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經文:

約書亞記 1:1-1:1

註釋:

                      The Book of JOSHUA.

  1;  The Lord appoints Joshua to succeed Moses.
  3;  The borders of the promised land.
  5;  God promises to assist Joshua.
  8;  He gives him instructions.
 10;  Joshua prepares the people to pass over Jordan.
 12;  He puts the two tribes and half in mind of their promise to
     Moses.
 16;  They promise him fealty.

 * the death.
  12:6 
 * See on
  De 33:1  34:5  Ac 13:36,37  Ro 1:1  Tit 1:1  Jas 1:1  Re 1:18 
 * Joshua.
  Ex 17:9-13 
 * See on
  Nu 13:8,16  De 1:38  31:3,23  34:9  Ac 7:45 
 * Jesus.
   Moses' minister.

  Ex 24:13  Nu 11:28  1Ki 19:16  2Ki 3:11  4:27-29  5:25-27 
  Mt 20:26,27  Lu 16:10 

經文:

約書亞記 1:2-1:2

註釋:

 * Moses.
  1  Isa 42:1  Heb 3:5,6  7:23,24 
 * arise.
  Nu 27:16-21  De 3:28  31:7 

經文:

約書亞記 1:3-1:3

註釋:

  14:9  De 11:24  Tit 1:2 

經文:

約書亞記 1:4-1:4

註釋:

 * From the wilderness.
   That is, their utmost limits should be from the Desert of
   Arabia Petr(9161) on the south, to Lebanon on the north; and from
   the Euphrates on the east, to the Great Sea, or the
   Mediterranean, on the west.  The Israelites did not possess
   the full extent of this grant till the time of David.

  Ge 15:18-21  Ex 23:31  Nu 34:2-18  De 1:7  3:25  11:24  1Ch 5:9 
  1Ch 18:3 

經文:

約書亞記 1:5-1:5

註釋:

 * There shall.
  De 7:24  20:4  Ps 46:11  Ro 8:31,37 
 * as I was.
  9,17  3:7  6:27  Ex 3:12  De 31:8,23  Mt 28:20  Ac 18:9,10  2Ti 4:17 
 * I will not.
  De 31:6-8  Isa 41:10-14  43:2-5  Heb 13:5 

經文:

約書亞記 1:6-1:6

註釋:

 * Be strong.
  7,9  1Sa 4:9  1Ki 2:2  1Ch 22:13  28:10  2Ch 32:7,8  Ps 27:14 
  Isa 35:3,4  Da 10:19  Hag 2:4  Zec 8:9  1Co 16:13  Eph 6:10 
  2Ti 2:1 
 * unto this people, etc.  or, thou shalt cause this people to
   inherit the land.  divide.
  Nu 34:17-29 
 * which I sware.
  Ge 26:3 

經文:

約書亞記 1:7-1:7

註釋:

 * which Moses.
  1  11:15  Nu 27:23  De 31:7 
 * turn not.
  De 5:32  12:32  28:14  Pr 4:27  8:20 
 * that.
  De 29:9  1Ki 2:3  1Ch 22:13 
 * prosper.  or, do wisely.
  8  *marg: 

經文:

約書亞記 1:8-1:8

註釋:

 * book.
  De 6:6-9  11:18,19  17:18,19  30:14  31:11  Ps 37:30,31  40:10 
  Ps 119:42,43  Isa 59:21  Mt 12:35  Eph 4:29 
 * thou shalt.
  Ps 1:2,3  19:14  119:11,15,97,99  Pr 2:1-5  3:1  Col 3:16 
  1Ti 4:14-16 
 * observe.
  De 5:29,32,33  6:1-3  Mt 7:21,24  28:20  Lu 11:28  Joh 13:17  14:21 
  Jas 1:22-25  Re 22:14 
 * have good success.  or, do wisely.
  7  *marg: 

經文:

約書亞記 1:9-1:9

註釋:

