5,6  Joh 2:17 

經文:

撒母耳記上 5:1-5:1

註釋:

  1;  The Philistines having brought the ark into Ashdod, set it
     in the house of Dagon.
  3;  Dagon is smitten down and cut in pieces, and they of Ashdod
     smitten with emerods.
  8;  So God deals with them of Gath, when it was brought
     thither;
 10;  and so with them of Ekron, when it was brought thither.

 * took.
  4:11,17,18,22  Ps 78:61 
 * Eben-ezer.
  4:1  7:12 
 * Ashdod.
   Ashdod, called Azotus by the Greeks, was one of the five
   satrapies of the Philistines, and a place of great strength
   and consequence.  It was situated near the Mediterranean,
   between Askelon and Jamnia, thirty-four miles north of Gaza,
   according to Diodorus Siculus, and the Antonine and Jerusalem
   Itineraries.  It is now called Shdood; and Dr. Richardson says
   they neither saw nor heard of any ruins there.  "The ground,"
   he observes, "around Ashdod is beautifully undulating, but not
   half stocked with cattle.  The site of the town is on the
   summit of a grassy hill; and, if we are to believe historians,
   was anciently as strong as it was beautiful."

  Jos 11:22  Ac 8:40 
 * Azotus.

經文:

撒母耳記上 5:2-5:2

註釋:

 * of Dagon.
  Jud 16:23  1Ch 10:10  Da 5:2,23  Hab 1:11,16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 5:3-5:3

註釋:

 * Dagon was.
  Ex 12:12  Ps 97:7  Isa 19:1  46:1,2  Zep 2:11  Mr 3:11  Lu 10:18-20 
  2Co 6:14-16 
 * set him.
  Isa 19:1  40:20  41:7  44:17-20  46:1,2,7  Jer 10:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 5:4-5:4

註釋:

 * the head.
  Isa 2:18,19  27:9  Jer 10:11  50:2  Eze 6:4-6  Da 11:8  Mic 1:7 
 * of Dagon.
   The name of this idol, Dagon, signifies a fish:  and it is
   supposed to be the Atergatis of the Syrians, corruptly called
   Derceto by the Greeks, which had the upper part like a woman,
   and the lower part like a fish; as Lucian informs us:
   [Derketous de eidos en Phoinike ethe(8273)am(826e), the(826d)a xenon;
   (826d)isen men gyn(823b) to de okoson ek m(8272)▋ es akrous podas,
   ichtlyos our(8220)apoteinetai;] "In Phoenicia I saw the image of
   Derceto; a strange sight truly!  For she had the half of a
   woman, but from the thighs downward a fish's tail."  Diodorus,
   (1. ii.) describing the same idol, as represented at Askelon,
   says, [to men pros▉on echei synaikos, to d'allo s▌a pan
   ichthyos.]  "It had the head of a woman, but all the rest of
   the body a fish's."  Probably Horace alludes to this idol, in
   De Art. Poet. v. 4; {Desinat in piscem, mulier formosa
   superne:}  "The upper part a handsome woman, and the lower
   part a fish."  If such was the form of this idol, then
   everything that was human was broken off from what resembled a
   fish.

 * the stump.  or, the fishy part.

經文:

撒母耳記上 5:5-5:5

註釋:

 * neither.
  Ps 115:4-7  135:15-18 
 * tread.
  Jos 5:15  Zep 1:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 5:6-5:6

註釋:

 * the hand.
  7,11  Ex 9:3  Ps 32:4  Ac 13:11 
 * emerods.
  9,11  6:5  De 28:27  Job 31:3  Ps 78:66 
 * thereof.
   The LXX. and Vulgate add:  [Kai meson t(8273) choras aut(8273)
   anephy(8273)an myes kai egeneto synchysis thanatou megal(8220)en t(820a)   polei; {Et ebullierunt vill(9120)et agri in medio regionis illius,
   et nati sunt mures; et facta est confusio mortis magn(9120)in
   civitate; "And [the cities and fields in Vulg.] the midst of
   that region produced mice; [Vulg. burst up, and mice were
   produced;] and there was the confusion of a great death in the
   city."

  6:4,5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 5:7-5:7

註釋:

 * saw.
  4:8  Ex 8:8,28  9:28  10:7  12:33 
 * The ark.
  6:20  2Sa 6:9  1Ch 13:11-13  15:13 
 * upon Dagon our god.
  3,4  Jer 46:25  48:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 5:8-5:8

註釋:

 * What shall.
  Zec 12:3 
 * Gath.
  17:4  Am 6:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 5:9-5:9

註釋:

 * the hand.
  6  7:13  12:15  De 2:15  Am 5:19  9:1-4 
 * with a very.
  11 
 * and they had emerods.
  6  6:4,5,11  Ps 78:66 

經文:

撒母耳記上 5:10-5:10

註釋:

 * God to Ekron.
  Jos 15:45  Jud 1:18  2Ki 1:2  Am 1:8 
 * us, to slay us and our people.  Heb. me, to slay me and my
   people.

經文:

撒母耳記上 5:11-5:11

註釋:

 * us not, and our people.  Heb. me not, and my people.  a
   deadly.
  Isa 13:7-9  Jer 48:42-44 
 * the hand.
  6,9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 5:12-5:12

註釋:

 * died.
  1Ki 19:17  Am 5:19 
 * the cry.
  9:16  Ex 12:30  Isa 15:3-5  Jer 14:2  25:34  48:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:1-6:1

註釋:

  1;  After seven months the Philistines take counsel how to send
     back the ark.
 10;  They bring it on a new cart with an offering unto
     Beth-shemesh.
 19;  The people are smitten for looking into the ark.
 21;  They send to them of Kirjath-jearim to fetch it.

 * A.M. 2864.  B.C. 1140.  An. Ex. Is. 351.  the ark.
  5:1,3,10,11  Ps 78:61 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:2-6:2

註釋:

 * called.
  Ge 41:8  Ex 7:11  Isa 47:12,13  Da 2:2  5:7  Mt 2:4 
 * wherewith.
  Mic 6:6-9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:3-6:3

註釋:

 * empty.
  Ex 23:15  34:20  De 16:16 
 * a trespass.
  Le 5:6,15-19  6:6  7:1-7 
 * known.
  9  5:7,9,11  Job 10:2  34:31,32 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:4-6:4

註釋:

 * Five golden.
  5,17,18  5:6,9  Ex 12:35  Jos 13:3  Jud 3:3 
 * you all.  Heb. them.

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:5-6:5

註釋:

 * mice.
   Bochart has collected many curious accounts relative to the
   terrible devastations made by these mischievous animals.
   William, Archbishop of Tyre, records, that in the beginning of
   the twelfth century, a penitential council was held at
   Naplouse, where five and twenty canons were framed for the
   correction of the manners of the inhabitants of the Christian
   kingdom of Jerusalem, who they apprehended had provoked to
   bring upon them the calamities of earthquakes, war, and
   famine.  This last he ascribes to locusts and devouring mice,
   which had for four years together so destroyed the fruits of
   the earth as to cause an almost total failure of their crops.
   It was customary for the ancient heathen to offer to their
   gods such monuments of their deliverance as represented the
   evils from which they had been rescued; and Tavernier informs
   us, that among the Indians, when a pilgrim goes to one of the
   pagodas for a cure, he brings the figure of the member
   affected, made of gold, silver, or copper, according to his
   circumstances, which he offers to his god.

  Ex 8:5,17,24  10:14,15  Joe 1:4-7  2:25 
 * give glory.
  Jos 7:19  Ps 18:44  66:3  *marg: 
  Isa 42:12  Jer 3:13  13:16  Mal 2:2  Joh 9:24  Re 11:13  16:9 
 * lighten.
  5:6,11  Ps 32:4  39:10 
 * off your.
  5:3,4,7  Ex 12:12  Nu 33:4  Isa 19:1 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:6-6:6

註釋:

 * harden.
  Job 9:4  Ps 95:8  Ro 2:5  Heb 3:13 
 * the Egyptians.
  Ex 7:13  8:15  9:16,34  10:3  14:17,23  15:14-16 
 * wonderfully.  or, reproachfully.  did they not.
  Ex 12:31-33 
 * the people.  Heb. them.

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:7-6:7

註釋:

 * new cart.
  2Sa 6:3  1Ch 13:7 
 * on which.
  Nu 19:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:8-6:8

註釋:

 * jewels.
  4,5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:9-6:9

註釋:

 * Beth-shemesh.
  Jos 15:10  21:16 
 * he.  or, it.
  Am 3:6 
 * we shall.
  3 
 * not his hand.
  Isa 26:11 
 * a chance.
  2Sa 1:6  Ec 9:11  Lu 10:31 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:10-6:10

註釋:

  10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:11-6:11

註釋:

 * they laid.
  2Sa 6:3  1Ch 13:7  15:13-15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:12-6:12

註釋:

  12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:13-6:13

註釋:

  13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:14-6:14

註釋:

 * offered.
  7:9-17  11:5  20:29  Ex 20:24  Jud 6:26  21:4  2Sa 24:18,22,25 
  1Ki 18:30-38 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:15-6:15

註釋:

  15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:16-6:16

註釋:

 * the five.
  4,12  Jos 13:3  Jud 3:3  16:5,23-30 
 * they returned.
  5:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:17-6:17

註釋:

 * these.
  4 
 * Ashdod.
  5:1  2Ch 26:6  Jer 25:20  Zec 9:6 
 * Gaza.
  Jud 16:1,21  Am 1:7,8 
 * Askelon.
  Jud 1:18  Zec 9:5 
 * Gath.
  5:8  2Sa 1:20  21:22  Am 6:2 
 * Ekron.
  5:10  2Ki 1:2  Am 1:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:18-6:18

註釋:

 * the five lords.
  16  Jos 13:3 
 * great stone of.  or, great stone.

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:19-6:19

註釋:

 * he smote.
  Ex 19:21  Le 10:1-3  Nu 4:4,5,15,20  De 29:29  2Sa 6:7 
  1Ch 13:9,10  Col 2:18  1Pe 4:17 
 * fifty thousand.
   As it is very improbable that the village of Beth-shemesh
   should contain, or be capable of employing, 50,070; men in the
   fields at wheat harvest, much less that they could all peep
   into the ark, and from the uncommon manner in which it is
   expressed in the original, it is generally allowed that there
   is some corruption in the text, or that some explanatory word
   is omitted.  The Hebrew is {shivim ish, chamishim aileph ish,}
   literally, "seventy men, fifty thousand men:"  so LXX.
   [                                                           .]
   Vulgate, {septuaginta viros, et quinquaginta millia plebis,}
   "70; (chief) men, and 50,000; common people."  Targum, {besabey
   (836d)ma,}  "of the elders of the people 70; men, {ovekahala,} and
   in the congregation 50,000; men."  But the Syriac, {chamsho
   alphin weshivin gavrin,} "5,000; and 70; men;" with which the
   Arabic agrees; while Josephus has only [       ,] seventy men;
   and three reputable MSS. of Dr. Kennicott's also omit "50,000
   men."  Some learned men, however, would render, by supplying
   [M(886d),] {mem,} "70; men; fifty out of a thousand;" which
   supposes about 1,400; present, and that a twentieth part were
   slain.

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:20-6:20

註釋:

  5:8-12  Nu 17:12,13  2Sa 6:7,9  1Ch 13:11-13  Ps 76:7  Mal 3:2 
  Lu 5:8  8:37 

經文:

撒母耳記上 6:21-6:21

註釋:

 * Kirjath-jearim.
  Jos 18:14  Jud 18:12  1Ch 13:5,6  Ps 78:60  Jer 7:12,14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:1-7:1

註釋:

  1;  They of Kirjath-jearim bring the ark into the house of
     Abinadab, and sanctify Eleazar, his son to keep it.
  2;  After twenty years,
  3;  the Israelites, by Samuel's means, solemnly repent at
     Mizpeh.
  7;  While Samuel prays and sacrifices, the Lord discomfits the
     Philistines by thunder at Eben-ezer.
 13;  The Philistines are subdued.
 15;  Samuel judges Israel.

 * Kirjath-jearim.
  6:21  Jos 18:14  2Sa 6:2  1Ch 13:5,6  Ps 132:6 
 * Abinadab.
  2Sa 6:3,4  1Ch 13:7  Isa 52:11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:2-7:2

註釋:

 * lamented.
  Jud 2:4  Jer 3:13,22-25  31:9  Zec 12:10,11  Mt 5:4  2Co 7:10,11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:3-7:3

註釋:

 * A.M. 2884.  B.C. 1120.  An. Ex. Is. 371.  return.
  De 30:2-10  1Ki 8:48  Isa 55:7  Ho 6:1,2  14:1  Joe 2:12,13 
 * put away.
  Ge 35:2  Jos 24:14,23  Jud 2:13  10:6 
 * prepare.
  De 30:6  1Ch 22:19  28:9  2Ch 30:19  Job 11:13,14  Pr 16:1 
  Jer 4:3,4  Eze 18:31  Mt 15:8  Joh 4:24 
 * serve him.
  De 6:13  10:20  13:4  Mt 4:10  6:24  Lu 4:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:4-7:4

註釋:

  Jud 2:11,13  10:15,16  1Ki 11:33  Ho 14:3,8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:5-7:5

註釋:

 * Gather.
  Ne 9:1  Joe 2:16 
 * Mizpeh.
  12,16  10:17  Jos 15:38  Jud 20:1  2Ki 25:23 
 * I will pray.
  12:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:6-7:6

註釋:

 * drew water.
   Grotius says, that the pouring out of water means the shedding
   of tears; and the Targum reads, "And they poured out their
   hearts in penitence, as waters, before the Lord."  Others
   suppose that it was done emblematically, to represent the
   contrition of their hearts, and their desire to wash away
   their past offences.  But some learned men conceive that it
   was poured out as a libation, in token of joy, after they had
   fasted and confessed their sin, as they were wont to do in the
   feast of tabernacles.  (See note on Nu. 29:35.)

  1:15  2Sa 14:14  Job 16:20  Ps 6:6  42:3  119:136  Jer 9:1 
  La 2:11,18  3:49 
 * fasted.
  2Ch 20:3  Ezr 8:21-23  Ne 9:1-3  Da 9:3-5  Joe 2:12  Jon 3:1-10 
 * We have sinned.
  Le 26:40  Jud 10:10  1Ki 8:47  Ezr 9:5-10  Job 33:27  40:4  42:6 
  Ps 38:3-8  106:6  Jer 3:13,14  31:19  Lu 15:18 
 * judged.
  Jud 3:10  Ne 9:27  Eze 20:4 

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:7-7:7

註釋:

 * afraid.
  13:6  17:11  Ex 14:10  2Ch 20:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:8-7:8

註釋:

 * Cease, etc.  Heb. Be not silent from us from crying.
  12:19-24  Isa 37:4  62:1,6,7  Jas 5:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:9-7:9

註釋:

 * a sucking.
  17  6:14,15  9:12  10:8  16:2  Jud 6:26,28  1Ki 18:30-38 
 * cried unto.
  Ps 50:15  99:6  Jer 15:1  Jas 5:16 
 * heard.  or, answered.

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:10-7:10

註釋:

 * thundered.
  2:10  12:17  Ex 9:23-25  Jud 5:8,20  Ps 18:11-14  77:16-18  97:3,4 
  Re 16:18-21 
 * discomfited.
  De 20:3,4  Jos 10:10  Jud 4:15  5:20  Zec 4:6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:11-7:11

註釋:

 * Beth-car.
   This place was probably situated in the tribe of Dan.
   Josephus calls it [             ;] the LXX. [               ;]
   Targum, Beth-saron; Syriac and Arabic Beth-jasan; by which
   Houbigant supposes is meant Beth-shan.

  11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:12-7:12

註釋:

 * took a stone.
  Ge 28:18,19  31:45-52  35:14  Jos 4:9,20-24  24:26,27  Isa 19:19 
 * Ebenezer.  that is, The stone of help.
  4:1  5:1  Ge 22:14  Ex 17:15 
 * Hitherto.
  Ps 71:6,17  Isa 46:3,4  Ac 26:22  2Co 1:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:13-7:13

註釋:

 * subdued.
  Jud 13:1 
 * came no more.
  13:1-5 
 * against.
  14:6-16,20-23  17:49-53  28:3-5  31:1-7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:14-7:14

註釋:

 * peace.
  De 7:2,16  Jud 4:17  Ps 106:34 

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:15-7:15

註釋:

 * A.M. 2873-2947.  B.C. 1131-1057.  judged.
  6  12:1  25:1  Jud 2:16  3:10,11  Ac 13:20,21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:16-7:16

註釋:

 * he went.
   When he was at Bethel, the tribe of Ephraim and all the
   northern parts of the country could attend him; when at
   Gilgal, the tribe of Benjamin and those beyond Jordan could
   have easy access to him; and when at Mizpeh, he was within the
   reach of Judah, Simeon, and Gad:  but at Ramah was the place
   of his ordinary abode; and there he held his court, for there
   he judged Israel:  and as it is probable that Shiloh was
   destroyed, it is said (ver. 17) that there, i.e., at Ramah,
   "he built an altar to the Lord."

 * in circuit.  Heb. and he circuited.
  Jud 5:10  10:4  12:14  Ps 75:2  82:3,4 

經文:

撒母耳記上 7:17-7:17

註釋:

 * his return.
  1:1,19  8:4  19:18-23 
 * he built.
  11:15  Ge 12:7,8  33:20  35:7  Jud 21:5  1Ki 18:30-36 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:1-8:1

註釋:

  1;  By occasion of the ill government of Samuel's sons, the
     Israelites ask a king.
  6;  Samuel praying in grief, is comforted by God.
 10;  He tells the manner of a king.
 19;  God wills Samuel to yield unto the importunity of the
     people.

 * A.M. 2892.  B.C.  1112.  An. Ex. Is. 379.  made his.
  De 16:18,19  Jud 8:22,23  2Ch 19:5,6  Ne 7:2  1Ti 5:21 
 * sons judges.
  Jud 5:10  10:4  12:14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:2-8:2

註釋:

 * Joel.
  1Ch 6:28,38 
 * Vashni.

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:3-8:3

註釋:

 * his sons.
  2Sa 15:4  1Ki 12:6-11  2Ki 21:1-3  Ec 2:19  Jer 22:15-17 
 * but turned.
  Ex 18:21  De 16:19  Ps 15:5  26:10  Isa 33:15  1Ti 3:3  6:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:4-8:4

註釋:

 * the elders.
  Ex 3:16  24:1  2Sa 5:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:5-8:5

註釋:

 * now make.
  6-8,19,20  12:17  Nu 23:9  De 17:14,15  Ho 13:10,11  Ac 13:21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:6-8:6

註釋:

 * displeased.  Heb. was evil in the eyes of.
  12:17 
 * prayed.
  15:11  Ex 32:21,32  Nu 16:15,22,46  Ezr 9:3-5  Ps 109:4 
  Lu 6:11,12  Php 4:6  Jas 1:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:7-8:7

註釋:

 * Hearken.
  Nu 22:20  Ps 81:11,12  Isa 66:4  Ho 13:10,11 
 * they have not.
  10:19  12:17-19  Ex 16:8  Mt 10:24,25,40  Lu 10:16  19:14,27 
  Joh 13:16  15:20,21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:8-8:8

註釋:

  Ex 14:11,12  16:3  17:2  32:1  Nu 14:2-4  16:2,3,41  De 9:24 
  Jud 2:2,3,20  4:1  6:1  13:1  Ps 78:56-59  106:14-21,34-40 
  Ac 7:51-53 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:9-8:9

註釋:

 * hearken unto.  or, obey.  howbeit, etc.  or, notwithstanding
   when thou hast solemnly protested against them, then thou
   shalt shew, etc.
  Eze 3:18 
 * the manner.
  11-18  2:13  10:25  14:52  Eze 45:7,8  46:18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:10-8:10

註釋:

  10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:11-8:11

註釋:

 * This will.
  10:25  De 17:14-20 
 * He will take.
  14:52  1Ki 9:22,23  10:26  12:4,10  2Ch 26:10-15 
 * run.
  2Sa 15:1  1Ki 1:5  18:46 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:12-8:12

註釋:

 * appoint.
  1Ch 27:1-22 
 * and will set.
  1Ki 4:7,22,23,27,28  2Ch 32:28,29 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:13-8:13

註釋:

  13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:14-8:14

註釋:

  22:7  1Ki 21:7,19  Eze 46:18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:15-8:15

註釋:

 * officers.  Heb. eunuchs.
  Ge 37:36  Isa 39:7  Da 1:3,7-10,18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:16-8:16

註釋:

  16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:17-8:17

註釋:

  17 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:18-8:18

註釋:

 * cry out.
  Isa 8:21 
 * and the Lord.
   "Hitherto," says Puffendorf, "the people of Israel had lived
   under governors raised up by God, who had exacted no tribute
   of them, nor put them to any charge; but little content with
   this form of government, they desire to have a king like other
   nations, who should live in magnificence and pomp, keep
   armies, and be able to resist any invasion.  Samuel informs
   them what it was they desired; that, when they understood it,
   they might consider whether they would persist in their
   choice.  If they would have a king splendidly attended, he
   tells them that he would take their sons for his chariots,
   etc.:  if they would have him keep up constant forces, then he
   would appoint them for colonels and captains, and employ those
   in his wars who were accustomed to follow their family
   business; and since, after the manner of other kings, he must
   keep a stately court, they must be content that their
   daughters should serve in several offices, which the king
   would think below the dignity of his wives and daughters.
   (ver. 13.)  In one word, that, to sustain his dignity, their
   king would exact the tenth of all they possessed, and be
   maintained in a royal manner out of their estates."

 * will not hear.
  Job 27:9  Ps 18:41  Pr 1:25-28  21:13  Isa 1:15  Mic 3:4  Lu 13:25 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:19-8:19

註釋:

 * refused to obey.
  Ps 81:11  Jer 7:13  44:16  Eze 33:31 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:20-8:20

註釋:

  5  Ex 33:16  Le 20:24-26  Nu 23:9  De 7:6  Ps 106:35  Joh 15:19 
  Ro 12:12  2Co 6:17  Php 3:20  1Pe 2:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:21-8:21

註釋:

 * he rehearsed.
  Jud 11:11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 8:22-8:22

註釋:

  7  Ho 13:11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:1-9:1

註釋:

  1;  Saul despairing to find his father's asses,
  6;  by the counsel of his servant,
 11;  and direction of young maidens,
 15;  according to God's revelation,
 18;  comes to Samuel.
 19;  Samuel entertains Saul at the feast.
 25;  Samuel, after secret communication, brings Saul on his way.

 * Kish.
  14:51  1Ch 8:30-33  9:36-39  Ac 13:21 
 * Cis.  a Benjamite.  or, the son of a man of Jemini.  power.
   or, substance.
  25:2  2Sa 19:32  Job 1:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:2-9:2

註釋:

 * choice.
  16:7  Ge 6:2  2Sa 14:25,26  Jer 9:23 
 * from his shoulders.
  10:23  17:4  Nu 13:33 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:3-9:3

註釋:

  10:2  Jud 5:10  10:4 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:4-9:4

註釋:

 * mount.
  Jud 17:1  19:1 
 * Shalisha.
  2Ki 4:42 
 * Shalim.
  Ge 33:18  Joh 3:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:5-9:5

註釋:

 * Zuph.
  1:1 
 * take thought.
  10:2  Mt 6:25,28,34  Lu 12:11,22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:6-9:6

註釋:

 * city.
  2:27  De 33:1  1Ki 13:1  2Ki 6:6  1Ti 6:11 
 * an honourable.
  1Th 2:10  5:13 
 * all that he saith.
  3:19,20  Isa 44:26  Zec 1:5,6  Mt 24:35 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:7-9:7

註釋:

 * what shall.
  Jud 6:18  13:15-17  1Ki 14:3  2Ki 4:42  5:5  8:8 
 * spent in.  Heb. gone out of, etc.  there is not.
   We are not to suppose from this that the prophets took money
   to predict future events:  Saul only refers to an invariable
   custom, that no man approached a superior without some present
   or another, however small in value.  Dr. Pococke tells us of a
   present of fifty radishes!  Other authors mention a flower, an
   orange, or similar trifles; and Mr. Bruce says, that one who
   wished to solicit a favour from him, presented him with about
   a score of dates!  "I mention this trifling circumstance,"
   says Mr. B. "to shew how essential to human and civil
   intercourse presents are considered to be in the East; whether
   it be dates, or whether it be diamonds, they are so much a
   part of their manners, that without them, an inferior will
   never be at peace in his own mind, or think that he has hold
   of his superior for protection.  But superiors give no
   presents to their inferiors."  Presents then are tokens of
   honour; not intended as offers of payment or enrichment.

 * have we.  Heb. is with us.

