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經文:

士師記 1:1-1:1

註釋:

  1;  The acts of Judah and Simeon.
  4;  Adonibezek justly requited.
  8;  Jerusalem taken.
 10;  Hebron taken.
 11;  Othniel has Achsah to wife for taking of Debir.
 16;  The Kenites dwell in Judah.
 17;  Hormah, Gaza, Askelon, and Ekron taken.
 21;  The acts of Benjamin.
 22;  Of the house of Joseph, who take Beth-el.
 30;  Of Zebulun.
 31;  Of Asher.
 33;  Of Naphtali.
 34;  Of Dan.

 * Now.
  Jos 24:29,30 
 * asked.
  20:18,28  Ex 28:30  Nu 27:21  1Sa 22:9,10  23:9,10 

經文:

士師記 1:2-1:2

註釋:

  Ge 49:8-10  Nu 2:3  7:12  Ps 78:68-70  Heb 7:14  Re 5:5  19:11-16 

經文:

士師記 1:3-1:3

註釋:

 * Simeon.
  Ge 29:33  Jos 19:1 
 * I likewise.
  17  2Sa 10:11 

經文:

士師記 1:4-1:4

註釋:

 * Lord.
  Ex 23:28,29  De 7:2  9:3  Jos 10:8-10  11:6-8  1Sa 14:6,10 
  1Sa 17:46,47  1Ki 22:6,15 
 * Bezek.
   Eusebius and Jerome mention two villages of this name, near
   each other, about seventeen miles from Shechem, towards
   Scythopolis.

  1Sa 11:8 

經文:

士師記 1:5-1:5

註釋:

  5 

經文:

士師記 1:6-1:6

註釋:

  6 

經文:

士師記 1:7-1:7

註釋:

 * their thumbs.  Heb. the thumbs of their hands and of their
   feet.
   This was not an unusual act of cruelty in ancient times
   towards enemies.--(926c)ian informs us, that in after ages "the
   Athenians, at the instigation of Cleon, son of Cleoenetus,
   made a decree that all the inhabitants of the island of (9267)ina
   should have the thumb cut off from the right hand, so that
   they might ever after be disabled from holding a spear, yet
   might handle an oar."  It was a custom among those Romans who
   did not like a military life, to cut off their thumbs, that
   they might be incapable of serving in the army; and for the
   same reason, parents sometimes cut off the thumbs of their
   children.

 * gathered.  or, gleaned.  as I have.
  Ex 21:23-25  Le 24:19-21  1Sa 15:33  Isa 33:1  Mt 7:1,2 
  Lu 6:37,38  Ro 2:15  Jas 2:13  Re 13:10  16:6 

經文:

士師記 1:8-1:8

註釋:

  21  Jos 15:63 

經文:

士師記 1:9-1:9

註釋:

 * afterward.
  Jos 10:36  11:21  15:13-20 
 * valley.  or, low country.

經文:

士師記 1:10-1:10

註釋:

 * Kirjath-arba.
  Jos 14:15 
 * Sheshai.
  20  Nu 13:22,33  Jos 15:13,14  Ps 33:16,17  Ec 9:11  Jer 9:23 

經文:

士師記 1:11-1:11

註釋:

 * Debir.
  Jos 10:38,39  15:15 

經文:

士師記 1:12-1:12

註釋:

 * And Caleb.
   The whole of this account is found in Jos 15:13-19, and seems
   to be inserted here by way of recapitulation.

  Jos 15:16,17  1Sa 17:25  18:23 
 * to him.
   In ancient times fathers assumed an absolute right over their
   children, especially in disposing of them in marriage; and it
   was customary for a king or great man to promise his daughter
   in marriage to him who should take a city, etc.

經文:

士師記 1:13-1:13

註釋:

  3:9 

經文:

士師記 1:14-1:14

註釋:

 * And it came.
  Jos 15:18,19 
 * and she lighted.
   {Watitznach,} "she hastily or suddenly alighted," as if she
   had forgotten something, or was about to return.

經文:

士師記 1:15-1:15

註釋:

 * a blessing.
  Ge 33:11  1Sa 25:18,27  2Co 9:5  *marg: 
  Heb 6:7  1Pe 3:9 
 * a south land.
   Which was probably dry, or very ill watered.

 * give me also springs of water.
   Let me have some fields with brooks, or wells already digged.

經文:

士師記 1:16-1:16

註釋:

 * the Kenite.
  4:11,17  Nu 10:29-32  24:21,22  1Sa 15:6  1Ch 2:15  Jer 35:2 
 * Moses.
  Ex 3:1  4:18  18:1,7,12,14-17,27  Nu 10:29 
 * city of palm.
  3:13  De 34:3  2Ch 28:16 
 * which.
  Nu 21:1  Jos 12:14 
 * they went.
  Nu 10:29-32  1Sa 15:6 

經文:

士師記 1:17-1:17

註釋:

 * And Judah.
  3 
 * Zephath.
  2Ch 14:10 
 * Zephathah.  Hormah.
  Nu 14:45  21:3  Jos 19:4 

經文:

士師記 1:18-1:18

註釋:

 * Also Judah.
   There is the following remarkable variation here in the
   Septuagint:  [Kai ouk ekl(8272)onom(8273)en Ioudas t(826e) Gazan, oude ta
   horia aut(8273); oude t(826e) Askal▋a, oude ta horia aut(8273); kai t(826e)
   Akkar▋, oude ta horia aut(8273); t(826e) Az┤on, oude ta perisporia
   aut(8273).]  "But Judah did not possess Gaza, nor the coasts
   thereof; nor Askelon, nor the coasts thereof; nor Ekron, nor
   the coasts thereof; nor Ashdod, nor the coasts thereof."
   Procopius and Augustine read the same; and Josephus (Ant. 1.
   v. c. 2) says that the Israelites only took Askelon and
   Ashdod, but not Gaza or Ekron; and from ch. 3:3, and the whole
   succeeding history, it appears that these cities were not in
   the possession of the Israelites, but of the Philistines.

 * Gaza.
  3:3  16:1,2,21  Ex 23:31 
 * See on
  Jos 11:22  13:3  15:45-47  1Sa 6:17 

經文:

士師記 1:19-1:19

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  2  6:12,13  Ge 39:2,21  Jos 1:5,9  14:12  2Sa 5:10  2Ki 18:7 
  Ps 46:7,11  60:12  Ec 9:11  Isa 7:14  8:10  41:10,14,15  Mt 1:23 
  Ro 8:31 
 * he drave, etc.  or he possessed the mountain.  but could.
   Not because the iron chariots were too strong for Omnipotence,
   or because he refused to help them; but because their courage
   and faith failed when they saw them.

  27-32  Jos 7:12  Mt 14:30,31  17:19,20  Php 4:13 
 * chariots.
  Ex 14:7-31  Jos 11:1-9  17:16-18  Ps 46:9 

經文:

士師記 1:20-1:20

註釋:

 * they gave.
  Nu 14:24  De 1:36  Jos 14:9-14  15:13,14  21:11,12 
 * the three sons.
  10  Nu 13:22 

經文:

士師記 1:21-1:21

註釋:

  19:10-12  Jos 15:63  18:11-28  2Sa 5:6-9 

經文:

士師記 1:22-1:22

註釋:

 * the house.
  Nu 1:10,32  Jos 14:4  16:1-4  1Ch 7:29  Re 7:8 
 * the Lord.
  19  Ge 49:24  2Ki 18:7 

經文:

士師記 1:23-1:23

註釋:

 * sent.
  18:2  Jos 2:1  7:2 
 * Luz.
  Ge 28:19  35:6  48:3 

經文:

士師記 1:24-1:24

註釋:

 * we will.
  Jos 2:12-14  1Sa 30:15 

經文:

士師記 1:25-1:25

註釋:

 * they smote.
  Jos 6:22-25 

經文:

士師記 1:26-1:26

註釋:

 * the land.
  2Ki 7:6  2Ch 1:17 

經文:

士師記 1:27-1:27

註釋:

 * Manasseh.
  Jos 17:11-13 
 * Taanach.
  5:19  Jos 21:25 
 * the Canaanites.
  Ex 23:32  De 7:2  1Sa 15:9  Ps 106:34,35  Jer 48:10 

經文:

士師記 1:28-1:28

註釋:

  28 

經文:

士師記 1:29-1:29

註釋:

  Jos 16:10  1Ki 9:16 

經文:

士師記 1:30-1:30

註釋:

 * Kitron.
   The Talmudists say Kitron is "tzippor," that is, Sepphoris, or
   Dioc(9173)area, a celebrated city of Galilee, now the village
   Safoury, situated in the plain of Esdraelon, twenty miles
   (north-west) from Tiberias, according to Benjamin of Tudela.

 * Nahalol.
  Jos 19:15 

經文:

士師記 1:31-1:31

註釋:

 * Asher.
  Jos 19:24-30 
 * Accho.
   Accho, the Ptolemais of the Greeks and Romans, and called
   Saint John of Acre by the Crusaders, is situated on the
   Mediterranean, in a fine plain, at the north angle of a bay to
   which it gives name, and which extends in a semicircle of
   three leagues as far as Carmel, and nine leagues from Tyre.

 * Zidon.
   Another celebrated city of Phoenicia, now Said(8a2c) situated in a
   fine country on the Mediterranean, 400; stadia from Berytus,
   and 200; (north) from Tyre, according to Strabo, one day's
   journey from Paneas, according to Josephus, and sixty-six
   miles from Damascus, according to Abulfeda.

 * Achzib.
   Or, Ecdippa, now Zib, nine miles north, from Accho.

經文:

士師記 1:32-1:32

註釋:

  Ps 106:34,35 

經文:

士師記 1:33-1:33

註釋:

 * Naphtali.
  Jos 19:32-38 
 * he dwelt.
  32 
 * became.
  30,35  Ps 18:24 

經文:

士師記 1:34-1:34

註釋:

  18:1  Jos 19:47 

經文:

士師記 1:35-1:35

註釋:

 * Aijalon.
  12:12  Jos 10:12 
 * Shaalbim.
  Jos 19:42  1Ki 4:9 
 * prevailed.  Heb. was heavy.

經文:

士師記 1:36-1:36

註釋:

 * from the going.  or, Maaleh-akrabbim.
  Nu 34:4  Jos 15:2 

經文:

士師記 2:1-2:1

註釋:

  1;  An angel rebukes the people at Bochim.
  6;  The wickedness of the new generation after Joshua.
 14;  God's anger and pity towards them.
 20;  The Canaanites left to prove Israel.

 * And an angel.  or messenger.
  6:12  13:3  Ge 16:7-10,13  22:11,12  48:16  Ex 3:2-6  14:19  23:20 
  Ex 33:14  Jos 5:13,14  Isa 63:9  Ho 12:3-5  Zec 3:1,2  Mal 3:1 
  Ac 7:30-33 
 * Bochim.
  5 
 * I made.
  Ex 3:7,8  14:14  20:2  De 4:34  Ps 78:51-53  105:36-38 
 * have brought.
  Ge 12:7  22:16,17  26:3,4  Jos 3:10  Ps 105:44,45 
 * I will never.
  Ge 17:7,8  Le 26:42  Nu 14:34  Ps 89:34  Jer 14:21  33:20,21 
  Zec 11:10 

經文:

士師記 2:2-2:2

註釋:

 * And ye shall.
  Ex 23:32,33  34:12-16  Nu 33:52,53  De 7:2-4,16,25,26  12:2,3 
  De 20:16-18  2Co 6:14-17 
 * but ye have.
  20  Ezr 9:1-3,10-13  Ps 78:55-58  106:34-40  Jer 7:23-28 
  2Th 1:8  1Pe 4:17 
 * why have.
  Ge 3:11,12  4:10  Ex 32:21  Jer 2:5,18,31-33,36 

經文:

士師記 2:3-2:3

註釋:

 * I also said.
  21  Nu 33:55  Jos 23:13 
 * their gods.
  3:6  Ex 23:33  34:12  De 7:16  1Ki 11:1-7  Ps 106:36 

經文:

士師記 2:4-2:4

註釋:

 * the people.
  1Sa 7:6  Ezr 10:1  Pr 17:10  Jer 31:9  Zec 12:10  Lu 6:21  7:38 
  2Co 7:10  Jas 4:9 

經文:

士師記 2:5-2:5

註釋:

 * Bochim.  that is, Weepers.
  Ge 35:8  Jos 7:26 
 * they sacrificed.
  6:24  13:19  1Sa 7:9 

經文:

士師記 2:6-2:6

註釋:

 * Joshua.
  Jos 22:6  24:28-31 

經文:

士師記 2:7-2:7

註釋:

 * the people.
  Jos 24:31  2Ki 12:2  2Ch 24:2,14-22  Php 2:12 
 * outlived.  Heb. prolonged days after.

經文:

士師記 2:8-2:8

註釋:

 * Joshua.
  Jos 24:29,30 

經文:

士師記 2:9-2:9

註釋:

 * Timnath-heres.
   This was his own inheritance; and Eusebius says it was
   celebrated in his time for the tomb of Joshua.

  Jos 19:50  24:30 
 * Timnath-serah

經文:

士師記 2:10-2:10

註釋:

 * A.M. cir. 2590.  B.C. cir. 1414.  An. Ex. Is. cir. 77.
   gathered.
  Ge 15:15  25:8,17  49:33  Nu 27:13  De 31:16  2Sa 7:12  Ac 13:36 
 * knew not.
  Ex 5:2  1Sa 2:12  1Ch 28:9  Job 21:14  Ps 92:5,6  Isa 5:12  Jer 9:3 
  Jer 22:16  31:34  Ga 4:8,9  2Th 1:8  Tit 1:16 

經文:

士師記 2:11-2:11

註釋:

 * did evil.
  4:1  6:1  13:1  Ge 13:13  38:7  2Ch 33:2,6  Ezr 8:12 
 * and served Baalim.
   {B(8483)lim,} or lords, seems to have been the common appellation
   of the Syrian gods; whence we have Baal-peor, Baal-zebub, etc.

  3:7  10:6,10  1Sa 7:4  1Ki 18:18  2Ch 28:2  33:3  Jer 2:23  9:14 
  Ho 2:13-17 

經文:

士師記 2:12-2:12

註釋:

 * forsook.
  De 13:5  29:18,25  31:16,17  32:15  33:17 
 * other gods.
  5:8  De 6:14,15 
 * bowed.
  Ex 20:5  De 5:9 

經文:

士師記 2:13-2:13

註釋:

 * served.
  11  3:7  10:6  1Sa 31:10  1Ki 11:5,33  2Ki 23:13  Ps 106:36 
  1Co 8:5  10:20-22 

經文:

士師記 2:14-2:14

註釋:

 * the anger.
  3:7,8  10:7  Le 26:28  Nu 32:14  De 28:20,58  29:19,20  31:17,18 
  2Ch 36:16  Ps 106:40-42 
 * he delivered.
  2Ki 17:20  2Ch 15:5 
 * sold them.
  3:8  4:2  Ps 44:12  Isa 50:1 
 * could not.
  1:19,34  Le 26:37  De 32:30  Jos 7:12,13  Ps 44:9,10  Jer 37:10 

經文:

士師記 2:15-2:15

註釋:

 * against.
  Jer 18:8  21:10  44:11,27  Mic 2:3 
 * had said.
  Le 26:15-46  De 4:25-28  28:15-68  Jos 23:15,16 
 * had sworn.
  De 32:40,41 
 * greatly.
  10:9  1Sa 13:6  14:24  30:6  2Co 4:8 

經文:

士師記 2:16-2:16

註釋:

 * A.M. 2591-2909.  B.C. 1413-1095.  the Lord.
  3:9,10,15  4:5  6:14  1Sa 12:11  Ac 13:20 
 * judges.
   The {shophetim} were not judges in the usual sense of the
   term; but were heads or chiefs of the Israelites, raised up on
   extraordinary occasions, who directed and ruled the nation
   with sovereign power, administered justice, made peace or war,
   and led the armies over whom they presided.  Officers with the
   same power, and nearly the same name, were established in New
   Tyre, after the termination of the regal state; and the
   Carthaginian Suffetes, the Athenian Archons, and the Roman
   Dictators, appear to have been nearly the same.

 * delivered.  Heb. saved.
  Ne 9:27  Ps 106:43-45 

經文:

士師記 2:17-2:17

註釋:

 * they would.
  1Sa 8:5-8  12:12,17,19  2Ch 36:15,16  Ps 106:43 
 * whoring.
  Ex 34:15,16  Le 17:7  Ps 73:27  106:39  Ho 2:2  Re 17:1-5 
 * quickly.
  Ex 32:8  De 9:12,16  Ga 1:6 
 * which their.
  7  Jos 24:24,31 

經文:

士師記 2:18-2:18

註釋:

 * then the Lord.
  Ex 3:12  Jos 1:5  Ac 18:9,10 
 * it repented.
  10:16  Ge 6:6  De 32:36  Ps 90:13  106:44,45  Jer 18:7-10 
  Ho 11:8  Jon 3:10 
 * their groanings.
  Ex 2:24  2Ki 13:4,22,23  Ps 12:5 

經文:

士師記 2:19-2:19

註釋:

 * when the.
  7  3:11,12  4:1  8:33  Jos 24:31  2Ch 24:17,18 
 * corrupted.  or, were corrupt.  more.
  Jer 16:12  Mt 23:32 
 * ceased not from.  Heb. let nothing fall of.  stubborn.
  1Sa 15:23  Ps 78:8  Jer 3:17  23:17 

經文:

士師記 2:20-2:20

註釋:

 * the anger.
  14  3:8  10:7  Ex 32:10,11  De 32:22 
 * transgressed.
  Ex 24:3-8  De 29:10-13  Jos 23:16  24:21-25  Jer 31:32  Eze 20:37 

經文:

士師記 2:21-2:21

註釋:

  3  3:3  Jos 23:13  Eze 20:24 

經文:

士師記 2:22-2:22

註釋:

 * through.
  3:1-4 
 * prove.
  Ge 22:1  De 8:2,16  13:3  2Ch 32:31  Job 23:10  Ps 66:10  Pr 17:3 
  Mal 3:2,3 

經文:

士師記 2:23-2:23

註釋:

 * left.  or, suffered.
  23 

經文:

士師記 3:1-3:1

註釋:

  1;  The nations which were left to prove Israel.
  5;  By communion with them they commit idolatry.
  8;  Othniel delivered them from Chushan-rishathaim;
 12;  Ehud from Eglon;
 31;  and Shamgar from the Philistines.

 * A.M. 2561.  B.C. 1443.  An. Ex. Is. 48.  the nations.
  2:21,22  De 7:22 
 * prove.
  De 8:2,16  2Ch 32:31  Job 23:10  Pr 17:3  Jer 6:27  17:9,10 
  Zec 13:9  Joh 2:24  1Pe 1:7  4:12  Re 2:23 
 * as had not.
  2:10 

經文:

士師記 3:2-3:2

註釋:

 * might know.
  Ge 2:17  3:5,7  2Ch 12:8  Mt 10:34-39  Joh 16:33  1Co 9:26,27 
  Eph 6:11-18  1Ti 6:12  2Ti 2:3  4:7 
 * to teach.
   Their fathers fought by a divine power.  God taught their
   hands to war and their fingers to fight, that they might be
   the instruments of destruction to the wicked nations on whom
   the curse rested; but now that they had forfeited His favour,
   they must learn what it is to fight like other men.

經文:

士師記 3:3-3:3

註釋:

 * five lords.
  10:7  14:4  Jos 13:3  1Sa 4:1,2  6:18  13:5,19-23  29:2 
 * Canaanites.
  4:2,23,24  Ge 10:15-19  Nu 13:29 
 * Sidonians.
  10:12  18:7  Ge 49:13  Jos 11:8-13  19:28 
 * in mount.
  Nu 34:8  De 1:7  3:9  Jos 11:3  13:5 

經文:

士師記 3:4-3:4

註釋:

 * to prove.
  1  2:22  Ex 15:25  De 33:8  1Co 11:19  2Th 2:9-12 

經文:

士師記 3:5-3:5

註釋:

 * dwelt.
  1:29-32  Ps 106:34-38 
 * Canaanites.
  Ge 10:15-18  15:19-21  Ex 3:8,17  De 7:1  Jos 9:1  Ne 9:8 

經文:

士師記 3:6-3:6

註釋:

  Ex 34:16  De 7:3,4  1Ki 11:1-5  Ezr 9:11,12  Ne 13:23-27  Eze 16:3 

經文:

士師記 3:7-3:7

註釋:

 * did evil.
  12  2:11-13 
 * the groves.
  6:25  Ex 34:13  De 16:21  1Ki 16:33  18:19  2Ki 23:6,14 
  2Ch 15:16  24:18  33:3,19  34:3,7 

經文:

士師記 3:8-3:8

註釋:

 * A.M. 2591.  B.C. 1413.  An. Ex. Is. 78.  was hot.
  2:14,20  Ex 22:24  De 29:20  Ps 6:1  85:3 
 * he sold.
  2:14  4:9  De 32:30  1Sa 12:9  Isa 50:1  Ro 7:14 
 * Chushan-rishathaim.
  Hab 3:7 
 * Mesopotamia.  Heb. Aram-naharaim.
   {Aram-naharayim,} "Syria of the two rivers," or Mesopotamia,
   "between the rivers," is a famous province situated between
   the Tigris and Euphrates.  It is called by Arabian
   geographers, {Maverannaher,} "the country beyond the river;"
   and is now called Diarbek.

經文:

士師記 3:9-3:9

註釋:

 * A.M. 2599.  B.C. 1405.  An. Ex. Is. 86.  cried.
  15  4:3  6:7  10:10  1Sa 12:10  Ne 9:27  Ps 22:5  78:34  106:41-44 
  Ps 107:13-19 
 * raised up.
  2:16 
 * deliverer.  Heb. saviour.  Othniel.
  1:13 

經文:

士師記 3:10-3:10

註釋:

 * the Spirit.
  6:34  11:29  13:25  14:6,19  Nu 11:17  27:18  1Sa 10:6  11:6  16:13 
  2Ch 15:1  20:14  Ps 51:11  1Co 12:4-11  Heb 6:4 
 * came.  Heb. was.  Mesopotamia.  Heb. Aram.

經文:

士師記 3:11-3:11

註釋:

 * the land.
  30  5:31  8:28  Jos 11:23  Es 9:22 
 * Othniel.
  9  Jos 15:17  1Ch 4:13 

經文:

士師記 3:12-3:12

註釋:

 * A.M. 2662.  B.C. 1342.  An. Ex. Is. 148.  did evil.
  2:19  Ho 6:4 
 * and the Lord.
  Ex 9:16  2Ki 5:1  Isa 10:15  37:26  45:1-4  Eze 38:16  Da 4:22 
  Da 5:18  Joh 19:11 
 * the king.
  1Sa 12:9 

經文:

士師記 3:13-3:13

註釋:

 * Ammon.
  5:14  Ps 83:6 
 * the city.
  1:16  De 34:3  Ps 83:7 

經文:

士師記 3:14-3:14

註釋:

 * served.
  Le 26:23-25  De 28:40,47,48 

經文:

士師記 3:15-3:15

註釋:

 * A.M. 2679.  B.C. 1325.  An. Ex. Is. 166.  cried unto.
  9  Ps 50:15  78:34  90:15  Jer 29:12,13  33:3 
 * a Benjamite.  or, the son of Jemini.  left-handed.  Heb. shut
   of his right hand.
   This Hebrew phrase intimates that, either through disease or
   disuse, he made little or no use of the right hand, but of his
   left only, and so was the less fit for war, because he would
   most likely wield a dagger awkwardly:  yet God chose this
   left-handed man to be the minister of his retributive justice.
   It was God's right hand that gained Israel the victory,
   Ps 44:3; not the right hand of the instruments he employed.