 * Have.
  De 31:7,8,28  Jud 6:14  2Sa 13:28  Ac 4:19 
 * Be strong.
  6,7 
 * be not.
  Ge 28:15  De 20:1  Ps 27:1,2  Jer 1:7,8 
 * for the Lord.
  Ps 46:7  Isa 43:1,5 

經文:

約書亞記 1:10-1:10

註釋:

 * the officers of the people.
   The {shoterim,} or officers, were different from the
   {shophetim,} who were the judges among the people.  The
   {shoterim} have been supposed to be subordinate officers,
   whose business it was to see the decisions of the {shophetim}
   carried into effect.  Calmet conjectures, that the {shoterim}
   here may have been the heralds of the army.

  10 

經文:

約書亞記 1:11-1:11

註釋:

 * three days.
  3:2  Ex 19:11  2Ki 20:5  Ho 6:2 
 * ye shall.
  De 9:1  11:31 

經文:

約書亞記 1:12-1:12

註釋:

  12 

經文:

約書亞記 1:13-1:13

註釋:

 * Remember.
  22:1-4  Nu 32:20-28  De 3:18 

經文:

約書亞記 1:14-1:14

註釋:

 * armed.  Heb. marshalled by five.
  Ex 13:18 
 * the mighty.
  De 20:8  Re 17:4 

經文:

約書亞記 1:15-1:15

註釋:

 * Until.
  Nu 32:17-22  Ga 5:13  6:2  Php 1:21-26  2:4 
 * then ye shall.
  22:4-9  1Co 12:26  13:5 

經文:

約書亞記 1:16-1:16

註釋:

  Nu 32:25  De 5:27  Ro 13:1-5  Tit 3:1  1Pe 2:13-15 

經文:

約書亞記 1:17-1:17

註釋:

 * only the Lord.
  5  1Sa 20:13  1Ki 1:37  1Ch 28:20  Ps 20:1,4,9  118:25,26 
  Mt 21:9  1Ti 2:1,2 

經文:

約書亞記 1:18-1:18

註釋:

 * that doth rebel.
  De 17:12  1Sa 11:12  Ps 2:1-6  Lu 19:27  Heb 10:28,29  12:25 
 * he shall be.
  Ro 13:1-5 
 * only be.
  6,7,9  Ezr 10:4  1Co 16:13  Eph 6:10 

經文:

約書亞記 2:1-2:1

註釋:

  1;  Rahab receives and conceals the two spies sent from
     Shittim.
  8;  The covenant between her and them.
 23;  Their return and relation.

 * sent.  or, had sent.  Shittim.
  Nu 25:1  33:49 
 * to spy secretly.
  Nu 13:2,17-21  Jud 18:2,14,17  Mt 10:16  Eph 5:5 
 * even Jericho.
  5:10  6:1-24 
 * harlot's house.
   Though the word {zonah} generally denotes a prostitute, yet
   many very learned men are of opinion that it should be here
   rendered an innkeeper or hostess, from {zoon,} to furnish or
   provide food.  In this sense it was understood by the
   Targumist, who renders it, {ittetha pundekeetha,} "a woman, a
   tavern-keeper," and so St. Chrysostome, in his second sermon
   on Repentance, calls her [pandokeutria.]  The Greek [porn(822c)]
   by which the LXX. render it, and which is adopted by the
   Apostles, is derived from [perna㏑] to sell, and is also
   supposed to denote a tavern keeper.  Among the ancients, women
   generally kept houses of entertainment.  Herodotus says,
   "Among the Egyptians, the women carry on all commercial
   concerns, and keep taverns, while the men continue at home and
   weave."  The same custom prevailed among the Greeks.

  6:17,25  Mt 1:5 
 * Rachab.
  21:31  Heb 11:31  Jas 2:25 
 * lodged.  Heb. lay.