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:8-9:8

註釋:

 * I have here at hand.  Heb. there is found in my hand.
  8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:9-9:9

註釋:

 * enquire.
  Ge 25:22  Jud 1:1 
 * a Seer.
  2Sa 24:11  2Ki 17:13  1Ch 26:28  29:29  2Ch 16:7,10  Isa 29:10 
  Isa 30:10  Am 7:12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:10-9:10

註釋:

 * Well said.  Heb. Thy word is good.
  2Ki 5:13,14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:11-9:11

註釋:

 * the hill to the city.  Heb. in the ascent of the city.
   found.
  Ge 24:11,18-20  Ex 2:16  Jud 5:11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:12-9:12

註釋:

 * sacrifice.  or, feast.
  16:2  Ge 31:54  De 12:6,7  1Co 5:7,8 
 * the high place.
  1Ki 3:2-4  1Ch 16:39 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:13-9:13

註釋:

 * he doth bless.
  Mt 26:26  Mr 6:41  Lu 24:30  Joh 6:11,23  1Co 10:30  1Ti 4:4 
 * this time.  Heb. to-day.

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:14-9:14

註釋:

  14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:15-9:15

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  17  15:1  Ps 25:14  Am 3:7  Mr 11:2-4  14:13-16  Ac 13:21  27:23 
 * told Samuel in his ear.  Heb. revealed the ear of Samuel.
  20:2  2Sa 7:27  Job 33:16  *marg: 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:16-9:16

註釋:

 * thou shalt.
  10:1  15:1  16:3  1Ki 19:15,16  2Ki 9:3-6 
 * looked upon.
  Ex 2:23-25  3:7-9  Ps 25:18  106:44 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:17-9:17

註釋:

 * Behold.
  16:6-12  Ho 13:11 
 * reign over.  Heb. restrain in.
  3:13  2Sa 23:6,7  Ne 13:19,25  Ac 13:21  Ro 13:3,4 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:18-9:18

註釋:

  18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:19-9:19

註釋:

 * the seer.
   The word {roaih} literally signifies one who sees;
   particularly preternatural sights.  A seer and a prophet were
   the same in most cases; only with this difference, the seer
   was always a prophet, but the prophet was not always a seer.
   A seer seems to imply one who frequently met with and saw some
   symbolical representation of God.  All prophets, true or
   false, profess to see God, (see Nu 24:4, 16.  Jer 14:4;) and
   diviners, in their enthusiastic flights, boasted that they had
   those things exhibited to their sight which should come to
   pass.

 * and will tell.
  Joh 4:29  1Co 14:25 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:20-9:20

註釋:

 * three days ago.  Heb. to-day three days.
  3 
 * set not.
  4:20  *marg: 
  1Ch 29:3  Ps 62:10  Col 3:2 
 * on whom.
  8:5,19  12:13,15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:21-9:21

註釋:

 * a Benjamite.
  Jud 20:46-48  Ps 68:27 
 * my family.
  10:27  15:17  18:18,23  Jud 6:14,15  Ho 13:1  Lu 14:11  Eph 3:8 
 * so to me.  Heb. according to this word.

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:22-9:22

註釋:

 * in the chiefest.
  Ge 43:32  Lu 14:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:23-9:23

註釋:

 * Bring.
  1:5  Ge 43:34 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:24-9:24

註釋:

 * the shoulder.
   Probably the shoulder was set before Saul, not because it was
   the best part, but because it was an emblem of the government
   to which he was now called.  (See Isa 9:6.)

  Le 7:32,33  Eze 24:4 
 * left.  or, reserved.

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:25-9:25

註釋:

 * And when.
  13 
 * the top.
  De 22:8  2Sa 11:2  Ne 8:16  Jer 19:13  Mt 10:27  Ac 10:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:26-9:26

註釋:

 * Samuel.
   Saul had no doubt slept there all night, as is usual in the
   East; and now, being the break of day, "Samuel called to Saul
   on the top of the house:"  there was no calling him to the top
   of the house a second time; he was sleeping there, and Samuel
   called him up.

 * Up.
  Ge 19:14  44:4  Jos 7:13  Jud 19:28 

經文:

撒母耳記上 9:27-9:27

註釋:

 * Bid the servant.
  20:38,39  Joh 15:14,15 
 * a while.  Heb. to-day.  that I may.
  15:16  2Ki 9:5,6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:1-10:1

註釋:

  1;  Samuel anoints Saul.
  2;  He confirms him by prediction of three signs.
  9;  Saul's heart is changed, and he prophesies.
 14;  He conceals the matter of the kingdom from his uncle.
 17;  Saul is chosen at Mizpeh by lot.
 26;  The different affections of his subjects.

 * a vial.
  2:10  9:16  16:13  24:6  26:11  2Ki 9:3-6  Ac 13:21  Re 5:8 
 * kissed him.
  2Sa 19:39  1Ki 19:18  Ps 2:12  Ho 13:2  1Th 5:26 
 * captain.
  8:9,19  13:14  Jos 5:14,15  2Sa 5:2  2Ki 20:5  Heb 2:10 
 * his inheritance.
  Ex 19:5,6  De 32:9  Ps 78:71  135:4  Jer 10:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:2-10:2

註釋:

 * Rachel's.
  Ge 35:19  Jer 31:15 
 * Zelzah.
  Jos 18:28 
 * The asses.
  16  9:3-5 
 * care.  Heb. business.

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:3-10:3

註釋:

 * Tabor.
  Jos 19:12,22  Jud 4:6,12  8:18  Ps 89:12 
 * Beth-el.
  Ge 28:19,22  35:1,3,6,7 
 * three kids.
  Le 1:10  3:6,12  7:13  23:13  Nu 15:5-12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:4-10:4

註釋:

 * salute thee.  Heb. ask thee of peace.
  Jud 18:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:5-10:5

註釋:

 * hill of God.
  10  13:3 
 * a company.
  19:20  2Ki 2:3,5,15  4:38  6:1 
 * a psaltery.
  Ex 15:20,21  2Ki 3:15  1Ch 13:8  15:19-21,27,28  16:5,42  25:1-6 
  2Ch 29:25-27  Ps 49:4  150:3-6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:6-10:6

註釋:

 * Spirit.
  10  16:13  19:23,24  Nu 11:25  Jud 3:10  Mt 7:22 
 * another man.
  9-12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:7-10:7

註釋:

 * let it be.  Heb. it shall come to pass that, etc.  signs.
  Ex 4:8  Lu 2:12  Joh 6:14 
 * that thou do as occasion, etc.  Heb. do for thee as thine
   hand shall find.
  Jud 9:33 
 * God.
  Ge 21:20  De 20:1  Jud 6:12  Isa 7:14  45:1,2  Mt 1:23  28:20 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:8-10:8

註釋:

 * to Gilgal.
  11:14,15  13:4,8-15  15:33 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:9-10:9

註釋:

 * back.  Heb. shoulder.  gave.  Heb. turned.  another heart.
  6 
 * and all those signs.
   The following history of Saul is given by the Afghans, a
   people generally supposed to be of Jewish origin:  "In a war
   which raged between the children of Israel and the Amalekites,
   the latter being victorious, plundered the Jews, and obtained
   possession of the ark of the covenant.  Considering this [as]
   the God of the Jews, they threw it into the fire, which did
   not affect it.  They afterwards attempted to cleave it with
   axes, but without success:  every individual who treated it
   with indignity, was punished for his temerity.  They then
   placed it in their temple; but all their idols bowed to it.
   At length they fastened it upon a cow, which they turned loose
   in the wilderness.  When the prophet Samuel arose, the
   children of Israel said to him, 'We have been totally subdued
   by the Amalekites, and have no king.  Raise to us a king, that
   we may be enabled to contend for the glory of God.'  Samuel
   said, 'In case you are led out to battle, are you determined
   to fight?'  They answered, 'What has befallen us, that we
   should not fight against infidels?  That nation has banished
   us from our country and children.'  At this time the angel
   Gabriel descended, and delivering a wand, said, 'It is the
   command of God, that the person whose stature shall correspond
   with this wand, shall be king of Israel.'  Melec T(a06c)ㄅ was at
   that time a man of inferior condition, and performed the
   humble employment of feeding the goats and cows of others.
   One day, a cow under his charge was accidentally lost.  Being
   disappointed in his searches, he was greatly distressed, and
   applied to Samuel saying, 'I have lost a cow, and I do not
   possess the means of satisfying the owner.  Pray for me that I
   may be extricated from this difficulty.'  Samuel perceiving
   that he was a man of lofty stature, asked his name.  He
   answered, T(a06c)ㄅ.  Samuel then said, 'Measure T(a06c)ㄅ with the
   wand which the angel Gabriel brought.'  His stature was equal
   to it.  Samuel then said, 'God has raised T(a06c)ㄅ to be your
   king.'  The children of Israel answered, 'We are greater than
   our king.  We are men of dignity, and he is of inferior
   condition.  How shall he be our king?'  Samuel informed them,
   they should know that God had constituted T(a06c)ㄅ king, by his
   restoring the ark of the covenant.  He accordingly restored
   it, and they acknowledged him their sovereign."  Asiatic
   Researches, vol. ii. p. 119, et seq.

  2-5  Jud 6:21,36-40  7:11  Isa 38:7,8  Mr 14:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:10-10:10

註釋:

 * they came.
  5  19:20-24 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:11-10:11

註釋:

 * when all.
  Joh 9:8,9  Ac 3:10 
 * one to another.  Heb. a man to his neighbour.  What is this.
  Mt 13:54,55  Ac 2:7,8  4:13  9:21 
 * Is Saul.
  19:24  Joh 7:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:12-10:12

註釋:

 * of the same place.  Heb. from thence.  who is their.
  Isa 54:13  Joh 6:45  7:16  Jas 1:17 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:13-10:13

註釋:

  13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:14-10:14

註釋:

 * And he said.
  9:3-10 
 * no where.
  2Ki 5:25 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:15-10:15

註釋:

  15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:16-10:16

註釋:

 * matter.
  9:27  Ex 4:18  Jud 14:6  Pr 29:11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:17-10:17

註釋:

 * unto the Lord.
  7:5,6  Jud 20:1 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:18-10:18

註釋:

 * Thus saith.
  Jud 2:1  6:8,9  Ne 9:9-12,27,28 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:19-10:19

註釋:

 * And ye have.
  8:7-9,19  12:12,17-19 
 * by your tribes.
  Nu 17:2  Jos 7:14-26  Mic 5:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:20-10:20

註釋:

 * caused.
  14:41  Jos 7:16-18  Ac 1:24-26 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:21-10:21

註釋:

  21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:22-10:22

註釋:

 * enquired.
  23:2-4,11,12  Nu 27:21  Jud 1:1  20:18,23,28 
 * hid.
  9:21  15:17  Lu 14:11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:23-10:23

註釋:

 * he was higher.
  9:2  16:7  17:4 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:24-10:24

註釋:

 * See ye him.
  De 17:15  2Sa 21:6 
 * God save the king.  Heb. Let the king live.
  1Ki 1:25,21,39  2Ki 11:12  Mt 21:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:25-10:25

註釋:

  8:11-18  De 17:14-20  Eze 45:9,10  46:16-18  Ro 13:1-7  1Ti 2:2 
  Tit 3:1  1Pe 2:13,14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:26-10:26

註釋:

 * Gibeah.
  11:4  15:34  Jos 18:28  Jud 19:12-16  20:14  2Sa 21:6 
 * whose hearts.
  Ezr 1:5  Ps 110:3  Ac 7:10  13:48 

經文:

撒母耳記上 10:27-10:27

註釋:

 * children.
  2:12  11:12  De 13:13  2Sa 20:1  2Ch 13:7  Ac 7:35,51,52 
 * brought him.
  2Sa 8:2  1Ki 4:21  10:25  2Ch 17:5  Ps 72:10  Mt 2:11 
 * he held his peace.  or, he was as though he had been deaf.
  Ps 38:13  Isa 36:21  Mt 27:12-14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 11:1-11:1

註釋:

  1;  Nahash offers them of Jabesh-gilead a reproachful
     condition.
  4;  They send messengers, and are delivered by Saul.
 12;  Saul thereby is confirmed, and his kingdom renewed.

 * Nahash.
   In the Vulgate this chapter begins thus:  {Et factum est quasi
   post mensem,} "And it came to pass about a month after;" which
   is also the reading of the principal copies of the Septuagint;
   and is also found in Josephus, though it appears to be of
   little authority.

  12:12  Jud 10:7  11:8-33 
 * Jabesh-gilead.
  31:11-13  Jud 21:8,10-25 
 * Make.
  Ge 26:28  Ex 23:32  De 23:3  1Ki 20:34  Job 41:4  Isa 36:16 
  Eze 17:13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 11:2-11:2

註釋:

 * On this.
  2Ki 18:31 
 * thrust.
  Jud 16:21  Ex 3:6  Pr 12:10  Jer 39:7 
 * reproach.
  17:26  Ge 34:14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 11:3-11:3

註釋:

 * Give us.  Heb. Forbear us.

經文:

撒母耳記上 11:4-11:4

註釋:

 * to Gibeah.
  10:26  14:2  15:34  2Sa 21:6 
 * lifted up.
  30:4  Jud 2:4  21:2  Ro 12:15  1Co 12:26  Ga 6:2  Heb 13:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 11:5-11:5

註釋:

 * after the herd.
  9:1  1Ki 19:19  Ps 78:71 
 * What aileth.
  Ge 21:17  Jud 18:23  Isa 22:1 

經文:

撒母耳記上 11:6-11:6

註釋:

 * Spirit of God.
  10:10  16:13  Jud 3:10  6:34  11:29  13:25  14:6 
 * his anger.
  Ex 32:19  Nu 12:3  Mr 3:5  Eph 4:26 

經文:

撒母耳記上 11:7-11:7

註釋:

 * he took.
   The sending the pieces of the oxen was an act similar to that
   of the Levite, Jud 19:29, where see the Note.  An eminent
   Scotch writer describes the rites, incantations, and
   imprecations used prior to the fiery cross being circulated,
   to summon the rough warriors of ancient times to the service
   of their chief; and he alludes to this ancient custom, which
   in comparatively modern times, has been practised in Scotland;
   and proves that a similar punishment of death, or destruction
   of their houses, for disobeying the summons, was inflicted by
   the ancient Scandinavians, as recorded by Olaus Magnus, in his
   History of the Goths.  This bears a striking similarity to the
   ancient custom of the Israelites.  With the Highlanders, a
   goat was slain; with the Israelites, an ox.  The exhibition of
   a cross, stained with the blood of the sacrificed animal, was
   the summons of the former, while part of the animal, was the
   mandate of the latter.  Disobedience in one nation was
   punished with the death of themselves or oxen, and burning of
   their dwellings in the other.

 * hewed.
  Jud 19:29 
 * Whosoever.
  Jud 21:5-11 
 * the fear.
  Ge 35:5  2Ch 14:14  17:10 
 * with one consent.  Heb. as one man.
  Jud 20:1 

經文:

撒母耳記上 11:8-11:8

註釋:

 * Bezek.
  Jud 1:4,5 
 * the children.
  13:15  15:4  2Sa 24:9  2Ch 17:12-19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 11:9-11:9

註釋:

 * help.  or, deliverance.
  Ps 18:17 

經文:

撒母耳記上 11:10-11:10

註釋:

 * To-morrow.
  2,3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 11:11-11:11

註釋:

 * on the morrow.
  Ge 22:14  Ps 46:1 
 * in three.
  Jud 7:16  9:43 
 * morning.
  Ex 14:24 
 * slew.
  2  Jud 1:7  Mt 7:2  Jas 2:13 
 * so that two.
  30:17,18  Jud 4:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 11:12-11:12

註釋:

 * Who is he.
  10:27  Ps 21:8  Lu 19:27 

經文:

撒母耳記上 11:13-11:13

註釋:

 * There shall.
  14:45  2Sa 19:22 
 * the Lord.
  19:5  Ex 14:13,30  Ps 44:4-8  Isa 59:16  1Co 15:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 11:14-11:14

註釋:

 * let us go.
  7:16  10:8 
 * renew.
  10:24  5:3  1Ch 12:38,39 

經文:

撒母耳記上 11:15-11:15

註釋:

 * before the Lord.
  10:17 
 * sacrificed.
  10:8  Ex 24:5  1Ch 29:21-24 
 * rejoiced greatly.
  8:19  12:13-15,17  Ho 13:10,11  Jas 4:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:1-12:1

註釋:

  1;  Samuel testifies his integrity.
  6;  He reproves the people of ingratitude.
 16;  He terrifies them with thunder in harvest time.
 20;  he comforts them in God's mercy.

 * Behold.
  8:5-8,19-22 
 * have made.
  10:1,24  11:14,15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:2-12:2

註釋:

 * walketh.
  8:20  Nu 27:17 
 * I am old.
  8:1,5  Ps 71:18  Isa 46:3,4  2Ti 4:6  2Pe 1:14 
 * my sons.
  2:22,29  3:13,16  8:3 
 * I have walked.
  3:19,20 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:3-12:3

註釋:

 * his anointed.
  5  10:1  24:6  2Sa 1:14-16  Mt 22:21  Ro 13:1-7 
 * whose ox.
  Nu 16:15  Ac 20:33  2Co 12:14  1Th 2:5,10  1Pe 5:2 
 * bribe.  Heb. ransom.  blind mine eyes.  or, that I should
   hide mine eyes at him.
  Ex 23:8  De 16:19 
 * I will.
  Ex 22:4  Le 6:4  Lu 19:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:4-12:4

註釋:

  Ps 37:5,6  Da 6:4  3Jo 1:12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:5-12:5

註釋:

 * The Lord.
  Job 31:35-40  42:7 
 * his anointed.
  26:9 
 * ye have.
  Joh 18:38  Ac 23:9  24:16,20  1Co 4:4  2Co 1:12 
 * in my hand.
  Ex 22:4  Ps 17:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:6-12:6

註釋:

 * It is the Lord.
  Ex 6:26  Ne 9:9-14  Ps 77:19,20  78:12-72  99:6  105:26,41 
  Isa 63:7-14  Ho 12:13  Mic 6:4 
 * advanced.  or, made.

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:7-12:7

註釋:

 * reason.
  Isa 1:18  5:3,4  Eze 18:25-30  Mic 6:2,3  Ac 17:3 
 * righteous acts.  Heb. righteousnesses or benefits.
  Jud 5:11 
 * to.  Heb. with.

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:8-12:8

註釋:

 * Jacob.
  Ge 46:5-7  Nu 20:15  Ac 7:15 
 * cried.
  Ex 2:23,24  3:9 
 * sent Moses.
  6  Ex 3:10  4:14-16,27-31  6:26 
 * brought.
  Ex 12:51  14:30,31 
 * made them.
  Jos 1:2-4,6  3:10-13  Ps 44:1-3  78:54,55  105:44 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:9-12:9

註釋:

 * forgat.
  De 32:18  Jud 3:7  Ps 106:21  Jer 2:32 
 * he sold.
  De 32:30  Jud 2:14  3:8  4:2  Isa 50:1,2 
 * of the Philistines.
  Jud 10:7  13:1 
 * into the.
  Jud 3:12  Isa 63:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:10-12:10

註釋:

 * And they.
  7:2  Jud 3:9,15  4:3  6:7  10:10,15  Ps 78:34,35  106:44  Isa 26:16 
 * Baalim.
  Jud 2:13  3:7 
 * deliver.
  Jud 10:15,16  Isa 33:22  Lu 1:74,75  2Co 5:14,15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:11-12:11

註釋:

 * Jerubbaal.
  Jud 6:14,32  8:29,35 
 * Bedan.
   Bedan, whose name occurs no where else as a judge of Israel,
   Bp. Patrick and others suppose to be a contraction of {ben
   Dan,} "the son of Dan;" by which they suppose Samson is meant,
   as the Targum reads.  The LXX., Syriac, and Arabic, however,
   instead of Bedan read Barak; and the two latter versions,
   instead of Samuel have Samson.  These readings are adopted by
   Houbigant, and appear to be genuine; for it is not probable
   that Samuel would enumerate himself.

  Jud 13:1-16:31 
 * Jephthah.
  Jud 11:1-33 
 * Samuel.
  7:13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:12-12:12

註釋:

 * Nahash.
  11:1,2 
 * Nay.
  8:3,5,6,19,20  Jud 9:18,56,57 
 * when the Lord.
  8:7  10:19  Ge 17:7  Ex 19:5,6  Nu 23:21  Jud 8:23  Ps 74:12 
  Isa 33:22  Ho 13:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:13-12:13

註釋:

 * behold.
  10:24  11:15 
 * whom ye.
  8:5  9:20 
 * have desired.
  Ps 78:29-31  Ho 13:11  Ac 13:21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:14-12:14

註釋:

 * If ye will.
  Le 20:1-13  De 28:1-14  Jos 24:14,20  Ps 81:12-15  Isa 3:10 
  Ro 2:7 
 * commandment.  Heb. mouth.  continue.  Heb. be after.

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:15-12:15

註釋:

 * But if ye.
  Le 26:14-30  De 28:15-68  Jos 24:20  Isa 1:20  3:11  Ro 2:8,9 
 * against.
  9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:16-12:16

註釋:

 * stand.
  7  15:16  Ex 14:13,31 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:17-12:17

註釋:

 * Is it.
   In northern latitudes, thunder and rain are far from being
   un-common during harvest.  But rain is hardly ever known in
   Palestine during that season, which commences about the end of
   June, or beginning of July.  This fact is abundantly confirmed
   by modern travellers, and is demonstrative to every
   unprejudiced reader of the Holy Scriptures, that the thunder
   and rain, which at Samuel's invocation, was sent at this
   season of the year, was a miraculous interposition of the
   power of God; for we read in ver. 16, it was a "great thing
   which the Lord will do."  Thus were the Israelites warned of
   their sin in having asked a king, and of the omnipotence of
   that God, whose gracious promises they virtually neglected by
   this act.

  Pr 26:1 
 * I will call.
  7:9,10  Jos 10:12  Ps 99:6  Jer 15:1  Jas 5:16-18 
 * your wickedness.
  8:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:18-12:18

註釋:

 * sent thunder.
  Ex 9:23-25  Re 11:5,6 
 * feared.
  Ex 14:31  Ezr 10:9  Ps 106:12,13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:19-12:19

註釋:

 * Pray for thy.
  7:5,8  Ge 20:7  Ex 9:28  10:17  Job 42:8  Ps 78:34,35  Isa 26:16 
  Mal 1:9  Ac 8:24  Jas 5:15  1Jo 5:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:20-12:20

註釋:

 * Fear not.
  Ex 20:19,20  1Pe 3:16 
 * turn not.
  De 11:16  31:29  Jos 23:6  Ps 40:4  101:3  125:5  Jer 3:1 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:21-12:21

註釋:

 * vain things.
  De 32:21  Jer 2:5,13  10:8,15  14:22  16:19  Jon 2:8  Hab 2:18 
  1Co 8:4 
 * cannot profit.
  Ps 115:4-8  Isa 41:23,24  44:9,10  45:20  46:7  Jer 10:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:22-12:22

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  De 31:17  1Ki 6:13  2Ki 21:14  1Ch 28:9  2Ch 15:2  Ps 94:14 
  Isa 41:17  42:16  Jer 33:24-26  La 3:31,32  5:20  Heb 13:5 
 * for his great.
  Ex 32:12  Nu 14:13-19  De 32:26,27  Jos 7:9  Ps 106:8  Isa 37:35 
  Isa 43:25  48:11  Jer 14:7,21  Eze 20:9,14  Eph 1:6,12 
 * it hath.
  Ex 19:5,6  De 7:7,8  9:5  14:2  Mal 1:2  Mt 11:26  Joh 15:16 
  Ro 9:13-18  11:29  1Co 4:7  Php 1:6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:23-12:23

註釋:

 * God forbid.
  Ac 12:5  Ro 1:9  Col 1:9  1Th 3:10  2Ti 1:3 
 * in ceasing.  Heb. from ceasing.  I will teach.
  Ps 34:11  Pr 4:11  Ec 12:10  Ac 20:20  Col 1:28 
 * the good.
  1Ki 8:36  2Ch 6:27  Jer 6:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:24-12:24

註釋:

 * fear the Lord.
  Job 28:28  Ps 111:10  Pr 1:7  Ex 12:13  Heb 12:29 
 * in truth.
  Ps 119:80  Joh 1:47 
 * consider.
  Ezr 9:13,14  Isa 5:12  Ro 12:1 
 * how great things.  or, what a great thing, etc.
  De 10:21  Ps 126:2,3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 12:25-12:25

註釋:

 * But if.
  De 32:15-44  Jos 24:20  Isa 3:11 
 * ye and.
  31:1-5  De 28:36  Ho 10:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:1-13:1

註釋:

  1;  Saul's select band.
  3;  He calls the Hebrews to Gilgal against the Philistines,
     whose garrison Jonathan had smitten.
  5;  The Philistines' great host.
  6;  The distress of the Israelites.
  8;  Saul, weary of staying for Samuel, sacrifices.
 11;  Samuel reproves him.
 17;  The three spoiling bands of the Philistines.
 19;  The policy of the Philistines, to suffer no smith in
     Israel.