  20:16  1Ch 12:2 
 * sent a present.
  1Sa 10:27  Pr 18:16  19:6  21:14  Isa 36:16 

經文:

士師記 3:16-3:16

註釋:

 * two edges.
  Ps 149:6  Heb 4:12  Re 1:16  2:12 
 * upon.
  21  Ps 45:3  So 3:8 

經文:

士師記 3:17-3:17

註釋:

 * a very fat.
  29  *marg: 
  1Sa 2:29  Job 15:27  Ps 73:7,19  Jer 5:28  50:11  Eze 34:20 

經文:

士師記 3:18-3:18

註釋:

  18 

經文:

士師記 3:19-3:19

註釋:

 * quarries.  or graven images.
  Jos 4:20 
 * a secret.
  20  2Ki 9:5,6  Ac 23:18,19 
 * And all that.
  Ge 45:1 

經文:

士師記 3:20-3:20

註釋:

 * a summer parlour.  Heb. a parlour of cooling.
   The {(836c)eeyah,} or upper chamber, seems to have been of the
   same description as the {ol(8961)h} of the Arabs, but properly
   ventilated, described by Dr. Shaw, who says, that to most of
   their houses there is a smaller one annexed, which sometimes
   rises one story higher than the house; at other times, it
   consists of one or two rooms only, and a terrace; while others
   that are built, as they frequently are, over the porch or
   gateway, have, if we except the ground floor, which they want,
   all the conveniences that belong to the house itself.  There
   is a door of communication from them into the gallery of the
   house; besides another, which opens immediately from a private
   staircase, down into the porch or street, without giving the
   least disturbance to the house.  In these back houses
   strangers are usually lodged and entertained; and to them
   likewise the men are wont to retire from the noise and hurry
   of their families, to be more at leisure for mediation or
   diversions.

  Am 3:15 
 * I have.
  19  2Sa 12:1-15  24:12  Mic 6:9 
 * he arose.
  Ps 29:1  Jer 10:7 

經文:

士師記 3:21-3:21

註釋:

 * thrust it.
  Nu 25:7,8  1Sa 15:33  Job 20:25  Zec 13:3  2Co 5:16 

經文:

士師記 3:22-3:22

註釋:

 * the dirt came out.  or, it came out at the fundament.
  22 

經文:

士師記 3:23-3:23

註釋:

  23 

經文:

士師記 3:24-3:24

註釋:

 * covereth, etc.  or, doeth his easement.
  1Sa 24:3 

經文:

士師記 3:25-3:25

註釋:

  25 

經文:

士師記 3:26-3:26

註釋:

 * the quarries.
  19 

經文:

士師記 3:27-3:27

註釋:

 * he blew.
  5:14  6:34  1Sa 13:3  2Sa 20:22  2Ki 9:13 
 * mountain.
  7:24  17:1  19:1  Jos 17:15,18 

經文:

士師記 3:28-3:28

註釋:

 * Follow.
  4:10  7:17 
 * the Lord.
  7:9,15  1Sa 17:47 
 * the fords.
  12:5  Jos 2:7 

經文:

士師記 3:29-3:29

註釋:

 * lusty.  Heb. fat.
  17  De 32:15  Job 15:27  Ps 17:10 

經文:

士師記 3:30-3:30

註釋:

 * And the land.
  11  5:31 

經文:

士師記 3:31-3:31

註釋:

 * Shamgar.
  5:6,8 
 * an ox goad.
   This implement, Mr. Maundrell informs us, in Palestine and
   Syria is of an extraordinary size.  He measured several, and
   "found them about eight feet long; and at the bigger end about
   six inches in circumference.  They were armed at the lesser
   end with a sharp prickle for driving the oxen; and at the
   other end with a small paddle of iron, strong and massive, for
   cleansing the plough from the clay.  In the hand of a powerful
   man such an instrument must be more dangerous and fatal than a
   sword."

  15:15  1Sa 13:19-22  17:47,50  1Co 1:17 
 * also.
  2:16 
 * Israel.
   "So part is called Israel."

  4:1,3-24  10:7,17  11:4-33  1Sa 4:1 
   "It seems to concern only the country next to the
   Philistines."

經文:

士師記 4:1-4:1

註釋:

  1;  Deborah and Barak deliver them from Jabin and Sisera.
 17;  Jael kills Sisera.

 * A.M. 2699.  B.C. 1305.  An. Ex. Is. 186.  did evil.
  2:11,19,20  3:7,12  6:1  10:6  Le 26:23-25  Ne 9:23-30 
  Ps 106:43-45  Jer 5:3 

經文:

士師記 4:2-4:2

註釋:

 * sold.
  2:14,15  10:7  Isa 50:1  Mt 18:25 
   "It seems to concern only north Israel."

 * Hazor.
  Jos 11:1,10,11  19:36 
 * Sisera.
  1Sa 12:9  Ps 83:9 
 * Harosheth.
  13,16 

經文:

士師記 4:3-4:3

註釋:

 * cried.
  3:9,15  10:16  1Sa 7:8  Ps 50:15  78:34  Jer 2:27,28 
 * chariots.
  1:19  Jos 17:16 
 * mightily.
  5:8  De 28:29,33,47,48  Ps 106:42 

經文:

士師記 4:4-4:4

註釋:

 * A.M. 2719.  B.C. 1285.  An. Ex. Is. 206.
  Ex 15:20  2Ki 22:14  Ne 6:14  Joe 2:28,29  Mic 6:4  Lu 2:36 
  Ac 21:9  1Co 11:5  Ga 3:28 

經文:

士師記 4:5-4:5

註釋:

 * the palm.
  Ge 35:8 
 * between.
  Jos 16:2  18:22,25  1Sa 1:1,19  6:16,17  25:1  Jer 31:15 
 * came up.
  Ex 18:13,16,19,26  De 17:8-12  2Sa 15:2-6 

經文:

士師記 4:6-4:6

註釋:

 * Barak.
  5:1  Heb 11:32 
 * Kedesh-naphtali.
  Jos 19:32,37  21:32 
 * Hath.
  Jos 1:9  Ps 7:6  Isa 13:2-5  Ac 13:47 
 * Tabor.
  8:18  1Sa 10:3  Ps 89:12  Jer 46:18  Ho 5:1 
 * ten thousand.
  10  5:14-18 

經文:

士師記 4:7-4:7

註釋:

 * And I.
  Ex 14:4  Jos 11:20  Eze 38:10-16  Joe 3:11-14 
 * Kishon.
  5:21  1Ki 18:40  Ps 83:9,10 
 * deliver.
  14  Ex 21:13  Jos 8:7  10:8  11:6  1Sa 24:10,18 

經文:

士師記 4:8-4:8

註釋:

  Ex 4:10-14  Mt 14:30,31 

經文:

士師記 4:9-4:9

註釋:

 * notwithstanding.
  1Sa 2:30  2Ch 26:18 
 * sell Sisera.
  2:14 
 * into.
  17-22  5:24-27  9:54  2Sa 20:21,22 

經文:

士師記 4:10-4:10

註釋:

 * Zebulun.
  6  5:18 
 * at his.
  5:15  Ex 11:8  1Sa 25:27  1Ki 20:11  *marg: 

經文:

士師記 4:11-4:11

註釋:

 * Heber.
  1:16  Nu 10:29  24:21 
 * Hobab.
  Ex 2:18  3:1  18:1 
 * Zaanaim.
  Jos 19:33,37 
 * Zaanannim.  Kedesh.
  6  Jos 19:37 

經文:

士師記 4:12-4:12

註釋:

 * mount Tabor.
  6  Jos 19:12,34  Ps 89:12  Jer 46:18 

經文:

士師記 4:13-4:13

註釋:

 * gathered.  Heb. gathered by cry, or proclamation.  nine.
  2,3,7 
 * chariots of iron.
   Probably chariots armed with iron scythes, projecting from the
   axle on each side, by which the infantry might be easily cut
   down or thrown into confusion.  The ancient Britons are said
   to have had such chariots.

經文:

士師記 4:14-4:14

註釋:

 * Up.
  19:28  Ge 19:14  44:4  Jos 7:13  1Sa 9:26 
 * for this.
   This is exactly the purpose for which the Septuagint states,
   ver. 8, that Barak wished Deborah to accompany him:  "Because
   I know not the day in which God will send his angel to give me
   prosperity."

 * is not.
  De 9:3  2Sa 5:24  Ps 68:7,8  Isa 52:12  Mic 2:13 
 * mount.
   Mount Tabor, called by the Arabs Djebel Tour, is almost
   entirely insulated, and rises up in the plain of Esdraelon,
   about six miles from Nazareth, in a conical form, somewhat
   like a sugar-loaf.  Josephus states its height to be thirty
   stadia, with a plain of 26; stadia in circumference on its top,
   on which was formerly a city, which was used as a military
   post.  It is described as an exceedingly beautiful mountain,
   having a rich soil, producing excellent herbage, and adorned
   with groves and clumps of trees.

經文:

士師記 4:15-4:15

註釋:

  5:20,21  Jos 10:10  2Ki 7:6  2Ch 13:15-17  Ps 83:9,10  Heb 11:32 

經文:

士師記 4:16-4:16

註釋:

 * pursued.
  Le 26:7,8  Jos 10:19,20  11:8  Ps 104:35  Ro 2:12  Jas 2:13 
 * there.
  Isa 43:17 
 * a man left.  Heb. unto one.

經文:

士師記 4:17-4:17

註釋:

 * fled.
  Job 12:19-21  18:7-12  40:11,12  Ps 37:35,36  107:40  Pr 29:23 
  Am 5:19,20 
 * Jael.
  5:6,24 
 * peace.
  Ps 69:22  Isa 57:21 

經文:

士師記 4:18-4:18

註釋:

 * Jael.
  2Ki 6:19 
 * mantle.  or, rug, or blanket.

經文:

士師記 4:19-4:19

註釋:

 * Give me.
  5:25,26  Ge 24:43  1Ki 17:10  Isa 41:17  Joh 4:7 

經文:

士師記 4:20-4:20

註釋:

 * Is there.
  Jos 2:3-5  2Sa 17:20 

經文:

士師記 4:21-4:21

註釋:

 * took.
  3:21,31  5:26  15:15  1Sa 17:43,49,50  1Co 1:19,27 
 * a nail.
   One of the spikes of the tent.  See Note on Ex 35:18.

 * and took.  Heb. and put.  smote.
  Ps 3:7 
 * he died.
  5:27 

經文:

士師記 4:22-4:22

註釋:

 * and I will.
  2Sa 17:3,10-15 

經文:

士師記 4:23-4:23

註釋:

  1Ch 22:18  Ne 9:24  Ps 18:39,47  47:3  81:14  1Co 15:28  Heb 11:33 

經文:

士師記 4:24-4:24

註釋:

 * prospered, etc.  Heb. going, went and was hard against.
  1Sa 3:12 

經文:

士師記 5:1-5:1

註釋:

  1;  The Song of Deborah and Barak.

 * Sang Deborah.
   This verse briefly recites the subject of this inspired song,
   which consists of eight stanzas:  The first opens with a
   devout thanksgiving.  The second describes the magnificent
   scenes at Mount Sinai, etc.  The third states the apostasy and
   consequent punishment of the Israelites.  The fourth contrasts
   their present happy state.  The fifth censures the recreant
   tribes of Reuben, Gad, etc.  The sixth records the defeat of
   the confederate kings of Canaan.  The seventh contains a
   panegyric on Jael.  And the eight describes the fond
   anticipations and disappointment of the mother of Sisera.

  Ex 15:1,21  Nu 21:17  1Sa 2:1  2Ch 20:21,27  Job 38:7 
  Ps 18:1  *title 
  Isa 12:1-6  25:1  26:1  Lu 1:46,67,68  Re 15:3,4  19:1-3 

經文:

士師記 5:2-5:2

註釋:

 * for the avenging.
  De 32:43  2Sa 22:47,48  Ps 18:47  48:11  94:1  97:8  136:15,19,20 
  Ps 149:6-9  Re 16:5,6  18:20  19:2 
 * when.
  9  2Ch 17:16  Ne 11:2  Ps 110:3  1Co 9:17  2Co 8:12  9:7  Php 2:13 
  Phm 1:14 

經文:

士師記 5:3-5:3

註釋:

 * O ye kings.
  De 32:1,3  Ps 2:10-12  49:1,2  119:46  138:4,5 
 * I, even I.
  7  Ge 6:17  9:9  Ex 31:6  Le 26:28  1Ki 18:22  19:10,14  Ezr 7:21 

經文:

士師記 5:4-5:4

註釋:

 * Lord.
  De 33:2  Ps 68:7,8  Hab 3:3-6 
 * the earth.
  2Sa 22:8  Job 9:6  Ps 18:7-15 
 * dropped.
  Ps 77:17 

經文:

士師記 5:5-5:5

註釋:

 * mountains.
  De 4:11  Ps 97:5  114:4  Isa 64:1-3  Na 1:5  Hab 3:10 
 * melted.  Heb. flowed.  that Sinai.
  Ex 19:18  20:18  De 4:11,12  5:22-25  Heb 12:18 

經文:

士師記 5:6-5:6

註釋:

 * Shamgar.
  3:31 
 * Jael.
  4:17,18 
 * the highways.
  Le 26:22  2Ch 15:5  Isa 33:8  La 1:4  4:18  Mic 3:12 
 * travellers.  Heb. walkers of paths.  by-ways.  Heb. crooked
   ways.
  Ps 125:5 

經文:

士師記 5:7-5:7

註釋:

 * the villages.
  Es 9:19 
 * a mother.
  4:4-6  2Sa 20:19  Isa 49:23  Ro 16:13 

經文:

士師記 5:8-5:8

註釋:

 * new gods.
  2:12,17  De 32:16,17 
 * was there.
  4:3  1Sa 13:19-22 

經文:

士師記 5:9-5:9

註釋:

 * offered.
  2  1Ch 29:9  2Co 8:3,4,12,17  9:5 

經文:

士師記 5:10-5:10

註釋:

 * Speak.  or, Meditate.
  Ps 105:2  145:5,11 
 * ride.
  10:4  12:14 
 * ye that sit.
  Ps 107:32  Isa 28:6  Joe 3:12 

經文:

士師記 5:11-5:11

註釋:

 * the noise.
  La 5:4,9 
 * in the places.
   Dr. Shaw mentions a beautiful rill of water in Barbary, which
   runs into a large bason, called {shrub we krub,} "drink and be
   off," because of the danger of meeting with robbers and
   assassins in this place, who fall upon those who come to
   drink.

  Ge 26:20-22  Ex 2:17-19  Isa 12:3 
 * righteous acts.  Heb. righteousnesses.
  1Sa 12:7  Ps 145:7  Mic 6:5 
 * villages.
  7 
 * go down.
  De 22:24  Job 29:7  Isa 28:6  Jer 7:2 

經文:

士師記 5:12-5:12

註釋:

 * awake, Deborah.
  Ps 57:8  103:1,2  108:2  Isa 51:9,17  52:1,2  60:1  Jer 31:26 
  1Co 15:34  Eph 5:14 
 * lead.
  Ps 68:18  Isa 14:2  33:1  49:24-26  Eph 4:8  2Ti 2:26 

經文:

士師記 5:13-5:13

註釋:

 * he made.
  Ps 49:14  Isa 41:15,16  Eze 17:24  Da 7:18-27  Ro 8:37  Re 2:26,27 
  Re 3:9 
 * the Lord.
  Ps 75:7 

經文:

士師記 5:14-5:14

註釋:

 * of Ephraim.
  3:27  4:5,6 
 * Amalek.
  3:13  Ex 17:8-16 
 * after.
  4:10,14 
 * Machir.
  Nu 32:39,40 
 * handle the pen.  Heb. draw with the pen.

經文:

士師記 5:15-5:15

註釋:

 * the princes.
  1Ch 12:32 
 * Barak.
  4:6,14 
 * foot.  Heb. his feet.
   {Beraglaiv,} rather, "with his footmen:"  so LXX. Alex.
   [pkzous autou,] and Luther, {mit feinem Fubvolt.}

  Ac 20:13 
 * For the.  or, In the divisions, etc.
  Ac 15:39 
 * thoughts.  Heb. impressions.
  Pr 22:13  2Co 11:2 

經文:

士師記 5:16-5:16

註釋:

 * sheepfolds.
  Nu 32:1-5,24  Php 2:21  3:19 
 * For.  or, In.
  15  *marg: 
 * great.
  Ps 4:4  77:6  La 3:40,41 

經文:

士師記 5:17-5:17

註釋:

 * Gilead.
  Jos 13:25,31 
 * Asher.
  Jos 19:24-31 
 * sea shore.  or, sea-port.  breaches.  or, creeks.

經文:

士師記 5:18-5:18

註釋:

 * Zebulun.
  4:10 
 * jeoparded.  Heb. exposed to reproach.  their lives.
  Es 4:16  Ac 20:24  1Jo 3:16  Re 12:11 
 * in the high.
  4:6,10,14 

經文:

士師記 5:19-5:19

註釋:

 * kings.
  Jos 10:22-27  11:1-15  Ps 48:4-6  68:12-14  118:8-12  Re 17:12-14 
  Re 19:19 
 * Taanach.
  1:27  1Ki 4:12 
 * they took.
  30  Ge 14:22  4:16  Ps 44:12 

經文:

士師記 5:20-5:20

註釋:

 * fought.
  Jos 10:11  1Sa 7:10  Ps 77:17,18 
 * the stars.
  4:15 
 * courses.  Heb. paths.

經文:

士師記 5:21-5:21

註釋:

 * Kishon.
  4:7,13  1Ki 18:40  Ps 83:9,10 
 * O my soul.
  Ge 49:18  Ps 44:5  Isa 25:10  Mic 7:10 

經文:

士師記 5:22-5:22

註釋:

 * horsehoofs.
   Anciently, horses were not shod; nor are they at the present
   day in some parts of the East.  The flight was so rapid that
   the hoofs of their horses were splintered and broken by the
   roughness of the roads; in consequence of which they became
   lame, and could not carry off their riders.

  Ps 20:7  33:17  147:10,11  Isa 5:28  Jer 47:4  Mic 4:13 
 * pransings.  or, tramplings, or, plungings.  mighty ones.
   Or, as Dr. Waterland renders, "mighty horses," or "strong
   steeds," as Dr. Kennicott, i.e., their war-horses, which gives
   great energy to the text, and renders it perfectly
   intelligible.

經文:

士師記 5:23-5:23

註釋:

 * Curse ye.
  1Sa 26:19  Jer 48:10  1Co 16:22 
 * Meroz.
   This city of Meroz seems to have been, at this time, a place
   of considerable importance, since something great was expected
   from it; but probably, after the angel of the Lord had
   pronounced this curse, it dwindled and like the fig-tree which
   Christ cursed, withered away; so that we never read of it
   after this in Scripture.

 * the angel.
  2:1  4:6  6:11  13:3  Mt 25:41 
 * they came.
  21:9,10  Ne 3:5 
 * to the help.
  1Sa 17:47  18:17  25:28  Ro 15:18  1Co 3:9  2Co 6:1 

經文:

士師記 5:24-5:24

註釋:

  4:17  Ge 14:19  Pr 31:31  Lu 1:28,42 

經文:

士師記 5:25-5:25

註釋:

 * asked.
  4:19-21 
 * butter.
   {Chemah,} may signify buttermilk, which is made by the Arabs
   by agitating the milk in a leathern bag; and is highly
   esteemed because of its refreshing and cooling qualities.

經文:

士師記 5:26-5:26

註釋:

 * with the.  Heb. She hammered.  she smote off.
   Or rather, "she smote his head, then she struck through and
   pierced his temples:"  which is more consonant to the
   original, and to fact, as it does not appear that she smote
   off his head.

  1Sa 17:49-51  2Sa 20:22 

經文:

士師記 5:27-5:27

註釋:

 * At.  Heb. Between.  where.
  Ps 52:7  Mt 7:2  Jas 2:13 
 * dead.  Heb. destroyed.

經文:

士師記 5:28-5:28

註釋:

 * through.
  2Ki 1:2  So 2:9 
 * Why is.
  4:15  So 8:14  Jas 5:7 

經文:

士師記 5:29-5:29

註釋:

 * answer.  Heb. her words.
  29 

經文:

士師記 5:30-5:30

註釋:

 * Have they not sped.
  Ex 15:9  Job 20:5 
 * every man.  Heb. the head of a man.  of divers.
  Ge 37:3  2Sa 13:18  Ps 45:14 

經文:

士師記 5:31-5:31

註釋:

 * So let.
  Ps 48:4,5  58:10,11  68:1-3  83:9-18  92:9  97:8  Re 6:10  18:20 
  Re 19:2,3 
 * them that.
  Ex 20:6  De 6:5  Ps 91:14  97:10  Ro 8:28  1Co 8:3  Eph 6:24 
  Jas 1:12  2:5  1Pe 1:8  1Jo 4:19-21  5:2,3 
 * the sun.
  2Sa 23:4  Ps 19:4,5  37:6  Pr 4:18  Da 12:3  Ho 6:3  Mt 13:43 
 * And the land.
   The victory here celebrated in this song, was of such happy
   consequence to Israel, that for the principal part of one age,
   they enjoyed the peace to which it had been the means of
   opening the way.  The land had rest forty years, that is, so
   long it was from this victory to the raising up of Gideon.
   And well would it have been for the Israelites, if while the
   tribes had rest, they had taken advantage of the cessation
   from war, and had walked in the fear of the Lord.

  3:11,30 

經文:

士師記 6:1-6:1

註釋:

  1;  The Israelites for their sin are oppressed by Midian.
  8;  A prophet rebukes them.
 11;  An angel sends Gideon for their deliverance.
 17;  Gideon's present is consumed with fire.
 24;  Gideon destroys Baal's altar, and offers a sacrifice upon
     the altar Jehovah-shalom.
 28;  Joash defends his son, and calls shim Jerubbaal.
 33;  Gideon's army.
 36;  Gideon's signs.

 * did evil.
  2:13,14,19,20  Le 26:14-46  De 28:15-68  Ne 9:26-29  Ps 106:34-42 
 * delivered.
   When God judges, he will overcome; and sinners shall be made
   either to bend or break before him.  See the ensuing history.

 * Midian.
  Ge 25:2  Nu 25:17,18  Hab 3:7 

經文:

士師記 6:2-6:2

註釋:

 * the hand.
  Le 26:17  De 28:47,48 
 * prevailed.  Heb. was strong.  dens.
   Dr. Shaw says, that a great way on each side Joppa, on the sea
   coast, there is a range of mountains and precipices; and in
   these high situations are generally found the dens, holes, or
   caves, which are so frequently mentioned in Scripture; and
   which were formerly the lonesome retreats of the distressed
   Israelites.

  1Sa 13:6  14:11  Heb 11:38  Re 6:15 

經文:

士師記 6:3-6:3

註釋:

 * when Israel.
  Le 26:16  De 28:30-33,51  Job 31:8  Isa 65:21,22  Mic 6:15 
 * Amalekites.
  3:13 
 * children.
  33  7:12  8:10  Ge 29:1  1Ki 4:30  Job 1:3 

經文:

士師記 6:4-6:4

註釋:

 * destroyed.
  Le 26:16  De 28:30,33,51  Mic 6:15 
 * till thou come.
   The Midianites dwelt beyond the eastern borders of the land of
   Canaan, east of the Dead Sea, and Gaza was on the
   Mediterranean, on the west:  so that these invaders ravaged
   the whole breadth of the land.