經文:

約書亞記 2:2-2:2

註釋:

 * told the king.
  Ps 127:1  Pr 21:30  Isa 43:13  Da 4:35 

經文:

約書亞記 2:3-2:3

註釋:

 * Bring.
  10:23  Ge 38:24  Le 24:14  Job 21:30  Joh 19:4  Ac 12:4,6 
 * to search.
  Ge 42:9-12,31  2Sa 10:3  1Ch 19:3 

經文:

約書亞記 2:4-2:4

註釋:

  Ex 1:19  2Sa 16:18,19  17:19,20  2Ki 6:19 

經文:

約書亞記 2:5-2:5

註釋:

 * of shutting.
  7  Ne 13:19  Isa 60:11  Eze 47:1,2,12  Re 21:25 
 * the men went out.
  Jer 50:20  Ro 3:7,8 

經文:

約書亞記 2:6-2:6

註釋:

 * to the roof.
  8  Ex 1:15-21  De 22:8  2Sa 11:2  Mt 24:17 
 * hid them.
  Ex 2:2  2Sa 17:19  1Ki 18:4,13  2Ki 11:2  Jer 36:26  Col 3:3 
  Heb 11:23 

經文:

約書亞記 2:7-2:7

註釋:

 * the fords.
  Jud 3:28  12:5 
 * they shut.
  5  Ac 5:23 

經文:

約書亞記 2:8-2:8

註釋:

  8 

經文:

約書亞記 2:9-2:9

註釋:

 * I know.
  Ex 18:11  2Ki 5:15  Job 19:25  Ec 8:12  Heb 11:1,2 
 * that the Lord.
  Ge 13:14-17  15:18-21  Ex 3:6-8  De 32:8  Ps 115:16  Jer 27:5 
  Mt 20:15 
 * your terror.
  Ge 35:5  Ex 15:15,16  23:27  De 2:25  11:25  28:10  Jud 7:14 
  1Sa 14:15  2Ki 7:6 
 * faint.  Heb. melt.
  11  1Sa 14:16  2Sa 17:10  Ps 112:10  Isa 19:1  Na 2:10 

經文:

約書亞記 2:10-2:10

註釋:

 * For we.
  4:24  Ex 14:21-31  15:14-16 
 * what ye did.
  Nu 21:21-35  De 2:30-37  3:1-8 

經文:

約書亞記 2:11-2:11

註釋:

 * our hearts.
  5:1  7:5  14:8  De 1:28  20:8  Isa 13:7  Na 2:10 
 * did there remain.  Heb. rose up.
  Re 6:16 
 * for the Lord.
  De 4:39  1Ki 8:60  Ps 83:18  102:15  Jer 16:19-21  Da 4:34,35 
  Da 6:25-27  Zec 8:20-23 

經文:

約書亞記 2:12-2:12

註釋:

 * swear.
  9:15,18-20  1Sa 20:14,15,17  30:15  2Ch 36:13  Jer 12:16 
 * that ye will.
  1Sa 20:14-17  24:21,22  Es 8:6  2Ti 1:16-18  Jas 2:13 
 * my father's.
  13  Ge 24:3,9  Ro 1:31  1Ti 5:8 
 * give me.
  18  Ex 12:13  Eze 9:4-6  Mr 14:44 

經文:

約書亞記 2:13-2:13

註釋:

 * my father.
   It is observable that in this enumeration of her kindred,
   there is no mention made of a husband.  It is most likely that
   she was a single woman or widow, who obtained an honest
   livelihood by keeping a house for the entertainment of
   strangers; and not a woman of ill fame, as some have supposed.
   The spies sent on this occasion were certainly some of the
   most confidential persons that Joshua had in his host, and
   their errand was of the greatest importance; is it then not
   most likely that they lodged at an inn?