 * A.M. 2911.  B.C. 1093.  An. Ex. Is. 398.
 * reigned one year.  Heb. the son of one year in his reigning.
   This verse is variously interpreted; but probably it only
   means, according to the Hebrew idiom, that, during the first
   year nothing remarkable occurred; but after two years, (or in
   the second year of his reign,) the subsequent events took
   place.

  Ex 12:5  Mic 6:6  *marg: 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:2-13:2

註釋:

 * chose.
  8:11  14:52 
 * Michmash.
   Michmash was situated east of Bethaven, or Bethel; and
   Eusebius says it was in his time a considerable place, about
   nine miles from Jerusalem, towards Rama.

  5,23  14:5,31  Isa 10:28 
 * in Gibeah.
  10:26  15:34  Jos 18:28  Jud 19:12  2Sa 21:6  Isa 10:29 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:3-13:3

註釋:

 * the garrison.
  10:5  14:1-6  2Sa 23:14 
 * Geba.  or, the hill.
  Jos 18:24 
 * Gaba.
  Jos 21:17  Isa 10:29  Zec 14:10 
 * blew.
  Jud 3:27  6:34  2Sa 2:28  20:1 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:4-13:4

註釋:

 * was had in abomination.  Heb. did stink.
  Ge 34:30  46:34  Ex 5:21  Zec 11:8 
 * to Gilgal.
  10:8  11:14,15  Jos 5:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:5-13:5

註釋:

 * thirty thousand chariots.
   The Philistines had no doubt collected troops in this
   emergency, from all the surrounding nation; but the number of
   chariots is immensely large beyond any example, and wholly
   disproportioned to the number of their cavalry.  It is
   probable, therefore, that for {sheloshim aileph,} "thirty
   thousand," we should read {shelosh aileph,} "three thousand,"
   with the Syriac and Arabic.

 * as the sand.
  Ge 22:17  Jos 11:4  Jud 7:12  2Ch 1:9  Isa 48:19  Jer 15:8  Ro 9:27 
 * Beth-aven.
  14:23  Jos 7:2  18:12  Ho 4:15  5:8  10:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:6-13:6

註釋:

 * in a strait.
  Ex 14:10-12  Jos 8:20  Jud 10:9  20:41  2Sa 24:14  Php 1:23 
 * in caves.
  14:11  23:19  24:3  Jud 6:2  Isa 42:22  Heb 11:38 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:7-13:7

註釋:

 * the Hebrews.
  Le 26:17,36,37  De 28:25 
 * Gad.
  Nu 32:1-5,33-42  De 3:12  Jos 13:24-31 
 * followed him trembling.  Heb. trembled after him.
  De 20:8  Jud 7:3  Ho 11:10,11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:8-13:8

註釋:

 * tarried.
  10:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:9-13:9

註釋:

 * he offered.
  12,13  14:18  15:21,22  De 12:6  1Ki 3:4  Ps 37:7  Pr 15:8 
  Pr 20:22  21:3,27  Isa 66:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:10-13:10

註釋:

 * Saul.
  15:13 
 * salute him.  Heb. bless him.
  15:13  Ru 2:4  Ps 129:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:11-13:11

註釋:

 * What hast.
  Ge 3:13  4:10  Jos 7:19  2Sa 3:24  2Ki 5:25 
 * Michmash.
  2,5,16,23  14:5  Isa 10:28 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:12-13:12

註釋:

 * said I.
  1Ki 12:26,27 
 * made supplication unto.  Heb. intreated the face of, etc.  I
   forced.
  21:7  Ps 66:3  Am 8:5  2Co 9:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:13-13:13

註釋:

 * Thou hast done.
  2Sa 12:7-9  1Ki 18:18  21:20  2Ch 16:9  19:2  25:15,16  Job 34:18 
  Pr 19:3  Mt 14:3,4 
 * hast not kept.
  15:11,22,28  Ps 50:8-15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:14-13:14

註釋:

 * But now.
  2:30  15:28 
 * the Lord.
  16:1,12  2Sa 7:15,16  Ps 78:70  89:19,20-37  Ac 13:22 
 * captain over.
  9:16  2Sa 5:2  2Ki 20:5  Heb 2:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:15-13:15

註釋:

 * Samuel.
   The LXX. have, "Samuel arose and went away from Gilgal, and
   the remainder of the people went up along with the men of war
   after Samuel from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin."  This is
   probably the true reading; for it does not appear that Samuel
   went to Gibeah, which was Saul's usual residence; and the
   Hebrew copyist, as Dr. Wall observes, seems to have missed a
   line, and added to the sentence concerning Samuel, that which
   ended the sentence concerning Saul.  One MS. instead of
   Samuel, in the beginning of the sentence, reads Saul.

 * present.  Heb. found.  about six.
  2,6,7  14:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:16-13:16

註釋:

 * Gibeah.  Heb. Gebah.
  3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:17-13:17

註釋:

 * in three companies.
  11:11 
 * Ophrah.
  Jos 18:23 
 * Shual.
  Jos 19:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:18-13:18

註釋:

 * Beth-horon.
  Jos 10:11  16:3,5  18:13,14  1Ch 6:68  2Ch 8:5 
 * Zeboim.
  Ge 14:2  Ne 11:34  Ho 11:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:19-13:19

註釋:

 * there was no.
   It is probable that the Philistines in the former wars had
   carried away all the smiths from Israel.

  Jud 5:8  2Ki 24:14  Isa 54:16  Jer 24:1 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:20-13:20

註釋:

  20 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:21-13:21

註釋:

 * a file.  Heb. a file with mouths.  sharpen.  Heb. set.
  21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:22-13:22

註釋:

 * there was neither.
  17:47,50  Jud 5:8  Zec 4:6  1Co 1:27-29  2Co 4:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 13:23-13:23

註釋:

 * garrison.  or, standing camp.
  3  14:4 
 * passage.
  2,5  14:1,4,5  Isa 10:28 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:1-14:1

註釋:

  1;  Jonathan goes and miraculously smites the Philistine's
     garrison.
 15;  A divine terror makes them beat themselves.
 17;  Saul, not staying the priest's answer, sets on them.
 21;  The captivated Hebrews, and the hidden Israelites, join
     against them.
 24;  Saul's unadvised adjuration hinders the victory.
 31;  He restrains the people from eating blood.
 35;  He builds an altar.
 37;  Jonathan, taken by lot, is save by the people.
 47;  Saul's victories, strength, and family.

 * A.M. 2917.  B.C. 1087.  An. Ex. Is. 404.  it came to pass
   upon a day.  or, there was a day.  Jonathan.
  39-45  13:2,22  18:1-4  2Sa 1:4,5,25,26 
 * he told not.
  25:19  Jud 6:27  14:6  Mic 7:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:2-14:2

註釋:

 * in the uttermost.
  13:15,16  Isa 10:28,29 
 * a pomegranate.
   The word {rimmon,} in Arabic {romman,} whence the Portuguese
   {romaa,} denotes the pomegranate, both tree and fruit; called
   by naturalists {malus punica} or {malo-granatum.}  It is,
   according to the Linnean system, a genus of the {icosandria
   monogynia} class of plants; and is a low tree, growing very
   common in Palestine, and other parts of the East.  It has
   several small angular boughs, very thick and bushy, covered
   with a reddish bark, and some of them armed with sharp thorns.
   They are garnished with small, narrow, spear-shaped leaves,
   like those of the myrtle, but not so sharp, of a green colour,
   inclining to red.  Its blossoms are large, beautiful, of an
   elegant red colour, inclining to purple, composed of several
   stalks resembling a rose, in the hollow of the cup:  this cup
   is oblong, hard, purple, having a figure somewhat like that of
   a bell.  It is chiefly valued for its fruit, which is
   exceedingly beautiful, of the form and size of a large apple,
   with a reddish rind, and red within; being full of small
   kernels, with red grains, replenished with a generous liquor,
   of which, Sir John Chardin informs us, they still make
   considerable quantities of wine in the East, particularly in
   Persia.  But as the pomegranate tree, from its low growth, is
   but little adapted for pitching a tent under, it is probable
   that Rimmon here is the name of the rock mentioned in Jud
   20:45.

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:3-14:3

註釋:

 * Ahiah.
  22:9-12,20 
 * called Ahimelech.  I-chabod's.
  4:21 
 * wearing.
  2:28  Ex 28:26-32 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:4-14:4

註釋:

 * the passages.
  13:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:5-14:5

註釋:

 * forefront.  Heb. tooth.
  4 
 * Bozez.  i.e., shining.  Seneh.  i.e., a bush or tooth.

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:6-14:6

註釋:

 * Come.
   This action of Jonathan's was totally contrary to the laws of
   war; no military operation should be undertaken without the
   knowledge and command of the general.  But it is highly
   probable, that this gallant man was led to undertake the
   hazardous enterprise by an immediate divine impulse; and by
   the same influence was kept from informing the soldiers, and
   even from consulting his father, who might have opposed his
   design.

 * uncircumcised.
  17:26,36  Ge 17:7-11  Jud 15:18  2Sa 1:20  Jer 9:23,26 
  Eph 2:11,12  Php 3:3 
 * it may be.
  2Sa 16:12  2Ki 19:4  Am 5:15  Zep 2:3 
 * for there is no restraint.
   Where there is a promise of defense and support, the weakest,
   in the face of the strongest enemy, may rely upon it with the
   utmost confidence.

  De 32:30  Jud 7:4-7  2Ch 14:11  Ps 115:1-3  Zec 4:6  Mt 19:26 
  Ro 8:31 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:7-14:7

註釋:

 * Do all.
  10:7  2Sa 7:3  Ps 46:7  Zec 8:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:8-14:8

註釋:

 * we will pass.
  Jud 7:9-14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:9-14:9

註釋:

 * they.
  Ge 24:13,14  Jud 6:36-40 
 * Tarry.  Heb. Be still.

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:10-14:10

註釋:

 * this shall be a sign.
  10:7  Ge 24:14  Jud 7:11  Isa 7:11-14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:11-14:11

註釋:

 * out of the holes.
  22  13:6  Jud 6:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:12-14:12

註釋:

 * Come up to us.
   Meaning, that they would cause them to repent of their
   audacity.  This was the favourable sign which Jonathan had
   requested.

  10  17:43,44  2Sa 2:14-17  2Ki 14:8 
 * Come up after me.
  Ge 24:26,27,42,48  Jud 4:14  7:15  2Sa 5:24 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:13-14:13

註釋:

 * climbed up.
  Ps 18:29  Heb 11:34 
 * fell.
  Le 26:7,8  De 28:7  32:30  Jos 23:10  Ro 8:31 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:14-14:14

註釋:

 * an half acre of land.  or, half a furrow of an acre of land.
   The original is obscure and variously understood; but it is
   probably a proverbial expression for a small space.

  14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:15-14:15

註釋:

 * there was trembling.
  Jos 2:9  Jud 7:21  2Ki 7:6,7  Job 18:11  Ps 14:5 
 * the spoilers.
  13:17,23 
 * the earth quaked.
  Ex 19:18  Mt 24:6  27:50,51 
 * very great trembling.  Heb. trembling of God.
  Ge 35:5  Le 26:36,37  2Sa 5:24  Da 5:6 
   God will in some way or other direct the steps of those who
   acknowledge him in all their ways, and seek unto him for
   direction with full purpose of heart.  Sometimes we find most
   comfort in that which is least our own doing, and into which
   we have been led by the unexpected, but well observed, turns
   of Providence.

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:16-14:16

註釋:

 * melted away.
  Ps 58:7  68:2 
 * beating down.
  20  Jud 7:22  2Ch 20:22-25  Isa 19:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:17-14:17

註釋:

  17 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:18-14:18

註釋:

 * Bring hither.
   The Septuagint reads [Prosagage to ephoud, hoti autos ere to
   ephoud en te hemera ekeine enopiou Israel.]  "Bring hither the
   ephod; for he bore the ephod on that day before Israel:"
   which Houbigant and others think is the true reading.  Finding
   that his son Jonathan and his armour-bearer were absent, Saul
   wished to consult the high-priest; but the tumult increasing,
   he says to him, "Withdraw thine hand:" i.e., desist form
   consulting the ephod on the present occasion, and immediately
   hastened to make the best use he could of this astonishing
   victory.

  4:3-5  30:8  Nu 27:21  Jud 20:18,23,27,28  2Sa 11:11  15:24-26 
 * For the ark.
  5:2  7:1 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:19-14:19

註釋:

 * noise.  or, tumult.  Withdraw.
  24  13:11  Jos 9:14  Ps 106:13  Isa 28:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:20-14:20

註釋:

 * assembled themselves.  Heb. were cried together.  every
   man's.
  16  Jud 7:22  2Ch 20:23  Isa 9:19-21  19:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:21-14:21

註釋:

 * the Hebrews.
   Probably such as they held in bondage, or who were their
   servants.  Instead of (h(8469)vrim,} "the Hebrews," the LXX.
   evidently read {ha(8376)dim,} for they have [Loi douloi,] "the
   slaves;" but this reading is not countenanced by any other
   version, nor by any MS.

  29:4  Jud 7:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:22-14:22

註釋:

 * hid themselves.
  13:6  31:7 
 * the battle.
   The LXX. and Vulgate add here, [kai pas ho laos en meta Saoul
   hos deka chiliades andron,] {Et erant cum Saul, quasi decem
   millia virorum.}  "And [all the people who were, LXX.] there
   were with Saul about ten thousand men;" but this is supported
   by no other authority.

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:23-14:23

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  Ex 14:30  Jud 2:18  2Ki 14:27  Ps 44:6-8  Ho 1:7 
 * Beth-aven.
  13:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:24-14:24

註釋:

 * Cursed.
  27-30  Le 27:29  Nu 21:2  De 27:15-26  Jos 6:17-19,26  Jud 11:30 
  Jud 11:31  21:1-5  Pr 11:9  Ro 10:2  1Co 16:22 
 * I may be.
  Jud 5:2  1:28  Ps 18:47 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:25-14:25

註釋:

 * all they.
  De 9:28  Mt 3:5 
 * honey.
   This was wild honey, which to this day abounds in Judea; and
   bursting from the comb, runs down the hollow trees, rocks,
   etc.

  Ex 3:8  Nu 13:27  Mt 3:4 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:26-14:26

註釋:

 * the people.
  Ec 9:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:27-14:27

註釋:

 * his eyes.
  29  30:12  Pr 25:26 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:28-14:28

註釋:

 * Cursed.
  24,43 
 * faint.  or, weary.

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:29-14:29

註釋:

 * My father.
  1Ki 18:18 
 * see.
   It is well known, that hunger and fatigue produce faintness
   and dim the sight; and on taking a little food, this affection
   is immediately removed.

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:30-14:30

註釋:

 * had there.
  Ec 9:18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:31-14:31

註釋:

 * from Michmash.
   The distance, Calmet states to be three or four leagues.

 * Aijalon.
  Jos 10:12  19:42 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:32-14:32

註釋:

 * flew.
  15:19 
 * the people.
   The people having abstained from food the whole of the day,
   and being now faint through hunger and fatigue, they flew upon
   the cattle, and not taking time to bleed them properly, they
   eagerly devoured the flesh with the blood, directly contrary
   to the law--another bad effect of Saul's rash adjuration.

 * did eat.
  Ge 9:4  Le 3:17  7:26,27  17:10-14  19:26  De 12:16,23,24 
  Eze 33:25  Ac 15:20,29 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:33-14:33

註釋:

 * transgressed.  or, dealt treacherously.
  Mt 7:5  Ro 2:1 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:34-14:34

註釋:

 * with him.  Heb. in his hand.
  34 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:35-14:35

註釋:

 * built.
   It is probable that Saul converted the great stone, on which
   the cattle had been slaughtered, into an altar, on which
   sacrifices were offered, before the people attempted to
   proceed any further.  This we are told was the first he had
   built.  Samuel, as a prophet and priest, had hitherto erected
   the altars, but Saul seems to have thought he had sufficient
   authority to erect one himself, without the prophet, as he had
   once offered sacrifice without him.

  7:9,17  Jud 21:4  Ho 8:14  2Ti 3:5 
 * the same, etc.  Heb. that altar he began to build unto the
   Lord.

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:36-14:36

註釋:

 * Let us go.
  Jos 10:9-14,19  Jer 6:5 
 * let us not leave.
  11:11  Jos 11:14 
 * Then said the priest.
   It is evident that Ahiah, who had before been interrupted by
   Saul's impatience, doubted of the propriety of pursuing the
   Philistines that night, and properly counselled them to
   enquire of the Lord.

  Nu 27:21  Ps 73:28  Isa 48:1,2  58:2  Mal 2:7  Jas 4:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:37-14:37

註釋:

 * Shall I go.
  23:4,9-12  30:7,8  Jud 1:1  20:18,28  2Sa 5:19,23  1Ki 22:5,15 
 * he answered.
  28:6  Eze 14:3-5  20:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:38-14:38

註釋:

 * Draw ye near.
  10:19,20  Jos 7:14-26 
 * chief.  Heb. corners.
  Nu 24:17  Jud 20:2  2Sa 18:3  Ps 47:9  Zec 10:4  Mt 21:42  Eph 2:20 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:39-14:39

註釋:

  24,44  19:6  20:31  22:16  28:10  2Sa 12:5  Ec 9:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:40-14:40

註釋:

 * Do what seemeth.
  7,36  2Sa 15:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:41-14:41

註釋:

 * Therefore.
   Both the Septuagint and Vulgate add much to this verse:  [Kai
   eipe Saoul, Kyrie Lo Theos Israel, ti Loti ouk apekrithes to
   doulo sou semeron?  ei en emoi e en lonathan to Luio mou he
   adikia, Kyrie ho Theos Israel dos delous kai ean tade eipe,
   dos de to lao sou Israel, dos de osioteta, k.t.l.]  {Et dixit
   Saul ad Dominum Deum Israel; Domine Deus Israel da indicium:
   quid est qu(9564) non responderis servo tuo hodie?  Si in me, aut
   in Jonatha filio meo est iniquitas h(9163), da ostensionem:  aut
   si h(9163) iniquitas est in populo tuo, da sanctitatem, etc.}
   "And Saul said [to the Lord God of Israel, Vulg.] Lord God of
   Israel [give a sign, Vulg.]  Why is it that thou has not
   answered thy servant to-day?  If the iniquity be in me, or in
   my son Jonathan, [O Lord God of Israel, LXX.] make it
   manifest; and if thou say thus, give to thy people Israel,
   give mercy," etc., [but Vulg.  Or, if this iniquity be in thy
   people, give sanctification," etc.]

 * Give a perfect lot.  or, Shew the innocent.
  Pr 16:33  Ac 1:24 
 * And Saul.
  10:20,21  Jos 7:16-18  Jon 1:7 
 * escaped.  Heb. went forth.

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:42-14:42

註釋:

  42 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:43-14:43

註釋:

 * Tell me.
  Jos 7:19  Jon 1:7-10 
 * I did but.
  27 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:44-14:44

註釋:

 * God.
  25:22  Ru 1:17  2Sa 3:9  19:13 
 * thou shalt.
  39  Ge 38:24  2Sa 12:5,31  Pr 25:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:45-14:45

註釋:

 * who hath.
  23  19:5  Ne 9:27 
 * there shall not.
   The people judged rightly, that the guilt was contracted by
   Saul, and not by Jonathan; and therefore they rescued him from
   the hands of his rash and severe father.

  2Sa 14:11  1Ki 1:52  Mt 10:30  Lu 21:18  Ac 27:34 
 * he hath.
  2Ch 19:11  Isa 13:3  Ac 14:27  15:12  21:19  Ro 15:18  1Co 3:9 
  2Co 6:1  Php 2:12,13  Re 17:14  19:14 
 * the people.
  Isa 29:20,21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:46-14:46

註釋:

  46 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:47-14:47

註釋:

 * Saul.
  13:1 
 * fought.
  2Ki 14:27 
 * Ammon.
  11:11  12:2 
 * Zobah.
  2Sa 10:6  1Ki 11:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:48-14:48

註釋:

 * gathered an host.  or, wrought mightily.  smote.
  15:3-7  Ex 17:14  De 25:19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:49-14:49

註釋:

 * Jonathan.
  31:2  1Ch 8:33  9:39 
 * name of the first-born.
  18:7-21  25:44  2Sa 3:13-16  6:20-23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:50-14:50

註釋:

 * the name of the captain.
  17:55  2Sa 2:8  3:27 
 * Abner.  Heb. Abiner.

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:51-14:51

註釋:

 * Kish.
  9:1,21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 14:52-14:52

註釋:

 * when Saul.
  8:1,11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:1-15:1

註釋:

  1;  Samuel sends Saul to destroy Amalek.
  6;  Saul favours the Kenites.
  7;  He spares Agag and the best of the spoil.
 10;  Samuel denounces unto Saul God's rejection of him for his
     disobedience.
 24;  Saul's humiliation.
 32;  Samuel kills Agag.
 34;  Samuel and Saul part.

 * A.M. 2925.  B.C. 1079. An. Ex. Is. 412.  The Lord.
  17,18  9:16  10:1 
 * hearken.
  16  12:14  13:13  2Sa 23:2,3  1Ch 22:12,13  Ps 2:10,11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:2-15:2

註釋:

 * I remember.
  Jer 31:34  Ho 7:2  Am 8:7 
 * Amalek.
  Ex 17:8-16  Nu 24:20  De 25:17-19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:3-15:3

註釋:

 * Now go.
   The Amalekites, a people of Arabia Petr(9161), who inhabited a
   tract of country on the frontiers of Egypt and Canaan, had
   acted with great cruelty towards the Israelites on their
   coming out of Egypt, and God then purposed that Amalek, as a
   nation, should be blotted out from under heaven; but it had
   been spared till it had filled up the measure of its
   iniquities, and now this purpose is carried into effect by
   Saul, upwards of 400; years afterwards!  Nothing could justify
   such an exterminating decree but the absolute authority of
   God; and this was given:  all the reasons of it we do not
   know; but this we know well, the Judge of all the earth doeth
   right.

 * utterly destroy.
  Le 27:28,29  Nu 24:20  De 13:15,16  20:16-18  Jos 6:17-21 
 * slay.
  Ex 20:5  Nu 31:17  Isa 14:21,22 
 * ox and sheep.
  Ge 3:17,18  Ro 8:20-22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:4-15:4

註釋:

 * Telaim.
  Jos 15:24 
 * Telem.  two.
  11:8  13:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:5-15:5

註釋:

 * laid wait.  or, fought.
  5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:6-15:6

註釋:

 * the Kenites.
  27:10  Nu 24:21,22  Jud 1:16  4:11  5:24  1Ch 2:55 
 * Go, depart.
  Ge 18:25  19:12-16  Nu 16:26,27,34  Pr 9:6  Ac 2:40  2Co 6:17 
  Re 18:14 
 * ye shewed.
  Ex 18:9,10,19  Nu 10:29-32  2Ti 1:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:7-15:7

註釋:

 * smote.
  14:48  Job 21:30  Ec 8:13 
 * Havilah.
   This Havilah was probably situated in Arabia, and the district
   of Chaulon may mark the spot.  It seems different from that
   encompassed by the river Pison, one of the rivers of Eden.

  Ge 2:11  25:18 
 * Shur.
  27:8  Ge 16:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:8-15:8

註釋:

 * Agag.
  3  Nu 24:7  1Ki 20:30,34-42  Es 3:1 
 * utterly.
  27:8  30:1  Jos 10:39  11:12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:9-15:9

註釋:

 * the best.
  3,15,19  Jos 7:21 
 * the fatlings.  or, the second sort.
  2Sa 6:13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:10-15:10

註釋:

  10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:11-15:11

註釋:

 * repenteth me.
  35  Ge 6:6  2Sa 24:16  Ps 110:4  Jer 18:7-10  Am 7:3  Jon 3:10  4:2 
 * turned.
  Jos 22:16  1Ki 9:6  Ps 36:3  78:41,57  125:5  Zep 1:6  Mt 24:13 
  Heb 10:38 
 * hath not performed.
  3,9  13:13 
 * it grieved.
  35  16:1  Ps 119:136  Jer 9:1,18  13:17  Lu 19:41-44  Ro 9:1-3 
 * he cried.
  12:23  Ps 109:4  Mt 5:44  Lu 6:12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:12-15:12

註釋:

 * Carmel.
  25:2  Jos 15:55  1Ki 18:42 
 * he set him.
  7:12  Jos 4:8,9  2Sa 18:18 
 * a place.  Yad.
   Literally as the LXX. render [cheira,] a hand; probably
   because the trophy or monument of victory was in the shape of
   a large hand, the emblem of power, erected on a pillar.  These
   memorial pillars were anciently much in use; and the figure of
   a hand, by its emblematical meaning, was well adapted to
   preserve the remembrance of a victory.  Niebuhr, speaking of
   the Mesjed Ali, or Mosque of Ali, says that, "at the top of
   the dome, where one generally sees on the Turkish mosques a
   crescent, or only a pole, there is here a hand stretched out,
   to represent that of Ali."  Another writer informs us, that at
   the Alhamra, or red palace of the Moorish kings in Grenada,
   "on the key-stone of the outward arch [of the present
   principal entrance] is sculptured the figure of an arm, the
   symbol of strength and dominion."