  Ge 10:19  13:10 
 * left no.
  Pr 28:3  Jer 49:9,10  Ob 1:5 
 * sheep.  or, goat.

經文:

士師記 6:5-6:5

註釋:

 * tents.
  So 1:5  Isa 13:20 
 * as grasshoppers.
  7:12  8:10  Jer 46:23 
 * their camels.
  8:21  1Sa 30:17  Isa 60:6  Jer 49:29,32 
 * to destroy.
  Ps 83:4-12 

經文:

士師記 6:6-6:6

註釋:

 * impoverished.
  Ps 106:43  *marg: 
  Jer 5:17  Mal 1:4 
 * cried.
  3:9,15  Ps 50:15  78:34  106:44  Isa 26:16  Ho 5:15 

經文:

士師記 6:7-6:7

註釋:

  7 

經文:

士師記 6:8-6:8

註釋:

 * A.M. 2759.  B.C. 1245.  An. Ex. Is. 246.  a prophet.  Heb. a
   man, a prophet.  Thus saith.
  2:1-3  Ne 9:9-12  Ps 136:10-16  Isa 63:9-14  Eze 20:5-32 

經文:

士師記 6:9-6:9

註釋:

 * drave them.
  Ps 44:2,3 

經文:

士師記 6:10-6:10

註釋:

 * I am the.
  Ex 20:2,3 
 * fear not.
  2Ki 17:33,35-39  Jer 10:2 
 * ye have.
  2:2  Pr 5:13  Jer 3:13,25  9:13  42:21  43:4,7  Zep 3:2  Ro 10:16 
  Heb 5:9 

經文:

士師記 6:11-6:11

註釋:

 * an angel.
  14-16  2:1-5  5:23  13:3,18-20  Ge 48:16  Jos 18:23  Isa 63:9 
 * Abi-ezrite.
  8:2  Jos 17:2 
 * Gideon.
  Heb 11:32 
 * Gedeon.  hide it . Heb. cause it to flee.

經文:

士師記 6:12-6:12

註釋:

 * the angel.
  13:3  Lu 1:11,28 
 * The Lord.
  2:18  Ex 3:12  Jos 1:5,9  Ru 2:4  Mt 1:23  28:20  Lu 1:28 
  Ac 18:9,10 

經文:

士師記 6:13-6:13

註釋:

 * if the Lord.
  Ge 25:22  Ex 33:14-16  Nu 14:14,15  Ro 8:31 
 * why then.
  De 29:24  30:17,18  Ps 77:7-9  89:49  Isa 59:1,2  63:15 
 * our fathers.
  Ps 44:1  78:3,4 
 * forsaken us.
  De 31:17  2Ch 15:2  Ps 27:9  Isa 41:17  Jer 23:33 

經文:

士師記 6:14-6:14

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  11 
 * Go in.
  4:6  Jos 1:5-9  1Sa 12:11  1Ch 14:9,10  Heb 11:32,34 

經文:

士師記 6:15-6:15

註釋:

 * wherewith.
  Ex 3:11  4:10  Jer 1:6  Lu 1:34 
 * my family is poor.  Heb. my thousand is the meanest.
  Ex 18:21-25  1Sa 9:21  18:23  Mic 5:2 
 * the least.
  Ge 32:10  Jer 50:45  1Co 15:9  Eph 3:8 

經文:

士師記 6:16-6:16

註釋:

  12  Ex 3:12  Jos 1:5  Isa 41:10,14-16  Mt 28:20  Mr 16:20 
  Ac 11:21 

經文:

士師記 6:17-6:17

註釋:

 * If now.
  Ex 33:13,16 
 * shew.
  36-40  Ge 15:8-17  Ex 4:1-9  2Ki 20:8-11  Ps 86:17  Isa 7:11 

經文:

士師記 6:18-6:18

註釋:

 * bring.
  13:15  Ge 18:3,5  19:3 
 * present.  or, meat offering.

經文:

士師記 6:19-6:19

註釋:

 * and made.
   Dr. Shaw observes, "Besides a bowl of milk, and a basket of
   figs, raisins, or dates, which upon our arrival were presented
   to us, to stay our appetite, the master of the tent fetched us
   from his flock, according to the number of our company, a kid
   or a goat, a lamb or a sheep; half of which was immediately
   seethed by his wife, and served up with {cucasoe;} the rest
   was made {kab-ab,} i.e., cut to pieces and roasted, which we
   reserved for our breakfast or dinner next day."  May we not
   suppose, says Mr. Harmer, that Gideon presented some slight
   refreshment to the supposed prophet, according to the present
   Arab mode, and desired him to stay till he could provide
   something more substantial; that he immediately killed a kid,
   seethed a part of it, and when ready brought the stewed meat
   in a pot, with unleavened cakes of bread, which he had baked;
   and the other part, the {kab-ab,} in a basket for him to carry
   with him, for some after repast in his journey?

  13:15-19  Ge 18:6-8 
 * a kid.  Heb. a kid of the goats.  unleavened cakes.
  Le 2:4 

經文:

士師記 6:20-6:20

註釋:

 * lay them.
  13:19 
 * pour out.
  1Ki 18:33,34 

經文:

士師記 6:21-6:21

註釋:

 * rose up.
  13:20  Le 9:24  1Ki 18:38  1Ch 21:26  2Ch 7:1 

經文:

士師記 6:22-6:22

註釋:

 * perceived.
  13:21 
 * because.
  13:22,23  Ge 16:13  32:30  Ex 33:20  De 5:5,24,26  Isa 6:5-8 
  Joh 1:18  12:41 

經文:

士師記 6:23-6:23

註釋:

 * Peace be.
  Ge 32:30  43:23  Ps 85:8  Da 10:19  Joh 14:27  20:19,26  Ro 1:7 

經文:

士師記 6:24-6:24

註釋:

 * built.
  21:4  Ge 33:20  Jos 22:10,26-28 
 * Jehovah-shalom.  that is, The Lord send peace.
  Ge 22:14  Ex 17:15  Jer 23:6  33:16  Eze 48:35 
 * Ophrah.
  8:32 

經文:

士師記 6:25-6:25

註釋:

 * Take thy father's.
  Ge 35:2  Job 22:23  Ps 101:2 
 * even.  or, and.  throw.
  1Ki 18:21  Mt 6:24  2Co 6:15-17 
 * thy father.
  Mt 10:37  Ac 4:19  5:29 
 * cut down.
  3:7  Ex 34:13  De 7:5 

經文:

士師記 6:26-6:26

註釋:

 * build.
  2Sa 24:18 
 * rock.  Heb. strong place.  the ordered place.  or, an orderly
   manner.
  1Co 14:33,40 

經文:

士師記 6:27-6:27

註釋:

 * and did.
  De 4:1  Mt 16:24  Joh 2:5  15:14  Ga 1:16  1Th 2:4 
 * he did it.
  Ps 112:5  Joh 3:2 

經文:

士師記 6:28-6:28

註釋:

  28 

經文:

士師記 6:29-6:29

註釋:

  29 

經文:

士師記 6:30-6:30

註釋:

 * Bring.
  Jer 26:11  50:38  Joh 16:2  Ac 26:9  Php 3:6 

經文:

士師記 6:31-6:31

註釋:

 * Will ye plead.
   The words are very emphatic:  "Will ye plead in earnest
   ({tereevoon}) for Baal?  Will ye really save ({tosheeoon})
   him?  If he be God, ({Elohim,}) let him contend for himself,
   seeing his altar is thrown down."

  Ex 23:2  Nu 14:6  Eph 5:11 
 * let him be.
  De 13:5-18  17:2-7  1Ki 18:40 
 * if he be.
  1Ki 18:27,29  Ps 115:4-7  Isa 41:23  46:1,7  Jer 10:5,11  1Co 8:4 

經文:

士師記 6:32-6:32

註釋:

 * Jerubbaal.  that is, Let Baal plead.
  1Sa 12:11  2Sa 11:21 
 * Jerubbesheth:  that is, Let the shameful thing plead.
  Jer 11:13  Ho 9:10 

經文:

士師記 6:33-6:33

註釋:

 * Then all.
  Ps 3:1  27:2,3  118:10-12  Isa 8:9,10  Ro 8:35-39 
 * children.
  3  8:10,11  1Ch 5:19  Job 1:3 
 * went over.
  7:24  Jos 3:16 
 * the valley.
  Jos 17:16  19:18  1Ki 18:45  21:1 

經文:

士師記 6:34-6:34

註釋:

 * the Spirit.
  3:10  13:25  14:19  15:14  1Sa 10:6  11:6  16:14  1Ch 12:18 
  2Ch 24:20  Ps 51:11  1Co 12:8-11 
 * came upon.  Heb. clothed.
  Ro 13:14  Ga 3:27 
 * blew.
  3:27  Nu 10:3 
 * Abi-ezer.
  11  8:2  Jos 17:2 
 * was gathered.  Heb. was called.

經文:

士師記 6:35-6:35

註釋:

 * messengers.
  2Ch 30:6-12 

經文:

士師記 6:36-6:36

註釋:

 * If thou wilt.
  14,17-20  Ex 4:1-9  2Ki 20:9  Ps 103:13,14  Mt 16:1 

經文:

士師記 6:37-6:37

註釋:

 * Behold.
  De 32:2  Ps 72:6  Ho 6:3,4  14:5 
 * only.
  Ps 147:19,20  Mt 10:5,6  15:24 

經文:

士師記 6:38-6:38

註釋:

 * a bowl.
  Isa 35:7 

經文:

士師記 6:39-6:39

註釋:

 * Let not thine.
  Ge 18:32 
 * dry.
  Ps 107:33-35  Isa 35:6,7  43:19,20  50:2  Mt 8:12  21:43 
  Ac 13:46  22:21  28:28  Ro 11:12-22 

經文:

士師記 6:40-6:40

註釋:

  40 

經文:

士師記 7:1-7:1

註釋:

  1;  Gideon's army of two and thirty thousand is brought to
     three hundred.
  9;  He is encouraged by the dream and interpretation of the
     burley cake.
 16;  His stratagem of trumpets and lamps in pitchers.
 24;  The Ephraimites take Oreb and Zeeb.

 * Jerubbaal.
   It appears that Jerubbaal had now become the surname of
   Gideon.  He is mentioned by Sanchoniathon, quoted by Eusebius,
   who lived in the reign of Ithobal, king of Tyre, and
   consequently a little after the time of Gideon, by the name of
   Jerombalus, a priest of Jeuo or Jao.

  6:32 
 * rose up.
  Ge 22:3  Jos 3:1  6:12  Ec 9:10 
 * Moreh.
  Ge 12:6 

經文:

士師記 7:2-7:2

註釋:

 * too many.
  1Sa 14:6  2Ch 14:11  Zec 4:6  12:7  1Co 1:27-29  2:4,5  2Co 4:7 
  2Co 10:4,5 
 * Israel.
  De 32:27  Isa 2:11,17  Jer 9:23  Ro 3:27  11:18  1Co 1:29  Eph 2:9 
  Jas 4:6 
 * Mine own.
  De 8:17  Isa 10:13  Eze 28:2,17  Da 4:30  Hab 1:16 

經文:

士師記 7:3-7:3

註釋:

 * Whosoever.
  De 20:8  Mt 13:21  Lu 14:25-33  Re 17:14  21:8 
 * mount Gilead.
   Gideon was certainly not at mount Gilead, east of Jordan at
   this time; but rather near mount Gilboa, west of Jordan.
   Calmet thinks there must either have been two Gileads, which
   does not appear from Scripture to have been the case, or that
   the Hebrew text is corrupt, and that for Gilead we should read
   Gilboa.  This reading, though adopted by Houbigant, is not
   confirmed by an MS. or version.  Dr. Hales endeavours to
   reconcile the whole, by the supposition that in Gideon's army
   there were many eastern Manassites from mount Gilead, near the
   Midianites; and therefore proposes to read, "Whosoever from
   mount Gilead is fearful and afraid, let him return (home) and
   depart early."

 * twenty.
  Mt 20:16 

經文:

士師記 7:4-7:4

註釋:

 * people.
  Ps 33:16 
 * I will.
  Ge 22:1  1Sa 16:7  Job 23:10  Ps 7:9  66:10  Jer 6:27-30  Mal 3:2,3 

經文:

士師記 7:5-7:5

註釋:

 * lappeth.
   The original word {yalok,} is precisely the sound which the
   dog makes in lapping.  It appears that it is not unusual for
   the Arabs to drink water out of the palms of their hands; and,
   from this account, we learn that the Israelites did so
   occasionally.  Dr. A. Clarke, in his edition of Harmer, has
   presented us with the following curious MS. note from Dr.
   Russell.  "When they take water with the palms of their hands,
   they naturally place themselves on their hams, to be nearer
   the water; but when they drink from a pitcher or gourd, fresh
   filled, they do not sit down on purpose to drink, but drink
   standing, and very often put the sleeve of their shirt over
   the mouth of the vessel, by way of strainer, lest small
   leeches might have been taken up with the water.  For the same
   reason they often prefer taking the water with the palm of the
   hand to lapping it from the surface."  From the letters of
   Busbequius we learn, that the Eastern people are not in the
   habit of drinking standing.  The 300; men, who satisfied their
   thirst in the most expeditious manner, by this sufficiently
   indicated their spirit, and alacrity to follow Gideon in his
   dangerous enterprise; while the rest shewed their love of
   ease, self-indulgence, effeminacy, and want of courage.

  5 

經文:

士師記 7:6-7:6

註釋:

  6 

經文:

士師記 7:7-7:7

註釋:

  18-22  1Sa 14:6  Isa 41:14-16 

經文:

士師記 7:8-7:8

註釋:

 * trumpets.
  3:27  Le 23:24  25:9  Nu 10:9  Jos 6:4,20  Isa 27:13  1Co 15:52 
 * in the valley.
  6:33 

經文:

士師記 7:9-7:9

註釋:

 * the same.
  Ge 46:2,3  Job 4:13  33:15,16  Mt 1:20  2:13  Ac 18:9,10  27:23 
 * Arise.
  Jos 1:5-9  Isa 41:10-16  43:1,2 
 * I have delivered.
  3:10,28  4:14,15  2Ch 16:8,9  20:17 

經文:

士師記 7:10-7:10

註釋:

  4:8,9  Ex 4:10-14 

經文:

士師記 7:11-7:11

註釋:

 * thou shalt.
  13-15  Ge 24:14  1Sa 14:8,12 
 * thine hands.
  1Sa 23:16  Ezr 6:22  Ne 6:9  Isa 35:3,4  2Co 12:9,10  Eph 3:16 
  Eph 6:10  Php 4:13 
 * armed men.  or, ranks by five.
  Ex 13:18  *marg: 

經文:

士師記 7:12-7:12

註釋:

 * the Midianites.
  6:3,5,33  1Ki 4:30 
 * grasshoppers.
  8:10  2Ch 14:9-12  Ps 3:1  33:16  118:10-12  Isa 8:9,10 

經文:

士師記 7:13-7:13

註釋:

 * lo, a cake.
  3:15,31  4:9,21  6:15  Isa 41:14,15  1Co 1:27 

經文:

士師記 7:14-7:14

註釋:

 * his fellow.
  Nu 22:38  23:5,20  24:10-13  Job 1:10 
 * into his hand.
  Ex 15:14,15  Jos 2:9,24  5:1  2Ki 7:6,7 

經文:

士師記 7:15-7:15

註釋:

 * interpretation thereof.  Heb. breaking thereof.
  Ge 40:8  41:11 
 * worshipped.
  Ge 24:26,27,48  Ex 4:30,31  2Ch 20:18,19 
 * Arise.
  4:14  2Co 10:4-6 

經文:

士師記 7:16-7:16

註釋:

 * three companies.
   This small number of men, thus divided, would be able to
   encompass the whole camp of the Midianites.  Concealing the
   lamps in the pitchers, they would pass unobserved to their
   appointed stations; then, in the dead of the night, when most
   of the enemy were fast asleep, all at once breaking their
   pitchers one against another, with as much noise as they
   could, and blowing the trumpets and shouting; they would
   occasion an exceedingly great alarm.  The obedience of faith
   alone could have induced such an expedient, which no doubt God
   directed Gideon to employ.--Scott.

 * a trumpet.  Heb. trumpets in the hand of all of them.  empty.
  2Co 4:7 
 * lamps.  or, fire-brands, or torches.

經文:

士師記 7:17-7:17

註釋:

  9:48  Mt 16:24  1Co 11:1  Heb 13:7  1Pe 5:3 

經文:

士師記 7:18-7:18

註釋:

 * blow ye.
  20 
 * the sword.
   The word {cherev,} "sword," necessarily implied, and rightly
   supplied by our venerable translators from ver. 20, is found
   in this place, in the Chaldee, Syriac, and Arabic, and in
   eight MSS.; and evidently appears to be genuine.

  1Sa 17:47  2Ch 20:15-17 

經文:

士師記 7:19-7:19

註釋:

 * in the beginning.
  Ex 14:24  Mt 25:6  1Th 5:2  Re 16:15 
 * they blew.
  8 
 * brake.
  16  Ps 2:9  Jer 13:13,14  19:1-11 

經文:

士師記 7:20-7:20

註釋:

 * blew.
   How astonishing and overwhelming must the effect be, in a dark
   night, of the sudden glare of 300; torches, darting their
   splendour in the same instant on the half-awakened eyes of the
   terrified Midianites; accompanied with the clangor of 300
   trumpets, alternately mingled with the thundering shout of
   {cherav yehovah oolegidon,} "The sword of Jehovah and of
   Gideon!"

  Nu 10:1-10  Jos 6:4,16,20  Isa 27:13  1Co 15:52  1Th 4:16 
 * brake.
  2Co 4:7  Heb 11:4  2Pe 1:15 

經文:

士師記 7:21-7:21

註釋:

 * stood.
  Ex 14:13,14  2Ch 20:17  Isa 30:7,15 
 * all the host.
  Ex 14:25  2Ki 7:6,7  Job 15:21,22  Pr 28:1 

經文:

士師記 7:22-7:22

註釋:

 * blew.
  Jos 6:4,16,20  2Co 4:7 
 * the Lord.
  1Sa 14:16-20  2Ch 20:23  Ps 83:9  Isa 9:4  19:2 
 * in.  or, toward.  Zererath.
   Probably the same as Zartanah.

  1Ki 4:12 
 * border.  Heb. lip.  Abelmeholah.
   Situated, according to Eusebius 16; miles south from
   Scythopolis, or Bethshan.

  1Ki 4:12  19:16 
 * Tabbath.
   Probably the town  of [O(8262)(8264),] mentioned by Eusebius, 13; miles
   from Neapolis, or Shechem, towards Scythopolis.

經文:

士師記 7:23-7:23

註釋:

  6:35  1Sa 14:21,22 

經文:

士師記 7:24-7:24

註釋:

 * sent.
  3:27  Ro 15:30  Php 1:27 
 * take before.
  3:28  12:5 
 * Beth-barah.
   Probably the same as Betha-bara, beyond Jordan, and at the
   ford where the Hebrews passed under the direction of Joshua.

  Joh 1:28 

經文:

士師記 7:25-7:25

註釋:

 * two princes.
  8:3  Ps 83:11,12 
 * rock.
  Jos 7:26  Isa 10:26 
 * Oreb.
   Eusebius and Jerome speak of a small place called Araba, three
   miles west from Scythopolis, which is supposed by some to have
   had its name from Oreb.

 * and brought.
   Among ancient nations, the head of the conquered chief was
   usually brought to the conqueror.  Thus Pompey's head was
   brought to C(9173)ar, Cicero's head to Mark Anthony, and the heads
   of Ahab's children to Jehu.  These barbarities are seldom
   practised now, except among the Mahommedans, or the savages of
   Africa and America; and for the credit of human nature, it is
   to be wished that such atrocities had never been committed.

 * on the other side.
   The words {maiaiver lyyarden,} may denote at the passage of
   Jordan, or from beyond Jordan.  Gideon does not appear to have
   yet passed the Jordan.

  8:4 

經文:

士師記 8:1-8:1

註釋:

  1;  Gideon pacifies the Ephraimites.
  4;  Succoth and Penuel refuse to deliver Gideon's army.
 10;  Zebah and Zalmunna are taken.
 13;  Succoth and Penuel are destroyed.
 17;  Gideon revenges his brethren's death on Zebah and Zalmunna.
 22;  He refuses government.
 24;  His ephod the cause of idolatry.
 28;  Midian subdued.
 29;  Gideon's children, and death.
 33;  The Israelites' idolatry and ingratitude.

 * the men.
  12:1-6  2Sa 19:41  Job 5:2  Ec 4:4  Jas 4:5,6 
 * Why, etc.  Heb. What thing is this thou hast done unto us?
   sharply.  Heb. strongly.

經文:

士師記 8:2-8:2

註釋:

 * What.
  1Co 13:4-7  Ga 5:14,15  Php 2:2,3  Jas 1:19,20  3:13-18 
 * Is not the.
   That is, the Ephraimites have performed more important
   services than Gideon and his men had achieved.

 * Abiezer.
  6:11,34 

經文:

士師記 8:3-8:3

註釋:

 * God.
  7:24,25  Ps 44:3  115:1  118:14-16  Joh 4:37  Ro 12:3,6  15:18,19 
  Php 2:3 
 * Then.
  Pr 15:1  16:32  25:11,15 
 * anger.  Heb. spirit.

經文:

士師記 8:4-8:4

註釋:

 * faint.
  1Sa 14:28,29,31,32  30:10  2Co 4:8,9,16  Ga 6:9  Heb 12:1-4 

經文:

士師記 8:5-8:5

註釋:

 * Succoth.
  Ge 33:17  Ps 60:6 
 * loaves.
  Ge 14:18  De 23:4  1Sa 25:18  2Sa 17:28,29  3Jo 1:6-8 

經文:

士師記 8:6-8:6

註釋:

  5:23  Ge 25:13  37:25,28  1Sa 25:10,11  1Ki 20:11  2Ki 14:9 
  Pr 18:23  Php 2:21 

經文:

士師記 8:7-8:7

註釋:

 * tear.  Heb. thresh.
  16 

經文:

士師記 8:8-8:8

註釋:

  Ge 32:30,31  1Ki 12:25 

經文:

士師記 8:9-8:9

註釋:

 * I come.
  1Ki 22:27,28 
 * I will break.
  17 

經文:

士師記 8:10-8:10

註釋:

 * Karkor.
   If this were the name of a place, it is no where else
   mentioned.  Some contend that {karkor} signifies rest; and the
   Vulgate renders it {requiescebant,} "rested".  This seems the
   most likely; for it is said (ver. 11) that Gideon "smote the
   host:  for the host was secure."

 * children.
  7:12 
 * fell an hundred, etc.  or, an hundred and twenty thousand,
   every one drawing a sword
  7:22  20:2,15,17,25,35,46  2Ki 3:26  2Ch 13:17  28:6,8  Isa 37:36 

經文:

士師記 8:11-8:11

註釋:

 * Nobah.
   Nobah took its name from an Israelite who conquered it; and is
   said by Eusebius to have been, in his time, a forsaken place
   eight miles south from Heshbon.  Jogbehah was probably near
   it.