  13 

經文:

約書亞記 2:14-2:14

註釋:

 * for your's.  Heb. instead of you to die.
  1Ki 20:39 
 * when the Lord.
  6:17,25  Ge 24:49  Nu 10:29-32  Jud 1:24,25  1Sa 20:8  2Sa 9:1 
  Pr 18:24  Mt 5:7 

經文:

約書亞記 2:15-2:15

註釋:

 * she let them.
  1Sa 19:12-17  Ac 9:25  2Co 11:33 
 * for her house.
  6:20 

經文:

約書亞記 2:16-2:16

註釋:

 * Get you.
  22  1Sa 23:14,29  Ps 11:1 

經文:

約書亞記 2:17-2:17

註釋:

  20  Ge 24:3-8  Ex 20:7  Le 19:11,12  Nu 30:2  2Sa 21:1,2,7 

經文:

約書亞記 2:18-2:18

註釋:

 * scarlet thread.
  21  Le 14:4  Nu 4:8  19:6  Heb 9:19 
 * bring.  Heb. gather.  thy father.
  13  6:23  Ge 7:1  12:2  19:12-17  Es 8:6  Lu 19:9  Ac 10:27,33 
  Ac 11:14  2Ti 1:16 

經文:

約書亞記 2:19-2:19

註釋:

 * whosoever.
  Ex 12:13,23  Nu 35:26-28  1Ki 2:36-42  Mt 24:17  Ac 27:31  Php 3:9 
  Heb 10:29  1Jo 2:27,28 
 * street, his blood.
  Le 20:9,11  2Sa 1:16  3:28,29  Eze 33:4,5  Mt 27:24,25  Ac 18:6 
  Ac 20:26 
 * house, his blood.
  14  2Sa 4:11  1Ki 2:32  Mt 27:25 

經文:

約書亞記 2:20-2:20

註釋:

 * And if thou.
  Pr 11:13 
 * we will be quit.
  17 

經文:

約書亞記 2:21-2:21

註釋:

 * And she bound.
  18  Mt 7:24  Joh 2:5 

經文:

約書亞記 2:22-2:22

註釋:

 * found them not.
  1Sa 19:10-12  2Sa 17:20  Ps 32:6,7 

經文:

約書亞記 2:23-2:23

註釋:

  23 

經文:

約書亞記 2:24-2:24

註釋:

 * Truly the Lord.
  1:8  21:44,45  Ex 23:31  Nu 13:32,33  Pr 25:13 
 * all the inhabitants.
  9-11  Ps 48:5,6  Re 6:16,17 
 * faint.  Heb. melt.
  9,11  5:1  Ex 15:15 

經文:

約書亞記 3:1-3:1

註釋:

  1;  Joshua comes to Jordan.
  2;  The officers instruct the people for their passage.
  7;  The Lord encourages Joshua.
  9;  Joshua encourages the people.
 14;  The water of Jordan are divided.

 * rose early.
   Archbishop Usher supposes, that this was upon Wednesday, the
   28th of April, A.M. 2553, the fortieth year of the Exodus
   from Egypt.  From Shittim, where the israelites had been
   encamped for about two months (De 1:3), to the Jordan, was,
   according to Josephus, about sixty stadia; that is, between
   seven and eight English miles.

  Ge 22:3  Ps 119:60  Jer 7:13  25:3  26:5  Mr 1:35 
 * Shittim.
  2:1  Nu 25:1  Mic 6:5 
 * Jordan.
   Jordan, called by the Arabs El Sharia, takes its rise in
   Anti-Libanus, about twelve miles north of C(9173)area Philippi,
   now Banias; and, having run about twelve miles southward, it
   receives a considerable stream, which is now called the Moiet
   Hasbeia.  About 15; miles farther, it forms the waters of Merom
   or Semechon, now Houle; and, after running about 28; miles
   more, it passes through the lake of Gennesareth, and thence
   runs southward till it loses itself in the Dead Sea; its whole
   course being about 160; miles.