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:13-15:13

註釋:

 * Blessed.
  13:10  Ge 14:19  Jud 17:2  Ru 3:10 
 * I have performed.
  9,11  Ge 3:12  Pr 27:2  28:13  30:13  31:31  Lu 17:10  18:11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:14-15:14

註釋:

 * What meaneth.
  Ps 36:2  50:16-21  Jer 2:18,19,22,23,34-37  Mal 3:13-15  Lu 19:22 
  Ro 3:19  1Co 4:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:15-15:15

註釋:

 * for.
  9,21  Ge 3:12,13  Ex 32:22,23  Job 31:33  Pr 28:13 
 * to.
  Mt 2:8  Lu 10:29 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:16-15:16

註釋:

 * Stay.
  9:27  12:7  1Ki 22:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:17-15:17

註釋:

 * When thou.
  9:21  10:22  Jud 6:15  Ho 13:1  Mt 18:4 
 * the Lord.
  1-3  10:1 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:18-15:18

註釋:

 * the sinners.
  Ge 13:13  15:16  Nu 16:38  Job 31:3  Pr 10:29  13:21 
 * they be consumed.  Heb. they consume them.

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:19-15:19

註釋:

 * fly upon.
  Pr 15:27  Jer 7:11  Hab 2:9-12  2Ti 4:10 
 * didst evil.
  2Ch 33:2,6  36:12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:20-15:20

註釋:

 * Yea.
  13  Job 33:9  34:5  35:2  40:8  Mt 19:20  Lu 10:29  18:11  Ro 10:3 
 * have brought.
  3,8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:21-15:21

註釋:

 * the people.
  15  Ge 3:13  Ex 32:22,23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:22-15:22

註釋:

 * Hath the Lord.
  Ps 50:8,9  51:16,17  Pr 21:3  Isa 1:11-17  Jer 7:22,23  Ho 6:6 
  Am 5:21-24  Mic 6:6-8  Mt 9:13  12:7  23:23  Heb 10:4-10 
 * obey.
  Ex 19:5  Ec 5:1  Jer 7:23  11:4,7  26:13  Ho 6:6  Mt 5:24  Mr 12:33 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:23-15:23

註釋:

 * rebellion.
  12:14,15  Nu 14:9  De 9:7,24  Jos 22:16-19  Job 34:37  Ps 107:11 
  Jer 28:16  29:32  Eze 2:5-8 
 * witchcraft.  Heb. divination.
  Ex 22:18  Le 20:6,27  De 18:10,11  Isa 8:19  19:3  Re 22:15 
 * stubbornness.
  2Co 6:16  Ga 5:20  Re 21:8 
 * thou hast rejected.
  2:30  13:14  16:1  2Ki 17:15-20  1Ch 28:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:24-15:24

註釋:

 * I have sinned.
  30  Ex 9:27  10:16  Nu 22:34  2Sa 12:13  Mt 27:4 
 * I feared.
  9,15  Ex 23:2  Job 31:34  Pr 29:25  Isa 51:12,13  Lu 23:20-25 
  Ga 1:10  Re 21:8 
 * obeyed.
  2:29  Ge 3:12,17  Jer 38:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:25-15:25

註釋:

 * pardon.
  Ex 10:17 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:26-15:26

註釋:

 * I will not.
  31  Ge 42:38  43:11-14  Lu 24:28,29  2Jo 1:11 
 * for thou.
  23  2:30  13:14  16:1  Jer 6:19  Ho 4:6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:27-15:27

註釋:

  27 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:28-15:28

註釋:

 * The Lord.
  28:17,18  1Ki 11:30,31 
 * hath given.
  2:7,8  Jer 27:5,6  Da 4:17,32  Joh 19:11  Ro 13:1 
 * a neighbour.
  13:14  16:12  Ac 13:22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:29-15:29

註釋:

 * Strength.  or, Eternity, or, Victory.
  De 33:27  Ps 29:11  68:35  Isa 45:24  Joe 3:16  2Co 12:9  Php 4:13 
 * will not lie.
  Nu 14:28,29  23:19  Ps 95:11  Eze 24:14  2Ti 2:13  Tit 1:2 
  Heb 6:18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:30-15:30

註釋:

 * honour me now.
  Hab 2:4  Joh 5:44  12:43 
 * that I may worship.
  Isa 29:13  Lu 18:9-14  2Ti 3:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:31-15:31

註釋:

  31 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:32-15:32

註釋:

 * Agag said.
  Jer 48:44  1Th 5:3  Re 18:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:33-15:33

註釋:

 * As thy sword.
  Ge 9:6  Ex 17:11  Nu 14:45  Jud 1:7  Mt 7:2  Jas 2:13  Re 16:6  18:6 
 * Samuel.
   It has been a matter of wonder to many, how Samuel could thus
   slay a captive prince, even in the presence of Saul, who from
   motives of clemency had spared him; but it should be remarked,
   that what Samuel did here, he did in his magisterial capacity;
   and that Agag had been a cruel tyrant, and therefore was cut
   off for his merciless cruelties.  Farther, it is not likely
   that he did it by his own sword, but by that of the
   executioner.  What kings, magistrates, and generals do, in an
   official way, by their subjects, servants, or soldiers, they
   are said to do themselves:--{qui facit per alterum, facit per
   se.}

 * hewed.
  Nu 25:7,8  1Ki 18:40  Isa 34:6  Jer 48:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:34-15:34

註釋:

 * Gibeah.
  11:4 

經文:

撒母耳記上 15:35-15:35

註釋:

 * Samuel.
  19:24 
 * Samuel mourned.
  11  16:1  Ps 119:136,158  Jer 9:1,2  Ro 9:2,3  Php 3:18 
 * repented.
  11  Ge 6:6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:1-16:1

註釋:

  1;  Samuel sent by God, under pretence of a sacrifice, comes to
     Beth-lehem.
  6;  His human judgment is reproved.
 11;  He anoints David.
 15;  Saul sends for David to quiet his evil spirit.

 * A.M. 2941.  B.C. 1063. An. Ex. Is. 428.  How long.
  15:11,35  Jer 7:16  11:14 
 * seeing.
  15,23  13:13,14  15:23,26  Jer 6:30  14:11,12  15:1  1Jo 5:16 
 * horn with oil.
  9:16  10:1  2Ki 9:1,3,6 
 * Jesse.
  13:14  Ge 49:8-10  Ru 4:18-22  1Ch 2:10-15  Ps 78:68-71  89:19,20 
  Isa 11:1,10  55:4  Ac 13:21,22  Ro 15:12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:2-16:2

註釋:

 * How can I go.
  Ex 3:11  1Ki 18:9-14  Mt 10:16  Lu 1:34 
 * Take an heifer.
   For the prudent management of the affair, and to avoid
   suspicion, Samuel was directed to go to Bethlehem to
   sacrifice, as he probably did from time to time in many
   different places; and the answer which he was instructed to
   return was strictly true though he did not tell the principal
   design of his coming; for though no man in any circumstances
   should tell a lie, yet, in all circumstances, he is not bound
   to tell the whole truth, though he must tell nothing but the
   truth, and so tell that truth that the hearer shall not
   believe a lie by it.

 * with thee.  Heb. in thine hand.
  9:12 
 * I am come.
  9:12  20:29  Jer 38:26,27 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:3-16:3

註釋:

 * call Jesse.
  9:12,13  2Sa 15:11  Mt 22:1-4 
 * and I will shew.
  Ex 4:15  Ac 9:6 
 * anoint.
  12,13  9:16  De 17:14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:4-16:4

註釋:

 * trembled.
  21:1  2Sa 6:9  1Ki 17:18  Ho 6:5  11:10  Lu 5:8  8:37 
 * coming.  Heb. meeting.  Comest.
  1Ki 2:13  2Ki 9:22  1Ch 12:17,18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:5-16:5

註釋:

 * sanctify yourselves.
  Ex 19:10,14,15  Le 20:7,8  Nu 11:8  Jos 3:5  7:13  2Ch 30:17-20 
  Job 1:5  Ps 26:2-6  Joe 2:16  1Co 11:28 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:6-16:6

註釋:

 * Eliab.
  17:13,22  1Ch 2:13  27:18 
 * Elihu.  Surely.
  Jud 8:18  1Ki 12:26 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:7-16:7

註釋:

 * Look not.
  9:2  10:23,24  2Sa 14:25  Ps 147:10,11  Pr 31:30 
 * seeth not.
  Job 10:4  Isa 55:8,9  Lu 16:15  1Pe 2:4  3:4 
 * looketh.
  Joh 7:24  2Co 10:7,10 
 * outward appearance.  Heb. eyes.  on the heart.
  1Ki 8:39  1Ch 28:9  2Ch 16:9  Ps 7:9  139:2  Pr 15:11  16:2 
  Jer 11:20  17:10  20:12  Ac 1:24  Heb 4:13  Re 2:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:8-16:8

註釋:

 * Abinadab.
  17:13  1Ch 2:13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:9-16:9

註釋:

 * Shammah.
  17:13  2Sa 13:3 
 * Shimeah.
  1Ch 2:13 
 * Shimma.

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:10-16:10

註釋:

 * seven.
  1Ch 2:13-15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:11-16:11

註釋:

 * There remaineth.
  17:12-15,28  2Sa 7:8  1Ch 17:7  Ps 78:70,71 
 * down.  Heb. round.

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:12-16:12

註釋:

 * ruddy.
  17:42  So 5:10  La 4:7  Ac 7:20  Heb 11:23 
 * of a beautiful countenance.  Heb. fair of eyes.
  7 
 * And the Lord.
  9:17 
 * anoint him.
  Ps 2:2,6  89:19,20  Ac 4:27 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:13-16:13

註釋:

 * anointed.
  10:1  2Ki 9:6 
 * the Spirit.
  18  10:6,9,10  Nu 11:17  27:18  Jud 3:10  11:29  13:25  14:6 
  Isa 11:1-3  Joh 3:34  Heb 1:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:14-16:14

註釋:

 * the Spirit.
  11:6  18:12  28:15  Jud 16:29  Ps 51:11  Ho 9:12 
 * evil spirit.
   The evil spirit was either sent immediately from the Lord, or
   permitted to come; but whether this was a diabolic possession,
   or a mere mental malady, is not agreed:  it seems to have
   partaken of both.  That Saul had fallen into a deep
   melancholy, there is little doubt; and that an evil spirit
   might work more effectually on such a state of mind, there can
   be little question.  His malady appears to have been of a
   mixed kind, natural and diabolical:  there is too much of
   apparent nature in it to permit us to believe it was all
   spiritual; and there is too much of apparently supernatural
   influence, to suffer us to believe it was all natural.

  18:10  19:9,10  Jud 9:23  1Ki 22:22  Ac 19:15,16 
 * troubled.  or, terrified.

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:15-16:15

註釋:

  15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:16-16:16

註釋:

 * before thee.
  21,22  Ge 41:46  1Ki 10:8 
 * play.
  23  10:5  2Ki 3:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:17-16:17

註釋:

  17 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:18-16:18

註釋:

 * a mighty.
  17:32-36  2Sa 17:8,10 
 * and prudent.
  2Sa 14:20 
 * matters.  or, speech.  a comely.
  12 
 * the Lord.
  3:19  10:7  18:12-14  Ge 39:2,23  Mt 1:23  28:20 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:19-16:19

註釋:

 * with the sheep.
  11  17:15,33,34  Ex 3:1-10  1Ki 19:19  Ps 78:70-72  113:8 
  Am 1:1  7:14,15  Mt 4:18-22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:20-16:20

註釋:

 * an ass laden.
   {Chamor lechem,} literally, "an ass of bread," rendered by the
   LXX. [gomor arton,] a {gomor} of bread; meaning, probably, not
   an animal, but a vessel containing a certain measure of bread.

  10:27  17:18  25:18  Ge 43:11  2Sa 16:1,2  Pr 18:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:21-16:21

註釋:

 * stood before him.
  Ge 41:46  De 1:38  10:8  1Ki 10:8  Pr 22:29 
 * loved him.
  Ps 62:9  118:9  146:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:22-16:22

註釋:

  22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 16:23-16:23

註釋:

 * the evil spirit.
  14,16 
 * Saul.
  18:10,11  Mt 12:43-45  Lu 11:24-26 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:1-17:1

註釋:

  1;  The armies of the Israelites and Philistines being ready to
     battle,
  4;  Goliath challenges a combat.
 12;  David, sent by his father to visit his brethren, takes the
     challenge.
 28;  Eliab chides him.
 30;  He is brought to Saul;
 32;  shews the reason of his confidence;
 38;  and slays the giant.
 55;  Saul takes notice of David.

 * gathered.
  7:7  13:5  14:46,52  Jud 3:3 
 * Shochoh.
  Jos 15:35 
 * Socoh.
  2Ch 11:7 
 * Shoco.
  2Ch 28:18 
 * Shocho.  Azekah.
  Jos 10:10,11  15:35  Jer 34:7 
 * Ephes-dammim.  or, the coast of Dammim.
  1Ch 11:13 
 * Pas-dammim.

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:2-17:2

註釋:

 * the valley.
  19  21:9 
 * set the battle in array.  Heb. ranged the battle.

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:3-17:3

註釋:

  3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:4-17:4

註釋:

 * Goliath.
  23  21:9,10  2Sa 21:19  1Ch 20:5 
 * of Gath.
  27:4  Jos 11:22  2Sa 21:16-22  1Ch 20:4-8 
 * whose height.
  De 3:11  1Ch 11:23  Am 2:9 
 * six cubits.
   According to Bp. Cumberland's calculation, the height of
   Goliath was about eleven feet ten inches; but Parkhurst
   estimating the ordinary cubit at seventeen inches and a half,
   calculates that he was nine feet six inches high.  Few
   instances can be produced of men who can be compared with him.
   Pliny says, "The tallest man that hath been seen in our days
   was one name Gabara, who, in the days of Claudius, the late
   Emperor, was brought out of Arabia:  he was nine feet nine
   inches."  Josephus mentions a Jew, named Eleazar, whom
   Vitellius sent to Rome, who was seven cubits, or ten feet two
   inches high.  Becanus saw a man near ten feet, and a woman
   that was full ten feet.  And, to mention no more, a man of the
   name of John Middleton, born at Hale, near Warrington, in
   Lancashire, in the reign of James the First, was more than
   nine feet high.  Dr. Plott, in his history of Staffordshire,
   says, that "his hand, from the carpus to the end of the middle
   finger, was seventeen inches, his palms eight inches and a
   half broad, and his whole height was nine feet three inches;
   wanting but six inches of the height of Goliath of Gath."

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:5-17:5

註釋:

 * armed.  Heb. clothed.
  38 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:6-17:6

註釋:

 * target of brass.  or, gorget.
  1Ki 10:16  2Ch 9:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:7-17:7

註釋:

 * the staff.
  2Sa 21:19  1Ch 11:23  20:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:8-17:8

註釋:

 * servants to Saul.
  26  8:17  2Sa 11:11  1Ch 21:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:9-17:9

註釋:

 * and serve us.
  11:1 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:10-17:10

註釋:

 * I defy.
  25,26,36,45  Nu 23:7,8  2Sa 21:21  23:9  Ne 2:19 
 * give me.
  Job 40:9-12  Ps 9:4,5  Pr 16:18  Jer 9:23  Da 4:37 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:11-17:11

註釋:

 * dismayed.
  De 31:8  Jos 1:9  Ps 27:1  Pr 28:1  Isa 51:12,13  57:11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:12-17:12

註釋:

 * David.
  58  16:1,18  Ru 4:22  Mt 1:6  Lu 3:31,32 
 * Ephrathite.
  Ge 35:19  Ps 132:6  Mic 5:2  Mt 2:1,6 
 * eight sons.
  16:10,11  1Ch 2:13-16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:13-17:13

註釋:

 * the names.
  28  16:6-9  1Ch 2:13 
 * Shammah.
  2Sa 13:3,32  21:21 
 * Shimeah.

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:14-17:14

註釋:

 * the youngest.
  16:11  Ge 25:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:15-17:15

註釋:

 * returned.
  16:11,19-23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:16-17:16

註釋:

 * forty days.
  Mt 4:2  Lu 4:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:17-17:17

註釋:

 * Take now.
  Mt 7:11  Lu 11:13 
 * parched corn.
  25:18  Ru 2:14  2Sa 17:28 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:18-17:18

註釋:

 * carry.
  16:20 
 * cheeses.  Heb. cheeses of milk.
  2Sa 17:29  Job 10:10 
 * their thousand.  Heb. a thousand.  look.
  Ge 37:14  Ac 15:36  1Th 3:5,6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:19-17:19

註釋:

 * the valley.
   Dr. Richardson says, that in about twenty minutes, in an
   easterly direction, form the cave of St. John, (which is about
   two hours or six miles, in a westerly direction, from
   Jerusalem,) they came to the valley of Elah; which position
   seems to agree with that of Shochoh and Azekah.  He describes
   it as "a small valley, and the place of the encampment is
   pointed out where it narrows into a broad, deep ravine; part
   of it was in crop, and part of it was under the plough, which
   was drawn by a couple of oxen.  A small stream, which had
   shrunk almost under its stony bed, passes through it from east
   to west, from which we are informed that David chose out five
   smooth stones, and hasted and ran to meet the haughty champion
   of Gath.  A well of water under the bank, with a few olive
   trees above, on the north side of the valley, are said to mark
   the spot of the shepherd's triumph over his boasting
   antagonist.  Saul and his men probably occupied the side of
   the valley which is nearest to Jerusalem, on which the ground
   is higher and more rugged than on the other side."

  19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:20-17:20

註釋:

 * left the sheep.
  28  Eph 6:1,2 
 * trench.  or, place of the carriage.
  26:5  Lu 19:43 
 * fight.  or, battle array, or place of fight.

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:21-17:21

註釋:

  21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:22-17:22

註釋:

 * his carriage.  Heb. the vessels from upon him.  saluted his
   brethren.  Heb. asked his brethren of peace.
  Ge 37:14  Jud 18:15  Mt 10:12,13  Lu 10:5,6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:23-17:23

註釋:

 * according.
  4-10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:24-17:24

註釋:

 * him.  Heb. his face.
  13:6,7 
 * sore.
  11  Le 26:36  Nu 13:33  De 32:30  Isa 7:2  30:17 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:25-17:25

註釋:

 * the king.
  18:17-27  Jos 15:16  Re 2:7,17  3:5,12,21 
 * free in Israel.
  Ezr 7:24  Mt 17:26 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:26-17:26

註釋:

 * reproach.
  11:2  Jos 7:8,9  2Ki 19:4  Ne 5:9  Ps 44:13  74:18  79:12  Da 9:16 
  Joe 2:19 
 * uncircumcised.
  36  14:6 
 * defy.
  10  De 5:26  Jer 10:10  1Th 1:9  1Jo 5:20 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:27-17:27

註釋:

 * So shall it.
  25 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:28-17:28

註釋:

 * Eliab's anger.
  16:13  Ge 37:4,8,11  Pr 18:19  27:4  Ec 4:4  Mt 10:36  27:18 
  Mr 3:21 
 * with.
  20 
 * I know.
  16:7  Ps 35:11  Jude 1:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:29-17:29

註釋:

  Pr 15:1  Ac 11:2-4  1Co 2:15  1Pe 3:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:30-17:30

註釋:

 * manner.  Heb. word.
  26,27 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:31-17:31

註釋:

 * sent for him.  Heb. took him.
  Pr 22:29 
   The preceding twenty verses, from the 12th to the 31st
   inclusive, the 41st, and from the 54th to the end of this
   chapter, with the five first verses and the 9th, 10th, 11th,
   17th, 18th, and 19th, of ch. 18, are all wanting in the
   Vatican copy of the LXX.; and they are supposed by Dr.
   Kennicott, and others, to be an interpolation.  But, as Bp.
   Horsley observes, it appears, from many circumstances of the
   story, that David's combat with Goliath was many years prior
   to Saul's madness, and David's introduction to him as a
   musician.  In the first place, David was quite a youth when he
   engaged with Goliath, (ver. 33, 42:)  when introduced to Saul
   he was of full age, (ch. 16:18.)  Again, this combat was his
   first appearance in public life, and his first military
   exploit, (ver. 36, 38, 39:) when introduced as a musician, he
   was a man of established character, and a man of war (ch.
   16:18.)  Now the just conclusion is, that the last ten verses
   of ch. 16; have been misplaced; their true place being between
   the ninth and tenth verses of ch. 18.  Let them be removed
   there, and the whole apparent disorder will be removed.

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:32-17:32

註釋:

 * Let.
  Nu 13:30  14:9  De 20:1-3  Isa 35:4  Heb 12:12 
 * thy.
  14:6  16:18  Jos 14:12  Ps 3:6  27:1-3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:33-17:33

註釋:

 * Thou art not.
  Nu 13:31  De 9:2  Ps 11:1  Re 13:4 
 * for thou are but.
  42,56 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:34-17:34

註釋:

 * lamb.  or, kid.

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:35-17:35

註釋:

 * smote him.
  Jud 14:5,6  2Sa 23:20  Ps 91:13  Da 6:22  Am 3:12  Ac 28:4-6 
  2Ti 4:17,18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:36-17:36

註釋:

 * this.
  26  Eze 32:19,27-32  Ro 2:28,29 
 * seeing.
  10  Isa 10:15  36:8-10,15,18  37:22,23,28,29  Zec 2:8  12:3 
  Ac 5:38,39  9:4,5  12:1,2,22,23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:37-17:37

註釋:

 * The Lord.
  7:12  Ps 11:1  18:16,17  63:7  77:11  138:3,7,8  2Co 1:9,10 
  2Ti 4:17,18 
 * Go.
  20:13  24:19  26:25  2Sa 10:12  1Ch 22:11,16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:38-17:38

註釋:

 * armed David with his armour.  Heb. clothed David with his
   clothes.
  5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:39-17:39

註釋:

 * put them off.
  Ho 1:7  Zec 4:6  2Co 10:4,5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:40-17:40

註釋:

 * staff.
  Jud 3:31  7:16-20  15:15,16  20:16  1Co 1:27-29 
 * brook.  or, valley.  bag.  Heb. vessel.
  Mt 10:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:41-17:41

註釋:

  41 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:42-17:42

註釋:

 * disdained.
  1Ki 20:18  2Ki 18:23,24  Ne 4:2-4  Ps 123:3,4  2Co 11:27-29 
 * a youth.
  33  16:12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:43-17:43

註釋:

 * Am.
  24:14  2Sa 3:8  9:8  16:9  2Ki 8:13 
 * cursed.
  Ge 27:29  Nu 22:6,11,12  Jud 9:27  Pr 26:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:44-17:44

註釋:

 * Come to me.
  1Ki 20:10,11  Pr 18:12  Ec 9:11,12  Jer 9:23  Eze 28:2,9,10 
  Eze 39:17-20 
 * I will give.
   Parallel instances of vaunting occur in some writers of a more
   recent date:--The conspirators against the emperor Maximinus
   having slain him, his son, and several of his best friends,
   threw out their bodies to be devoured by dogs and the fowls of
   the air.  This custom appears to have been frequently
   threatened; and, however shocking to human feelings, was often
   carried into effect.

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:45-17:45

註釋:

 * Thou comest.
  Ps 44:6 
 * in the name.
  2Sa 22:33-35  2Ch 32:8  Ps 3:8  18:2  20:5-7  118:10,11  124:8 
  Ps 125:1  Pr 18:10  2Co 3:5  10:4  Php 4:13  Heb 11:33,34 
 * defied.
  10,26,36  Isa 37:23,28 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:46-17:46

註釋:

 * will the Lord.
  De 7:2,23  9:2,3  Jos 10:8 
 * deliver thee.  Heb. shut thee up.
  Ps 31:8 
 * take thine.
  51 
 * carcases.
  44  De 28:26  Isa 56:9  Mt 24:28  Re 19:17,18 
 * all the earth.
  Ex 9:16  15:14,15  Jos 4:24  1Ki 8:43  18:36,37  2Ki 19:19 
  Ps 46:10  Isa 52:10  Da 2:47  3:29  6:26,27 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:47-17:47

註釋:

 * saveth not.
  Ps 33:16,17  44:6,7  Pr 21:30,31  Ho 1:7 
 * the battle.
  14:6  2Ch 20:15-17  Ps 46:11  Isa 9:7  Zec 4:6  Ro 8:31,37 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:48-17:48

註釋:

 * David hasted.
  Ps 27:1  Pr 28:1 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:49-17:49

註釋:

 * smote.
  1Ki 22:34  2Ki 9:24  1Co 1:27,28 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:50-17:50

註釋:

 * So David prevailed.
   The tradition of the combat between David and Goliath, in
   which the latter was killed, is preserved among the Arabs; for
   he is mentioned in the Koran, where he is called Galut or
   Jalut.  The Arabs also call the dynasty of the Philistine
   kings, who reigned in Palestine when the Hebrews came there,
   Galutiah, or Jalutiah.  Achmed Al Fassi says, "Those kings
   were as well known by the name of Jalaut, as the ancient kings
   of Egypt by that of Pharaoh.  David killed the Jalaut who
   reigned in his time, and entirely rooted out the Philistines,
   the rest of whom fled into Africa, and from them descended the
   Brebers or Berbers, who inhabit the coast of Barbary."  It is
   remarkable that the Berbers themselves should acknowledge
   their descent from the Philistines.  "The name Goliath, which
   they pronounce Sghi(856c)ud, is very common among the Brebers, and
   the history of the champion of the Philistines is very well
   known to the Moors.  When children quarrel, and the bigger one
   challenges the smaller to fight the latter answers, 'Who will
   fight with you?  {Enta men ulid Sgi(856c)ud.}  You are of the race
   of Golaith.'  The Jews who dwell among them, on the mountains,
   all call them Philistines."