  Nu 32:35,42 
 * secure.
  18:27  1Sa 15:32  30:16  1Th 5:3 

經文:

士師記 8:12-8:12

註釋:

 * took.
  Jos 10:16-18,22-25  Job 12:16-21  34:19  Ps 83:11  Am 2:14 
  Re 6:15,16  19:19-21 
 * discomfited.  Heb. terrified.

經文:

士師記 8:13-8:13

註釋:

 * before.
   The words {milm(8483)leh haichaires} should, most probably be
   rendered "from the ascent of Chares;" which is the reading of
   the LXX. Syriac, Arabic, and Houbigant.

  13 

經文:

士師記 8:14-8:14

註釋:

 * caught.
  1:24,25  1Sa 30:11-15 
 * described.  Heb. writ.

經文:

士師記 8:15-8:15

註釋:

 * upbraid.
  6,7 

經文:

士師記 8:16-8:16

註釋:

 * the elders.
  7  Pr 10:13  19:29  Ezr 2:6 
 * thorns.
  Mic 7:4 
 * taught.  Heb. made to know.
   Instead of {wyyod(832c)} Houbigant, Le Clerc, and others read
   {wyyadosh,} "and he tore or threshed;" and this is not only
   agreeable to what Gideon threatened (ver. 7), but is supported
   by the LXX. Vulgate, Chaldee, Syriac, and Arabic.  The Hebrew
   text might easily have been corrupted simply by the change of
   [Sh(8c79)n,] {shin,} into ['Ayin,] {ayin,} letters very similar to
   each other.

經文:

士師記 8:17-8:17

註釋:

  9  1Ki 12:25 

經文:

士師記 8:18-8:18

註釋:

 * Tabor.
  4:6  Ps 89:12 
 * As thou art.
  Ps 12:2  Jude 1:16 
 * resembled.  Heb. according to the form of, etc.

經文:

士師記 8:19-8:19

註釋:

  19 

經文:

士師記 8:20-8:20

註釋:

  Jos 10:24  1Sa 15:33  Ps 149:9 

經文:

士師記 8:21-8:21

註釋:

 * Rise thou.
   It was disgraceful to fall by the hands of a child; and death
   by the blows of such a person must be much more lingering and
   tormenting.  Some have employed children to dispatch captives.

  9:54  1Sa 31:3,5  Re 9:6 
 * slew.
  Ps 83:1 
 * ornaments.  or, ornaments like the moon.
  Isa 3:18 

經文:

士師記 8:22-8:22

註釋:

 * Rule thou.
  9:8-15  1Sa 8:5  12:12  Joh 6:15 

經文:

士師記 8:23-8:23

註釋:

 * I will.
  2:18  10:18  11:9-11  Lu 22:24-27  2Co 1:24  1Pe 5:3 
 * the Lord.
  1Sa 8:6,7  10:19  12:12  Isa 33:22  63:19 

經文:

士師記 8:24-8:24

註釋:

 * give me.
  Ge 24:22,53  Ex 12:35  32:3  1Pe 3:3-5 
 * because.
  Ge 16:10,11  25:13  37:25,28  1Sa 25:11  1Ki 20:11 

經文:

士師記 8:25-8:25

註釋:

  25 

經文:

士師記 8:26-8:26

註釋:

 * a thousand.
   Taking the shekel at half an ounce, the sum of the gold
   ear-rings was 73; lbs. 4oz. and worth about (9c33),300; sterling.

 * collars.  or, sweet jewels.  purple.
  Es 8:15  Jer 10:9  Eze 27:7  Lu 16:19  Joh 19:2,5  Re 17:4 
  Re 18:12,16 
 * chains.
  21 

經文:

士師記 8:27-8:27

註釋:

 * an ephod.
  17:5  18:14,17  Ex 28:6-12  1Sa 23:9,10  Isa 8:20 
 * Ophrah.
  32  6:11,24  De 12:5 
 * a whoring.
  Ex 23:33  Ps 73:27  106:39  Ho 2:2  4:12-14 
 * a snare.
  33  De 7:16 

經文:

士師記 8:28-8:28

註釋:

 * was Midian.
  Ps 83:9-12  Isa 9:4  10:26 
 * forty years.
  3:11,30  5:31 

經文:

士師記 8:29-8:29

註釋:

 * Jerubbaal.
  6:32  1Sa 12:11 
 * in his own house.
  Ne 5:14,15 

經文:

士師記 8:30-8:30

註釋:

 * threescore.
  9:2,5  10:4  12:9,14  Ge 46:26  Ex 1:5  2Ki 10:1 
 * of his body begotten.  Heb. going out of his thigh.  many
   wives.
  Ge 2:24  7:7  De 17:17  2Sa 3:2-5  5:13-16  1Ki 11:3  Mal 2:15 
  Mt 19:5-8  Eph 5:31-33 

經文:

士師記 8:31-8:31

註釋:

 * concubine.
  9:1-5  Ge 16:15  22:24 
 * called.  Heb. set.  Abimelech.
  9:18  Ge 20:2 

經文:

士師記 8:32-8:32

註釋:

 * died in.
  Ge 15:15  25:8  Jos 24:29,30  Job 5:26  42:17 
 * Ophrah.
  27  6:24 

經文:

士師記 8:33-8:33

註釋:

 * as soon.
  2:7-10,17,19  Jos 24:31  2Ki 12:2  2Ch 24:17,18 
 * went.
  27  2:17  Ex 34:15,16  Jer 3:9 
 * Baal-berith.
   Literally, "the lord of the covenant."

  9:4,46 

經文:

士師記 8:34-8:34

註釋:

 * remembered.
  Ps 78:11,42  106:18,21  Ec 12:1  Jer 2:32 

經文:

士師記 8:35-8:35

註釋:

 * shewed.
  9:5,16-19  Ec 9:14,15 
 * Jerubbaal.
   Rather, Jerubbaal Gideon; as we say, Simon Peter; or call a
   person by his Christian and surname.  Gideon was a mighty man
   of valour, a true patriot, evidently disinterested and void of
   ambition.  He loved his country, and hazarded his life for it;
   but refused the kingdom, when offered to him and his heirs.
   The act of making the ephod was totally wrong; yet, probably
   it was done with no reprehensible design.

經文:

士師記 9:1-9:1

註釋:

  1;  Abimelech by conspiracy with the Shechemites, and murder of
     his brethren, is made king.
  7;  Jotham by a parable rebukes them, and foretells their ruin.
 22;  Gaal conspires with the Shechemites against him.
 30;  Zebul reveals it.
 34;  Abimelech overcomes them, and sows the city with salt.
 46;  He burns the hold of the god Berith.
 50;  At Thebez he is slain by a piece of a millstone.
 56;  Jotham's curse if fulfilled.

 * Abimelech.
  8:31 
 * Shechem.
  Ge 33:18  34:2  1Ki 12:1 
 * communed.
  2Sa 15:6  1Ki 12:3,20  Ps 83:2-4  Jer 18:18 

經文:

士師記 9:2-9:2

註釋:

 * Whether, etc.  Heb. What is good?  whether, etc.  threescore.
  8:30 
 * your bone.
  Ge 29:14  2Sa 19:13  1Ch 11:1  Eph 5:30  Heb 2:14 

經文:

士師記 9:3-9:3

註釋:

 * spake.
  Ps 10:3  Pr 1:11-14 
 * to follow.  Heb. after.  our brother.
  Ge 29:15 

經文:

士師記 9:4-9:4

註釋:

 * house.
  46-49  8:33 
 * vain, etc.
   {Anashim raikim oophochozim,} "worthless and dissolute men;"
   persons who were living on the public, and had nothing to
   lose.  Such was the foundation of his Babel government.  By a
   cunning management of such unprincipled men most revolutions
   are brought about.

  11:3  1Sa 22:2  2Ch 13:7  Job 30:8  Pr 12:11  Ac 17:5 

經文:

士師記 9:5-9:5

註釋:

 * at Ophrah.
  6:24 
 * slew.
  2Ki 10:17  11:1,2  2Ch 21:4  Mt 2:16,20 

經文:

士師記 9:6-9:6

註釋:

 * the house.
  2Sa 5:9  2Ki 12:20 
 * Millo.
   Probably the name of a person of note in Shechem.

 * plain.  or, oak.
  Jos 24:26  1Ki 12:1,20,25 

經文:

士師記 9:7-9:7

註釋:

 * mount Gerizim.
  De 11:29  27:12  Jos 8:33  Joh 4:20 
 * Hearken.
  Ps 18:40,41  50:15-21  Pr 1:28,29  21:13  28:9  Isa 1:15  58:6-10 
  Mt 18:26-34  Jas 2:13 

經文:

士師記 9:8-9:8

註釋:

 * The trees.
   This is the most ancient fable or apologue extant; and is
   extremely beautiful, apposite, and intelligible.

  2Ki 14:9  Eze 17:3-10  Da 4:10-18 
 * olive tree.
   The {zayith,} or olive tree, in the Linnean system, is a genus
   of the {diandra monogynia} class of plants.  It is of a
   moderate height, and grows best in sunny places.  Its trunk is
   knotty; bark smooth, of an ash colour:  wood solid and
   yellowish; leaves oblong, almost like those of the willow, of
   a dark green colour on the upper side, and whitish below.  In
   June it puts forth white flowers, growing in bunches, each of
   one piece, widening towards the top, and dividing into four
   parts.  After this succeeds the fruit, which is oblong and
   plump; first green, then pale, and when quite ripe, black.
   Within it is enclosed a hard stone, filled with oblong seeds.
   It was the most useful of all trees in the forest; as the
   bramble was the meanest and most worthless.

 * Reign.
  8:22,23 

經文:

士師記 9:9-9:9

註釋:

 * wherewith.
  Ex 29:2,7  35:14  Le 2:1  1Ki 19:15,16  Ps 89:20  104:15  Ac 4:27 
  Ac 10:38  1Jo 2:20 
 * God.
   {Elohim,} rather gods; the parable being adapted to the
   idolatrous Shechemites.

 * to be promoted over the trees.  Heb. up and down for other
   trees.
  Job 1:7  2:2 

經文:

士師記 9:10-9:10

註釋:

  10 

經文:

士師記 9:11-9:11

註釋:

  Lu 13:6,7 

經文:

士師記 9:12-9:12

註釋:

  12 

經文:

士師記 9:13-9:13

註釋:

 * cheereth.
  Nu 15:5,7,10  Ps 104:15  Pr 31:6  Ec 10:19 

經文:

士師記 9:14-9:14

註釋:

 * bramble.  or, thistle.
  2Ki 14:9 

經文:

士師記 9:15-9:15

註釋:

 * shadow.
  Isa 30:2  Da 4:12  Ho 14:7  Mt 13:32 
 * let fire.
  20,49  Nu 21:28  Isa 1:31  Eze 19:14 
 * the cedars.
  2Ki 14:9  Ps 104:16  Isa 2:13  37:24  Eze 31:3 

經文:

士師記 9:16-9:16

註釋:

 * according.
  8:35 

經文:

士師記 9:17-9:17

註釋:

 * fought.
  7:1-25  8:4-10 
 * adventured his life.  Heb. cast his life.
  Es 4:16  Ro 5:8  16:4  Re 12:11 

經文:

士師記 9:18-9:18

註釋:

 * are risen.
  5,6  8:35  Ps 109:4 
 * Abimelech.
  6,14  8:31 

經文:

士師記 9:19-9:19

註釋:

 * rejoice.
  Isa 8:6  Php 3:3  Jas 4:16 

經文:

士師記 9:20-9:20

註釋:

 * let fire come out.
  15,23,56,57  7:22  2Ch 20:22,23  Ps 21:9,10  28:4  52:1-5 
  Ps 120:3,4  140:10 

經文:

士師記 9:21-9:21

註釋:

 * Beer.
   Probably the Beer mentioned by Mr. Maundrell, three hours and
   a half, or about ten miles, north of Jerusalem, towards
   Shechem.  It is situated toward the south, on an easy
   declivity; and has a fountain of excellent water at the bottom
   of the hill, from which it has taken its name.  Close to the
   well are the mouldering walls of a ruined {khan;} and on the
   summit of the hill two large arches still remain of a ruined
   convent.  Dr. Richardson says, that it seems to have been once
   a place of considerable consequence.

  Nu 21:16  Jos 19:8  2Sa 20:14 

經文:

士師記 9:22-9:22

註釋:

  22 

經文:

士師記 9:23-9:23

註釋:

 * A.M. 2771.  B.C. 1233.  An. Ex. Is. 258.  God.
   That is, God permitted the evil spirit of jealousy, treachery,
   and discord, to break out between Abimelech and the
   Shechemites.

  15,20  1Sa 16:14-16  18:9,10  1Ki 12:15  22:22,23  2Ch 10:15 
  2Ch 18:19-22  Isa 19:2,14  2Th 2:11,12 
 * dealt.
  16  Isa 33:1  Mt 7:2 

經文:

士師記 9:24-9:24

註釋:

 * That the.
  1Sa 15:33  1Ki 2:32  Es 9:25  Ps 7:16  Mt 23:34-36 
 * aided him in the killing of.  Heb. strengthened his hands to
   kill.
   Sooner or later, God will make inquisition for blood, and will
   return it on the heads of those that shed it.  Accessaries
   will be reckoned with, as well as principals, in that and
   other sins.  The Shechemites, who countenanced Abimelech's
   pretensions, aided and abetted him in his bloody project, and
   avowed the fact by making him king after he had done it, must
   fall with him, fall by him, and fall first.  Those that
   combine together to do wickedly, are justly dashed in pieces
   one against another.  Blood cannot be a lasting cement to any
   interest.

經文:

士師記 9:25-9:25

註釋:

  Jos 8:4,12,13  Pr 1:11,12 

經文:

士師記 9:26-9:26

註釋:

 * brethren.
  Ge 13:8  19:7 

經文:

士師記 9:27-9:27

註釋:

 * merry.  or, songs.
  Isa 16:9,10  24:7-9  Jer 25:30  Am 6:3-6 
 * the house.
  4  16:23  Ex 32:6,19  Da 5:1-4,23 
 * did eat.
  Isa 22:12-14  Lu 12:19,20  17:26-29 
 * cursed.
  Le 24:11  1Sa 17:43  Ps 109:17 

經文:

士師記 9:28-9:28

註釋:

 * Who is Abimelech.
  1Sa 25:10  2Sa 20:1  1Ki 12:16 
 * Hamor.
  Ge 34:2,6 

經文:

士師記 9:29-9:29

註釋:

 * would to God.
   The very words and conduct of a sly, hypocritical demagogue.

  2Sa 15:4  1Ki 20:11  Ps 10:3  Ro 1:30,31 
 * And he said.
   Rather, "and I would say to Abimelech," as the LXX. renders;
   for as Dr. Wall observes, this was probably not said in the
   presence of Abimelech; but at an intemperate feast, in his
   absence, when he boasted he would challenge him.

 * Increase thine army.
  2Sa 2:14-17  2Ki 14:8  18:23  Isa 36:8,9 

經文:

士師記 9:30-9:30

註釋:

 * kindled.  or, hot.
  30 

經文:

士師記 9:31-9:31

註釋:

 * privily.  Heb. craftily, or, to Tormah.  they fortify.
   Under pretence of repairing the walls and towers, they were
   actually putting the place in a state of defence, intending to
   seize on the government as soon as they found Abimelech coming
   against them.

  31 

經文:

士師記 9:32-9:32

註釋:

 * by night.
  Job 24:14-17  Ps 36:4  Pr 1:11-16  4:16  Ro 3:15 

經文:

士師記 9:33-9:33

註釋:

 * as thou shalt find.  Heb. as thine hand shall find.
  Le 25:26  *marg: 
  1Sa 10:7  25:8  Ec 9:10 

經文:

士師記 9:34-9:34

註釋:

  34 

經文:

士師記 9:35-9:35

註釋:

 * Gaal.
   Of this person we know no more than is here recorded.  He was
   probably one of the descendants of the Canaanites, who hoped,
   from the state of the public mind and their disaffection to
   Abimelech, to cause a revolution, and thus to restore the
   ancient government as it was under Hamor, the father of
   Shechem.  Josephus says he was a man of authority, who
   sojourned with them, with his armed men and kinsmen; and that
   the Shechemites desired that he would allow them a guard
   during the vintage.

 * the people.
  44 

經文:

士師記 9:36-9:36

註釋:

 * seest the shadow.
   Doubdan states, that in some parts of the Holy Land there are
   many detached rocks scattered up and down, some growing out of
   the ground, and others fragments broken off from rocky
   precipices, the shadow of which, it appears, Josephus thought
   might be most naturally imagined to look like troops of men at
   a distance, rather than that of the mountains; for he
   represents Zebul as saying to Gaal, that he mistook the shadow
   of the rocks for men.

  Eze 7:7  Mr 8:24 

經文:

士師記 9:37-9:37

註釋:

 * middle.  Heb. navel.  Meonenim.  or, the regarders of the
   times.
  De 18:14 

經文:

士師記 9:38-9:38

註釋:

  28,29  2Sa 2:26,27  2Ki 14:8-14  Jer 2:28 

經文:

士師記 9:39-9:39

註釋:

  39 

經文:

士師記 9:40-9:40

註釋:

 * he fled before.
  1Ki 20:18-21,30 

經文:

士師記 9:41-9:41

註釋:

 * Arumah.
   This place appears from the next verse to have been near
   Shechem; and is perhaps the same as Ruma, a village of
   Galilee, mentioned by Josephus, Bell. 1. iii. c. 9.

 * Zebul.
  28,30 

經文:

士師記 9:42-9:42

註釋:

  42 

經文:

士師記 9:43-9:43

註釋:

  43 

經文:

士師記 9:44-9:44

註釋:

 * rushed forward.
  15,20  Ga 5:15 

經文:

士師記 9:45-9:45

註釋:

 * he took.
  20 
 * beat.
  De 29:23  1Ki 12:25  2Ki 3:25  Ps 107:34  *marg: 
  Eze 47:11  Zep 2:9  Jas 2:13 
 * sowed.
   Salt in small quantities renders land extremely fertile; but
   too much of it destroys vegetation.  Every place, says Pliny,
   in which salt is found is barren, and produces nothing.  Hence
   the sowing of a place with salt was a custom in different
   nations to express permanent desolation.  Sigonius observes,
   that when Milan was taken, A.D. 1162, the walls were razed,
   and it was sown with salt.  And Brantome informs us, that it
   was an ancient custom in France, to sow the house of a man
   with salt, who had been declared a traitor to his king.
   Charles IX., king of France, the most base and perfidious of
   human beings, caused the house of Admiral Coligni (whom he and
   the Duke of Guise caused to be murdered, with thousands more
   of Protestants, on the eve of St. Bartholomew, 1572,) to be
   sown with salt!

經文:

士師記 9:46-9:46

註釋:

 * an hold.
  4,27  8:33  1Ki 8:26  2Ki 1:2-4  Ps 115:8  Isa 28:15-18  37:38 

經文:

士師記 9:47-9:47

註釋:

  47 

經文:

士師記 9:48-9:48

註釋:

 * Zalmon.
  Ps 68:14 
 * What ye.
  7:17,18  Pr 1:11,12 
 * me do.  Heb. I have done.

經文:

士師記 9:49-9:49

註釋:

 * put them.
  15,20  Ga 5:15  Jas 3:16 

經文:

士師記 9:50-9:50

註釋:

 * Thebez.
   According to Eusebius, thirteen miles from Shechem, towards
   Scythopolis.

  50 

經文:

士師記 9:51-9:51

註釋:

  51 

經文:

士師記 9:52-9:52

註釋:

  48,49  2Ki 14:10  15:16 

經文:

士師記 9:53-9:53

註釋:

 * woman.
  15,20  2Sa 11:21  20:21  Job 31:3  Jer 49:20  50:45 
 * and all to.
   An antiquated expression, meaning "full intention" to complete
   an object.  "All to," observes Dr. Johnson, "is a particle of
   mere enforcement."  The original is {wattaritz eth gulgalto,}
   which is simply as the LXX. render [kai eklase to kranion
   autou,] "and she brake his skull."  Plutarch relates, that
   Pyrrhus was killed at the siege of Thebes, by a piece of a
   tile, which a woman threw upon his head.

經文:

士師記 9:54-9:54

註釋:

 * Draw thy.
  1Sa 31:4,5 
 * And his young man.
   It was a disgrace to be killed by a woman.

經文:

士師記 9:55-9:55

註釋:

  2Sa 18:16  20:21,22  1Ki 22:35,36  Pr 22:10 

經文:

士師記 9:56-9:56

註釋:

 * God rendered.
   Both the fratricide Abimelech and the unprincipled men of
   Shechem had the iniquity visited upon them of which they had
   been guilty.  Man's judgment may be avoided; but there is no
   escape from that of God.  How many houses have been sown with
   salt in France, by the just judgment of God, for the massacre
   of the Protestants on the eve of St. Bartholomew!  See Note on
   ver. 45.

  24  Job 31:3  Ps 9:12  11:6  58:10,11  94:23  Pr 5:22  Mt 7:2 
  Ac 28:4  Ga 6:7  Re 19:20,21 

經文:

士師記 9:57-9:57

註釋:

 * upon them.
  20,45  Jos 6:26  1Ki 16:34 

經文:

士師記 10:1-10:1

註釋:

  1;  Tola judges Israel in Shamir.
  3;  Jair, whose thirty sons had thirty cities.
  6;  The Philistines and Ammonites oppress Israel.
 10;  In their misery God sends them to their false gods.
 15;  Upon their repentance he pities them.

 * A.M. 2772.  B.C. 1232.  An. Ex. Is. 259.  arose.
  2:16  3:9 
 * defend.  or, deliver.  Heb. save.  Shamir.
  Jos 15:48 

經文:

士師記 10:2-10:2

註釋:

  2 

經文:

士師記 10:3-10:3

註釋:

 * A.M. 2795.  B.C. 1209.  An. Ex. Is. 282.  a Gileadite.
  Ge 31:48  Nu 32:29 

經文:

士師記 10:4-10:4

註釋:

 * rode.
  5:10  12:14 
 * called.
  Nu 32:41  De 3:14 
 * Havoth-jair.  or, the villages of Jair.

經文:

士師記 10:5-10:5

註釋:

  5 

經文:

士師記 10:6-10:6

註釋:

 * A.M. 2817.  B.C. 1187.  An. Ex. Is. 304.  did evil.
  4:1  6:1  13:1 
 * A.M. 2799.  B.C. 1205.  An. Ex. Is. 286.  Baalim.
  2:11-14  3:7  2Ch 28:23  Ps 106:36 
 * the gods of Zidon.
  1Ki 11:5,7,33  16:31  2Ki 17:16,29-31  23:13 
 * the gods of the Philistines.
  16:23  1Sa 5:2  2Ki 1:2,3  Jer 2:13  Eze 16:25,26 

經文:

士師記 10:7-10:7

註釋:

 * was hot.
  2:14  De 29:20-28  31:16-18  32:16-22  Jos 23:15,16  Ps 74:1 
  Na 1:2,6 
 * he sold.
  4:2  1Sa 12:9,10  Ps 44:12  Isa 50:1 

經文:

士師記 10:8-10:8

註釋:

 * that year.
  5  Isa 30:13  1Th 5:3 
 * oppressed.  Heb. crushed.