經文:

約書亞記 3:2-3:2

註釋:

 * three days.
  1:10,11 

經文:

約書亞記 3:3-3:3

註釋:

 * When ye see.
  11 
 * See on
  Nu 10:33 
 * the priests.
  6,8,14-17  4:10  6:6  Nu 4:15  De 31:9,25  2Sa 6:3,13  1Ch 15:11 
  1Ch 15:12 
 * ye shall remove.
  Ex 13:21,22  Mt 8:19  16:24  Re 14:4 

經文:

約書亞記 3:4-3:4

註釋:

 * a space.
  Ex 3:5  19:12  Ps 89:7  Heb 12:28,29 
 * heretofore.  Heb. since yesterday and the third day.
  Ge 31:2  Ex 4:10  1Ch 11:2  Isa 30:33  *marg: 

經文:

約書亞記 3:5-3:5

註釋:

 * Sanctify.
  7:13  Ex 19:10-15  Le 10:3  20:7  Nu 11:8  1Sa 16:5  Job 1:5 
  Joe 2:16  Joh 17:19 
 * the Lord.
  13,15  Ps 86:10  114:1-7 

經文:

約書亞記 3:6-3:6

註釋:

 * Take up.
  3  Nu 14:15  10:33  Mic 2:13  Joh 14:2,3  Heb 6:20 

經文:

約書亞記 3:7-3:7

註釋:

 * magnify thee.
  4:14  1Ch 29:25  2Ch 1:1  Job 7:17  Ps 18:35  Joh 17:1  Php 1:20 
  Php 2:9-11 
 * that, as I was.
  1:5,17 

經文:

約書亞記 3:8-3:8

註釋:

 * command.
  3  1Ch 15:11,12  2Ch 17:8,9  29:4-11,15,27,30  30:12  31:9,10 
  2Ch 35:2-6  Ne 12:24-28  13:22,28 
 * ye shall stand.
  17  Ex 14:13  La 3:26 

經文:

約書亞記 3:9-3:9

註釋:

 * Hear the words.
  De 4:1  12:8 

經文:

約書亞記 3:10-3:10

註釋:

 * Hereby ye.
  Nu 15:28-30  1Ki 18:36,37  22:28  Ps 9:16  Isa 7:14  2Co 13:2,3 
 * living.
  De 5:26  1Sa 17:26  2Ki 19:4  Jer 10:10  Ho 1:10  Mt 16:16 
  Joh 6:69  1Th 1:9  Heb 10:31 
 * among.
  22:31  Ex 17:7  De 31:17  Jud 6:12,13 
 * drive out from.
  21:45  Ge 15:15-18  Ex 3:8  23:27-30  33:2  De 7:1  Ps 44:2,3 

經文:

約書亞記 3:11-3:11

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  13  Ps 24:1  Isa 54:5  Jer 10:7  Mic 4:13  Zep 2:11  Zec 4:14  6:5 
  Zec 14:9 
 * passeth.
  3-6  Isa 3:12 

經文:

約書亞記 3:12-3:12

註釋:

  4:2,9 

經文:

約書亞記 3:13-3:13

註釋:

 * the soles.
  15,16  Ex 14:19-22 
 * of the Lord.
  11 
 * stand upon.
  16  Ex 15:8  Ps 33:7  78:13  114:3-5  Hab 3:15 

經文:

約書亞記 3:14-3:14

註釋:

 * bearing the ark.
  3,6  6:6  De 31:26  Jer 3:16  Ac 7:44,45  1Co 1:24,25  Heb 9:4 

經文:

約書亞記 3:15-3:15

註釋:

 * the feet.
  13  Isa 26:6 
 * Jordan overfloweth.
   The ordinary current of the Jordan, near where the Israelites
   crossed, is said by Maundrell, to be about twenty yards
   across, deeper than a man's height, and so rapid, that there
   is no swimming against it.  It has, however, two banks; the
   first, or inner one, is that of the river in its natural
   state, and the second, or outer one, about a furlong distant,
   is that of its overflowings, which it does when the summer's
   sun has melted the snow on mount Lebanon and Hermon, in the
   months of March and April.  And this was the time which God
   chose that the Israelites should pass over it; that a
   miraculous interposition might be necessary; and that, by the
   miracle, they might be convinced of his omnipotence.