  21:9  23:21  Jud 3:31  15:15 
 * but there was.
  39  13:22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:51-17:51

註釋:

 * his sword.
  21:9  2Sa 23:21  Es 7:10  Ps 7:15,16  Heb 2:14 
 * cut off.
  46 
 * fled.
  Heb 11:34 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:52-17:52

註釋:

 * the men of Israel.
  14:21,22  Jud 7:23  2Sa 23:10 
 * valley.
  Jos 15:33-36,45,46 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:53-17:53

註釋:

 * they spoiled.
  2Ki 7:7-16  Jer 4:20  30:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:54-17:54

註釋:

 * took the head.
  21:9  Ex 16:33  Jos 4:7,8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:55-17:55

註釋:

 * whose son.
  58  16:21,22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:56-17:56

註釋:

  56 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:57-17:57

註釋:

 * the head.
  54 

經文:

撒母耳記上 17:58-17:58

註釋:

 * Whose son.
   To account for the apparent inconsistency of Saul not knowing
   David, see the Note at the end of ver. 31.

 * I am the son.
  12  16:18,19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:1-18:1

註釋:

  1;  Jonathan loves David.
  5;  Saul envies his praise;
 10;  seeks to kill him in his fury;
 12;  fears him for his good success;
 17;  offers him his daughters for a snare.
 23;  David persuaded to be the king's son-in-law, gives two
     hundred foreskins of the Philistines for Michal's dowry.
 28;  Saul's hatred and David's glory increase.

 * the soul of Jonathan.
   The modesty, piety, and courage of David were so congenial to
   the character of the amiable Jonathan, that they attracted his
   most cordial esteem and affection; so that the most intimate
   friendship subsisted between them from that time, and they
   loved each other with pure hearts fervently.  Their friendship
   could not be affected by the common vicissitudes of life; and
   it exemplifies by fact what the ancients have written on the
   subject; [Ten philian isoteta einai, kai mian psychen ton
   philon heteron auton.]  "Friendship is an entire sameness, and
   one soul:  a friend is another self."

  14:1-14,45  Ge 44:30  Jud 20:11  1Ch 12:17  Ps 86:11  Col 2:2 
 * loved him.
  3  19:2  20:17  De 13:6  2Sa 1:26  Pr 18:24 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:2-18:2

註釋:

 * took him.
  16:21-23  17:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:3-18:3

註釋:

 * made a covenant.
  20:8-17,42  23:18  2Sa 9:1-3  21:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:4-18:4

註釋:

 * stripped himself.
   Presents of clothes or rich robes, as tokens of respect or
   friendship, are frequent in the East.

  Ge 41:42  Es 6:8,9  Isa 61:10  Lu 15:22  2Co 5:21  Php 2:7,8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:5-18:5

註釋:

 * behaved.  or, prospered.
  14,15,30  Ge 39:2,3,23  Ps 1:3  Ac 7:10 
 * wisely.
  Mt 10:16  Eph 5:17  Col 4:5 
 * the men of war.
  13:2  14:52 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:6-18:6

註釋:

 * Philistine.  or, Philistines.  the women.
  Ex 15:20  Jud 11:34  Ps 68:25  Jer 31:11-13 
 * instruments of music.  Heb. three stringed instruments.
   The original {shalishim,} is rendered by the Vulgate
   {sistris.}  The {sistrum} was an ancient Egyptian instrument
   made of brass, with three, and sometimes more brass rods
   across; which, being loose in their holes, made a jingling
   noise when shaken.

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:7-18:7

註釋:

 * answered.
  Ex 15:21  Ps 24:7,8 
 * Saul.
  21:11  29:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:8-18:8

註釋:

 * the saying.
  Es 3:5  Pr 13:10  27:4  Ec 4:4  Jas 4:5 
 * displeased him.  Heb. was evil in his eyes.
  Nu 11:1  22:34  *margins 
 * and what.
  13:14  15:28  16:13  20:31  1Ki 2:22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:9-18:9

註釋:

 * eyed David.
  Ge 4:5,6  31:2  Mt 20:15  Mr 7:22  Eph 4:27  Jas 5:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:10-18:10

註釋:

 * the evil spirit.
  16:14,15  19:9  26:19 
 * and he prophesied.
   {Wyyithnabbai,} rather, "and he pretended to prophesy; for the
   verb is in {Hithpa(896c),} the signification of which conjugation
   is not only reflex action, but also affectation of the action:
   Jer 29:26, 27.  The meaning seems to be, that Saul, influenced
   by the evil spirit, feigned to be prophesying, the better to
   conceal his murderous intentions, and to render David
   unsuspicious.

  19:24  1Ki 18:29  22:12,20-23  Jer 28:2-4,11  Zec 13:2-5  Ac 16:16 
  2Th 2:11 
 * played.
  16:16,23 
 * and there was.
   {Wehachanith beyad Sh(846f)ol,} rather, "and the javelin was in
   the hand of Saul;" for the javelin or spear was the emblem of
   regal authority; and kings had it always in their hand, as may
   be seen represented on ancient monuments.  In ancient times,
   says Justin, kings used a spear instead of a sceptre.

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:11-18:11

註釋:

 * cast the javelin.
  19:9,10  20:33  Pr 27:4  Isa 54:17 
 * And David.
  Ps 37:32,33  Isa 54:17  Lu 4:30  Joh 8:59  10:39 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:12-18:12

註釋:

 * afraid.
  15,20,29  16:4  Ps 48:3-6  53:5  Mr 6:20  Lu 8:37  Ac 24:25 
 * the Lord.
  16:13,18  22:13  Ac 7:9 
 * departed.
  16:14  28:15  Ps 51:11  Ho 9:12  Mt 25:41 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:13-18:13

註釋:

 * removed.
  17,25  8:12  22:7 
 * he went out.
  16  Nu 27:16,17  2Sa 5:2  Ps 121:8 
   Saul was sensible that the Lord was departed from him; while
   he perceived, with evident sorrow of heart, that the Lord had
   given David peculiar wisdom, and that he was with him to
   prosper all his undertakings.  This increased the disquietude
   of his malevolent mind, and his dread of David as a prevailing
   rival:  he therefore removed him from his presence.  This
   impolitic step, however, served the more to ingratiate David
   with the people, by affording him the opportunity of leading
   them forth to victory over their enemies.

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:14-18:14

註釋:

 * behaved.  or, prospered.
  5 
 * the Lord.
  10:7  16:18  Ge 39:2,3,23  Jos 6:27  Mt 1:23  28:20  Ac 18:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:15-18:15

註釋:

 * wisely.
  Ps 112:5  Da 6:4,5  Col 4:5  Jas 1:5  3:17 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:16-18:16

註釋:

 * all Israel.
  5  Lu 19:48  20:19 
 * he went.
  Nu 27:17  2Sa 5:2  1Ki 3:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:17-18:17

註釋:

 * her will I give.
  17:25  Ps 12:2  55:21 
 * valiant.  Heb. a son of valour.  the Lord's.
  17:47  25:28  Nu 32:20,27,29 
 * Let not mine.
  21,25  De 17:7  2Sa 11:15  12:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:18-18:18

註釋:

 * Who am I.
  23  9:21  Ex 3:11  Ru 2:10  2Sa 7:18  Pr 15:33  18:12  Jer 1:6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:19-18:19

註釋:

 * Adriel.
  Jud 14:20  2Sa 21:8 
 * Meholathite.
  Jud 7:22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:20-18:20

註釋:

 * loved David.
  28 
 * Ge 29:18,20; 34:3; Jud 16:4,15; 2Sa 13:1; 1Ki 11:1,2; Ho 3:2
 * pleased him.  Heb. was right in his eyes.

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:21-18:21

註釋:

 * a snare.
  Ex 10:7  Ps 7:14-16  38:12  Pr 26:24-26  29:5  Jer 5:26  9:8 
 * the hand.
  17  19:11,12 
 * this day.
  26 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:22-18:22

註釋:

 * commanded.
  Ps 36:1-3  55:21 
 * servants.
  2Sa 13:28,29  Pr 29:12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:23-18:23

註釋:

 * a light.
  1Jo 3:1 
 * a poor man.
  9:21  Pr 14:20  19:6,7  Ec 9:15,16 
 * and lightly.
  Ps 119:141 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:24-18:24

註釋:

 * On this manner.  Heb. According to these words.
  24 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:25-18:25

註釋:

 * dowry.
  Ge 29:18  34:12  Ex 22:16,17 
 * but an hundred.
   That is, Thou shalt slay one hundred Philistines, and thou
   shalt produce their foreskins as a proof, not only that thou
   hast killed one hundred men, but that these are of the
   uncircumcised Philistines.

 * foreskins.
  17:26,36  Ge 17:11-14  Jos 5:3 
 * to be avenged.
  14:24 
 * thought.
  17  2Sa 17:8-11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:26-18:26

註釋:

 * the days.
  21 
 * expired.  Heb. fulfilled.

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:27-18:27

註釋:

 * his men.
  13 
 * slew.
  Jud 14:19  2Sa 3:14 
 * two hundred men.
   The Septuagint has only [              ,] one hundred men; and
   as Saul covenanted for a hundred, as David himself says, (2; Sa
   3:14,) that he espoused Michal for a hundred, it is very
   probable that this is the true reading.

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:28-18:28

註釋:

  24:20  26:25  Ge 30:27  37:8-11  39:3  Re 3:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:29-18:29

註釋:

 * yet the.
  12,15  Ps 37:12-14  Ec 4:4  Jas 2:19 
 * Saul became.
  Ge 4:4-8  Joh 11:53  1Jo 3:12-15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 18:30-18:30

註釋:

 * the princes.
   Of this war we know no more than that David, whose military
   skill was greater, was more successful in it, than all the
   other officers of Saul.

 * went forth.
  2Sa 11:1 
 * behaved himself.
  5  Ps 119:99  Da 1:20  Lu 21:15  Eph 5:15 
 * set by.  Heb. precious.
  2:30  26:21  2Ki 1:13  Ps 116:15  1Pe 2:4,7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:1-19:1

註釋:

  1;  Jonathan discloses his father's purpose to kill David.
  4;  He persuades his father to reconciliation.
  8;  By reason of David's good success in a new war, Saul's
     malicious rage breaks out against him.
 12;  Michal deceives her father with an image in David's bed.
 18;  David comes to Samuel in Naioth.
 20;  Saul's messengers sent to take David,
 22;  and Saul himself, prophesy.

  * And Saul.
    Saul's enmity now burst forth, in the avowed purpose of
    putting David to death; and nothing less than the especial
    interposition of Providence could have saved David's life,
    when every officer about the king's person, and every
    soldier, had positive orders to dispatch him.

   18:8,9  Pr 27:4  Ec 9:3  Jer 9:3  2Ti 3:13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:2-19:2

註釋:

 * delighted.
  18:1-3  Ps 16:3  Joh 15:17-19  1Jo 3:12-14 
 * Jonathan.
  20:2  Pr 17:17  Ac 9:24  23:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:3-19:3

註釋:

 * what I see.
  20:9,13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:4-19:4

註釋:

 * spake good.
  20:32  22:14  Pr 24:11,12  31:8,9  Jer 18:20 
 * sin against.
  2:25  Ge 9:6  42:22  2Ch 6:22  1Co 8:12  1Jo 3:15 
 * because his works.
  Ps 35:12  109:4,5  Pr 17:13  Jer 18:20 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:5-19:5

註釋:

 * put his life.
  28:21  Jud 9:17  12:3  Ps 119:109  Ac 20:24  Php 2:30 
 * slew.
  17:49-51 
 * wrought.
  11:13  14:45  17:52,53  Ex 14:13  1Ch 11:14  Heb 2:3 
 * sin against innocent.
  20:32  Jer 26:15  Mt 27:4,24 
 * without a cause.
  Ps 25:3  69:4  Joh 15:25 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:6-19:6

註釋:

 * sware.
  14:39  28:10  Ps 15:4  Pr 26:24,25  Jer 5:2 
 * he shalt not.
  10,11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:7-19:7

註釋:

 * in times past.  Heb. yesterday, third day.
  16:21  18:2,10,13  Ge 31:2  Ex 4:10  1Ch 11:2  Isa 30:33  *margins 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:8-19:8

註釋:

 * David.
  Ps 18:32-50  27:3 
 * him.  Heb. his face

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:9-19:9

註釋:

  16:14  18:10,11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:10-19:10

註釋:

 * sought.
  6  Ho 6:4  Mt 12:43-45  Lu 11:24-26  2Pe 2:20-22 
 * he slipped.
  20:33  Job 5:14,15  Ps 18:17  34:19  Pr 21:30  Isa 54:17  Lu 4:30 
  Joh 10:39 
 * and escaped.
  Ps 124:7  Mt 10:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:11-19:11

註釋:

 * sent messengers.
  Ps 59:1  *title 
  Ps 59:3,4,6,15,16 
 * to watch him.
  Jud 16:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:12-19:12

註釋:

 * Michal.
  Ps 34:19 
 * let David.
  Jos 2:15  Ac 9:24,25  2Co 11:32,33 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:13-19:13

註釋:

 * an image.  Heb. teraphim.
  Ge 31:19  *marg: 
  Jud 17:5  18:14,17  Ho 3:4 
 * a pillow.
   Rather, "the net-work of goat's hair at its (the Teraphim's)
   pillow;"  for the {kevir,} (whence the Chaldee and Syriac
   {kavreetho,} a honey-comb, from its net-like form), seems to
   have been a kind of mosquito-net, which, says Dr. Shaw, is "a
   close curtain of gauze, used all over the East, by people of
   fashion, to keep out the flies."  That they had such anciently
   cannot be doubted.  Thus when Judith had beheaded Holofernes
   in his bed, (ch. 13:9, 15) "she pulled down the canopy (or the
   mosquito net, [            ,] from [             ,] a gnat, or
   mosquito, whence our word canopy) wherein he did lie in his
   drunkenness, from the pillars."

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:14-19:14

註釋:

 * she said.
  Jos 2:5  2Sa 16:17-19  17:20 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:15-19:15

註釋:

 * Bring him.
   The eastern beds consist merely of two thick cotton quilts,
   one of which, folded double, serves as a mattress, the other
   as a covering.  Such seems to have been the bed of David,
   which could easily have been carried, with himself in it, to
   the presence of Saul.

  6  Job 31:31  Ps 37:12  Pr 27:3,4  Ro 3:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:16-19:16

註釋:

 * And when.
   It is highly probable that David, when supposed to be sick,
   was thought to be hid in the harem or chamber of Michal.  "The
   harems," says De La Motraye, "are sanctuaries, as sacred and
   inviolable, for persons pursed by justice for any crime, debt,
   etc., as the Roman Catholic churches in Italy, Spain,
   Portugal, etc."  Thus we find, that to effect his purpose,
   Saul sent messengers to Michal, but they treated her harem
   with too much respect to enter it at first; but being
   authorised by Saul, they entered even into her chamber; and
   during the delay occasioned by respect for the privacy of
   Michal, David escaped.

  16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:17-19:17

註釋:

 * Why hast.
  22:17  28:12  Mt 2:16 
 * mine enemy.
  1Ki 21:20  Ga 4:16 
 * And Michal.
  2Sa 17:20 
 * He said.
  14  Ex 1:17-19 
 * why should.
  2Sa 2:22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:18-19:18

註釋:

 * to Samuel.
  7:17  15:34  28:3  Ps 116:11  Jas 5:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:19-19:19

註釋:

  22:9,10  23:19  26:1  Pr 29:12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:20-19:20

註釋:

 * sent messengers.
  11,14  Joh 7:32,45 
 * when they.
  10:5,6,10  Nu 11:25,26  Joe 2:28  Joh 7:32,45,46-52 
  1Co 14:3,24,25 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:21-19:21

註釋:

 * sent messengers.
  2Ki 1:9-13  Pr 27:22  Jer 13:23 
 * prophesied also.
  Joe 2:28 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:22-19:22

註釋:

  22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:23-19:23

註釋:

 * the Spirit.
  20  10:10  Nu 23:5  24:2  Mt 7:22  Joh 11:51  1Co 13:2 
 * until he came.
  Pr 16:9  21:1 

經文:

撒母耳記上 19:24-19:24

註釋:

 * stripped.
  2Sa 6:14,20  Isa 20:2  Mic 1:8 
 * lay.  Heb. fell.
  Nu 24:4 
 * Is Saul.
  10:10-12  Ac 9:21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:1-20:1

註釋:

  1;  David consults with Jonathan for his safety.
 11;  Jonathan and David renew their covenant by oath.
 18;  Jonathan's token to David.
 24;  Saul, missing David, seeks to kill Jonathan.
 35;  Jonathan affectionately takes his leave of David.

 * fled.
  19:19-24  23:26-28  Ps 124:6-8  2Pe 2:9 
 * What have.
  12:3  24:11,17  Ps 7:3-5  18:20-24  2Co 1:12  1Jo 3:21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:2-20:2

註釋:

 * God forbid.
  14:45  Ge 44:7  Jos 22:29  24:16  Lu 20:16 
 * shew it me.  Heb. uncover mine ear.
  12  9:15  *marg: 
  Ps 40:6  Isa 50:5  Joh 15:15  17:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:3-20:3

註釋:

 * sware.
  De 6:13  Jer 4:2  Heb 6:16 
 * but truly.
  25:26  27:1  2Sa 15:21  2Ki 2:2,4,6 
 * as thy soul.
  1:26  17:55  Jer 38:16 
 * but a step.
  27:1  De 28:66  Ps 116:3  1Co 15:30,31  2Co 1:9,10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:4-20:4

註釋:

 * Whatsoever, etc.  or, Say what is thy mind, and I will do,
   etc.
 * desireth.  Heb. speaketh, or thinketh.

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:5-20:5

註釋:

 * the new moon.
   The months of the Hebrews were lunar months, and they reckoned
   from one new moon to another:  and, as their feasts,
   particularly the passover, were reckoned according to this,
   they were very scrupulous in observing the first appearance of
   each new moon.  On these new moons, they offered sacrifices,
   and feasted together:  but the gathering together of all the
   families of a tribe on such occasions seems to have taken
   place only once in the year.

  6  Nu 10:10  28:11  2Ki 4:23  Ps 81:3  Col 2:16 
 * that I may.
  19  19:2  Ps 55:12  Pr 22:3  Joh 8:59  Ac 17:14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:6-20:6

註釋:

 * Beth-lehem.
  17:58  Joh 7:42 
 * sacrifice.  or, feast.
  9:12  16:2-5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:7-20:7

註釋:

 * It is well.
  De 1:23  2Sa 17:4 
 * evil.
  9  25:17  Es 7:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:8-20:8

註釋:

 * deal kindly.
  Ge 24:49  47:29  Jos 2:14  Ru 1:8  Pr 3:3 
 * thou hast.
  16  18:3  23:18 
 * if there be.
  Jos 22:22  2Sa 14:32  Ps 7:4,5  Ac 25:11 
 * why shouldest.
  1Ch 12:17  Ps 116:11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:9-20:9

註釋:

 * then would.
  38,42  19:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:10-20:10

註釋:

 * answer thee.
  30-34  25:10,14,17  Ge 42:7,30  1Ki 12:13  Pr 18:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:11-20:11

註釋:

  11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:12-20:12

註釋:

 * O Lord.
   This verse is evidently deficient.  The LXX. have [kyrios ho
   Theos Israel oiden,] "The Lord God of Israel doth know;" the
   Syraic and Arabic, "The Lord God of Israel is witness;" either
   of which makes good sense.  But two of Dr. Kennicott's MSS.
   supply the word {chai,} "liveth;" and the text reads thus:
   "As the Lord God of Israel liveth, when I have sounded my
   father,--if there be good unto David, and I then send not unto
   thee," etc.; which is a still better sense.

  Jos 22:22  Job 31:4  Ps 17:3  139:1-4 
 * sounded.  Heb. searched.
  Pr 20:5  25:2,3 
 * shew it thee.  Heb. uncover thine ear.
  2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:13-20:13

註釋:

 * The Lord do.
  3:17  25:22  Ru 1:17  2Sa 3:35  19:13  1Ki 19:2  20:10 
 * the Lord be.
  17:37  Jos 1:5  1Ch 22:11,16  Mt 28:20  Php 4:9 
 * he hath been with my father.
  10:7  11:6-13  14:47  2Sa 7:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:14-20:14

註釋:

 * the kindness.
  2Sa 9:3  Eph 5:1,2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:15-20:15

註釋:

 * thou shalt.
  24:21  2Sa 9:1-7  21:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:16-20:16

註釋:

 * made.  Heb. cut.
  18:3  Ge 15:18 
 * Let the Lord.
  25:22  31:2  2Sa 4:7,8  21:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:17-20:17

註釋:

 * because he loved him.  or, by his love toward him.  for he
   loved.
  18:1,3  De 13:6  2Sa 1:26  Pr 18:24 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:18-20:18

註釋:

 * new moon.
  5 
 * and thou shalt.
   Among the forms of salutation and compliment used in Persia,
   one was, "according to my mode of notation in italics, {J(a020)i
   sh(a06d)a khali bud pish y(a072)(a06e),} signifying, Thy place or seat was
   empty among thy friends.  This phrase, or the greater part of
   it, was frequently addressed to myself when coming into a
   circle of Persian acquaintances, after an absence of several
   days or weeks.  It reminded me of a passage in the First book
   of Samuel, (ch. 20:18.)  And thou shalt be missed, because thy
   seat will be empty.  And again, David's place was empty."  Sir
   W. Ouseley's Travels, vol i. preface, p.16.

 * empty.  Heb. missed.

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:19-20:19

註釋:

 * quickly.  or, diligently.  Heb. greatly.  hide thyself.
  5  19:2 
 * when the business.  Heb. in the day of the business.  Ezel.
   or, that sheweth the way.

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:20-20:20

註釋:

  20 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:21-20:21

註釋:

 * no.  Heb. not any thing.  as the.
  Jer 4:2  5:2  12:16  Am 8:14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:22-20:22

註釋:

  22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:23-20:23

註釋:

 * the matter.
  14,15 
 * the Lord.
  42  Ge 16:5  31:50 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:24-20:24

註釋:

 * the king.
  Ps 50:16-21  Pr 4:17  15:17  17:1  21:3,27  Isa 1:11-15  Zec 7:6 
  Joh 18:28 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:25-20:25

註釋:

 * as at other times.
  Jud 16:20 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:26-20:26

註釋:

 * he is not clean.
  Le 7:21  11:24,27,31,40  15:5,16,17,19-21  Nu 19:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:27-20:27

註釋:

 * Wherefore.
  18:11  19:9,10,15 
 * the son.
  22:7-9,13,14  25:10  Isa 11:1,2  Mt 13:55  1Pe 2:4 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:28-20:28

註釋:

  6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:29-20:29

註釋:

 * my brother.
  17:28 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:30-20:30

註釋:

 * Saul's.
  Job 5:2  Pr 14:29  19:12,19  21:24  25:28  27:3  Jas 1:19,20 
 * Thou, etc.  or, Thou perverse rebel.  Heb. Son of perverse
   rebellion.
  Pr 15:2  21:24  Mt 5:22  Eph 4:31  6:4 
 * and unto the.
   This reflection on the mother of Jonathan, by the passionate
   monarch, reflects more dishonour on himself than on his brave
   and noble minded son.  Mungo Park gives an instance of the
   prevalence of the same principles in Africa; for he says,
   "Maternal affection is every where conspicuous among the
   Africans, and creates a correspondent return of tenderness in
   the child.  'Strike me,' said my attendant, 'but do not curse
   my mother.'  I found the same sentiment to prevail universally
   in all parts of Africa." King Saul, unable to villify Jonathan
   to his own satisfaction by personal reproaches, outstepped the
   ordinary abuse of his day, and proceeded to that which was
   designed to produce unusual vexation, and vented the
   bitterness of his mind by maligning the character of his own
   wife and Jonathan's mother.