經文:

士師記 10:9-10:9

註釋:

 * passed.
  3:12,13  6:3-5  2Ch 14:9  20:1,2 
 * distressed.
  De 28:65  1Sa 28:15  2Ch 15:5 

經文:

士師記 10:10-10:10

註釋:

 * cried.
  3:9  1Sa 12:10  Ps 106:43,44  107:13,19,28 

經文:

士師記 10:11-10:11

註釋:

 * Did not I.
  2:1-3 
 * Egyptians.
  Ex 14:30  1Sa 12:8  Ne 9:9-11  Ps 78:51-53  106:8-11  Heb 11:29 
 * Amorites.
  Nu 21:21-25,35  Ps 135:10,11 
 * children.
  3:11-15 
 * Philistines.
  3:31 

經文:

士師記 10:12-10:12

註釋:

 * Zidonians.
  5:19-31 
 * Amalekites.
  6:3 
 * the Maonites.
   The LXX. have "the Midianites," which Dr. Wall thinks the true
   reading.  But the Maonites might be a tribe of Arabs,
   inhabitants of Maon.  (Jos 15:55.  1Sa 23:24, 25; 25:2,) which
   assisted Moab.

  2Ch 26:6,7  Ps 106:42,43 

經文:

士師記 10:13-10:13

註釋:

  2:12  De 32:15  1Ch 28:9  Jer 2:13  Jon 2:8 

經文:

士師記 10:14-10:14

註釋:

  De 32:26-28,37,38  1Ki 18:27,28  2Ki 3:13  Pr 1:25-27  Isa 10:3 
  Jer 2:28 

經文:

士師記 10:15-10:15

註釋:

 * We have sinned.
  2Sa 12:13  24:10  Job 33:27  Pr 28:13  1Jo 1:8-10 
 * do thou.
  Jos 9:25  1Sa 3:18  2Sa 10:12  15:26  Jon 2:4  3:9 
 * seemeth, etc.  Heb. is good in thine eyes.  deliver.
  2Sa 24:14  Job 34:31,32 

經文:

士師記 10:16-10:16

註釋:

 * they put.
  2Ch 7:14  15:8  33:15  Jer 18:7,8  Eze 18:30-32  Ho 14:1-3,8 
 * strange gods.  Heb. gods of strangers.  his soul.
  Ge 6:6  Ps 106:44,45  Isa 63:9  Jer 31:20  Ho 11:8  Lu 15:20  19:41 
  Joh 11:34  Eph 4:32  Heb 3:10  4:15 
 * grieved.  Heb. shortened.
   Not that there is any grief in God; he has infinite joy and
   happiness in himself, which cannot be broken in upon by either
   the sins or the miseries of his creatures.  Not that there is
   any change in God; for he is of one mind, and who can turn
   him?  But his goodness is his glory; by it he proclaims his
   name, and magnifies it; and as he is pleased to put himself
   into the relation of a father to his people, so he is pleased
   to represent his goodness to them by the compassion of a
   father to his children; for as he is the Father of lights, so
   is he the Father of mercies.

經文:

士師記 10:17-10:17

註釋:

 * gathered together.  Heb. cried together.  Mizpeh.
  11:11,29  Ge 31:49 

經文:

士師記 10:18-10:18

註釋:

 * What man.
  1:1  11:5-8  Isa 3:1-8  34:12 
 * he shall be.
  11:11  12:7  1Sa 17:25 

經文:

士師記 11:1-11:1

註釋:

  1;  The covenant between Jephthah and the Gileadites, that he
     should be their head.
 12;  The treaty of peace between him and the Ammonites is in
     vain.
 29;  Jephthah's vow.
 32;  His conquest of the Ammonites.
 34;  He performs his vow on his daughter.

 * Jephthah.
  Heb 11:32 
 * called Jephthae.  a mighty.
  6:12  2Ki 5:1 
 * an harlot.  Heb. a woman, an harlot.
   Probably {zonah} should be rendered as in Jos 2:1, a hostess,
   or inn-keeper:  so Targum of Jonathan, {wehoo bar ittetha
   pundekeetha,} "and he was the son of a woman, a
   tavern-keeper."  She was very probably a Canaanite, as she is
   called, ver. 2, a strange woman, {ishah achereth,} "a woman of
   another race;" and on this account his brethren drove him from
   the family, as not having a full right to the inheritance.

經文:

士師記 11:2-11:2

註釋:

 * thrust out.
  Ge 12:10  De 23:2  Ga 4:30 
 * a strange.
  Pr 2:16  5:3,20  6:24-26 

經文:

士師記 11:3-11:3

註釋:

 * from his brethren.  Heb. from the face of.  Tob.
   Probably the same as Ish-Tob; and appears to have been a part
   of Syria, near Zobah, Rehob, and Maachah, east of Jordan, and
   in the most northern part of the portion of Manasseh.  If so,
   it could not be far from Gilead, the country of Jephthah.
   This country is called Tobie or Tubin, 1; Mac 5:13; and the
   Jews who inhabited this district Tubieni, 2; Mac 12:17.  2; Sa
   10:6.

 * vain men.
  9:4  1Sa 22:2  27:2  30:22-24  Job 30:1-10  Ac 17:5 

經文:

士師記 11:4-11:4

註釋:

 * A.M. 2817.  B.C. 1187.  An. Ex. Is. 304.  in process of time.
   Heb. after days.
  4 

經文:

士師記 11:5-11:5

註釋:

 * made war.
  10:9,17,18 
 * to fetch.
  1Sa 10:27  11:6,7,12  Ps 118:22,23  Ac 7:35-39  1Co 1:27-29 

經文:

士師記 11:6-11:6

註釋:

  6 

經文:

士師記 11:7-11:7

註釋:

 * Did not ye hate.
  Ge 26:27  37:27  45:4,5  Pr 17:17  Isa 60:14  Ac 7:9-14  Re 3:9 

經文:

士師記 11:8-11:8

註釋:

 * the elders.
  Ex 8:8,28  9:28  10:17  1Ki 13:6  Lu 17:3,4 
 * we turn.
  10:18 

經文:

士師記 11:9-11:9

註釋:

 * If ye bring.
  Nu 32:20-29 

經文:

士師記 11:10-11:10

註釋:

 * The Lord.
  Ge 21:23  31:50  1Sa 12:5  Jer 29:23  42:5  Ro 1:9  2Co 11:31 
 * be witness.  be the hearer.
  Ge 16:5  31:53  De 1:16  1Sa 24:12 
 * if we do.
  Ex 20:7  Zec 5:4  Mal 3:5 

經文:

士師記 11:11-11:11

註釋:

 * head.
  8 
 * uttered.
  1Sa 23:9-12  1Ki 3:7-9  2Co 3:5  Jas 1:5,17 
 * Jephthah uttered.
   That is, upon his elevation, he immediately retired to his
   devotion, and in prayer spread the whole matter before God,
   both his choice to the office, and his execution of the
   office, as one that had his eye ever toward the Lord, and
   would do nothing without him; that leaned not to his own
   understanding or courage, but depended on the Almighty God,
   and his favour.  This is an ensample worthy of universal
   imitation; in All Our Ways, whether great or apparently
   subordinate, let us acknowledge God and seek his direction.
   So shall we make our way prosperous, and obtain that peace
   which passeth all understanding.  Jephthah opened his campaign
   with prayer.

 * before.
  10:17  20:1  1Sa 10:17  11:15 
 * Mizpeh.
   This Mizpeh was east of Jordan in the mountains of Gilead (Ge
   31:49); and hence called Mizpeh of Gilead (ver. 29), to
   distinguish it from another place of the same name, west of
   Jordan, in the tribe of Judah.

  Jos 15:38 

經文:

士師記 11:12-11:12

註釋:

 * sent messengers.
   In this Jephthah acted in accordance with the law of Moses;
   and hence the justice of his cause would appear more forcibly
   to the people.

  Nu 20:14  21:21  De 2:26  20:10,11  Pr 25:8,9  Mt 18:15,16 
 * What hast.
  2Ki 14:8-12 

經文:

士師記 11:13-11:13

註釋:

 * Because Israel.
  Nu 21:24-26  Pr 19:5,9 
 * from Arnon.
   That is, all the land which had belonged to the Amorites and
   Moabites.

 * Jabbok.
  Ge 32:22  De 2:37  3:16 

經文:

士師記 11:14-11:14

註釋:

 * again unto.
  Ps 120:7  Ro 12:18  Heb 12:14  1Pe 3:11 

經文:

士師記 11:15-11:15

註釋:

 * Israel took.
  Nu 21:13-15,27-30  De 2:9,19  2Ch 20:10  Ac 24:12,13 

經文:

士師記 11:16-11:16

註釋:

 * But when.
   The whole of these messages shew, Jephthah had well studied
   the book of Moses.  His arguments also are very clear and
   cogent, and his demands reasonable; for he only required that
   the Ammonites should cease to harass a people who had neither
   injured them, nor intended to do so.

 * walked.
  Nu 14:25  De 1:40  Jos 5:6 
 * came.
  Ge 14:7  Nu 13:26  20:1  De 1:46 

經文:

士師記 11:17-11:17

註釋:

 * sent messengers.
  Nu 20:14-21  De 2:4-8,29 
 * the king.
  De 2:9 
 * abode.
  Nu 20:1,16 

經文:

士師記 11:18-11:18

註釋:

 * went.
  Nu 20:22  21:10-13  33:37-44  De 2:1-8 
 * compassed.
  Nu 21:4-9 
 * came by.
  Nu 21:11 
 * pitched.
  Nu 21:13  22:36 

經文:

士師記 11:19-11:19

註釋:

  Nu 21:21-35  De 2:26-34  3:1-17  Jos 13:8-12 

經文:

士師記 11:20-11:20

註釋:

  Nu 21:23  De 2:32 
 * Lord God.
  Ne 9:22  Ps 135:10-12  136:17-21 
 * they smote.
  Nu 21:24,25  De 2:33,34 
 * so Israel.
  Jos 13:15-32 

經文:

士師記 11:21-11:21

註釋:

  21 

經文:

士師記 11:22-11:22

註釋:

 * And they.
  De 2:36 
 * from the wilderness.
   From Arabia Deserta on the east, to Jordan on the west.

經文:

士師記 11:23-11:23

註釋:

   Jephthah shews that the Israelites did not take the land of
   the Moabites or Ammonites, but that of the Amorites, which
   they had conquered from Sihon their king; and although the
   Amorites had taken the lands in question from the Ammonites,
   yet the title by which Israel held them was good, because they
   took them, not from the Ammonites, but from the Amorites.

  23 

經文:

士師記 11:24-11:24

註釋:

 * Wilt not thou possess.
   This is simply an {argumentum ad hominem;} in which Jephthah
   argues on this principles recognized by the king of Ammon.  As
   if he had said, "You suppose that the land which you possess
   was given you by your god Chemosh; and therefore will not
   relinquish what you believe you hold by a divine right.  Now
   we know that Jehovah, our God, has given us the land of the
   Israelites; and therefore we will not give it up."

 * Chemosh.
  Nu 21:29  1Ki 11:7  Jer 48:7,46 
 * whomsoever.
  De 9:4,5  18:12  Jos 3:10  Ps 44:2  78:55  Mic 4:5 

經文:

士師記 11:25-11:25

註釋:

 * Balak.
  Nu 22:2-21  De 23:3,4  Jos 24:9,10  Mic 6:5 

經文:

士師記 11:26-11:26

註釋:

 * Heshbon.
  Nu 21:25-30  De 2:24  3:2,6  Jos 12:2,5  13:10 
 * Aroer.
  De 2:36 
 * three hundred.
  3:11,30  5:31  8:28  9:22  10:2,3,8  Jos 11:18  23:1 

經文:

士師記 11:27-11:27

註釋:

 * the Judge.
  Ge 18:25  1Sa 2:10  Job 9:15  23:7  Ps 7:11  50:6  75:7  82:8 
  Ps 94:2  98:9  Ec 11:9  12:14  Joh 5:22,23  Ro 14:10-12  2Co 5:10 
  2Ti 4:8  Heb 12:23 
 * be judge.
  Ge 16:5  31:53  1Sa 24:12,15  Ps 7:8,9  2Co 11:11 

經文:

士師記 11:28-11:28

註釋:

  2Ki 14:11  Pr 16:18 

經文:

士師記 11:29-11:29

註釋:

 * the spirit.
  3:10  6:34  13:25  Nu 11:25  1Sa 10:10  16:13-15  1Ch 12:18 
 * Jephthah.
   "Jephthah seems to have been judge only of north-east Israel."

 * over Mizpeh.
  10:17 

經文:

士師記 11:30-11:30

註釋:

  Ge 28:20  Nu 30:2-16  1Sa 1:11  Ec 5:1,2,4,5 

經文:

士師記 11:31-11:31

註釋:

 * whatsoever, etc.  Heb. that which cometh forth, which shall
   come forth.  shall surely.
  Le 27:2,3,28,29  1Sa 1:11,28  2:18  14:24,44  Ps 66:13,14 
 * and I will.  or, or I will, etc.
   {Weh(8483)leetheehoo (936c)ah,} rather, as Dr. Randolph and others
   contend, "and I will offer Him (or to Him, i.e., Jehovah) a
   burnt offering;" for {hoo} may with much more propriety be
   referred to the person to whom the sacrifice was to be made,
   than to the thing to be sacrificed.  Unless understood in this
   way, or as the marginal reading, it must have been the vow of
   a heathen or a madman.  If a dog, or other uncleaned animal
   had met him, he could not have made it a burnt offering; or if
   his neighbour's wife, sons, etc., his vow gave him no right
   over them.

  Le 27:11,12  De 23:18  Ps 66:13  Isa 66:3 

經文:

士師記 11:32-11:32

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  1:4  2:18  3:10 

經文:

士師記 11:33-11:33

註釋:

 * Aroer.
  De 2:36 
 * Minnith.
   Situated, according to Eusebius, four miles from Heshbon,
   towards Philadelphia or Rabbath.

  Eze 27:17 
 * the plain.  or, Abel.

經文:

士師記 11:34-11:34

註釋:

 * Mizpeh.
  11  10:17 
 * his daughter.
  5:1-31  Ex 15:20  1Sa 18:6,7  Ps 68:25  148:11,12  150:4 
  Jer 31:4,13 
 * beside her.  or, he had not of his own either son or
   daughter.  Heb. of himself.  neither.
  Zec 12:10  Lu 7:12  8:42  9:38 

經文:

士師記 11:35-11:35

註釋:

 * rent his clothes.
  Ge 37:29,30,34,35  42:36-38  2Sa 13:30,31  18:33  Job 1:20 
 * have opened.
  Le 27:28,29  Nu 30:2-5  Ps 15:4  Ec 5:2-6 
 * I cannot.
  21:1-7  1Sa 14:44,45  Mt 14:7-9  Ac 23:14 

經文:

士師記 11:36-11:36

註釋:

 * forasmuch.
  16:28-30  2Sa 18:19,31  19:30  Ac 20:24  21:13  Ro 16:4  Php 2:30 

經文:

士師記 11:37-11:37

註釋:

 * go up and down.  Heb. go and go down.  bewail.
  1Sa 1:6  Lu 1:25 

經文:

士師記 11:38-11:38

註釋:

  38 

經文:

士師記 11:39-11:39

註釋:

 * did with.
   That Jephthah did not sacrifice his daughter, but consecrated
   her to the service of God in the tabernacle, in a state of
   celibacy, will we imagine be evident from the following
   consideration:--1.  Human sacrifices were ever an abomination
   to Jehovah, of which Jephthah could not be ignorant; and
   consequently he would neither have made such a vow, nor
   carried it into execution.  2.  We are expressly told (ver.
   29) that Jephthah was under the influence of the Spirit of
   God, which would effectually prevent him from embruing his
   hands in the blood of his own child.  3.  He had it in his
   power to redeem his daughter, (Le 27:4;) and surely his only
   child must have been of more value than thirty shekles.  4.
   Besides, who was to perform the horrid rite?  Not Jephthah
   himself, who was no priest, and in whom it would have been
   most unnatural and inhuman; and the priests would certainly
   have dissuaded him from it.  5.  The sacred historian informs
   us, that she bewailed her virginity, that she knew no man, and
   that the Israelitish women went yearly to comfort or lament
   with her.

  31  Le 27:28,29  De 12:31  Isa 66:3 
 * to his vow.
  1Sa 1:11,22,24,28  2:18 
 * custom.  or, ordinance.

經文:

士師記 11:40-11:40

註釋:

 * yearly.  Heb. from year to year.  lament.  or, to talk with.
  5:11 
 * four days.
  1Ki 9:25 

經文:

士師記 12:1-12:1

註釋:

  1;  The Ephraimites, quarrelling with Jephthah, and discerned
     by Shibboleth, are slain by the Gileadites.
  7;  Jephthah dies.
  8;  Ibzan, who had thirty sons, and thirty daughters;
 11;  and Elon;
 13;  and Abdon, who had forty sons, and thirty nephews, judge
     Israel.

 * gathered.  Heb. were called.  Wherefore.
  8:1  2Sa 19:41-43  Ps 109:4  Ec 4:4  Joh 10:32 
 * we will burn.
  14:15  15:6  Pr 27:3,4  Jas 3:16  4:1,2 

經文:

士師記 12:2-12:2

註釋:

 * I and my.
  11:12-33 

經文:

士師記 12:3-12:3

註釋:

 * put.
  9:17  1Sa 19:5  28:21  Job 13:14  Ps 119:109  Ro 16:4  Re 12:11 
 * wherefore.
  11:27  2Ch 13:12 

經文:

士師記 12:4-12:4

註釋:

 * and the men.
  11:10  Nu 32:39,40  De 3:12-17 
 * fugitives.
  1Sa 25:10  Ne 4:4  Ps 78:9  Pr 12:13  15:1 

經文:

士師記 12:5-12:5

註釋:

  3:28  7:24  Jos 2:7  22:11 

經文:

士師記 12:6-12:6

註釋:

 * Say now.
  Mt 26:73  Mr 14:70 
 * Shibboleth.  which signifieth a stream, or flood.
  Ps 69:2,15  Isa 27:12  *Heb: 
   {Shibboleth} also means an ear of corn, (Job 24:24,) and
   {sibboleth} signifies a burden, (Ex 6:6;) and a heavy burden
   they were obliged to bear who could not pronounce this test
   letter.  It is well known that several nations cannot
   pronounce certain letters.  The sound of th cannot be
   pronounced by the Persians, no more than by some of our
   Continental neighbours; though it is a common sound among the
   Arabians.  To this day, many of the German Jews cannot
   articulate [t] th, for which they substitute ss; thus for
   {baith,} a house, they say {baiss.}

 * there fell.
  Pr 17:14  18:19  Ec 10:12  Mt 12:25  Ga 5:15 
 * forty.
   {Arb(8469)m ooshenayim aleph,} "forty and two thousand."  Here the
   [w,] and, may mean simple addition; and this number may
   denote 2,040; and not 42,000.  At the last census of the
   Israelites (Nu 26:37) the whole tribe of Ephraim only amounted
   to 32,500, compared with which this last number appears far
   too great.

經文:

士師記 12:7-12:7

註釋:

  7 

經文:

士師記 12:8-12:8

註釋:

 * Ibzan.  A.M. 2823.  B.C. 1181.  An. Ex. Is. 310.
   "He seems to have been only a civil judge to do justice in
   North-east Israel."

 * Beth-lehem.
  Ge 15:19  1Sa 16:1  Mic 5:2  Mt 2:1 

經文:

士師記 12:9-12:9

註釋:

  14  10:4 

經文:

士師記 12:10-12:10

註釋:

  10 

經文:

士師記 12:11-12:11

註釋:

 * A.M. 2830.  B.C. 1174.  An. Ex. Is. 317.
   "A civil judge in North-east Israel."

  11 

經文:

士師記 12:12-12:12

註釋:

 * Aijalon.
  Jos 19:42  1Ch 6:69  8:13 

經文:

士師記 12:13-12:13

註釋:

 * A.M. 2840.  B.C. 1164.  An. Ex. Is. 327.
   "A civil judge also in North-east Israel."

  13 

經文:

士師記 12:14-12:14

註釋:

 * nephews.  Heb. sons' sons.  rode.
  5:10  10:4 

經文:

士師記 12:15-12:15

註釋:

 * A.M. 2848.  B.C. 1156.  An. Ex.Is. 335.  Pirathonite.
  2Sa 23:30 
 * in the mount.
  3:13,27  5:14  Ge 14:7  Ex 17:8  1Sa 15:7 

經文:

士師記 13:1-13:1

註釋:

  1;  Israel is delivered into the hands of Philistines.
  2;  An angel appears to Manoah's wife.
  8;  The angel appears to Manoah.
 15;  Manoah's sacrifices, whereby the angel is discovered.
 24;  Samson is born.

 * did.  Heb. added to commit, etc.
  2:11  3:7  4:1  6:1  10:6  Ro 2:6 
 * in the sight.
  Jer 13:23 
 * delivered.
   "This seems a partial captivity."

 * into the.
  1Sa 12:9 

經文:

士師記 13:2-13:2

註釋:

 * Zorah.
  Jos 15:33  19:41 
 * barren.
  Ge 16:1  25:21  1Sa 1:2-6  Lu 1:7 

經文:

士師記 13:3-13:3

註釋:

 * the angel.
  2:1  6:11,12  Ge 16:7-13  Lu 1:11,28-38 
 * but thou.
  Ge 17:16  18:10  1Sa 1:20  2Ki 4:16  Lu 1:13,31 

經文:

士師記 13:4-13:4

註釋:

 * drink not.
  14  Nu 6:2,3  Lu 1:15 
 * eat not.
  Le 11:27,47  Ac 10:14 

經文:

士師記 13:5-13:5

註釋:

 * no rasor.
  Nu 6:2,3,5  1Sa 1:11 
 * begin.
  1Sa 7:13  2Sa 8:1  1Ch 18:1 

經文:

士師記 13:6-13:6

註釋:

 * A man.
  De 33:1  Jos 14:6  1Sa 2:27  9:6  1Ki 17:18,24  2Ki 4:9,16 
  1Ti 6:11 
 * countenance was.
  Mt 28:3  Lu 9:29  Ac 6:15 
 * terrible.
  22  Ge 28:16,17  Ex 3:2,6  Da 8:17  10:5,11  Mt 28:4  Re 1:17 
 * but I asked, etc.
   The Vulgate renders this cause very differently, the negative
   Not being omitted:  {Quem c(976d) interrog(8373)sim quis esset, et
   unde venisset, et quo nomine vocaretur, noluit mihi dicere;
   sed hoc respondit, etc; "Whom when I asked who he was, and
   whence he came, and by what name he was called, would not tell
   me:  but this he said," etc.  The negative is also wanting in
   the Septuagint, as it is in the Complutensian Polyglott; [kai
   erouton auton pothen estin, kai to onoma auton, ouk apengeilen
   moi.]  "And I asked him whence he was, and his name, but he
   did not tell me."  This is also the reading of the Codex
   Alexandrinus; but the Septuagint in the London Polyglott, the
   Chaldee, Syriac, and Arabic, read the negative particle with
   the Hebrew text:  I asked Not his name, etc.

 * his name.
  17,18  Ge 32:29  Lu 1:19 

經文:

士師記 13:7-13:7

註釋:

  7 

經文:

士師記 13:8-13:8

註釋:

 * teach us.
  Job 34:32  Pr 3:5,6  Ac 9:6 

經文:

士師記 13:9-13:9

註釋:

 * hearkened.
  Ps 65:2  Mt 7:7-11 

經文:

士師記 13:10-13:10

註釋:

 * Behold.
  Joh 1:41,42  4:28,29 
 * the other day.
   {Byyom,} rather, "in this day," or "to-day," for the word
   other is not in the original, and it is probably that the
   angel appeared in the morning and evening of the same day.