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:31-20:31

註釋:

 * send.
  8  19:6,11-15 
 * shall surely die.  Heb. is the son of death.
  26:16  2Sa 19:28  Ps 79:11  *marg: 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:32-20:32

註釋:

 * Wherefore.
  19:5  Pr 24:11,12  31:8,9  Joh 7:51 
 * what hath.
  Mt 27:23  Lu 23:22 
 * cast.
  18:11  19:10,11  Pr 22:24  Ec 9:3  Jer 17:9 
 * whereby.
  7  Ec 7:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:33-20:33

註釋:

  33 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:34-20:34

註釋:

 * in fierce.
  Ec 7:20  Eph 4:26 
 * he was grieved.
  Mr 3:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:35-20:35

註釋:

 * at the time.
  19  2Sa 20:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:36-20:36

註釋:

 * Run.
  20,21 
 * beyond him.  Heb. to pass over him.
  21,22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:37-20:37

註釋:

  37 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:38-20:38

註釋:

  Ps 55:6-9  Pr 6:4,5  Mt 24:16-18  Mr 13:14-16  Lu 17:31,32 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:39-20:39

註釋:

  39 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:40-20:40

註釋:

 * artillery.  Heb. instruments.
   Rather weapons, as the word {kelim} also denotes; and here
   means the bow, quiver, and arrows.  This is probably the only
   place in our language in which the word artillery is not
   applied to cannon or ordinance, but simply to weapons of war.

 * his lad.  Heb. the lad that was his.

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:41-20:41

註釋:

 * and fell.
  25:23  Ge 43:28  2Sa 9:6 
 * and they kissed.
  10:1  Ge 29:11,13  45:15  2Sa 19:39  Ac 20:37 
 * David exceeded.
  18:3  2Sa 1:26 

經文:

撒母耳記上 20:42-20:42

註釋:

 * Go in peace.
  22  1:17  Nu 6:26  Lu 7:50  Ac 16:36 
 * forasmuch as.  or, the Lord be witness of that which, etc.
  23 
 * And he arose.
  23:18 
   The separation of two such faithful friends was equally
   grievous to them both, but David's case was the more
   deplorable:  for when Jonathan was returning to his family and
   friends, David was leaving all his comforts, even those of
   God's sanctuary, and therefore his grief exceeded Jonathan's;
   or, perhaps it was because his temper was more tender and his
   passions stronger.  They referred each other to the covenant
   of friendship that was between them, both of them being
   comforted thereby in this very mournful separation:--"We have
   sworn both of us in the name of the Lord, for ourselves and
   our heirs, that we and they will be faithful and kind to each
   other from generation to generation."

經文:

撒母耳記上 21:1-21:1

註釋:

  1;  David at Nob obtains of Ahimelech hallowed bread.
  7;  Doeg is present.
  8;  David takes Goliath's sword.
 10;  David at Gath feigns himself mad.

 * Nob.
   Nob appears to have been a sacerdotal city of Benjamin or
   Ephraim.  Jerome says, that in his time the ruins of it might
   be seen not far from Diospolis or Lydda.  But the Rabbins
   assert that Jerusalem might be seen from this town.  The
   tabernacle resided some time at Nob; and after it was
   destroyed, it was removed to Gibeon; "and the day of Nob and
   Gibeon were fifty-seven years."  Maimonides in
   Bethhabbechirah, c. 1.

  22:19  Ne 11:32  Isa 10:32 
 * to Ahimelech.
  14:3 
 * called Ahiah.
  22:9-19 
 * called also Abiathar.
  Mr 2:26 
 * afraid.
  16:4 

經文:

撒母耳記上 21:2-21:2

註釋:

 * The king.
   The whole of this is a gross falsehood; and which was attended
   with the most fatal consequences.  It is well known that from
   all antiquity it was held no crime to tell a lie in order to
   save life.  Thus Diphilon [Hypo lambano to pseudas epi sotevea
   legomenon, ouden peripoieisthai duscheres.]  "I hold it right
   to tell a lie for safety:  nothing should be avoided to save
   life."  A heathen may say or sing thus:  but no Christian can
   act thus and save his soul, though he may save his life.

  19:17  22:22  Ge 27:20,24  1Ki 13:18  Ps 119:29  Ga 2:12  Col 3:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 21:3-21:3

註釋:

 * under thine.
  4  Jud 9:29  Isa 3:6 
 * present.  Heb. found.

經文:

撒母耳記上 21:4-21:4

註釋:

 * hallowed bread.
  6  Ex 25:30  Le 24:5-9  Mt 12:3,4 
 * if the young.
  Ex 19:15  Zec 7:3  1Co 7:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 21:5-21:5

註釋:

 * the vessels.
  Ac 9:15  1Th 4:3,4  2Ti 2:20,21  1Pe 3:17 
 * in a manner.
  Le 24:9 
 * yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel.  or,
   especially when this day there is other sanctified in the
   vessel.
  Le 8:26 

經文:

撒母耳記上 21:6-21:6

註釋:

 * gave him.
  Mt 12:3,4  Mr 2:25-27  Lu 6:3,4 
 * hot bread.
  Le 24:5-9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 21:7-21:7

註釋:

 * detained.
  Jer 7:9-11  Eze 33:31  Am 8:5  Mt 15:8  Ac 21:26,27 
 * Doeg.
  22:9  Ps 52:1  *title 
 * herdmen.
  11:5  Ge 13:7,8  26:20  1Ch 27:29  2Ch 26:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 21:8-21:8

註釋:

  8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 21:9-21:9

註釋:

 * The sword.
  17:51-54 
 * the valley.
  17:2,50 
 * behold.
  31:10 
 * behind.
  Ex 28:6-14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 21:10-21:10

註釋:

 * fled.
  27:1  1Ki 19:3  Jer 26:21 
 * Achish.  or, Abimelech.
  27:2  Ps 34:1  *title 
 * Gath.
   Jerome says there was a large town called Gath, in the way
   from Eleutheropolis to Gaza; and Eusebius speaks of another
   Gath, five miles from Eleutheropolis, towards Lydda, (and
   consequently different from that mentioned by Jerome;) and
   also of another Gath, between Jamnia and Antipatris.  It
   appears to have been the extreme boundary of the Philistine
   territory in one direction, as Ekron was on the other, (ch.
   7:14; 17:52,) and lay near Mareshah, (2; Ch 11:8.  Mic 1:14,)
   which agrees pretty well with the position assigned it by
   Jerome.  But Reland and Dr. Wells agree with Eusebius; and the
   authors of the Universal History (b. i. c. 7) place it about
   six miles form Jamnia, fourteen south of Joppa, and thirty-two
   west of Jerusalem.

經文:

撒母耳記上 21:11-21:11

註釋:

 * the servants.
  Ps 56:1  *title 
 * the king.
  16:1  18:7,8  29:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 21:12-21:12

註釋:

 * laid up.
  Ps 119:11  Lu 2:19,51 
 * sore.
  10  Ge 12:11-13  26:7  Ps 34:4  56:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 21:13-21:13

註釋:

 * changed.
  Ps 34:1  *title 
  Pr 29:25  Ec 7:7 
 * scrabbled.  or, made marks.

經文:

撒母耳記上 21:14-21:14

註釋:

 * is mad.  or, playeth the madman.
  Ec 7:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 21:15-21:15

註釋:

  15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:1-22:1

註釋:

  1;  Companies resort unto David at Adullam.
  3;  At Mizpeh he commends his parents unto the king of Moab.
  5;  Admonished by Gad, he comes to Hareth.
  6;  Saul going to pursue him, complains of his servants'
     unfaithfulness.
  9;  Doeg accuses Ahimelech.
 11;  Saul commands to kill the priests.
 17;  The footmen refusing, Doeg executes it.
 20;  Abiathar escaping, brings David the news.

 * David.
  21:10-15  Ps 34:1  57:1  *titles 
 * the cave.
  Jos 12:15  15:35  2Sa 23:13,14  1Ch 11:15  Ps 142:1  *title 
  Mic 1:3,15  Heb 11:38 
 * Adullam.
   Adullam was a city of Judah; and, according to Eusebius, ten
   miles (Jerome says eleven) eastward from Eleutheropolis.

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:2-22:2

註釋:

 * distress.
  Jud 11:3  Mt 11:12,28 
 * was in debt.  Heb. had a creditor.
  Mt 18:25-34 
 * discontented.  Heb. bitter of soul.
  1:10  30:6  Jud 18:25  2Sa 17:8  Pr 31:6  *margins 
 * a captain.
  9:16  25:15,16  30:22-24  2Sa 5:2  2Ki 20:5  1Ch 11:15-19 
  Ps 72:12-14  Mt 9:12,13  Heb 2:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:3-22:3

註釋:

 * Mizpeh.
  Jud 11:29 
 * the king.
  14:47  Ru 1:1-4  4:10,17 
 * Let my father.
  Ge 47:11  Ex 20:12  Mt 15:4-6  1Ti 5:4 
 * till I know.
  3:18  2Sa 15:25,26  Php 2:23,24 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:4-22:4

註釋:

 * in the hold.
  2Sa 23:13,14  1Ch 12:16 
 * Gad.
  2Sa 24:11  1Ch 21:9  29:29  2Ch 29:25 
 * depart.
  23:1-6  Ne 6:11  Ps 11:1  Isa 8:12-14 
 * David departed.
  Mt 10:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:5-22:5

註釋:

  5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:6-22:6

註釋:

 * tree.  or, grove in a high place.  spear.
  18:10  19:9  20:33 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:7-22:7

註釋:

 * the son of Jesse.
  9,13  18:14  20:27,30  25:10  2Sa 20:1  1Ki 12:16  Isa 11:1,10 
 * give.
  8:14,15 
 * captains.
  8:11,12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:8-22:8

註釋:

 * sheweth me.  Heb. uncovereth mine ear.
  20:2  Job 33:16  *marg: 
 * that my son.
  18:3  20:8,13-17,30-34,42  23:16-18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:9-22:9

註釋:

 * Doeg.
   He is also said to be "the chiefest of the herdsmen that
   belonged to Saul;" and the Septuagint intimates that he was
   over the mules of Saul.  He may have been what we call the
   king's equerry or groom.

  21:7  Ps 52:1  *title 
  Ps 52:1-5  Pr 19:5  29:12  Eze 22:9  Mt 26:59-61 
 * Ahimelech.
  21:1-15 
 * Ahitub.

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:10-22:10

註釋:

 * he enquired.
  13,15  23:2,4,12  30:8  Nu 27:21 
 * him victuals.
  21:6-9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:11-22:11

註釋:

 * sent to call.
  Ro 3:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:12-22:12

註釋:

 * thou son.
  7,13 
 * Here I am.  Heb. Behold me.
  2Sa 9:6  Isa 65:1 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:13-22:13

註釋:

 * Why have.
  8  Ps 119:69  Am 7:10  Lu 23:2-5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:14-22:14

註釋:

 * And who.
  19:4,5  20:32  24:11  26:23  2Sa 22:23-25  Pr 24:11,12  31:8,9 
 * the king's.
  13  17:25  18:27 
 * goeth.
  18:13  21:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:15-22:15

註釋:

 * Did I then.
   He seems to intimate, that his enquiring now for David was no
   new thing, having often done so before, without ever being
   informed it was wrong in itself or displeasing to the king.

 * the servant.
  Ge 20:5,6  2Sa 15:11  2Co 1:12  1Pe 3:16,17 
 * less or more.  Heb. little or great.
  25:36 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:16-22:16

註釋:

 * Thou shalt.
  14:44  20:31  1Ki 18:4  19:2  Pr 28:15  Da 2:5,12  3:19,20  Ac 12:19 
 * thou, and.
  De 24:16  Es 3:6  Mt 2:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:17-22:17

註釋:

 * footmen.  or, guard.  Heb. runners.
  8:11  2Sa 15:1  1Ki 1:5 
 * slay the priests.
  13  20:33  25:17  1Ki 18:4 
 * would not.
  14:45  Ex 1:17  2Ki 1:13,14  Ac 4:19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:18-22:18

註釋:

 * Doeg.
  9 
 * he fell.
  2Ch 24:21  Ho 5:11  7:3  Mic 6:16  Zep 3:3  Ac 26:10,11 
 * fourscore.
   The LXX. read, [tria kosious kai pente andras,] "three hundred
   and five men;" and Josephus, "three hundred and eighty-five
   men."  Probably the eighty-five were priests and the three
   hundred the families of the priests; three hundred and
   eighty-five being the whole population of Nob.

  2:30-33,36  3:12-14 
 * a linen ephod.
  2:28  Ex 28:40 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:19-22:19

註釋:

 * Nob.
  9,11  21:1  Ne 11:32  Isa 10:32 
 * men.
  15:3,9  Jos 6:17,21  Ho 10:14  Jas 2:13 
 * with the edge.
   This is one of the worst acts of Saul's life:  his malice was
   implacable, and his wrath cruel; and there is no motive of
   justice or policy by which such a barbarous massacre can be
   justified.

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:20-22:20

註釋:

 * one.
  23:6  30:7  2Sa 20:25  1Ki 2:26,27 
 * escaped.
  2:33  4:12  Job 1:15-17,19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:21-22:21

註釋:

  21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:22-22:22

註釋:

 * I have occasioned.
  21:1-9  Ps 44:22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 22:23-22:23

註釋:

 * he that seeketh.
  1Ki 2:26  Mt 24:9  Joh 15:20  16:2,3  Heb 12:1-3 
 * but with me.
  Joh 10:28-30  17:12  18:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:1-23:1

註釋:

  1;  David, enquiring of the Lord by Abiathar, rescues Keilah.
  7;  God shewing him the coming of Saul, and the treachery of
     the Keilites, he escapes from Keilah.
 14;  In Ziph Jonathan comes and comforts him.
 19;  The Ziphites discover him to Saul.
 25;  At Maon he is rescued from Saul by the invasion of the
     Philistines.
 29;  He dwells at En-gedi.

 * Keilah.
   Keilah was a city of Judah, situated, according to Eusebius,
   eight miles from Eleutheropolis, towards Hebron.  Sozomen says
   that the prophet Habakkuk's tomb was shewn there.

  Jos 15:44  Ne 3:17,18 
 * rob the.
  Le 26:16  De 28:33,51  Jud 6:4,11  Mic 6:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:2-23:2

註釋:

 * enquired.
   In what way David made this enquiry we are not told; but it
   was probably by means of Abiathar; and therefore it would
   seem, that with Houbigant, we should read the sixth verse
   immediately after the first.--This adventure was truly noble
   and patriotic.  Had not David loved his country, and been
   above all motives of private and personal revenge, he would
   have rejoiced in this invasion of Judea, as producing a strong
   diversion in his favour, and embroiling his inveterate enemy.
   In most cases, a man with David's wrongs would have joined
   with the enemies of his country, and avenged himself on the
   author of his calamities; but he thinks of nothing but
   succouring Keilah, and using his power and influence in behalf
   of his brethren.

  4,6,9-12  30:8  Nu 27:21  Jos 9:14  Jud 1:1  2Sa 5:19,23 
  1Ch 14:10  Ps 32:8  Pr 3:5,6  Jer 10:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:3-23:3

註釋:

 * Behold.
  15,23,26  Ps 11:1  Jer 12:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:4-23:4

註釋:

 * yet again.
  28:6  Jud 6:39 
 * for I will.
  Jos 8:7  Jud 7:7  2Sa 5:19  2Ki 3:18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:5-23:5

註釋:

  5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:6-23:6

註釋:

 * when Abiathar.
  22:20 
 * an ephod.
  14:3,18,36,37  Ex 28:30,31 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:7-23:7

註釋:

 * A.M. 2943.  B.C. 1061.  An. Ex. Is. 430.  God hath.
  14  24:4-6  26:8,9  Ps 71:10,11 
 * he is shut.
  Ex 14:3  15:9  Jud 16:2,3  Job 20:5  Lu 19:43,44 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:8-23:8

註釋:

  8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:9-23:9

註釋:

 * David.
  Jer 11:18,19  Ac 9:24  14:6  23:16-18 
 * Bring.
  6  14:18  30:7  Nu 27:21  Jer 33:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:10-23:10

註釋:

 * destroy the city.
  8  22:19  Ge 18:24  Es 3:6  Pr 28:15  Ro 3:15,16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:11-23:11

註釋:

 * And the Lord.
  Ps 50:15  Jer 33:3  Mt 7:7,8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:12-23:12

註釋:

 * deliver.  Heb. shut up.
  Ps 31:8 
 * They will.
  7  Ps 62:1  118:8  Ec 9:14,15  Isa 29:15  Heb 4:13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:13-23:13

註釋:

 * six hundred.
  22:2  25:13  30:9,10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:14-23:14

註釋:

 * a mountain.
  Ps 11:1-3 
 * the wilderness.
   Ziph is mentioned in Joshua with Carmel and Maon, near which
   it seems to have been situated; and as we have mention of
   Carmel and Maon in the history of David, as adjoining to Ziph,
   it cannot be doubted that by the Ziph, in the wilderness of
   which David now lay, and where was the hill of Hachilah, is to
   be understood Ziph near Carmel and Maon.

  Jos 15:24,55 
 * Saul.
  27:1  Ps 54:3,4  Pr 1:16  4:16 
 * but God.
  7  Ps 32:7  37:32,33  54:3,4  Pr 21:30  Jer 36:26  Ro 8:31 
  2Ti 3:11  4:17,18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:15-23:15

註釋:

  15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:16-23:16

註釋:

 * strengthened.
  De 3:28  Ne 2:18  Job 4:3,4  16:5  Pr 27:9,17  Ec 4:9-12 
  Isa 35:3,4  Eze 13:22  Lu 22:32,43  Eph 6:10  2Ti 2:1 
  Heb 12:12,13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:17-23:17

註釋:

 * Fear not.
  Isa 41:10,14  Heb 13:6 
 * shall not.
  Job 5:11-15  Ps 27:1-3  46:1,2  91:1,2  Pr 14:26  Isa 54:17 
 * thou shalt be.
  Lu 12:32 
 * I shall be.
  Pr 19:21  Ac 28:16  Ro 15:24 
 * that also Saul.
  20:31  24:20  Ac 5:39 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:18-23:18

註釋:

  18:3  20:12-17,42  2Sa 9:1  21:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:19-23:19

註釋:

 * the Ziphites.
  22:7,8  26:1  Ps 54:1  *title 
  Ps 54:3,4  Pr 29:12 
 * Hachilah.
   Calmet states, that Hachilah was a mountain about ten miles
   south of Jericho, where Jonathan Maccab(9175)s built the castle of
   Massada, west of the Dead Sea, and not far from En-gedi.

  26:1,3 
 * on the south.  Heb. on the right hand.  Jeshimon.  or, the
   wilderness.
   Eusebius places Jeshimon ten miles south of Jericho, near the
   Dead Sea; which agrees extremely well with the position of
   Hachilah, as stated by Calmet.

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:20-23:20

註釋:

 * all the desire.
  De 18:6  2Sa 3:21  Ps 112:10  Pr 11:23 
 * our part.
  1Ki 21:11-14  2Ki 10:5-7  Ps 54:3  Pr 29:26 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:21-23:21

註釋:

  22:8  Jud 17:2  Ps 10:3  Isa 66:5  Mic 3:11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:22-23:22

註釋:

 * haunt is.  Heb. foot shall be.
  Job 5:13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:23-23:23

註釋:

 * take knowledge.
  Mr 14:1,10,11  Joh 18:2,3 
 * I will search.
  2Sa 17:11-13  1Ki 18:10  Pr 1:16  Ro 3:15,16 
 * the thousands.
  Nu 10:36  Mic 5:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:24-23:24

註釋:

 * the wilderness.
   Maon, from which the adjoining mountainous district derived
   its name, was city in the most southern parts of the tribe of
   Judah, and a neighbouring town to Carmel.  Hence Nabal (ch.
   25:2) is described as a man of Maon, whose possessions were in
   Carmel; and though he might dwell generally in Maon, yet he is
   styled Nabal the Carmelite, from the place where his estate
   lay.  Calmet supposes it to be the city Mino(8b73), which Eusebius
   places in the vicinity of Gaza; and the Moenoemi Castrum,
   which the Theodosian code places near Beersheba.

 * Maon.
  25:2  Jos 15:55 
 * the south.
  19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:25-23:25

註釋:

 * into a rock.  or, from the rock.
  28  Jud 15:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:26-23:26

註釋:

 * David made haste.
  19:12  20:38  2Sa 15:14  17:21,22  Ps 31:22 
 * away.
  2Ch 20:12  Ps 17:9,11  22:12,16  118:11-13  140:1-9  2Co 1:8 
  Re 20:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:27-23:27

註釋:

 * there came.
  Ge 22:14  De 32:36  2Ki 19:9  Ps 116:3 
 * the Philistines.
  2Ki 19:9  Re 12:16 
 * invaded.  Heb. spread themselves upon.
  1Ch 14:13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:28-23:28

註釋:

 * Sela-hammahlekoth.  that is, the rock of divisions.
   Because, says the Targum, "the heart of the king was divided
   to go hither and thither."  Here Saul was obliged to separate
   himself from David, in order to go and oppose the invading
   Philistines; which deliverance of David was of such a nature
   as made the Divine interposition fully visible.

  28 

經文:

撒母耳記上 23:29-23:29

註釋:

   The district around En-gedi, near the western coast of the
   Dead Sea, is reported by travellers to be a mountainous
   territory, filled with caverns; and consequently, proper for
   David in his present circumstances.  Dr. Lightfoot thinks this
   was the wilderness of Judah, in which David was when he penned
   the 63rd Psalm, which breathes as much pious and devout
   affection as almost any of his Psalms; for in all places and
   in all conditions he still kept up his communion with God.--If
   Christians knew their privileges better, and acted up thereto,
   there would be less murmuring at the dark dispensations of
   Divine Providence.

  24:1  Ge 14:7  Jos 15:62  2Ch 20:2  So 1:14  Eze 47:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:1-24:1

註釋:

  1;  David, in a cave at En-gedi, having cut off Saul's skirt,
     spares his life.
  8;  He shews thereby his innocency.
 16;  Saul, acknowledging his fault, takes an oath of David, and
     departs.

 * when Saul.
  23:28,29 
 * following.  Heb. after.  it was told.
  23:19  Pr 25:5  29:12  Eze 22:9  Ho 7:3 
 * the wilderness.
  23:29 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:2-24:2

註釋:

 * Saul took.
  13:2 
 * and went.
  Ps 37:32  38:12 
 * the rocks.
  Ps 104:18  141:6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:3-24:3

註釋:

 * the sheepcotes.
   Caves in the rocks, in which it is still common for shepherds
   and their flocks to lodge.  Dr. Pococke observes, "Beyond the
   valley [of Tekoa,] there is a very large grotto, which the
   Arabs call El-Maamah, a hiding place:  the high rocks on each
   side of the valley are almost perpendicular; and the way to
   the grotto is by a terrace formed in the rock, which is very
   narrow.  There are two entrances into it; we went by the
   farthest, which leads by a narrow passage into a very large
   grotto, the rock being supported by natural pillars; the top
   of it rises in several places like domes; the grotto is
   perfectly dry.  There is a tradition, that the people of the
   country, to the number of 30,000, retired into this grotto, to
   avoid a bad air.  This place is so strong, that one would
   imagine it to be one of the strong holds of En-gedi, to which
   David and his men fled from Saul:  and possibly it may be that
   very cave in which he cut off Saul's skirt; for David and his
   men might, with good ease, lie hid there and not be seen by
   him."  Travels, vol. ii. P. 1. p. 41.

 * and Saul.
  Ps 141:6 
 * to cover.
  Jud 3:24 
 * David.
  Ps 57:1  142:1  *titles 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:4-24:4

註釋:

 * the men.
  26:8-11  2Sa 4:8  Job 31:31 
 * I will deliver.
  10,18  23:7  26:23 
 * Saul's robe.  Heb. the robe which was Saul's.

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:5-24:5

註釋:

 * David's heart.
  2Sa 12:9  24:10  2Ki 22:19  1Jo 3:20,21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:6-24:6

註釋:

 * the Lord forbid.
  26:9-11  2Sa 1:14  1Ki 21:3  Job 31:29,30  Mt 5:44  Ro 12:14-21 
  Ro 13:1,2  1Th 5:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:7-24:7

註釋:

 * stayed.  Heb. cut off.
  Ps 7:4  Mt 5:44  Ro 12:17-21 
 * suffered.
  25:33 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:8-24:8

註釋:

 * My lord.
  26:17 
 * David stooped.
  20:41  25:23,24  Ge 17:3  Ex 20:12  Ro 13:7  1Pe 2:17 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:9-24:9

註釋:

  26:19  Le 19:16  Ps 101:5  141:6  Pr 16:28  17:4  18:8  25:23 
  Pr 26:20-22,28  29:12  Ec 7:21,22  Jas 3:6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:10-24:10

註釋:

 * bade me.
  4  26:8 
 * the Lord's.
  26:9  Ps 105:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:11-24:11

註釋:

 * my father.
  18:27  2Ki 5:13  Pr 15:1 
 * neither evil.
  26:18  Ps 7:3,4  35:7  Joh 15:25 
 * thou huntest.
  23:14,23  26:20  Job 10:16  Ps 140:11  La 4:18  Eze 13:18  Mic 7:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:12-24:12

註釋:

 * Lord judge.
  26:10,23  Ge 16:5  Jud 11:27  Job 5:8  Ps 7:8,9  35:1  43:1  94:1 
  Ro 12:19  1Pe 2:23  Re 6:10 
 * but mine hand.
  26:11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:13-24:13

註釋:

 * Wickedness.
  Mt 7:16-18  12:33,34  15:19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:14-24:14

註釋:

 * the king.
  2Sa 6:20  1Ki 21:7 
 * a dead dog.
  17:43  2Sa 3:8  9:8  16:9 
 * a flea.
  26:20  Jud 8:1-3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:15-24:15

註釋:

 * be judge.
  12  2Ch 24:22  Mic 1:2 
 * plead.
  Ps 35:1  43:1  119:154  Mic 7:9 
 * deliver.  Heb. judge.
  26:4 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:16-24:16

註釋:

 * Is this.
  26:17  Job 6:25  Pr 15:1  25:11  Lu 21:15  Ac 6:10 
 * Saul lifted.
  Ge 33:4 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:17-24:17

註釋:

 * Thou art.
  26:21  Ge 38:26  Ex 9:27  Ps 37:6  Mt 27:4 
 * thou hast.
  Mt 5:44  Ro 12:20,21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:18-24:18

註釋:

 * Lord.
  10  23:7  26:23 
 * delivered me.  Heb. shut me up.
  23:12  26:8  *margins 
  Ps 31:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:19-24:19

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  23:21  26:25  Jud 17:2  Ps 18:20  Pr 25:21,22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:20-24:20

註釋:

 * I know well.
  20:30,31  23:17  2Sa 3:17,18  Job 15:25  Mt 2:3-6,13,16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:21-24:21

註釋:

 * Swear.
  20:14-17  Ge 21:23  31:48,53  Heb 6:16 
 * that thou.
  2Sa 21:6-8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 24:22-24:22

註釋:

 * David and.
  Pr 26:24,25  Mt 10:16,17  Joh 2:24 
 * the hold.
  23:29 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:1-25:1

註釋:

  1;  Samuel dies.
  2;  David in Paran sends to Nabal.
 10;  Provoked by Nabal's churlishness, he minds to destroy him.
 14;  Abigail understanding thereof,
 18;  takes a present;
 23;  and by her wisdom,
 32;  pacifies David.
 36;  Nabal hearing thereof, dies.
 39;  David takes Abigail and Ahinoam to be his wives.
 44;  Michal is given to Phalti.

 * A.M. 2944.  B.C. 1060.  An. Ex. Is 431.  Samuel.
  28:3 
 * lamented.
  Ge 50:11  Nu 20:29  De 34:8  Ac 8:2 
 * in this house.
  7:17  1Ki 2:34  2Ch 33:20  Isa 14:18 
 * the wilderness.
  Ge 14:6  21:21  Nu 10:12  12:16  13:3,26  Ps 120:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:2-25:2

註釋:

 * Maon.
  23:24 
 * possessions were.  or, business was.  Carmel.
   Not the famous mount Carmel, in the north of Canaan, and in
   the tribe of Asher; but a city, on a mountain of the same
   name, in the south of Judah, which seems to have given name to
   the surrounding territory.  Eusebius and Jerome inform us,
   that there was in their time a town called Carmelia, ten miles
   east from Hebron, where the Romans kept a garrison, whose
   position well agrees with this Carmel.

 * man.
  Ge 26:13  2Sa 19:32  Ps 17:14  73:3-7  Lu 16:19-25 
 * three thousand.
  Ge 13:2  Job 1:3  42:12 
 * shearing.
   This was a very ancient custom, and appears to have been
   always attended with festivity.  The ancient Romans, however,
   used to pluck off the wool from the sheep's backs; and hence a
   fleece was called {vellus,} a {vellendo,} from plucking it
   off.  Pliny says, that in his time sheep were not shorn every
   where, but in some places the wool was still plucked off.

  Ge 38:13  2Sa 13:23,24 
 * Carmel.
  30:5  Jos 15:55 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:3-25:3

註釋:

 * good.
  Pr 14:1  31:26,30,31 
 * was churlish.
  10,11,17  Ps 10:3  Isa 32:5-7 
 * and he was.
   {Wehoo calibbee,} literally, "and he was a Calebite;" but as
   the word {cailev} signifies a dog, the Septuagint has
   understood it as implying a man of canine disposition, and
   translated it, [kai anthropov kunikos,] "and he was a
   doggish man."  It is understood in the same way by the Syriac
   and Arabic.

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:4-25:4

註釋:

 * did shear.
  Ge 38:13  2Sa 13:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:5-25:5

註釋:

 * greet him, etc.  Heb. ask him in my name of peace.
  17:22  Ge 43:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:6-25:6

註釋:

 * liveth.
  1Th 3:8  1Ti 5:6 
 * Peace be both.
  2Sa 18:28  *marg: 
  1Ch 12:18  Ps 122:7  Mt 10:12,13  Lu 10:5  Joh 14:27  2Th 3:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:7-25:7

註釋:

 * thy shepherds.
   In those times, and at the present day, wandering Arabs, under
   their several chiefs, think that they have a right to exact
   contributions of provisions, etc., wherever they come.  But
   David, though he lived in the wilderness like the Arab emirs,
   had not adopted their manners:  one of them, at the head of
   600; men, would have demanded, from time to time, some
   provision or present from Nabal's servants, for permitting
   them to feed at quiet; and would have driven them away from
   the watering place upon any dislike.  David had done nothing
   of this kind; but had protected them against those who would.

 * we hurt.  Heb. we shamed.
  15,16,21  22:2  Isa 11:6-9  Lu 3:14  Php 2:15  4:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:8-25:8

註釋:

 * a good day.
  Ne 8:10-12  Es 9:19  Ec 11:2  Lu 11:41  14:12-14 
 * thy son.
  3:6  24:11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:9-25:9

註釋:

 * ceased.  Heb. rested.  or, became quiet.
  Ge 8:4  2Ki 2:15  2Ch 14:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:10-25:10

註釋:

 * Who is David.
  20:30  22:7,8  Ex 5:2  Jud 9:28  2Sa 20:1  1Ki 12:16  Ps 73:7,8 
  Ps 123:3,4  Isa 32:5,7 
 * there be.
  22:2  Ec 7:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:11-25:11

註釋:

 * Shall I then.
  3  24:13  De 8:17  Jud 8:6  Job 31:17  Ps 73:7,8  1Pe 4:9 
 * flesh.  Heb. slaughter.  give it.
  Ec 11:1,2  Ga 6:10 
 * whom.
  14,15  Joh 9:29,30  2Co 6:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:12-25:12

註釋:

 * came.
  2Sa 24:13  Isa 36:21,22  Heb 13:17 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:13-25:13

註釋:

 * Gird ye.
  Jos 9:14  Pr 14:29  16:32  19:2,11  25:8  Jas 1:19,20 
 * David also.
  24:5,6  Ro 12:19-21 
 * two hundred.
  30:9,10,21-24 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:14-25:14

註釋:

 * railed on them.  Heb. flew upon them.
  Mr 15:29 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:15-25:15

註釋:

 * very good.
  7,21  Php 2:15 
 * hurt.  Heb. shamed.

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:16-25:16

註釋:

 * a wall.
  Ex 14:22  Job 1:10  Jer 15:20  Zec 2:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:17-25:17

註釋:

 * evil.
  20:7,9,33  2Ch 25:16  Es 7:7 
 * a son of Belial.
  25  2:12  De 13:13  Jud 19:22  2Sa 23:6,7  1Ki 21:10,13 
  2Ch 13:7 
 * that a man.
  20:32,33  2Ki 5:13,14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:18-25:18

註釋:

 * made haste.
  34  Nu 16:46-48  Pr 6:4,5  Mt 5:25 
 * took two.
   The Eastern bread is generally both thin and small; and
   answers to our cakes.

  Ge 32:13-20  43:11-14  2Sa 17:28,29  Pr 18:16  21:14 
 * two bottles.
   That is, two goatskins' full.

 * five sheep.
   Not one sheep to one hundred men.

 * clusters.  Heb. lumps.  Raisins dried in the sun.
  2Sa 16:1 
 * cakes of figs.
   Figs cured and then pressed together.  Now all this provision
   was a matter of little worth; and had it been granted in the
   first instance, it would have perfectly satisfied David, and
   secured his good offices.

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:19-25:19

註釋:

 * Go.
  Ge 32:16,20 
 * But.
  Pr 31:11,12,27 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:20-25:20

註釋:

 * rode.
  2Ki 4:24 
 * she came down.
   David was coming down mount Paran; Abigail was coming down
   from Carmel.

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:21-25:21

註釋:

 * Surely.
  13  Job 30:8  Ps 37:8  Eph 4:26,31  1Th 5:15  1Pe 2:21-23  3:9 
 * he hath requited.
  Ge 44:4  Ps 35:12  38:20  109:3-5  Pr 17:13  Jer 18:20  Ro 12:21 
  1Pe 2:20  3:17 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:22-25:22

註釋:

 * So and more.
   Nothing can justify this conduct of David, which was rash,
   unjust, and cruel in the extreme.  David himself condemns it,
   and thanks God for being prevented from executing this evil.
   (ver. 32-34.)

  3:17  14:44  20:13,16  Ru 1:17 
 * if I leave.
  34 
 * any that pisseth, etc.
   This seems to have been a proverbial expression among the
   Israelites; and may with the utmost propriety be read "any
   male."

  1Ki 14:10  16:11  21:21  2Ki 9:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:23-25:23

註釋:

 * lighted.
  Jos 15:18  Jud 1:14 
 * fell.
  20:41  24:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:24-25:24

註釋:

 * fell.
  2Ki 4:37  Es 8:3  Mt 18:29 
 * Upon.
  28  Ge 44:33,34  2Sa 14:9  Phm 1:18,19 
 * let thine.
  Ge 44:18  2Sa 14:12 
 * audience.  Heb. ears.

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:25-25:25

註釋:

 * regard.  Heb. lay it to his heart.
  2Sa 13:33  Isa 42:25  Mal 2:2 
 * man of Belial.
  17,26 
 * Nabal.  that is, fool.

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:26-25:26

註釋:

 * as the Lord liveth.
  34  22:3  2Ki 2:2  4:6 
 * and as thy.
  1:26 
 * the Lord hath.
  33  Ge 20:6 
 * from.
  Ro 12:19,20 
 * avenging thyself.  Heb. saving thyself.
  Ps 18:47,48  44:3 
 * now let.
  2Sa 18:32  Jer 29:22  Da 4:19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:27-25:27

註釋:

 * blessing.  or, present.
  30:26  Ge 33:11  2Ki 5:15  2Co 9:5 
 * follow.  Heb. walk at the feet of.
  42  *marg: 
  Jud 4:10  2Sa 16:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:28-25:28

註釋:

 * forgive.
  24 
 * the Lord.
  15:28  2Sa 7:11,16,27  1Ki 9:5  1Ch 17:10,25  Ps 89:29 
 * fighteth.
  17:47  18:17  2Sa 5:2  2Ch 20:15  Eph 6:10,11 
 * evil hath.
  24:6,7,11,17  1Ki 15:5  Ps 119:1-3  Mt 5:16  Lu 23:41,47 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:29-25:29

註釋:

 * bound.
   The metaphors in this verse are derived from the
   consideration, that things of value are collected together,
   and often tied up in bundles, like sheaves of corn, to prevent
   their being scattered and lost, and that whatever is put into
   a sling is not intended to be preserved, but to be thrown
   away.

  2:9  Ge 15:1  De 33:29  Ps 66:9  116:15  Mal 3:17  Mt 10:29,30 
 * with the Lord.
  Joh 10:27-30  14:19  17:21,23  Col 3:3,4  1Pe 1:5 
 * sling out.
  Jer 10:18 
 * as out of the middle of a sling.  Heb. in the midst of the
   bow of a sling.

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:30-25:30

註釋:

 * according.
  13:14  15:28  23:17  Ps 89:20 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:31-25:31

註釋:

 * grief.  Heb. staggering, or, stumbling.
  Pr 5:12,13  Ro 14:21  2Co 1:12 
 * avenged.
  33  24:15  26:23  2Sa 22:48  Ps 94:1  Ro 12:19 
 * remember.
  40  Ge 40:14  Lu 23:42 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:32-25:32

註釋:

   David overlooks the rich and seasonable present of Abigail,
   though pressed with hunger and wearied with travel; but her
   advice, which disarmed his rage, and calmed his revenge, draws
   forth these high and affectionate gratulations.  These were
   his joyful and glorious trophies; not over his enemies, but
   over himself.
 
  Ge 24:27  Ex 18:10  Ezr 7:27  Ps 41:12,13  72:18  Lu 1:68  2Co 8:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:33-25:33

註釋:

 * blessed.
  Ps 141:5  Pr 9:9  17:10  25:12  27:21  28:23 
 * which hast.
  26 
 * avenging.
  26,31  24:19  26:9,10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:34-25:34

註釋:

 * kept me back.
  26 
 * hasted.
  18  11:11  Jos 10:6,9 
 * there had.
  22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:35-25:35

註釋:

 * Go up.
  20:42  2Sa 15:9  2Ki 5:19  Lu 7:50  8:48 
 * accepted.
  Ge 19:21  Job 34:19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:36-25:36

註釋:

 * a feast.
  2Sa 13:23  Es 1:3-7  Lu 14:12 
 * merry.
  2Sa 13:28  1Ki 20:16  Pr 20:1  23:29-35  Ec 2:2,3  10:19 
  Isa 28:3,7,8  Jer 51:57  Da 5:1-5  Na 1:10  Hab 2:15,16  Lu 21:34 
  Ro 13:13  Eph 5:18  1Th 5:7,8 
 * she told him.
  19  Ps 112:5  Mt 10:16  Eph 5:14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:37-25:37

註釋:

 * had told him.
  22,34 
 * his heart.
  De 28:28  Job 15:21,22  Pr 23:29-35 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:38-25:38

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  33  6:9  Ex 12:29  2Ki 15:5  19:35  2Ch 10:15  Ac 12:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:39-25:39

註釋:

 * Blessed.
  32  Jud 5:2  2Sa 22:47-49  Ps 58:10,11  Re 19:1-4 
 * pleaded.
  Pr 22:23  La 3:58-60  Mic 7:9 
 * kept his servant.
  26,34  Ho 2:6,7  2Co 13:7  1Th 5:23  2Ti 4:18 
 * hath returned.
  2Sa 3:28,29  1Ki 2:44  Es 7:10  Ps 7:16 
 * to take her.
   It is probable that David had heard that Saul, to cut off his
   pretensions to the throne, had married Michal to Phalti; and
   this justified him in taking Abigail, it not being then
   unlawful for a man to have several wives.  This conduct of
   David's corresponds with the manner in which the Oriental
   princes generally form their matrimonial alliances.  "The king
   of Abyssinia," says Mr. Bruce, "sends an officer to the house
   where the lady lives, who announces to her that it is the
   king's pleasure she should remove instantly to the palace.
   She then dresses herself in the best manner, and immediately
   obeys.  Thenceforward he assigns her an apartment in the
   palace, and gives her a house elsewhere in any part she
   chooses."
 
  Pr 18:22  19:14  31:10,30 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:40-25:40

註釋:

 * David sent.
  Ge 24:37,38,51 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:41-25:41

註釋:

 * thine.
  Ru 2:10,13  Pr 15:33  18:12 
 * to wash.
  Ge 18:4  Joh 13:3-5  1Ti 5:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:42-25:42

註釋:

 * Abigail.
  Ge 24:61-67  Ps 45:10,11 
 * after her.  Heb. at her feet.
  27 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:43-25:43

註釋:

 * Jezreel.
  Jos 15:56  2Sa 3:2 
 * both.
  Ge 2:24  Mt 19:5,8 
 * his wives.
  27:3  30:5  2Sa 5:13-16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 25:44-25:44

註釋:

 * But Saul.
   Rather, "For Saul," etc., as the particle [V(8376),] {wav,}
   frequently signifies; this being the cause why David took
   another wife.
 
 * Michal.
  18:20,27 
 * Phalti.
  2Sa 3:14,15 
 * Phaltiel.  Gallim.
   This town appears to have been situated in the tribe of
   Benjamin, as it is mentioned in Isa 10:30, with Michmash,
   Geba, etc.

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:1-26:1

註釋:

  1;  Saul, by the discovery of the Ziphites, comes to Hachilah
     against David.
  4;  David coming into the trench stays Abishai from killing
     Saul, but takes his spear and cruse.
 13;  David reproves Abner;
 17;  and exhorts Saul.
 21;  Saul acknowledges his sin.
 
 * Ziphites.
  Jos 15:24,55 
 * Doth not.
  3  23:19  Ps 54:1  *title 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:2-26:2

註釋:

 * Saul arose.
  23:23-25  24:17  Ps 38:12  140:4-9 
 * three thousand.
  24:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:3-26:3

註釋:

 * Hachilah.
  1  23:19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:4-26:4

註釋:

  Jos 2:1  Mt 10:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:5-26:5

註釋:

 * Abner.
  9:1  14:50,51  17:55  2Sa 2:8-12  3:7,8,27,33-38  1Ch 9:39 
 * trench.  or, midst of his carriages.
  17:20 
   The word {ma(8167)al} never signifies a ditch or rampart, but a
   chariot or waggon way.  Nor does it seem to denote a ring of
   carriages, as Buxtorf and others interpret the word; for it is
   not probable that Saul would encumber his army with baggage in
   so rapid a pursuit, nor that so mountainous a country was
   practicable for waggons.  It appears simply to mean here, the
   circular encampment (from {agal,} "round") which these troops
   formed, in the midst of which, as being the place of honour,
   Saul reposed.  An Arab camp, D'Arvieux informs us, is always
   circular, when the disposition of the ground will permit, the
   prince being in the middle, and the troops at a respectful
   distance around him.  Add to which, their lances are fixed
   near them in the ground all the day long, ready for action.

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:6-26:6

註釋:

 * Hittite.
  Ge 10:15  15:20  2Sa 11:6,21,24  12:9  23:39 
 * to Abishai.
  2Sa 2:18  16:9,10  18:5  23:18  1Ch 2:16 
 * Zeruiah.
  1Ch 2:15,16 
 * Who will go.
  14:6,7  Jud 7:10,11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:7-26:7

註釋:

 * sleeping.
  1Th 5:2,3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:8-26:8

註釋:

 * God.
  23  23:14  24:4,18,19  Jos 21:44  Jud 1:4 
 * delivered.  Heb. shut up.
  24:18  De 32:30  Ps 31:8  Ro 11:32  *marg: 
  Ga 3:22,23 
 * the second time.
  Na 1:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:9-26:9

註釋:

 * who can stretch.
  24:6,7  2Sa 1:14,16  Ps 105:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:10-26:10

註釋:

 * the Lord liveth.
  24:15  25:26,38  Ps 94:1,2,23  Lu 18:7  Ro 12:19  Re 18:8 
 * his day.
  Ge 47:29  De 31:14  Job 7:1  14:5,14  Ps 37:10,13  Ec 3:2  Heb 9:27 
 * he shall descend.
  31:6  De 32:35 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:11-26:11

註釋:

 * that I should.
  24:6,12  2Sa 1:14,16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:12-26:12

註釋:

 * So David.
  7  24:4 
 * a deep sleep.
  Ge 2:21  15:12  Es 6:1  Isa 29:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:13-26:13

註釋:

 * the top.
  24:8  Jud 9:7 
   David, by retiring to a place of safety before he called to
   Abner, seems to have manifested more distrust of Saul than he
   had done on a former occasion.  Yet he desired that Saul and
   all Israel should be informed of his conduct at this time.
   Abner and his soldiers, by neglecting to guard Saul when he
   slept, had exposed his life, and merited to be treated as his
   enemies, though he confided in them as friends; for, although
   their sound sleep was undoubtedly supernatural, yet there
   might be a neglect of placing sentinels, arising from contempt
   of David's small company.  Saul also deemed David his enemy,
   though he had before spared and protected his life.

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:14-26:14

註釋:

  14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:15-26:15

註釋:

 * there came.
  8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:16-26:16

註釋:

 * worthy to die.  Heb. the sons of death.
  20:31  2Sa 12:5  19:28  Ps 79:11  102:20  *margins 
  Eph 2:3 
 * Lord's.
  9,11  24:6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:17-26:17

註釋:

 * Is this thy.
  24:8,16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:18-26:18

註釋:

 * Wherefore.
  24:9,11-14  Ps 7:3-5  35:7  69:4 
 * what have I.
  17:29  Joh 8:46  10:32  18:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:19-26:19

註釋:

 * let my lord.
  25:24  Ge 44:18 
 * stirred.
  16:14-23  18:10  2Sa 16:11  24:1  1Ki 22:22  1Ch 21:1 
 * accept.  Heb. smell.
  Ge 8:21  Le 26:31  Ps 119:1-8 
 * cursed.
  Pr 6:16-19  30:10  Ga 1:8,9  5:12  2Ti 4:14 
 * they have driven.
  De 4:27,28  Jos 22:25-27  Ps 42:1,2  120:5  Isa 60:5  Ro 14:15 
 * abiding.  Heb. cleaving.  the inheritance.
  2Sa 14:16  20:19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:20-26:20

註釋:

 * let not my.
  2:9  25:29 
 * the king.
  24:14  Mt 26:47,55 
 * a flea.
   {Parosh,} (in Arabic {borghooth,} Syriac, {poorthano,}) the
   well known little contemptible and troublesome insect, the
   flea, seems to be so called from its agility in leaping and
   skipping, from {para,} "free," and {raash,} "to leap, bound."
   David, by comparing himself to this insect, seems to import,
   that while it would cost Saul much pains to catch him, he
   would obtain but very little advantage from it.
 
 * a partridge.
   {Korai} certainly denotes the partridge, which is called in
   Arabic, {kir(8461).}  It seems to be so called from the cry or
   {cur} which it utters when calling its young.

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:21-26:21

註釋:

 * I have sinned.
  15:24,30  24:17  Ex 9:27  Nu 22:34  Mt 27:4 
 * I will no.
  27:4 
 * my soul.
  24  18:30  Ps 49:8  116:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:22-26:22

註釋:

  22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:23-26:23

註釋:

 * render.
  1Ki 8:32  Ne 13:14  Ps 7:8,9  18:20-26 
 * I would not.
  9,11  24:6,7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:24-26:24

註釋:

 * as thy life.
  Ps 18:25  Mt 5:7  7:2 
 * let him deliver.
  Ge 48:16  Ps 18:1  *title 
  Ps 18:48  34:17,18  144:2  Ac 14:22  2Co 1:9,10 
  2Th 3:2  Re 7:14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 26:25-26:25

註釋:

 * Blessed.
  24:19  Nu 24:9,10 
 * prevail.
  Ge 32:28  Isa 54:17  Ho 12:4  Ro 8:35,37 
 * So David.
  24:22  Pr 26:25 

經文:

撒母耳記上 27:1-27:1

註釋:

  1;  Saul, hearing David to be in Gath, seeks no more for him.
  5;  David begs Ziklag of Achish.
  8;  He, invading other countries, persuades Achish he fought
     against Judah.
 
 * A.M. 2946.  B.C. 1058.  An. Ex. Is. 433.  And David.
  16:1,13  23:17  25:30  Ps 116:11  Pr 13:12  Isa 40:27-31  51:12 
  Mt 14:31  Mr 4:40  2Co 7:5 
 * I shall.
   This was a rash conclusion:  God had caused him to be anointed
   king of Israel, and promised his accession to the throne, and
   had so often interposed in his behalf, that he was authorised
   to believe the very reverse.
 
 * perish.  Heb. be consumed.  there is nothing.
  22:5  Ex 14:12  Nu 14:3  Pr 3:5,6  Isa 30:15,16  La 3:26,27 
 * into the land.
  10,11  21:10-15  28:1,2  29:2-11  30:1-3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 27:2-27:2

註釋:

 * David.
   This measure of David's, in uniting himself to the enemies of
   his God and people, was highly blameable; was calculated to
   alienate the affections of the Israelites; and led to
   equivocation, if not downright falsehood.
 
 * the six.
  25:13  30:8 
 * Achish.
  21:10  1Ki 2:40 

經文:

撒母耳記上 27:3-27:3

註釋:

 * with his two.
  25:3,18-35,42,43  30:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 27:4-27:4

註釋:

 * he sought.
  26:21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 27:5-27:5

註釋:

 * some town.
  Ge 46:34  2Co 6:17 

經文:

撒母耳記上 27:6-27:6

註釋:

 * Ziklag.
   Ziklag was at first given to the tribe of Judah, but was
   afterwards ceded to that of Simeon; but as it bordered on the
   Philistines, if they had ever been expelled, they had retaken
   it.  Eusebius simply says it was situated in the south of
   Canaan.
 