經文:

士師記 13:11-13:11

註釋:

  11 

經文:

士師記 13:12-13:12

註釋:

 * How shall we order the child.  Heb. what shall be the manner
   of the child?
  Ge 18:19  Pr 4:4  22:6  Eph 6:4 
 * how shall we do unto him.  or, what shall he do?  Heb. what
   shall be his work?

經文:

士師記 13:13-13:13

註釋:

  13 

經文:

士師記 13:14-13:14

註釋:

 * neither.
  4 
 * all that I.
  De 12:32  Mt 28:20  Joh 2:5  15:14  2Th 3:4 

經文:

士師記 13:15-13:15

註釋:

 * let us.
  6:18,19  Ge 18:3-5 
 * until.
   Manoah, not knowing the quality of his guest, wished to do
   this as act of hospitality.

 * for thee.  Heb. before thee.

經文:

士師記 13:16-13:16

註釋:

 * I will not.
   As I am a spiritual being, I subsist not by earthly food; and
   cannot partake of your bounty.

 * and if, etc.
   Rather, "but if thou wilt offer," etc.

 * unto thee.
  23  6:26 

經文:

士師記 13:17-13:17

註釋:

  17 

經文:

士師記 13:18-13:18

註釋:

 * Why askest.
  6  Ge 32:29 
 * secret.  or, wonderful.
   It was because his name was secret that Manoah wished to know
   it.  But the angel does not say it was secret, but {hoo
   pailee,} "it is wonderful;" the very character given to the
   Messiah:  "His name shall be called {pailai,} Wonderful," Isa
   9:6.

經文:

士師記 13:19-13:19

註釋:

 * took.
  6:19,20  1Ki 18:30-38 
 * did wondrously.
   He acted according to His Name:  He, being wonderful,
   performed wonders; probably causing fire to arise out of the
   rock and consume the sacrifice, and then ascended in the
   flame.

  6:21  1Ki 18:38 

經文:

士師記 13:20-13:20

註釋:

 * when the flame.
  2Ki 2:11  Ps 47:5  Heb 1:3 
 * fell on.
  Ge 17:3  Le 9:24  1Ch 21:16,26  Eze 1:26,28  Da 10:9  Mt 17:6 

經文:

士師記 13:21-13:21

註釋:

 * knew.
  6:22  Ho 12:4,5 

經文:

士師記 13:22-13:22

註釋:

 * We shall.
  Ge 32:30  Ex 33:20  De 4:38  5:26  Isa 6:5 
 * we have.
  Joh 1:18  5:37 

經文:

士師記 13:23-13:23

註釋:

 * his wife.
  Ec 4:9,10  1Co 12:21 
 * he would not.
  Ge 4:4,5  Ps 86:17 
 * he have shewed.
  Ps 25:14  27:13  Pr 3:32  Joh 14:20,23  15:15 

經文:

士師記 13:24-13:24

註釋:

 * A.M. 2849.  B.C. 1155.  An. Ex. Is. 336.  Samson.
  Heb 11:32 
 * the child.
  1Sa 3:19  Lu 1:80  2:52 

經文:

士師記 13:25-13:25

註釋:

 * the Spirit.
  3:10  6:34  11:29  1Sa 11:6  Mt 4:1  Joh 3:34 
 * the camp of Dan.  Heb. Mahaneh-dan, as ch. 18:12.  between.
  18:11  Jos 15:33 

經文:

士師記 14:1-14:1

註釋:

  1;  Samson desires a wife of the Philistines.
  6;  In his journey he kills a lion.
  8;  In a second journey he finds honey in the carcase.
 10;  Samson's marriage feast.
 12;  His riddle by his wife is made known.
 19;  He spoils thirty Philistines.
 20;  His wife is married to another.

 * Timnath.
  Ge 38:12,13  Jos 15:10  19:43 
 * aw.
  Ge 6:2  34:1,2  2Sa 11:2  Job 31:1  Ps 119:37  1Jo 2:16 

經文:

士師記 14:2-14:2

註釋:

 * get her.
  Ge 21:21  24:2,3  34:4  38:6  2Ki 14:9 

經文:

士師記 14:3-14:3

註釋:

 * thy brethren.
  Ge 13:8  21:3,4,27 
 * uncircumcised.
  15:18  Ge 34:14  Ex 34:12-16  De 7:2,3  1Sa 14:6  17:26,36  31:4 
  2Sa 1:20 
 * she pleaseth me well.  Heb. she is right in mine eyes.

經文:

士師記 14:4-14:4

註釋:

 * it was of the Lord.
   That is, God permitted it, that it might be a means of
   bringing about the deliverance of Israel.  Such marriages were
   forbidden to the Israelites, to keep them separate from the
   idolatrous nations.

  Jos 11:20  1Ki 12:15  2Ki 6:33  2Ch 10:15  22:7  25:20  Ps 115:3 
 * had dominion.
  13:1  15:11  De 28:48 

經文:

士師記 14:5-14:5

註釋:

 * against him.  Heb. in meeting him.
  5 

經文:

士師記 14:6-14:6

註釋:

 * the Spirit.
  3:10  11:29  13:25  1Sa 11:6 
 * rent him.
   Now it is not intimated that he did this by his own natural
   strength; but by the supernatural strength communicated by the
   Spirit of the Lord coming mightily upon him; which strength
   was not at his own command, but was, by the will of God,
   attached to his hair and nazarate.

  15:8,15  16:30  1Sa 17:34-37,46  Zec 4:6  1Jo 3:8 
 * he told.
  Isa 42:2  Mt 11:29 

經文:

士師記 14:7-14:7

註釋:

  7 

經文:

士師記 14:8-14:8

註釋:

 * to take her.
  Ge 29:21  Mt 1:20 
 * a swarm.
   It is probable, that the flesh had been entirely consumed off
   the bones, which had become dry; and the body having been
   throw into some private place, (for Samson turned aside to
   visit it,) a swarm of bees had formed their combs in the
   cavity of the dry ribs, or region of the thorax; nor was it a
   more improper place than a hollow rock.

經文:

士師記 14:9-14:9

註釋:

  1Sa 14:25-30  Pr 25:15 

經文:

士師記 14:10-14:10

註釋:

 * made there.
  Ge 29:22  Es 1:7-22  Ec 10:19  Mt 22:2-4  Joh 2:9  Re 19:9 

經文:

士師記 14:11-14:11

註釋:

 * saw him.
  1Sa 10:23  16:6 
 * thirty.
  Mt 9:15  Joh 3:29 

經文:

士師記 14:12-14:12

註釋:

 * a riddle.
  1Ki 10:1  Ps 49:4  Pr 1:6  Eze 17:2  20:49  Mt 13:13,34  Lu 14:7 
  Joh 16:29  1Co 13:12  *marg: 
 * the seven.
  Ge 29:27,28  2Ch 7:8 
 * sheets.  or, shirts.
   This will receive illustration from Mr. Jackson's description
   of the Moorish dress:--"It resembles that of the ancient
   patriarchs, as represented in paintings; (but the paintings
   are taken from Asiatic models:)  that of the men consists of a
   red cap and turban, a ({kumja}) shirt, which hangs outside of
   the drawers, and comes below the knee; a ({caftan}) coat,
   which buttons close before, and down to the bottom with large
   open sleeves; over which, when they go out of doors, they
   throw carelessly, and sometimes elegantly, a {hayk,} or
   garment of white cotton, silk, or wool, five or six yards
   long, and five feet wide.  The Arabs often dispense with the
   {caftan,} and even with the shirt, wearing nothing but the
   {hayk.}"

  Mt 27:28  Mr 14:51,52 
 * change.
  Ge 45:22  2Ki 5:5,22  Mt 6:19  Jas 5:2 

經文:

士師記 14:13-14:13

註釋:

  13 

經文:

士師記 14:14-14:14

註釋:

 * Out of the eater.
  Ge 3:15  De 8:15,16  1Ki 17:6  2Ch 20:2,25  Isa 53:10-12  Ro 5:3-5 
  Ro 8:37  2Co 4:17  12:9,10  Php 1:12-20  Heb 2:14,15  12:10,11 
  Jas 1:2-4  1Pe 2:24 
 * they could.
  Pr 24:7  Mt 13:11  Ac 8:31 

經文:

士師記 14:15-14:15

註釋:

 * on the seventh day.
   The LXX. reads "on the fourth day;" with which the Syriac and
   Arabic agree.  This, as Dr. Wall observes, is certainly right;
   for it appears from ver. 17, that she wept the remainder of
   the seven days; for which there could have been no time, if
   they did not threaten her till the seventh.

 * Entice.
  16:5  Ge 3:1-6  Pr 1:11  5:3  6:26  Mic 7:5 
 * lest we burn.
  12:1  15:6 
 * take that we have.  Heb. possess us, or, impoverish us.

經文:

士師記 14:16-14:16

註釋:

 * Thou dost.
  16:15 
 * I have not.
  Ge 2:24 

經文:

士師記 14:17-14:17

註釋:

 * the seven,  or, the rest of the seven days.  she lay.
  16:6,13,16  Ge 3:6  Job 2:9  Pr 7:21  Lu 11:8  18:4,5 
 * and she told.
  Pr 2:16,17 

經文:

士師記 14:18-14:18

註釋:

  18 

經文:

士師記 14:19-14:19

註釋:

 * the Spirit.
  6  3:10  13:25  15:14  1Sa 11:6 
 * spoil.  or, apparel.

經文:

士師記 14:20-14:20

註釋:

 * given to.
  15:2 
 * his friend.
  Ps 55:12,13  Jer 9:5  Mic 7:5  Mt 26:49,50  Joh 3:29  13:18 

經文:

士師記 15:1-15:1

註釋:

  1;  Samson is denied his wife.
  3;  He burns the Philistines' corn with foxes and firebrands.
  6;  His wife and her father are burnt by the Philistines.
  7;  Samson smites them hip and thigh.
  9;  He is bound by the men of Judah, and delivered to the
     Philistines.
 14;  He kills them with a jawbone.
 18;  God makes the fountain En-hakkore for him in Lehi.

 * a kid.
  Ge 38:17  Lu 15:29 
 * I will go.
  Ge 6:4  29:21 

經文:

士師記 15:2-15:2

註釋:

 * I verily.
  14:16,20  Ac 26:9 
 * I gave.
  14:20  Ge 38:14 
 * take her.  Heb. let her be thine.

經文:

士師記 15:3-15:3

註釋:

 * Now shall, etc.  or, Now shall I be blameless from the
   Philistines, though, etc.
  14:15 

經文:

士師記 15:4-15:4

註釋:

 * caught three.
   Dr. Kennicott and others contend, that for {sh(8183)lim,} "foxes,"
   we should read {sh(9483)lim,} "handfuls," or sheaves of corn.
   But, 1.  The word {lachad,} rendered caught, never signifies
   simply to get or take but always to catch, seize, or take by
   assault or stratagem.  2.  Though the proposed alteration is
   sanctioned by seven MSS., yet all the versions are on the
   other side.  3.  Admitting this alteration, it will be
   difficult to prove that the word {sh(9483)l} means either a sheaf
   or a handful of corn in the ear, and straw.  It occurs but
   thrice in Scriptures (1; Ki 20:10.  Isa 40:12.  Eze 13:9):
   where it evidently means as much as can be contained in the
   hollow of the hand; but when handfuls of grain in the shock,
   or sheaves are intended, very different words are used.  See
   Ru 2.15, 16, etc.  4.  It is not hinted that Samson collected
   them alone, or in one day; he might have employed many hands
   and several days in the work.  5.  The word {sh(8183)l} properly
   denotes the jackal, which travellers describe as an animal in
   size between the wolf and fox, gregarious, as many as 200
   having been seen together, and the most numerous of any in
   eastern countries; so that Samson might have caught many of
   them together in nets.

  Ps 63:10  So 2:15  La 5:18 
 * firebrands.  or, torches.

經文:

士師記 15:5-15:5

註釋:

 * he let them go.
  Ex 22:6  2Sa 14:30 

經文:

士師記 15:6-15:6

註釋:

 * and burnt.
  12:1  14:15  Pr 22:8  1Th 4:6 

經文:

士師記 15:7-15:7

註釋:

 * Though.
  14:4,19  Ro 12:19 

經文:

士師記 15:8-15:8

註釋:

  Isa 25:10  63:3,6 

經文:

士師記 15:9-15:9

註釋:

 * Lehi.
  17,19 

經文:

士師記 15:10-15:10

註釋:

  10 

經文:

士師記 15:11-15:11

註釋:

 * went.  Heb. went down.  the rock Etam.
   Probably near the town Etam, mentioned in 1; Ch 4:32.

 * Philistines.
  13:1  14:4  De 28:13,47,48  Ps 106:41 

經文:

士師記 15:12-15:12

註釋:

 * to bind thee.
  Mt 27:2  Ac 7:25 
 * fall.
  8:21  1Ki 2:25,34 

經文:

士師記 15:13-15:13

註釋:

  13 

經文:

士師記 15:14-15:14

註釋:

 * the Philistines.
  5:30  16:24  Ex 14:3,5  1Sa 4:5  Job 20:5  Mic 7:8 
 * the Spirit.
  3:10  14:6,19  Zec 4:6 
 * the cords.
  16:9,12  1Sa 17:35  Ps 18:34  118:11  Php 4:3 
 * loosed.  Heb. were melted.

經文:

士師記 15:15-15:15

註釋:

 * new jaw-bone.  Heb. moist.  slew.
  3:31  4:21  7:16  Le 26:8  Jos 23:10  1Sa 14:6,14  17:49,50 
  1Co 1:27,28 
 * a thousand.
   Some would render the words {aileph ish,} "a chief;" but it is
   {alluph,} and not {aileph,} which signifies a chief; besides
   which, the Hebrew idiom would, even in that case, require it
   to be {ish alluph,} "a man, a chief," and not {alluph ish,} "a
   chief, a man."  Add to which, that every version renders it "a
   thousand men."

經文:

士師記 15:16-15:16

註釋:

 * with the jaw-bone.
   There is here a fine paronomasia upon the word {chamor,} "an
   ass," which also signifies "a heap;" {bilchee hachamor, chamor
   chamorathayim,} "With the jaw-bone of an ass, a heap upon two
   heaps."

 * heaps upon heaps.  Heb. an heap, two heaps.
  16 

經文:

士師記 15:17-15:17

註釋:

 * Ramath-lehi.  that is, the lifting up of the jaw-bone, or,
   the casting away of the jaw-bone.
  17 

經文:

士師記 15:18-15:18

註釋:

 * he was sore.
  8:4  Ps 22:14,15  Joh 19:28  2Co 4:8,9 
 * Thou hast given.
  Ps 3:7,8  18:31-40 
 * shall.
  Ge 32:31  2Co 12:7,8 
 * and fall.
  Ge 12:12,13  20:11  1Sa 27:1  2Co 1:8,9  Heb 11:32 
 * the uncircumcised.
  1Sa 17:26,36  2Sa 1:20 

經文:

士師記 15:19-15:19

註釋:

 * the jaw.  or, Lehi.
   This reading is certainly preferable:  it was in the place
   called Lehi where a spring was supernaturally opened.

 * there came.
  Isa 44:3 
 * his spirit.
  Ge 45:27  1Sa 30:12  Isa 40:26 
 * En-hakkore.
   Samson gave this expressive name to the miraculously springing
   water, to be as a memorial of the goodness of God to him.
   En-hakkore, the well of him that cried, which kept him in
   remembrance both of his own distress which caused him to cry,
   and the favour of Jehovah to him in answer to his cry.  Many a
   spring of comfort God opens to his people, which may fitly be
   called by the name En-hakkore:  and this instance of Samson's
   relief should encourage us to trust in God, for when he
   pleases he can open rivers in high places.

  Isa 41:17,18 
   Samson at first gave the name of Ramath-lehi (the lifting up
   of the jaw-bone) which denoted him great and triumphant:  but
   now he gives it another name, En-hakkore, which denotes him
   wanting and dependent.

  Ge 16:13, 22:14  28:19  30:30  Ex 17:15  Ps 34:6  120:1 

經文:

士師記 15:20-15:20

註釋:

  13:1,5  16:31 
   "He seems to have judged South-west Israel during twenty years
   of their servitude of the Philistines."

經文:

士師記 16:1-16:1

註釋:

  1;  Samson at Gaza escapes, and carries away the gates of the
     city.
  4;  Delilah, corrupted by the Philistines, entices Samson.
  6;  Thrice she is deceived.
 15;  At last she overcomes him.
 21;  The Philistines take him, and put out his eyes.
 22;  His strength renewing he pulls down the house upon the
     Philistines, and dies.

 * Gaza.
   Gaza, a city of great antiquity, was situated between Raphia
   and Askelon, twenty-two miles north of the former, and sixteen
   south of of the latter, according to the Antonine Itinerary;
   three miles from the sea, according to Arrian, and thirty-four
   from Ashdod or Azotus, according to Diodorus Siculus.  It was
   a place of great strength and importance; and successively
   belonged to the Philistines, Hebrews, Chaldeans, and Persians;
   which latter defended it for two months against Alexander the
   great, who finally took and destroyed it.  It was afterwards
   rebuilt, and alternately possessed by the Egyptians, Syrians,
   and Jews.  The present town, which the Arabs call Razza, is
   situated on an eminence, and is rendered picturesque by the
   number of fine minarets which rise majestically above the
   buildings, with beautiful date trees interspersed.  It
   contains upwards of 2,000; inhabitants.

  Ge 10:19  Jos 15:47 
 * an harlot.  Heb. a woman an harlot.  and went
  Ge 38:16-18  Ezr 9:1,2 

經文:

士師記 16:2-16:2

註釋:

 * compassed.
  1Sa 19:11  23:26  Ps 118:10-12  Ac 9:24  2Co 11:32,33 
 * quite.  Heb. silent.  kill him.
  15:18  Mt 21:38  27:1  Ac 23:15 

經文:

士師記 16:3-16:3

註釋:

 * took.
  Ps 107:16  Isa 63:1-5  Mic 2:13  Ac 2:24 
 * bar and all.  Heb. with the bar.

經文:

士師記 16:4-16:4

註釋:

 * he loved.
  1Ki 11:1  Ne 13:26  Pr 22:14  23:27  26:11  27:22  1Co 10:6 
 * in the valley.  or, by the brook.

經文:

士師記 16:5-16:5

註釋:

 * the lords.
  3:3  Jos 13:3  1Sa 29:6 
 * Entice.
  14:15  Pr 2:16-19  5:3-11  6:24-26  7:21-27  1Co 6:15-18 
 * afflict.  or, humble.  we will.
  17:2  Ge 33:16  Nu 22:17,18  Mic 7:3  Mt 26:15  1Ti 6:9,10 

經文:

士師記 16:6-16:6

註釋:

  Ps 12:2  Pr 6:26  7:21  22:14  26:28  Jer 9:2-5  Mic 7:2,5 

經文:

士師記 16:7-16:7

註釋:

 * If they bind.
  10  1Sa 19:17  21:2,3  27:10  Pr 12:19  17:7  Ro 3:8  Ga 6:7  Col 3:9 
 * green withs.  or, new cords.  Heb. moist.  another.  Heb.
   one.

經文:

士師記 16:8-16:8

註釋:

 * bound him.
  Ec 7:26 

經文:

士師記 16:9-16:9

註釋:

 * toucheth.  Heb. smelleth.
  Ps 58:9 

經文:

士師記 16:10-16:10

註釋:

 * now tell me.
  7,13,15-17  Pr 23:7,8  24:28  Eze 33:31  Lu 22:48 

經文:

士師記 16:11-16:11

註釋:

 * If they bind me.
  Pr 13:3,5  29:25  Eph 4:25 
 * that never, etc.  Heb. wherewith work hath not been done.

經文:

士師記 16:12-16:12

註釋:

  12 

經文:

士師記 16:13-16:13

註釋:

 * with the web.
   It is evident that this verse ends abruptly, and does not
   contain a full sense.  Houbigant has particularly noticed
   this, and corrected the text from the Septuagint:  which adds
   after these words, [kai enkrouses to passalo eis ton toichou,
   kai esomai hos eis ton anthropon asthenes kai egeneto en to
   koimasthai auton kai elabe Dalida tas hepta seiras tes
   kephales autou, kai hyphanen en to diasmati, k.t.l.] "and
   shall fasten them with the pin in the wall, I shall become
   weak like other men:  and so it was, that when he slept,
   Dalida took the seven locks of his head, and wove them with
   the web," etc.  This is absolutely necessary to complete the
   sense; else Delilah would appear to do something she was not
   ordered to do, and to omit what she was commanded.  Dr.
   Kennicott very judiciously observes, that the omission, for
   such it appears to be, begins and ends with the same word; and
   that the same word occurring in different places, is a very
   common cause of omission in Hebrew manuscripts.

  13 

經文:

士師記 16:14-16:14

註釋:

 * went away.
  Ezr 9:13,14  Ps 106:43 

經文:

士師記 16:15-16:15

註釋:

 * How canst.
  14:16  Pr 2:16  5:3-14 
 * when thine.
  Ge 29:20  De 6:5  1Sa 15:13,14  2Sa 16:17  Pr 23:26  So 8:6,7 
  Joh 14:15,21-24  15:10  2Co 5:14,15  1Jo 2:15,16  5:3 

經文:

士師記 16:16-16:16

註釋:

 * she pressed.
  Pr 7:21-23,26,27  Lu 11:8  18:5 
 * vexed.  Heb. shortened.
  Job 21:4  *marg: 
  Jon 4:9  Mr 14:24 

經文:

士師記 16:17-16:17

註釋:

 * all his heart.
  Pr 12:23  29:12  Mic 7:5 
 * There hath.
  13:5  Nu 6:5  Ac 18:18 

經文:

士師記 16:18-16:18

註釋:

 * Come up.
  Ps 62:9  Pr 18:8  Jer 9:4-6 
 * brought money.
  5  Nu 22:7  1Ki 21:20  Mt 26:15  Eph 5:5  1Ti 6:10 

經文:

士師記 16:19-16:19

註釋:

 * she made.
  Pr 7:21-23,26,27  23:33,34  Ec 7:26 

經文:

士師記 16:20-16:20

註釋:

 * I will go.
  3,9,14  De 32:30  Isa 42:24  Ho 7:9 
 * the Lord.
  Nu 14:9,42,43  Jos 7:12  1Sa 16:14  18:12  28:14-16  2Ch 15:2 
  Isa 59:1,2  Jer 9:23,24  Mt 17:16,20  2Co 3:5 

經文:

士師記 16:21-16:21

註釋:

 * and put out.  Heb. and bored out.
  Pr 5:22  14:14  2:19 
 * bound him.
  2Ki 25:7  2Ch 33:11  Ps 107:10-12  149:8 
 * grind.
  Ex 11:5  Isa 47:2  Mt 24:41 

經文:

士師記 16:22-16:22

註釋:

 * the hair.
  Le 26:44  De 32:36  Ps 106:44,45  107:13,14 
 * after he was shaven.  or, as when he was shaven.

經文:

士師記 16:23-16:23

註釋:

 * Dagon.
  1Sa 5:2-5  Jer 2:11  Mic 4:5  Ro 1:23-25  1Co 8:4,5  10:20 
 * to rejoice.
  Job 30:9,10  Ps 35:15,16  Pr 24:17 

經文:

士師記 16:24-16:24

註釋:

 * praised.
  De 32:27  Isa 37:20  Eze 20:14  Da 5:4,23  Hab 1:16  Re 11:10 
 * which slew many of us.  Heb. and who multiplied our slain.
  15:8,16 

經文:

士師記 16:25-16:25

註釋:

 * their hearts.
  9:27  18:20  19:6,9  2Sa 13:28  1Ki 20:12  Es 3:15  Isa 22:13 
  Da 5:2,3  Mt 14:6,7 
 * them.  Heb. before them.  sport.
  Job 30:9,10  Ps 35:15,16  69:12,26  Pr 24:17,18  Mic 7:8-10 
  Mt 26:67,68  27:29,39-44  Heb 11:36 

經文:

士師記 16:26-16:26

註釋:

  26 

經文:

士師記 16:27-16:27

註釋:

 * and there.
   "Samson, therefore," says Dr. Shaw, "must have been in a court
   or area below; and consequently the temple will be of the same
   kind with the ancient, [temene,] or sacred enclosures, which
   were only surrounded either in part, or on all sides, with
   some plain or cloistered buildings.  Several palaces,
   {doutwanas,} (as the courts of justice are called in those
   countries) are built in this fashion.  On their public
   festivals and rejoicings, the roofs of these cloisters are
   crowded with spectators.  I have often seen numbers of people
   diverted in this manner on the roof of the dey's palace at
   Algiers; which, like many others, has an advanced cloister,
   over against the gate of the palace, like a long pent-house,
   supported by one or two contiguous pillars in front, or
   centre."

 * the roof.
  9:51  De 22:8  Jos 2:8  2Sa 11:2 

經文:

士師記 16:28-16:28

註釋:

 * called.
  2Ch 20:12  Ps 50:15  91:15  116:4  La 3:31,32  Heb 11:32 
 * remember me.
  Ps 74:18-23  Jon 2:1,2,7  Jer 15:15 
 * that I may.
  5:31  Ps 58:10,11  143:12  2Ti 4:14  Re 6:10 

經文:

士師記 16:29-16:29

註釋:

 * on which it was borne up.  or, he leaned on them.
  29 

經文:

士師記 16:30-16:30

註釋:

 * me.  Heb. my soul.  die.
  Mt 16:25  Ac 20:24  21:13  Php 2:17,30  Heb 12:1-4 
 * and the house.
  Job 20:5  31:3  Ps 62:3  Ec 9:12  Mt 24:38,39  1Th 5:2 
 * So the dead.
  14:19  15:8,15  Ge 3:15  Php 2:8  Col 2:15  Heb 2:14,15 

經文:

士師記 16:31-16:31

註釋:

 * his brethren.
  Joh 19:39-42 
 * between Zorah.
  13:2,25  Jos 19:41 
 * And he judged.
  15:20 

經文:

士師記 17:1-17:1

註釋:

  1;  Of the money that Micah first stole, then restored, his
     mother makes images;
  5;  and he ornaments for them.
  7;  He hires a Levite to be his priest.

 * A.M. 2585.  B.C. 1419.  An. Ex. Is. 72.  there was.
   It is extremely difficult to fix the chronology of this and
   the following transactions.  Some think them to be here in
   their natural order; others that they happened in the time of
   Joshua, or immediately after the ancients who outlived him.
   All that can be said with certainly is, that they happened
   when there was no king in Israel; that is, about the time of
   the judges, or in some time of the anarchy.  (ver. 6.)

 * mount.
  10:1  Jos 15:9  17:14-18 

經文:

士師記 17:2-17:2

註釋:

 * about, etc.
   Houbigant renders this, "and for which you put me to my oath."

 * cursedst.
  5:23  De 27:16  1Sa 14:24,28  26:19  Ne 13:25  Jer 48:10  Mt 26:74 
  Ro 9:3  1Co 16:22 
 * I took it.
  Pr 28:24 
 * Blessed.
  Ge 14:19  24:30,31  Ex 20:7  Ru 3:10  1Sa 23:21  Ne 13:25  Ps 10:3 
  2Jo 1:11 

經文:

士師記 17:3-17:3

註釋:

 * I had wholly.
  13  18:5  Isa 66:3 
 * a graven image.
  Ex 20:4,23  Le 19:4  De 12:3  Ps 115:4-8  Isa 40:18-25  44:9-20 
  Jer 10:3-5,8  Hab 2:18,19  Joh 16:2 

經文:

士師記 17:4-17:4

註釋:

 * two hundred.
  Isa 46:6,7  Jer 10:9,10 

經文:

士師記 17:5-17:5

註釋:

 * an house of gods.  or, as baith Elohim may also signify, "a
   house of God."
  18:24  Ge 31:30  Ezr 1:7  Ho 8:14 
 * ephod.
  8:27  18:14  Ex 28:4,15  1Sa 23:6 
 * teraphim.
  Ge 31:19,30  *marg: 
  Ho 3:4 
 * consecrated.  Heb. filled the hand.
  Ex 29:9  1Ki 12:31  13:33,34  Heb 5:4 
 * his sons.
  Ex 24:5 

經文:

士師記 17:6-17:6

註釋:

 * no king.
  18:1  19:1  21:3,25  Ge 36:31  De 33:5 
 * right.
  De 12:8  Ps 12:4  Pr 12:15  14:12  16:2  Ec 11:9  Jer 44:16,17 

經文:

士師記 17:7-17:7

註釋:

 * Beth-lehem-judah.
  19:1,2  Ge 35:19  Jos 19:15  Ru 1:1,2  Mic 5:2  Mt 2:1,5,6 
 * of the family.
   That is, of the tribe of Judah by his mother; and of that of
   Levi by his father.

經文:

士師記 17:8-17:8

註釋:

 * departed.
  11  Ne 13:10,11 
 * as he journeyed.  Heb. in making his way.

經文:

士師記 17:9-17:9

註釋:

  9 

經文:

士師記 17:10-17:10

註釋:

 * a father.
  11  18:19  Ge 45:8  2Ki 6:21  8:8,9  13:14  Job 29:16  Isa 22:21 
 * I will give.
  18:20  1Sa 2:36  Eze 13:19  Mt 26:15  Joh 12:6  1Ti 6:10  1Pe 5:2 
 * a suit of apparel.  or, a double suit, etc.  Heb. an order of
   garments.

經文:

士師記 17:11-17:11

註釋:

  11 

經文:

士師記 17:12-17:12

註釋:

 * consecrated.
  5 
 * his priest.
  18:30  Nu 16:5,8-10  1Ki 12:31  13:33,34 

經文:

士師記 17:13-17:13

註釋:

  Pr 14:12  Isa 44:20  66:3,4  Mt 15:9,13  Joh 16:2  Ac 26:9 
  Ro 10:2,3 

經文:

士師記 18:1-18:1

註釋:

  1;  The Danites send five men to seek out an inheritance.
  3;  At the house of Micah they consult with Jonathan, and are
     encouraged on their way.
  7;  They search Laish, and bring back news of good hope.
 11;  Six hundred men are sent to surprise it.
 14;  In their way they rob Micah of his priest and his
     consecrated things.
 27;  They win Laish, and call it Dan.
 30;  They set up idolatry, wherein Jonathan inherits the
     priesthood.

 * no king.
   The word {mailech,} which generally means a king, is sometimes
   taken for a supreme ruler, governor, or judge (see Ge 36:31.
   De 33:5;) and it is probable it should be so understood here,
   and in the parallel passages.

  17:6  19:1  21:25 
 * the tribe.
  Jos 19:40-48 
 * for unto.
  1:34 

經文:

士師記 18:2-18:2

註釋:

 * men.  Heb. sons.  Zorah.
  8,11  13:2,25  16:31  Ge 42:9  Jos 19:41 
 * to spy.
  Nu 13:17  Jos 2:1  Pr 20:18  Lu 14:31 
 * mount.
  17:1  19:1,18  Jos 17:15-18 

經文:

士師記 18:3-18:3

註釋:

 * they knew.
   They knew by his dialect or mode of pronunciation, that he was
   not an Ephraimite:  see the parallel texts.

  12:6  Ge 27:22  Mt 26:73 
 * and what hast.
  Isa 22:16 

經文:

士師記 18:4-18:4

註釋:

 * hired me.
  17:10  Pr 28:21  Isa 56:11  Eze 13:19  Ho 4:8,9  Mal 1:10 
  Joh 10:12,13  Ac 8:18-21  20:33  1Ti 3:3  Tit 1:11  2Pe 2:3,14,15 

經文:

士師記 18:5-18:5

註釋:

 * Ask counsel.
  1Ki 22:5  2Ki 16:15  Isa 30:1  Eze 21:21  Ho 4:12  Ac 8:10 
 * of God.
  14  17:5,13 

經文:

士師記 18:6-18:6

註釋:

 * Go in peace.
  1Ki 22:6,12,15  Jer 23:21,22,32 
 * before.
  De 11:12  Ps 33:18  1Th 3:11 
 * the Lord.
   As the Levite uses the word Jehovah, and as the Danites
   succeeded according to the oracle delivered by him, some
   learned men are of opinion, that the worship established by
   Micah was not of an idolatrous kind.

經文:

士師記 18:7-18:7

註釋:

error in strong number parsing >] {adam,} man,
   ['Ar(836d) <See definition 0758>]
   {aram,} Syria; words so nearly similar that the only
   difference between them is in the [R(8879)sh,] {raish,} and
   [D(836c)eth,] daleth, which in both MSS. and printed books is
   sometimes indiscernible.  Laish was situated on the frontiers
   of Syria.

 
經文:

士師記 18:8-18:8

註釋:

 * Zorah and Eshtaol.
  2,11  13:2  16:31 

經文:

士師記 18:9-18:9

註釋:

 * Arise.
  Nu 13:30  14:7-9  Jos 2:23,24 
 * are ye still.
  1Ki 22:23 
 * be not.
  Jos 18:3  1Sa 4:9  2Sa 10:12  Joh 6:27  Heb 6:11,12  2Pe 1:10,11 

經文:

士師記 18:10-18:10

註釋:

 * secure.
  7,27 
 * God hath.
  De 2:29  4:1  Jos 6:16 
 * where there.
  Ex 3:8  De 8:7-9  11:11,12  Eze 20:6  1Ti 6:17 

經文:

士師記 18:11-18:11

註釋:

 * appointed.  Heb. girded.
  11 

經文:

士師記 18:12-18:12

註釋:

 * Kirjath-jearim.
   A city of Judah, on the confines of Benjamin; distant nine
   miles from (926c)ia or Jerusalem, in going towards Diospolis or
   Lydda, according to Eusebius.

  Jos 15:60  1Sa 7:1  1Ch 13:5,6  2Ch 1:4 
 * Mahaneh-dan.
  13:25  *marg: 

經文:

士師記 18:13-18:13

註釋:

 * mount Ephraim.
  2,3  17:1  19:1  Jos 24:30,33 

經文:

士師記 18:14-18:14

註釋:

 * Then.
  1Sa 14:28 
 * in these.
  3,4  17:5 
 * now therefore.
  Pr 19:27  Isa 8:19,20 

經文:

士師記 18:15-18:15

註釋:

 * saluted him.  Heb. asked him of peace.
  Ge 37:14  43:27  1Sa 17:22  *marg: 
  2Ki 4:26  Mt 10:12,13  Lu 10:4-6  Joh 14:27 

經文:

士師記 18:16-18:16

註釋:

 * six hundred.
  11 

經文:

士師記 18:17-18:17

註釋:

 * five men.
  2,14 
 * the graven.
  6:31  17:4,5  Ex 32:20  1Sa 4:11  6:2-9  2Ki 19:18,19  Isa 46:1,2,7 

經文:

士師記 18:18-18:18

註釋:

  18 

經文:

士師記 18:19-18:19

註釋:

 * lay thine.
   This was the token of silence.  These men were evidently very
   ignorant; and absurdly concluded that they should, by taking
   Micah's gods, secure the presence and favour of the God of
   Israel, in their expedition and settlement.  They perhaps
   supposed the piety of their motives, and the goodness of their
   end, would justify the means.  But it was a base robbery of
   Micah, aggravated by the Levite's ingratitude, and their
   menaces.

  Job 21:5  29:9  40:4,5  Pr 30:32  Mic 7:16 
 * a father.
  17:10  2Ki 6:21  8:8,9  13:14  Mt 23:9 

經文:

士師記 18:20-18:20

註釋:

 * heart.
  17:10  Pr 30:15  Isa 56:11  Eze 13:19  Ho 4:3  Ac 20:33  Php 3:19 
  2Pe 2:3,15,16 
 * went.
   He was glad of his preferment among the Danites; and went into
   the crowd, that he might not be discovered by Micah or his
   family.

經文:

士師記 18:21-18:21

註釋:

 * and put.
   These men were so confident of success, that they removed
   their whole families, household goods, cattle, and all.

 * the carriage.
   {Kevoodah,} from {kavad,} to be heavy, denotes the luggage or
   baggage.

  21 

經文:

士師記 18:22-18:22

註釋:

  22 

經文:

士師記 18:23-18:23

註釋:

 * What aileth.
  Ge 21:17  1Sa 11:5  2Sa 14:5  2Ki 6:28  Ps 114:5  Isa 22:1 
 * comest.  Heb. art gathered together.

經文:

士師記 18:24-18:24

註釋:

 * what have.
  17:13  Ps 115:8  Isa 44:18-20  Jer 50:38  51:17  Eze 23:5 
  Hab 2:18,19  Ac 19:26  Re 17:2 

經文:

士師記 18:25-18:25

註釋:

 * angry.  Heb. bitter of soul.
  1Sa 30:6  2Sa 17:8  Job 3:5  27:2  *marg: 

經文:

士師記 18:26-18:26

註釋:

  26 

經文:

士師記 18:27-18:27

註釋:

 * Laish.
  7,10 
 * they smote.
  De 33:22  Jos 19:47 
 * burnt.
  Jos 11:11 

經文:

士師記 18:28-18:28

註釋:

 * And there.
  2Sa 14:6  *marg: 
  Ps 7:2  50:22  Da 3:15-17 
 * far from.
   Probably the people of Laish were originally a colony of the
   Zidonians; who being an opulent people, and in possession of a
   strong city, lived in a state of security, not being afraid of
   their neighbours.  In this the Leshemites imitated them,
   though they appear not to have had the same reason for their
   confidence; and though they might naturally expect help from
   their countrymen, yet as they lived at a considerable distance
   from Sidon, the Danites saw they could strike the blow before
   the news of the invasion could reach that city.

  1,7  Jos 11:8  Isa 23:4,12 
 * Beth-rehob.
  Nu 13:21 
 * Rehob.
  2Sa 10:6 

經文:

士師記 18:29-18:29

註釋:

 * Dan.
  20:1  Ge 14:14  Jos 19:47  2Sa 17:11  1Ki 12:29,30  15:20 
 * who was.
  Ge 30:6  32:28 
   Laish, or Dan, was situated at the northern extremity of the
   land of Canaan, in a beautiful and fertile plain, at the foot
   of mount Lebanon, on the springs of Jordan, and, according to
   Eusebius, four miles from C(9173)area Philippi, or Paneas, now
   Banias, (with which some have confounded it,) towards Tyre.
   Burckhardt says, that the source of the river El Dhan, or
   Jordan, is at an hour's distance from Banias, which agrees
   with Eusebius.

經文:

士師記 18:30-18:30

註釋:

error in strong number parsing >"]
   <See definition 04873>
   Moses, thus [Menashsheh <See definition 04519>,] as it
   is found in the Hebrew Bibles; which, by means of the points,
   they have changed into Manasseh.

 * until.
 # 13:1; 1Sa 4:2,3,10,11; Ps 78:60-62|
 * the land.
   Houbigant contends, that, instead of {ha(8472)etz,} "the land," we
   should read {ha(8472)on,} "the ark;" for the [V(8376),] {wav,} and
   [N(9677)n, {noon final,} might easily be mistaken for [Ts(8364)(8879),]
   {tzadday final;} which is the only difference between the two
   words.  This conjecture is the more likely, as the next verse
   tells us, that Micah's graven image continued at Dan "all the
   time that the house of God was at Shiloh;" which was till the
   ark was taken by the Philistines.

 
經文:

士師記 18:31-18:31

註釋:

 * all the time.
  19:18  21:21  Jos 18:1  1Sa 1:3  4:4  Jer 7:12 

經文:

士師記 19:1-19:1

註釋:

  1;  A Levite goes to Beth-lehem to fetch home his concubine.
 16;  An old man entertains him at Gibeah.
 22;  The Gibeonites abuse his concubine to death.
 29;  He divides her into twelve pieces, and sends them to the
     twelve tribes.

 * when there.
  17:6  18:1  21:25 
 * mount.
  17:1,8  Jos 24:30,33 
 * a concubine.  Heb. a woman, a concubine, or, a wife, a
   concubine.
  Ge 22:24  25:6  2Sa 3:7  5:13  16:22  19:5  20:3  1Ki 11:3  2Ch 11:21 
  Es 2:14  So 6:8,9  Da 5:3  Mal 2:15 
 * Beth-lehem-judah.
  17:8  Ge 35:19  Mt 2:6 

經文:

士師記 19:2-19:2

註釋:

 * played.
  Le 21:9  De 22:21  Eze 16:28 
 * four whole months.  or, a year and four months.  Heb. days,
   four months.

經文:

士師記 19:3-19:3

註釋:

 * went.
  15:1 
 * speak.
  Ge 50:21  Le 19:17  20:10  Ho 2:14  Mt 1:19  Joh 8:4,5,11  Ga 6:1 
 * friendly unto her.  Heb. to her heart.
  Ge 34:3 
 * to bring.
  Jer 3:1 
 * his servant.
  Nu 22:22 

經文:

士師記 19:4-19:4

註釋:

  4 

經文:

士師記 19:5-19:5

註釋:

 * Comfort.  Heb. Srengthen.
  8  Ge 18:5  1Sa 14:27-29  30:12  1Ki 13:7  Ps 104:15  Joh 4:34 
  Ac 9:19 
 * with a morsel.
  22 

經文:

士師記 19:6-19:6

註釋:

 * let thine heart.
  9,21  9:27  16:25  Ru 3:7  1Sa 25:36  Es 1:10  Ps 104:15  Lu 12:19 
  1Th 5:3  Re 11:10,13 
 * until afternoon.  Heb. till the day declined.
   Merely that they might avoid the heat of the day, which would
   have been very inconvenient in travelling.

經文:

士師記 19:7-19:7

註釋:

  7 

經文:

士師記 19:8-19:8

註釋:

  8 

經文:

士師記 19:9-19:9

註釋:

 * the day.
  Lu 24:29 
 * draweth, etc.  Heb. is weak.  the day groweth to an end.  Heb.
   it is the pitching time of the day, Jer 6:4.
   That is, it was near the time in which travellers ordinarily
   pitched their tents, to take up their lodging for the night.
   In the latter part of the afternoon, eastern travellers begin
   to look out for a place for this purpose.  So Dr. Shaw
   observes, "Our constant practice was to rise at break of day,
   set forward with the sun, and travel to the middle of the
   afternoon; at which time we began to look out for encampments
   of Arabs; who, to prevent such parties as ours from living at
   free charges upon them, take care to pitch in woods, valleys,
   or places the least conspicuous."

 * to morrow.
  Pr 27:1  Jas 4:13,14 
 * home.  Heb. to thy tent.

經文:

士師記 19:10-19:10

註釋:

 * over against.  Heb. to over against.  Jebus.
  1:8  Jos 15:8,63  18:28  2Sa 5:6 

經文:

士師記 19:11-19:11

註釋:

 * the Jebusites.
  10  1:21  Ge 10:16  Jos 15:63  2Sa 5:6 

經文:

士師記 19:12-19:12

註釋:

 * Gibeah.
   Gibeah, a city of Benjamin, and the birth-place of Saul, was
   situated near Rama and Gibeon, according to Josephus, thirty
   furlongs north from Jerusalem; or, according to Jerome, about
   two leagues.

  12 

經文:

士師記 19:13-19:13

註釋:

 * Gibeah.
  Jos 18:25,26,28  1Sa 10:26  Isa 10:29  Ho 5:8 

經文:

士師記 19:14-19:14

註釋:

  14 

經文:

士師記 19:15-19:15

註釋:

 * no man.
   There was probably no inn, or house of public entertainment in
   this place; and therefore they could not have a lodging unless
   furnished by mere hospitality.  But these Benjamites seem to
   have added to their other vices, avarice and inhospitality,
   like the inhabitants of Akoura in mount Lebanon, mentioned by
   Burckhardt.

  18  Ge 18:2-8  19:2,3  Mt 25:35,43  Heb 13:2 

經文:

士師記 19:16-19:16

註釋:

 * his work.
  Ge 3:19  Ps 104:23  128:2  Pr 13:11  14:23  24:27  Ec 1:13  5:12 
  Eph 4:28  1Th 4:11,12  2Th 3:10 

經文:

士師記 19:17-19:17

註釋:

 * whither.
  Ge 16:8  32:17 

經文:

士師記 19:18-19:18

註釋:

 * I am now.
   The LXX. read, [eis ton oikon mou ego poreuomai:]  "I am going
   to my own house;" which is probably the true reading, as we
   find (ver. 29) that he really went home; yet he might have
   gone previously to Shiloh, or to "the house of the Lord,"
   because that was also in mount Ephraim.

 * the house.
  18:31  20:18  Jos 18:1  1Sa 1:3,7 
 * receiveth.  Heb. gathereth.
  5  Ps 26:9  Joh 15:6 

經文:

士師記 19:19-19:19

註釋:

 * straw and provender.
   In those countries principally devoted to pasturage, they made
   little or no hay:  but as they raised corn, they took great
   care of their straw for cattle, which by their mode of
   threshing was chopped very small.  See note on Ge 24:32.

經文:

士師記 19:20-19:20

註釋:

 * Peace be.
  6:23  Ge 43:23,24  1Sa 25:6  1Ch 12:18  Lu 10:5,6  Joh 14:27 
  1Co 1:3 
 * let all thy wants.
   Here was genuine hospitality:  "Keep your bread and wine for
   yourselves, and your straw and provender for your asses; you
   may need them before you finish your journey:  I will supply
   all your wants for this night; only do not lodge in the
   street."

  Ro 12:13  Ga 6:6  Heb 13:2  Jas 2:15,16  1Pe 4:9  1Jo 3:18 
 * lodge not.
  Ge 19:2,3  24:31-33 

經文:

士師記 19:21-19:21

註釋:

 * So he brought.
  Ge 24:32  43:24 
 * they washed.
  Ge 18:4  1Sa 25:41  2Sa 11:8  Lu 7:44  Joh 13:4,5,14,15  1Ti 5:10 

經文:

士師記 19:22-19:22

註釋:

 * they were.
  6,7  16:25 
 * the men.
  20:5  Ge 19:4  Ho 9:9  10:9 
 * sons of Belial.
  De 13:13  1Sa 1:16  2:12  10:27  25:25  2Sa 23:6,7  2Co 6:15 
 * Bring forth.
  Ge 19:5  Ro 1:26,27  1Co 6:9  Jude 1:7 

經文:

士師記 19:23-19:23

註釋:

 * the man.
  Ge 19:6,7 
 * do not this folly.
  20:6  Ge 34:7  Jos 7:15  2Sa 13:12 

經文:

士師記 19:24-19:24

註釋:

 * Behold.
   The rites of hospitality are regarded as sacred and inviolable
   in the East:  and a man who has admitted a stranger under his
   roof, is bound to protect him even at the expense of his life.
   On these high notions only, the influence of which an Asiatic
   mind alone can appreciate, can the present transaction be
   either excused or palliated.

 * them.
  Ge 19:8  Ro 3:8 
 * humble ye.
  Ge 34:2  *marg: 
  De 21:14 
 * so vile a thing.  Heb. the matter of this folly.