  30:1,14  19:5  2Sa 1:1  1Ch 4:30  12:1,20  Ne 11:28 

經文:

撒母耳記上 27:7-27:7

註釋:

 * the time.  Heb. the number of days.  a full year.  Heb. a
   year of days.
  29:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 27:8-27:8

註釋:

 * A.M. 2948.  B.C. 1056.  An. Ex. Is. 435.  the Geshurites.
  Jos 13:2,13  2Sa 13:37,38  14:23,32  15:8  1Ch 2:23 
 * Gezrites.  or, Gerzites.
   These people seem to be the Gerrhenians, (2; Mac 13:24) whose
   chief city, Gerrha, is mentioned by Strabo as lying between
   Gaza and Pelusium in Egypt.
 
 * the Amalekites.
  Jos 16:10  Jud 1:29  1Ki 9:15-17 
 * as thou goest.
  15:7,8  30:1  Ex 17:14-16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 27:9-27:9

註釋:

 * left neither.
  15:7  Ge 16:7  25:18  Ex 15:22 
 * and the camels.
  15:3  De 25:17-19  Jos 6:21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 27:10-27:10

註釋:

 * Whither, etc.  or, Did you not make a road.  And David.
  21:2  Ge 27:19,20,24  Jos 2:4-6  2Sa 17:20  Ps 119:29,163 
  Pr 29:25  Ga 2:11-13  Eph 4:25 
 * Against.
   David here meant the Geshurites, and Gezrites, and Amalekites,
   which people occupied that part of the country which lies to
   the south of Judah.  But Achish, as was intended, understood
   him in a different sense, and believed that he had attacked
   his own countrymen.  David's answer, therefore, though not an
   absolute falsehood, was certainly an equivocation intended to
   deceive, and therefore incompatible with that sense of truth
   and honour which became him as a prince, and a professor of
   true religion.  From these, and similar passages, we may
   observe the strict impartiality of the Sacred Scriptures.
   They present us with the most faithful delineation of human
   nature; they exhibit the frailties of kings, priests, and
   prophets, with equal truth; and examples of vice and frailty,
   as well as of piety and virtue, are held up, that we may guard
   against the errors to which the best men are exposed.
 
 * the Jerahmeelites.
  1Ch 2:9,25 
 * Kenites.
  15:6  Nu 24:21  Jud 1:16  4:11  5:24 

經文:

撒母耳記上 27:11-27:11

註釋:

 * Lest.
  22:22  Pr 12:19  29:25 

經文:

撒母耳記上 27:12-27:12

註釋:

 * utterly to abhor.  Heb. to stink.
  13:4  Ge 34:30 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:1-28:1

註釋:

  1;  Achish puts confidence in David.
  3;  Saul having destroyed the witches,
  4;  and now in his fear forsaken of God,
  7;  has recourse to a witch;
  8;  who, encouraged by Saul, raises up Samuel.
 15;  Saul hearing his ruin, faints.
 21;  The woman and his servants refresh him with meat.

 * that the.
  7:7  13:5  17:1  29:1 
 * Philistines.
  Jud 3:1-4 
 * thou shalt go.
  27:12  29:2,3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:2-28:2

註釋:

 * Surely.
  27:10  2Sa 16:16-19  Ro 12:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:3-28:3

註釋:

 * Samuel.
  25:1  Isa 57:1,2 
 * put away.
  9  Ex 22:18  Le 19:31  20:6,27  De 18:10,11  Ac 16:16-19 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:4-28:4

註釋:

 * Shunem.
  Jos 19:18  2Ki 4:8 
 * Gilboa.
  31:1  2Sa 1:6,21  21:12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:5-28:5

註釋:

 * he was afraid.
  Job 15:21  18:11  Ps 48:5,6  73:19  Pr 10:24  Isa 7:2  21:3,4 
  Isa 57:20,21  Da 5:6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:6-28:6

註釋:

 * enquired.
  14:37  1Ch 10:14  Pr 1:,27,28  La 2:9  Eze 20:1-3  Joh 9:31 
  Jas 4:3 
 * by dreams.
  Ge 28:12-15  46:2-4  Nu 12:6  Job 33:14-16  Jer 23:28  Mt 1:20 
 * by Urim.
  Ex 28:20  Nu 27:21  De 33:8 
 * by prophets.
  Ps 74:9  La 2:9  Eze 20:3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:7-28:7

註釋:

 * Seek me.
  2Ki 1:2,3  6:33  Isa 8:19,20  La 3:25,26  Hab 2:3 
 * a familiar spirit.
  3  De 18:11  Isa 19:3  Ac 16:16 
 * that I may.
  Le 19:31  1Ch 10:13  Isa 8:19 
 * En-dor.
   En-dor, a city of Manasseh, was situated in the plain of
   Jezreel; and Eusebius and Jerome inform us, that it was a
   great town in their days, four miles south from Mount Tabor,
   near Nain, towards Scythopolis.  This agrees with Maundrell,
   who says, that not many miles eastward of Tabor, you see mount
   Hermon, at the foot of which is seated Nain and Endor; and
   Burckhardt says, that in two hours and a half from Nazareth,
   towards Scythopolis or Bisan, they came to the village of
   Denouny, near which are the ruins of Endor; where the witch's
   grotto is shewn.

  Jos 17:11  Ps 83:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:8-28:8

註釋:

 * disguised.
  1Ki 14:2,3  22:30,34  Job 24:13-15  Jer 23:24  Joh 3:19 
 * I pray thee.
  De 18:11  1Ch 10:13  Isa 8:19 
 * bring me.
  15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:9-28:9

註釋:

 * how he hath.
  3 
 * wherefore.
  2Sa 18:13  2Ki 5:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:10-28:10

註釋:

 * sware.
  14:39  19:6  Ge 3:5  Ex 20:7  De 18:10-12  2Sa 14:11  Mt 26:72 
  Mr 6:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:11-28:11

註釋:

  11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:12-28:12

註釋:

 * thou art Saul.
  3  1Ki 14:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:13-28:13

註釋:

 * gods ascending.
  Ex 4:16  22:28  Ps 82:6,7  Joh 10:34,35 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:14-28:14

註釋:

 * What form is he of?  Heb. What is his form?  a mantle.
  15:27  2Ki 2:8,13,14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:15-28:15

註釋:

 * Why hast.
  8,11 
 * I am sore.
  Pr 5:11-13  14:14  Jer 2:17,18 
 * the Philistines.
  4 
 * God.
  16:13,14  18:12  Jud 16:20  Ps 51:11  Ho 9:12  Mt 25:41 
 * answereth.
  6  23:2,4,9,10 
 * prophets.  Heb. the hand of prophets.  therefore.
  Lu 16:23-26 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:16-28:16

註釋:

 * Wherefore.
  Jud 5:31  2Ki 6:27  Ps 68:1-3  Re 18:20,24  19:1-6 
 * and is become.
  La 2:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:17-28:17

註釋:

 * to him.  or, for himself.
   The LXX. read [soi,] and the Vulgate {tibi,} to thee;
   which is the reading of five of Dr. Kennicott's and De Rossi's
   MSS., as well as both the Bibles printed at Venice in 1518,
   where we read {lecha,} "to thee," for {lo,} "to him;" and as
   the words are spoken to Saul, this seems to be evidently the
   correct reading.

  Pr 16:4 
 * as he spake.
  13:13,14  15:27-29 
 * me.  Heb. mine hand.  thy neighbour.
  15:28  16:13  24:20 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:18-28:18

註釋:

 * obeyedst.
  13:9  15:9,23-26  1Ki 20:42  1Ch 10:13  Jer 48:10 
 * hath the Lord.
  Ps 50:21,22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:19-28:19

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  12:25  31:1-6  1Ki 22:20,28 
 * and to-morrow.
   There is considerable diversity of opinion, both among learned
   and pious men, relative to this appearance to Saul.  But the
   most probable opinion seems to be, that Samuel himself did
   actually appear to Saul, not by the power of enchantment, but
   by the appointment and especial mercy of God, to warn this
   infatuated monarch of his approaching end, that he might be
   reconciled with his Maker.  There is not the smallest
   intimation of chicanery or Satanic influence given in the
   text; but on the contrary, from the plain and obvious meaning
   of the language employed, it is perfectly evident that it was
   Samuel himself, {Shemooel hoo,} as it is expressed in ver. 14.
   Indeed the very soul of Samuel seems to breathe in his
   expressions of displeasure against the disobedience and
   wickedness of Saul; while the awful prophetic denunciations
   which accordingly came to pass, were such as neither human nor
   diabolical wisdom could foresee, and which could only be known
   to God himself, and to those to whom he chose to reveal them.

  Ex 9:18  Jer 28:16,17  Da 5:25-28  Mt 26:24  Ac 5:5,9,10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:20-28:20

註釋:

 * fell straightway.  Heb. made haste and fell with the fullness
   of his stature.  sore afraid.
  5  25:37  Job 15:20-24  26:2  Ps 50:21,22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:21-28:21

註釋:

 * I have put.
  19:5  Jud 12:3  Job 13:14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:22-28:22

註釋:

  22 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:23-28:23

註釋:

 * I will.
  1Ki 21:4  Pr 25:20 
 * compelled him.
  2Ki 4:8  Lu 14:23  24:29  Ac 16:15  2Co 5:14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:24-28:24

註釋:

 * a fat calf.
  Ge 18:7,8  Lu 15:23 

經文:

撒母耳記上 28:25-28:25

註釋:

  25 

經文:

撒母耳記上 29:1-29:1

註釋:

  1;  David marching with the Philistines,
  3;  is disallowed by their princes.
  6;  Achish dismisses him, with commendations of his fidelity.

 * the Philistines.
  28:1,2 
 * Aphek.
  4:1  Jos 19:30  1Ki 20:30 
 * Jezreel.
  28:4  Jos 19:18  Jud 6:33  1Ki 18:45,46  21:1,23  2Ki 9:36 
  Ho 1:4-11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 29:2-29:2

註釋:

 * the lords.
  6,7  5:8-11  6:4  Jos 13:3 
 * but David.
  28:1,2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 29:3-29:3

註釋:

 * Is not this David.
   These words seem to mark no definite time; and may be
   understood thus:  "Is not this David, the servant of Saul the
   king of Israel, who has been with me for a considerable time?"

 * these days.
  27:7 
 * found.
  25:28  Da 6:5  Joh 19:6  Ro 12:17  1Pe 3:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 29:4-29:4

註釋:

 * Make this fellow.
   The princes reasoned wisely, according to the common practice
   of mankind; and it was well for David that they were such good
   politicians:  it was ordered by a gracious Providence that
   they refused to let David go with them to this battle, in
   which he must have been either an enemy to his country, or
   false to his friends and to his trust.  Had he fought for the
   Philistines, he would have fought against God and his country;
   and had he in the battle gone over to the Israelites, he would
   have deceived and become a traitor to the hospitable Achish.
   God therefore delivered him from such disgrace; and by the
   same kind Providence he was sent back to rescue his wives, and
   the wives and children of his people, from captivity.

  14:21  1Ch 12:19  Lu 16:8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 29:5-29:5

註釋:

  18:6,7  21:11  Pr 27:14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 29:6-29:6

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  20:3  28:10  De 10:20  Isa 65:16  Jer 12:16 
 * thou hast.
  Mt 5:16  1Pe 2:12  3:16 
 * thy going.
  Nu 27:17  2Sa 3:25  2Ki 19:27  Ps 121:8 
 * I have not.
  3 
 * the lords favour, etc.  Heb. thou art not good in the eyes of
   the lords.
  Ge 16:6  Jos 22:30  *marg: 

經文:

撒母耳記上 29:7-29:7

註釋:

 * displease.  Heb. do not evil in the eyes of the lords.
  Nu 22:34 

經文:

撒母耳記上 29:8-29:8

註釋:

 * But what have.
  12:3  17:29  20:8  26:18 
 * with.  Heb. before.  that I may not.
  28:2  2Sa 16:18,19  Ps 34:13,14  Mt 6:13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 29:9-29:9

註釋:

 * as an angel.
  2Sa 14:17,20  19:27  Ga 4:14 
 * the princes.
  4 

經文:

撒母耳記上 29:10-29:10

註釋:

  30:1,2  Ge 22:14  Ps 37:23,24  1Co 10:13  2Pe 2:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 29:11-29:11

註釋:

 * And the Philistines.
  1  Jos 19:18  2Sa 4:4 
 * Jezreel.
   Jezreel, or Esdr(916c)on, was a city of Issachar, afterwards
   celebrated as the residence of the kings of Israel,
   delightfully situated in the extensive and fertile plain of
   the same name, which extends from Scythopolis or Bethshan on
   the east to mount Carmel on the west.  Eusebius and Jerome
   inform us, that it was in their time a place of considerable
   consequence, lying between Scythopolis on the east and Legio
   on the west; and the latter (on Ho 1.) informs us that it was
   pretty near Maximianopolis.  The Jerusalem Itinerary places it
   ten miles west from Scythopolis; and William of Tyre says it
   was called Little Gerinum in his time, and that there was a
   fine fountain in it, whose waters fell into the Jordan near
   Scythopolis.  See ver. 1.

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:1-30:1

註釋:

  1;  The Amalekites spoil Ziklag.
  4;  David asking counsel, is encouraged by God to pursue them.
 11;  By the means of a revived Egyptian he is brought to the
     enemies, and recovers all the spoil.
 22;  David's law to divide the spoil equally between them that
     fight and them that keep the stuff.
 26;  He sends presents to his friends.

 * were come.
  29:11  2Sa 1:2 
 * on the third.
   This was the third day after he had left the Philistine army
   at Aphek, from which place, Calmet supposes, Ziklag was
   distant more than thirty leagues.

 * the Amalekites.
  15:7  27:8-10  Ge 24:62  Jos 11:6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:2-30:2

註釋:

 * slew not.
  19  27:11  Job 38:11  Ps 76:10  Isa 27:8,9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:3-30:3

註釋:

 * burned.
  Ps 34:19  Heb 12:6  1Pe 1:6,7  Re 3:9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:4-30:4

註釋:

 * lifted up.
  4:13  11:4  Ge 37:33-35  Nu 14:1,39  Jud 2:4  21:2  Ezr 10:1 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:5-30:5

註釋:

 * two wives.
  1:2  25:42,43  27:3  2Sa 2:2  3:2,3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:6-30:6

註釋:

 * was greatly.
  Ge 32:7  Ps 25:17  42:7  116:3,4,10  2Co 1:8,9  4:8  7:5 
 * the people.
  Ex 17:4  Nu 14:10  Ps 62:9  Mt 21:9  27:22 
 * grieved.  Heb. bitter.
  1:10  Jud 18:25  2Sa 17:8  2Ki 4:27  *margins 
 * David.
  Job 13:15  Ps 18:6  26:1,2  27:1-3  34:1-8  40:1,2  42:5,11 
  Ps 56:3,4,11  62:1,5,8  118:8-13  Pr 18:10  Isa 25:4  37:14-20 
  Jer 16:19  Hab 3:17,18  Ro 4:18  8:31  2Co 1:6,9,10  Heb 13:6 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:7-30:7

註釋:

 * Abiathar.
  22:20,21  23:2-9  1Ki 2:26  Mr 2:26 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:8-30:8

註釋:

 * enquired.
  23:2,4,10-12  Jud 20:18,23,28  2Sa 5:19,23  Pr 3:5,6 
 * he answered him.
  14:37  28:6,15,16  Nu 27:21  Ps 50:15  91:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:9-30:9

註釋:

  9 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:10-30:10

註釋:

 * for two hundred.
  21 
 * so faint.
  14:20,31  Jud 8:4,5 
 * the brook Besor.
   This brook or torrent, it is evident from the circumstances of
   the history, must be in the south-west part of Judea, and must
   empty itself into the Mediterranean Sea.  In the more
   particular situation of it writers are not agreed.  Some
   suppose it to be between Gaza and Rhinocorura; but Jerome
   places it between Rhinocorura and Egypt.  It is supposed by
   some to be the same as the river of the wilderness, (Am 6:14,)
   and the river of Egypt, Jos 15:4.

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:11-30:11

註釋:

 * gave him.
  De 15:7-11  23:7  Pr 25:21  Mt 25:35  Lu 10:36,37  Ro 12:20,21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:12-30:12

註釋:

 * his spirit.
  14:27  Jud 15:19  Isa 40:29-31 
 * three days.
  13  Es 4:16  Jon 1:17  Mt 27:63 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:13-30:13

註釋:

 * my master.
   Though they had booty enough, and this poor sick slave might
   have been carried on an ass or a camel, yet they inhumanely
   left him to perish; but, in the righteous providence of God,
   this cruelty was the occasion of their destruction; whilst
   David's kindness to a perishing stranger and slave was the
   means of his success, and proved the truest policy.

  Job 31:13-15  Pr 12:10  Jas 2:13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:14-30:14

註釋:

 * the Cherethites.
   Calmet and others suppose that these people, who inhabited the
   same district as the Philistines, were the aborigines of the
   island of Crete, from which they derived their name.

  16  2Sa 8:18  1Ki 1:38,44  1Ch 18:17  Eze 25:16  Zep 2:5 
 * Caleb.
   A district in the south of Judea, in which were the cities of
   Kirjath-Arba or Hebron, and Kirjath-sepher, belonging to the
   family of Caleb.

  Jos 14:13  15:13 
 * we burned.
  1-3 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:15-30:15

註釋:

 * Swear.
  29:6  Jos 2:12  9:15,19,20  Eze 17:13,16,19 
 * nor deliver.
  De 23:15,16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:16-30:16

註釋:

 * when he.
  Jud 1:24,25 
 * eating.
  25:36-38  Ex 32:6,17-19,27,28  Jud 16:23-30  2Sa 13:28  Isa 22:13 
  Da 5:1-4  Lu 12:19,20  17:27-29  21:34,35  1Th 5:3  Re 11:10-13 
 * because of all.
  Job 20:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:17-30:17

註釋:

 * the next day.  Heb. their morrow.  and there.
  11:11  Jud 4:16  1Ki 20:29,30  Ps 18:42 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:18-30:18

註釋:

  18 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:19-30:19

註釋:

  8  Ge 14:14-16  Nu 31:49  Job 1:10  Ps 34:9,10  91:9,10  Mt 6:33 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:20-30:20

註釋:

 * This is David's spoil.
  26  Nu 31:9-12  2Ch 20:25  Isa 53:12  Ro 8:37 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:21-30:21

註釋:

 * two hundred men.
  10 
 * came near.
  Heb 13:1  1Pe 3:8 
 * saluted them.  Heb. asked them how they did.
  Jud 8:15 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:22-30:22

註釋:

 * wicked.
  22:2  25:17,25  De 13:13  Jud 19:22  1Ki 21:10,13 
 * those.  Heb. the men.  Because.
  Mt 7:12 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:23-30:23

註釋:

 * my brethren.
  Ge 19:7  Jud 19:23  Ac 7:2  22:1 
 * which the Lord.
  8  2:7  Nu 31:49-54  De 8:10,18  1Ch 29:12-14  Hab 1:16 
 * who hath.
  Ps 44:2-7  121:7,8 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:24-30:24

註釋:

 * but as his part.
   This equitable edict was somewhat different from that which
   had so long obtained in Israel, and by which the spoil of the
   Midianites was divided:  that related to the whole people:
   this only to the soldiers, some of whom went to battle, while
   others guarded the baggage.

  Nu 31:27  Jos 22:8  Ps 68:12 
 * tarrieth.
  25:13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:25-30:25

註釋:

 * forward.  Heb. and forward.
  16:13 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:26-30:26

註釋:

 * to his friends.
  1Ch 12:1-15  Ps 35:27  68:18  Pr 18:16-24  Isa 32:8 
 * present.  Heb. blessing.
  25:27  Ge 33:11  2Ki 5:15  2Co 9:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:27-30:27

註釋:

 * Beth-el.
   Probably not the celebrated city of this name, but Bethul a
   city of Simeon, (Jos 19:4,) supposed to be the same as
   Bethelia, mentioned by Sozomen as belonging to Gaza, well
   peopled, and having several temples remarkable for their
   structure and antiquity; and which Jerome says, in his life of
   Hilarion, was five short days' journey from Pelusium.

  Ge 28:19  Jos 16:2  Jud 1:22,23  1Ki 12:29 
 * south Ramoth.
   A city of Simeon; so called to distinguish it from Ramoth
   Gilead beyond Jordan.

  Jos 19:8 
 * Ramath.  Jattir.
  Jos 15:48  21:14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:28-30:28

註釋:

 * Aroer.
  Jos 13:16 
 * Siphmoth.
   Supposed to be the same with Shepham (Nu 34:10,) on the
   eastern borders of Canaan.

 * Eshtemoa.
  Jos 15:50 
 * Eshtemoh.
  Jos 21:14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:29-30:29

註釋:

 * Rachal.
   Supposed by Calmet to be the same as Hachilah.

  23:19 
 * Jerahmeelites.
   The descendants of Jerahmeel son of Hezron, (1; Ch 2:9, 25-27,)
   who inhabited a district in the south of Judah.

  27:10 
 * Kenites.
   These people inhabited a small tract west of the Dead Sea.

  Jud 1:16 

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:30-30:30

註釋:

 * Hormah.
  Jos 19:4  Jud 1:17 
 * Chorashan.
   Probably the same as Ashan in Simeon, Jos 15:42; 19:7, which
   Eusebius says was sixteen miles west from Jerusalem.

經文:

撒母耳記上 30:31-30:31

註釋:

 * Hebron.
  Jos 14:13,14  2Sa 2:1  4:1  15:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 31:1-31:1

註釋:

  1;  Saul, having lost his army, and his sons slain, he and his
     armour-bearer kill themselves.
  7;  The Philistines possess the forsaken towns of the
     Israelites.
  8;  They triumph over the dead carcases.
 11;  They of Jabesh-gilead recovering the dead bodies by night,
     burn them at Jabesh, and mournfully bury their bones.

 * the Philistines.
  28:1,15  29:1 
 * fell down.
  12:25  1Ch 10:1-12 
 * slain.  Heb. wounded.  Gilboa.
   Eusebius and Jerome place this mountain six miles west from
   Bethshan, where was a large place called Gelbus.  The natives
   still call it Djebel Gilbo.

  28:4  2Sa 1:21 

經文:

撒母耳記上 31:2-31:2

註釋:

 * followed.
  14:22  2Sa 1:6 
 * Jonathan.
  13:2,16  14:1-14,49  18:1-4  23:17  1Ch 8:33  9:39 
 * Saul's sons.
  Ex 20:5  2Ki 25:7 

經文:

撒母耳記上 31:3-31:3

註釋:

 * went sore.
  2Sa 1:4  Am 2:14 
 * archers hit him.  Heb. shooters, men with bows, found him.
  Ge 49:23  1Ki 22:34 

經文:

撒母耳記上 31:4-31:4

註釋:

 * Draw.
  Jud 9:54  1Ch 10:4 
 * uncircumcised.
  14:6  17:26,36  2Sa 1:20  Jer 9:25,26  Eze 44:7-9 
 * abuse me.  or, mock me.  he was sore.
  2Sa 1:14 
 * Saul.
  2Sa 1:9,10  17:23  1Ki 16:27 
 * a sword.
   {Eth hacherve,} rather, "the sword," i.e., his armour-
   bearer's, who, according to the Jews, was Doeg; and if so,
   then Saul and his executioner fell by the same sword with
   which they massacred the priests of God.

經文:

撒母耳記上 31:5-31:5

註釋:

  1Ch 10:5 

經文:

撒母耳記上 31:6-31:6

註釋:

  4:10,11  11:15  12:17,25  28:19  1Ch 10:6  Ec 9:1,2  Ho 13:10,11 

經文:

撒母耳記上 31:7-31:7

註釋:

 * they forsook the cities.
  13:6  Le 26:32,36  De 28:33  Jud 6:2 

經文:

撒母耳記上 31:8-31:8

註釋:

 * to strip.
  1Ch 10:8  2Ch 20:25 

經文:

撒母耳記上 31:9-31:9

註釋:

 * cut off.
  4  17:51,54  1Ch 10:9,10 
 * to publish.
  Jud 16:23,24  2Sa 1:20 

經文:

撒母耳記上 31:10-31:10

註釋:

 * they put.
   The Philistines placed the armour of Saul in the temple of
   Ashtaroth as a trophy of victory, and a testimony of their
   gratitude, in the same manner as David placed the sword of
   Goliath in the tabernacle.

  21:9 
 * Ashtaroth.
  Jud 2:13 
 * Bethshan.
  Jos 17:11  Jud 1:27  2Sa 21:12-14 

經文:

撒母耳記上 31:11-31:11

註釋:

 * Jabesh-gilead.
  11:1  2Sa 2:4 
 * of that.  or, concerning him, that which, etc.

經文:

撒母耳記上 31:12-31:12

註釋:

 * burnt them there.
  2Ch 16:14  Jer 34:5  Am 6:10 

經文:

撒母耳記上 31:13-31:13

註釋:

 * their bones.
  Ge 35:8  2Sa 2:4,5  21:12-14 
 * fasted seven.
  Ge 50:10 

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