經文:

士師記 19:25-19:25

註釋:

 * knew her.
  Ge 4:1 
 * and abused.
  Jer 5:7,8  Ho 7:4-7  9:9  10:9  Eph 4:19 

經文:

士師記 19:26-19:26

註釋:

 * her lord was.
  3,27  Ge 18:12  1Pe 3:6 

經文:

士師記 19:27-19:27

註釋:

  27 

經文:

士師記 19:28-19:28

註釋:

 * But none.
  20:5  1Ki 18:29 

經文:

士師記 19:29-19:29

註釋:

 * divided her.
   It is probable, that with the pieces he sent to each tribe a
   circumstantial account of the barbarity of the men of Gibeah;
   and that they considered each of the pieces as expressing an
   execration.  That a similar custom prevailed in ancient times
   is evident from 1; SA 11:7.  It had an inhuman appearance, thus
   to mangle the corpse of this unhappy woman; but it was
   intended to excite a keener resentment against so horrible a
   crime, which called for a punishment proportionally severe.

  20:6,7  Ro 10:2 
 * with her bones.
  De 21:22,23 

經文:

士師記 19:30-19:30

註釋:

 * consider.
  20:7  Pr 11:14  13:10  15:22  20:18  24:6 

經文:

士師記 20:1-20:1

註釋:

  1;  The Levite in a general assembly declares his wrong.
  8;  The decree of the assembly.
 12;  The Benjamites, being cited, make head against the
     Israelites.
 18;  The Israelites in two battles lose forty thousand.
 26;  They destroy by a stratagem all the Benjamites, except
     six hundred.

 * Then all.
  2,8,11  21:5  De 13:12-18  Jos 22:12 
 * as one man.
  1Sa 11:7,8  2Sa 19:14  Ezr 3:1  Ne 8:1 
 * from Dan.
  18:29  1Sa 3:20  2Sa 3:10  24:2  1Ch 21:2  2Ch 30:5 
 * with the.
  Nu 32:1,40  Jos 17:1  2Sa 2:9 
 * unto the.
  18,26  11:11 
 * in Mizpeh.
  10:17  11:11  Jos 15:38  18:26  1Sa 7:5,6  10:17  2Ki 25:23 
   It does not appear that the Israelites on this occasion, were
   summoned by the authority of any one common head, but they
   came together by the consent and agreement, as it were, of one
   common heart, fired with a holy zeal for the honour of God and
   Israel.  The place of their meeting was Mizpeh; they gathered
   together unto the Lord there; for Mizpeh was so very near to
   Shiloh, that their encampment might very well be supposed to
   reach from Mizpeh to Shiloh.  Shiloh was a small town, and
   therefore, when there was a general meeting of the people to
   present themselves before God, they chose Mizpeh for their
   head quarters, which was the next adjoining city of note;
   perhaps, because they were not willing to give that trouble to
   Shiloh, which so great an assembly would occasion; it being
   the residence of the priests that attended the tabernacle.

經文:

士師記 20:2-20:2

註釋:

 * drew sword.
  15,17  8:10  2Sa 24:9  2Ki 3:26 

經文:

士師記 20:3-20:3

註釋:

 * the children of Benjamin.
  Pr 22:3  Mt 5:25  Lu 12:58,59  14:31,32 
 * how was.
  19:22-27 

經文:

士師記 20:4-20:4

註釋:

 * the Levite.  Heb. the man the Levite.  I came.
  19:15-28 

經文:

士師記 20:5-20:5

註釋:

 * And the men.
  19:22 
 * beset.
  Ge 19:4-8 
 * and my concubine.
  19:25,26 
 * forced.  Heb. humbled.
  De 22:24  Eze 22:10,11 

經文:

士師記 20:6-20:6

註釋:

 * cut her.
  19:29 
 * folly in Israel.
  10  19:23  Ge 34:7  Jos 7:15  2Sa 13:12,13 

經文:

士師記 20:7-20:7

註釋:

 * ye are all.
  Ex 19:5,6  De 4:6  14:1,2  1Co 5:1,6,10-12 
 * give here.
  19:30  Jos 9:14  Pr 20:18  24:6  Jas 1:5 

經文:

士師記 20:8-20:8

註釋:

 * as one man.
  1,11 
 * We will not.
  21:1,5  Pr 21:3  Ec 9:10 

經文:

士師記 20:9-20:9

註釋:

 * by lot against it.
  Jos 14:2  1Sa 14:41,42  1Ch 24:5  Ne 11:1  Pr 16:33  Jon 1:7 
  Ac 1:26 

經文:

士師記 20:10-20:10

註釋:

  10 

經文:

士師記 20:11-20:11

註釋:

 Knit together as one man. Heb. fellows.

經文:

士師記 20:12-20:12

註釋:

 * sent men.
  De 13:14  20:10  Jos 22:13-16  Mt 18:15-18  Ro 12:18 

經文:

士師記 20:13-20:13

註釋:

 * deliver.
  2Sa 20:21,22 
 * children of Belial.
  19:22  De 13:13  1Sa 30:22  2Sa 20:1  23:6  1Ki 21:13  2Ch 13:7 
 * put away.
  De 17:7,12  19:19  21:21  22:21,24  24:7  Ec 11:10 
 * would not.
  1Sa 2:25  2Ch 25:16,20  Pr 29:1  Ho 9:9  10:9  Ro 1:32  Re 18:4,5 
   The conduct of the Israelites was very equitable in this
   demand; but perhaps the rulers or elders of Gibeah ought
   previously to have been applied to, to deliver up the
   criminals to justice.  However, the refusal of the Benjamites,
   and their protection of those who had committed this horrible
   wickedness, because they were of their own tribe, prove them
   to have been deeply corrupted, and (all their advantages
   considered) as ripe for divine vengeance as the inhabitants of
   Sodom and Gomorrah had been.  Confiding in their own valour
   and military skill, they seen to have first prepared for
   battle in this unequal contest with such superior numbers.

經文:

士師記 20:14-20:14

註釋:

  Nu 20:20  21:23  2Ch 13:13  Job 15:25,26 

經文:

士師記 20:15-20:15

註釋:

 * twenty.
  25,35,46,47  Nu 26:41 

經文:

士師記 20:16-20:16

註釋:

 * left-handed.
   {Itter yad yemeeno,} "obstructed in his right hand;" so the
   Chaldee Targum, {gemid beedaih deyammeena,} contracted or
   impeded in his right hand."  Le Clerc observes, that the 700
   men left-handed seem therefore to have been made slingers,
   because they could not use the right hand, which is employed
   in managing heavier arms; and they could discharge the stones
   from the sling in a direction against which their opponents
   were not upon their guard, and thus do the greater execution.

  3:15  1Ch 12:2 
 * sling stones.
   The sling was a very ancient warlike instrument; and, in the
   hands of those who were skilled in the use of it, produced
   astonishing effects.  The inhabitants of the islands of
   Baleares, now Majorca and Minorca, were the most celebrated
   slingers of antiquity.  They did not permit their children to
   break their fast, till they had struck down the bread they had
   to eat from the top of a pole, or some distant eminence.
   Vegetius tells us, that slingers could in general hit the mark
   at 600; feet distance.

  1Sa 17:40,49,50  25:29  2Ch 26:14 

經文:

士師記 20:17-20:17

註釋:

 * four hundred.
  2  Nu 1:46  26:51  1Sa 11:8  15:4  1Ch 21:5  2Ch 17:14-18 

經文:

士師記 20:18-20:18

註釋:

 * house of.
  18:31  19:18  Jos 18:1  Joe 1:14 
 * asked.
  7,23,26,27  1:1  Nu 27:5,21  Jos 9:14 
 * Judah.
  1:1,2  Ge 49:8-10 

經文:

士師記 20:19-20:19

註釋:

 * rose up.
  Jos 3:1  6:12  7:16 

經文:

士師記 20:20-20:20

註釋:

  20 

經文:

士師記 20:21-20:21

註釋:

 * the children.
  Ge 49:27  Ho 10:9 
 * destroyed.
  De 23:9  2Ch 28:10  Ps 33:16  73:18,19  77:19  Ec 9:1-3  Jer 12:1 

經文:

士師記 20:22-20:22

註釋:

 * encouraged.
  15,17  1Sa 30:6  2Sa 11:25  Ps 64:5 

經文:

士師記 20:23-20:23

註釋:

 * wept.
  26,27  Ps 78:34-36  Ho 5:15 
 * And the.
   It seems most evident that the Israelites did not seek the
   protection of God.  When they "went to the house of God,"
   (ver. 18,) it was not to enquire concerning the expediency of
   the war, nor of its success, but which of the tribes should
   begin the attack:  and here the question is, "Shall I go up
   again to battle against the children of Benjamin my brother?"
   Having so much right on their side, they had no doubt of the
   justice of their cause, and the propriety of their conduct;
   and having such a superiority of numbers, they had no doubt of
   success.  But God humbled them, and delivered them into the
   hands of their enemies; and shewed them that the race was not
   to the swift, nor the battle to the strong.

經文:

士師記 20:24-20:24

註釋:

  24 

經文:

士師記 20:25-20:25

註釋:

 * destroyed.
  21  Ge 18:25  Job 9:12,13  Ps 97:2  Ro 2:5  3:5  11:33 

經文:

士師記 20:26-20:26

註釋:

 * all the children.
  18,23 
 * wept.
  1Sa 7:6  2Ch 20:3  Ezr 8:21  9:4,5  Joe 1:14  2:12-18  Jon 3:5-10 

經文:

士師記 20:27-20:27

註釋:

 * enquired.
  18,23  Nu 27:21 
 * the ark.
  Jos 18:1  1Sa 4:3,4  Ps 78:60,61  Jer 7:12 
   The loss of two battles at length brought this stiff-necked
   people to enquire of the Lord; for all the company at this
   time met at Shiloh, and kept a day of fasting and prayer with
   great earnestness and solemnity.  "Behold, the Lord's hand is
   not shortened, that it cannot save; neither his ear heavy,
   that it cannot hear."

  Isa 59:1 

經文:

士師記 20:28-20:28

註釋:

 * Phinehas.
   It is evident, from this mention of Phinehas, the son of
   Eleazar, that these transactions must have taken place not
   long after the death of Joshua.

  Nu 25:7-13  Jos 22:13,30-32  24:33 
 * stood.
  De 10:8  18:5 
 * Shall I yet.
  Jos 7:7  1Sa 14:37  23:4-12  30:8  2Sa 5:19-24  6:3,7-12  Pr 3:5,6 
  Jer 10:23 
 * Go up.
  1:2  7:9  2Ch 20:17 

經文:

士師記 20:29-20:29

註釋:

 * Israel.
   Though God had promised them success, they knew they could
   expect it only by the use of proper means.  Hence they used
   all prudent precaution, and employed all their military skill.

 * liers.
  34  Jos 8:4  2Sa 5:23 

經文:

士師記 20:30-20:30

註釋:

  30 

經文:

士師記 20:31-20:31

註釋:

 * drawn.
  Jos 8:14-16 
 * smite of the people, and kill, as at.  Heb. smite of the
   people wounded as at, etc.  the house of God.  or, Beth-el.
   Gibeah.
  19:13,14  Isa 10:29 
 * thirty.
  Jos 7:5 

經文:

士師記 20:32-20:32

註釋:

 * Let us flee.
   This was done, not only because they had placed an ambuscade
   behind Gibeah, which was to enter and burn the city as soon as
   the Benjamites left it; but it would seem, that the slingers,
   by being within the city and its fortifications, had great
   advantage over the Israelites by their slings, when they could
   not come among them with their swords, unless they got them in
   the plain country.

  Jos 8:15,16 

經文:

士師記 20:33-20:33

註釋:

 * rose up.
  Jos 8:18-22 
 * put themselves.
   There appear to have been three divisions of the Israelitish
   army:  one at Baal-tamar, (which was situated, says Eusebius,
   near Gibeah;) a second behind the city in ambush; and a third,
   who skirmished with the Benjamites before Gibeah.

經文:

士師記 20:34-20:34

註釋:

 * ten thousand.
  29 
 * knew not.
  Jos 8:14  Job 21:13  Pr 4:19  29:6  Ec 8:11,12  9:12  Isa 3:10,11 
  Isa 47:11  Mt 24:44  Lu 21:34  21:34  1Th 5:3 

經文:

士師記 20:35-20:35

註釋:

 * twenty.
  15,44-46  Job 20:5 
   Though the numbers of the Israelites were immensely superior
   to those of Benjamin, though the stratagem was well laid and
   ingeniously executed, and the battle bravely fought, yet the
   inspired historian ascribes the victory to the hand of the
   Lord, as entirely as if he had smitten the Benjamites by a
   miracle.

經文:

士師記 20:36-20:36

註釋:

 * for the man.
  Jos 8:15-29 

經文:

士師記 20:37-20:37

註釋:

 * the liers in wait hasted.
  Jos 8:19 
 * drew themselves along.  or, made a long sound with the
   trumpets.
  Ex 19:13  Jos 6:5 

經文:

士師記 20:38-20:38

註釋:

 * Now there.
   From this verse to the end of the chapter, we have the details
   of the same operations which are mentioned, in a general way,
   in the preceding verses of this chapter.

 * sign.  or, time.
  Ge 17:21  2Ki 4:16  *marg: 
 * and.  Heb. with.  flame.  Heb. elevation.

經文:

士師記 20:39-20:39

註釋:

 * And when.
  31 
 * smite and kill.  Heb. smite the wounded.

經文:

士師記 20:40-20:40

註釋:

 * a pillar.
  Ge 19:28  So 3:6  Joe 2:30  Re 19:3 
 * looked.
  Jos 8:20 
 * flame.  Heb. whole consumption.

經文:

士師記 20:41-20:41

註釋:

 * were amazed.
  Ex 15:9,10  Isa 13:8,9  33:14  Lu 17:27,28  21:26  1Th 5:3 
  2Pe 2:12  Re 6:15-17  18:8-10 
 * was come upon them.  Heb. touched them.

經文:

士師記 20:42-20:42

註釋:

 * the battle.
  La 1:3  Ho 9:9  10:9 

經文:

士師記 20:43-20:43

註釋:

 * inclosed.
  Jos 8:20-22 
 * with ease.  or, from Menuchah, etc.  over against.  Heb. unto
   over against.

經文:

士師記 20:44-20:44

註釋:

  44 

經文:

士師記 20:45-20:45

註釋:

 * Rimmon.
  Jos 15:32  1Ch 6:77  Zec 14:10 

經文:

士師記 20:46-20:46

註釋:

 * twenty.
  15,35 

經文:

士師記 20:47-20:47

註釋:

 * six hundred.
  21:13  Ps 103:9,10  Isa 1:9  Jer 14:7  La 3:32  Hab 3:2 
 * rock of Rimmon.
   The rock Rimmon was doubtless a strong place; but it is
   uncertain where situated.  It is probable however, that it was
   near, and took its name from, the village of Remmon, mentioned
   by Eusebius, fifteen miles north from Jerusalem.  It appears
   that rocks are still resorted to in the East, as places of
   security; and some of them are even capable of sustaining a
   siege.  De La Roque says, that "The Grand Seignior, wishing to
   seize the person of the emir (Fakr-eddin, prince of the
   Druses,) gave orders to the pacha to take him prisoner:  he
   accordingly came in search of him, with a new army, in the
   district of Chouf, which is part of mount Lebanon, wherein is
   the village of Gesin, and close to it, the rock which served
   for a retreat to the emir.  It is named in Arabic, Magara
   Gesin, i.e., the cavern of Gessin, by which name it is famous.
   The pacha pressed the emir so closely, that this unfortunate
   prince was obliged to shut himself up in the cleft of a great
   rock, with a small number of his officers.  The pacha besieged
   him there several months; and was going to blow up the rock by
   a mine, when the emir capitulated."

經文:

士師記 20:48-20:48

註釋:

 * smote them.
  De 13:15-17  2Ch 25:13  28:6-9  Pr 18:19 
 * came to hand.  Heb. was found.  they came to.  Heb. were
   found.

經文:

士師記 21:1-21:1

註釋:

  1;  The people bewail the desolation of Benjamin.
  8;  By the destruction of Jabesh-gilead they provide them four
     hundred wives.
 16;  They advise the remainder to surprise the virgins that
     danced at Shiloh.

 * had sworn.
  20:1,8,10  Jer 4:2 
 * There.
  5  11:30,31  1Sa 14:24,28,29  Ec 5:2  Mr 6:23  Ac 23:12  Ro 10:2 
 * his daughter.
  Ex 34:12-16  De 7:2,3 

經文:

士師記 21:2-21:2

註釋:

 * the house.
  12  20:18,23,26  Jos 18:1 
 * lifted.
  2:4  Ge 27:38  1Sa 30:4 

經文:

士師記 21:3-21:3

註釋:

 * why is.
  De 29:24  Jos 7:7-9  Ps 74:1  80:12  Pr 19:3  Isa 63:17  Jer 12:1 

經文:

士師記 21:4-21:4

註釋:

 * rose early.
  Ps 78:34,35  Ho 5:15 
 * built there.
  6:26  Ex 20:24,25  2Sa 24:18,25  1Ki 8:64  Heb 13:10 

經文:

士師記 21:5-21:5

註釋:

 * a great oath.
  1,18  5:23  Le 27:28,29  1Sa 11:7  Jer 48:10 

經文:

士師記 21:6-21:6

註釋:

 * repented them.
  15  11:35  20:23  2Sa 2:26  Ho 11:8  Lu 19:41,42 

經文:

士師記 21:7-21:7

註釋:

 * sworn.
  1,18  1Sa 14:28,29,45 

經文:

士師記 21:8-21:8

註釋:

 * Jabesh-gilead.
   This place, as its name imports, was situated in Gilead, east
   of Jordan.  Eusebius and Jerome say it was a great town in
   their time, standing upon a hill, six miles south from Pella,
   in the way to Geresa, now Djerash.  The Wady Yabes, mentioned
   by Burckhardt, which empties itself into the Jordan, in the
   neighbourhood of Bisan or Beth-shan (see 1; Sa 31:11,) and upon
   which Pella was situated, (celebrated by Pliny, 1. v. c.  18,
   for its fine waters,) seems to have taken its name from
   Jabesh.  Near this spot, we must therefore look for its site;
   and the place called Kalaat Rabbad seems to correspond, very
   nearly, to the spot; though it probably still retains among
   the Arabs its ancient name.

  1Sa 11:1-3  31:11-13  2Sa 2:5,6 

經文:

士師記 21:9-21:9

註釋:

  9 

經文:

士師記 21:10-21:10

註釋:

 * Go and smite.
   As they had sworn to destroy those who would not assist in the
   war (ver. 5,) they determined to destroy the men of Jabesh,
   and to leave none except the virgins; and to give these to the
   600; Benjamites who had escaped to the rock of Rimmon.  The
   whole account is dreadful.  The crime of the men of Gibeah was
   of the deepest dye; the punishment involving both the guilty
   and innocent, was extended to the most criminal excess, and
   their mode of remedying the evil they had occasioned was
   equally abominable.

  5  5:23  De 13:15  Jos 7:24  1Sa 11:7  15:3 

經文:

士師記 21:11-21:11

註釋:

 * every male.
  Nu 31:17,18  De 2:34 
 * hath lain by man.  Heb. knoweth the lying with man.

經文:

士師記 21:12-21:12

註釋:

 * virgins.  Heb. women, virgins.  Shiloh.
  20:18,23  Jos 18:1  Ps 78:60  Jer 7:12 

經文:

士師記 21:13-21:13

註釋:

 * to speak.  Heb. and spake and called.  the rock Rimmon.
  20:47  Jos 15:32 
 * call peaceably.  or, proclaim peace.
  De 20:10  Isa 57:19  Lu 10:5  Eph 2:17 

經文:

士師記 21:14-21:14

註釋:

 * sufficed them not.
  12  20:47  1Co 7:2 

經文:

士師記 21:15-21:15

註釋:

 * repented.
  6,17 
 * a breach.
  1Ch 13:11  15:13  Isa 30:13  58:12 

經文:

士師記 21:16-21:16

註釋:

  16 

經文:

士師記 21:17-21:17

註釋:

 * an inheritance.
  Nu 26:55  36:7 

經文:

士師記 21:18-21:18

註釋:

 * sworn.
  1  11:35 

經文:

士師記 21:19-21:19

註釋:

 * a feast.
  Ex 23:14-16  Le 23:2,4,6,10,34  Nu 10:10  28:16,26  29:12 
  De 16:1,10,13  Ps 81:3  Joh 5:1  7:2 
 * yearly.  Heb. from year to year.  on the east side.  or,
   toward the sun rising.  of the highway.  or, on.  Lebonah.
   Maundrell supposes, that either Khan Leban, which is situated
   on the eastern side of a "delicious vale," four leagues south
   from Shechem, and two leagues north from Bethel, or the
   village of Leban, which is on the opposite side, occupies the
   site of the ancient Lebonah.  It is eight hours, or about 24
   miles, from Jerusalem, according to Dr. Richardson.

經文:

士師記 21:20-21:20

註釋:

  20 

經文:

士師記 21:21-21:21

註釋:

 * dance.
  11:34  Ex 15:20  1Sa 18:6  2Sa 6:14,21  Ps 149:3  150:4  Ec 3:4 
  Jer 31:13  Mt 10:17  Lu 17:25 

經文:

士師記 21:22-21:22

註釋:

 * Be favourable unto them.  or, Gratify us in them.
  Phm 1:9-12 
 * each man.
  14  Ge 1:27  7:13  Mr 10:6-8  1Co 7:2 
 * give unto.
  1,7,18  Pr 20:25 

經文:

士師記 21:23-21:23

註釋:

 * and they went.
   It appears that the Benjamites acted in the most honourable
   way to the women they had thus violently carried off, and we
   may rest assured, that they took them to an inheritance more
   than equal to their own.  But this transaction, as well as the
   indiscriminate massacre of the people of Jabesh-gilead, as Dr.
   Gray observes, was certainly stamped with injustice and
   cruelty; and must be condemned on those principles which the
   Scriptures elsewhere furnish.

 * repaired.
  20:48 

經文:

士師記 21:24-21:24

註釋:

  24 

經文:

士師記 21:25-21:25

註釋:

 * no.
  17:6  18:1  19:1 
 * right.
  18:7  De 12:8  Ps 12:4  Pr 3:5  14:12  Ec 11:9  Mic 2:1,2 



             CONCLUDING REMARKS ON THE BOOK OF JUDGES.

 The book of Judges forms an important link in the history of the
 Israelites.  It furnishes us with a lively description of a
 fluctuating and unsettled nation; a striking picture of the
 disorders and dangers which prevailed in a republic without
 magistracy; when "the high-ways were unoccupied, and the
 travellers walked through by-ways," (ch. 5:6;) when few prophets
 were appointed to control the people, and "every one did that
 which was right in his own eyes."  (ch. 17:6.)  It exhibits the
 contest of true religion with superstition; and displays the
 beneficial effects that flow from the former, and the miseries
 and evil consequences of impiety.  It is a most remarkable
 history of the long-suffering of God towards the Israelites, in
 which we see the most signal instances of his justice and mercy
 alternately displayed:  the people sinned, and were punished;
 they repented, and found mercy.  These things are written for
 our warning:  none should presume, for God is just; none need
 despair, for God is merciful.  Independently of the internal
 evidence of the authenticity of this sacred book, the
 transactions it records are not only cited or alluded to by
 other inspired writers, but are further confirmed by the
 traditions current among heathen nations.

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