  4:18  1Ch 12:15  Jer 12:5  49:19 
 * all the time.
  5:10-12  Le 23:10-16  De 16:1-9 

經文:

約書亞記 3:16-3:16

註釋:

 * rose up.
  13  Ps 29:10  77:19  114:3  Mt 8:26,27  14:24-33 
 * Zaretan.
  1Ki 4:12 
 * Zartanah.
  1Ki 7:46 
 * Zarthan.  the salt sea.
  15:2  Ge 14:3  Nu 34:3  De 3:17 
   The passage through the Red Sea took place in the night, when
   the Israelites were fleeing from the Egyptians with great
   trepidation:  but they passed Jordan in the day-time, with
   previous warning, leisurely, directly opposite to Jericho, and
   with a triumphant defiance of the Canaanites; this passage
   into the promised land evidently typifying the believer's
   passage through death to heaven.

經文:

約書亞記 3:17-3:17

註釋:

 * the priests.
  3-6 
 * stood firm.
  4:3  2Ki 2:8 
 * all the Israelites.
  Ex 14:22,29  Ps 66:6  Isa 25:8  Heb 11:29 

經文:

約書亞記 4:1-4:1

註釋:

  1;  Twelve men are appointed to take twelve stones for a
     memorial out of Jordan.
  9;  Twelve other stones are set up in the midst of Jordan.
 10;  The people pass over.
 14;  God magnifies Joshua.
 15;  The priests commanded to come out of Jordan.
 20;  The twelve stones are pitched in Gilgal.

 * were clean passed.
  3:17  De 27:2 

經文:

約書亞記 4:2-4:2

註釋:

 * twelve men.
  3:12  Nu 1:4-15  13:2  34:18  De 1:23  1Ki 18:31  Mt 10:1-5 

經文:

約書亞記 4:3-4:3

註釋:

 * the priest's fees.
  3:13 
 * twelve stones.
  24:27  Ge 28:22  De 27:1-26  1Sa 7:12  Ps 103:2  11:4  Lu 19:40 
 * leave them.
  8,19,20 

經文:

約書亞記 4:4-4:4

註釋:

 * prepared.
  2  Mr 3:14-19 

經文:

約書亞記 4:5-4:5

註釋:

  5 

經文:

約書亞記 4:6-4:6

註釋:

 * a sign.
  22:27  Ex 12:14  13:9  31:13  Nu 16:38  Isa 55:13  Eze 20:12,20 
 * when your.
  21  Ex 12:26,27  13:14  De 6:20,21  11:19  Ps 44:1  71:18  78:3-8 
  Isa 38:19  Ac 2:39 
 * in time to come.  Heb. to-morrow.

經文:

約書亞記 4:7-4:7

註釋:

 * the waters.
  3:13-16 
 * memorial.
  6  Ex 12:14  28:12  30:16  Nu 16:40  Ps 111:4  Isa 66:3  *marg: 
  1Co 11:24 

經文:

約書亞記 4:8-4:8

註釋:

 * did so as Joshua.
  2-5  1:16-18 

經文:

約書亞記 4:9-4:9

註釋:

 * set up twelve.
  Ex 24:12  28:21  1Ki 18:31  Ps 111:2-4 
 * and they are there.
   These words might be written by Joshua at the close of his
   life, or perhaps be added by some later prophet.  It seems
   from this verse, that there were two sorts of stones erected
   as a memorial of this great event:  twelve at Gilgal (ver.
   20,) and twelve in the bed of the Jordan; which last might
   have been placed on a base of strong stone work, so high as
   always to be visible, and serve to mark the very spot where
   the priests stood with the ark.  Drs. Kennicott and Shuckford,
   however, would read here with the Syriac, {mittoch,} "from the
   midst," instead of {bethoch,} "in the midst;" and render, "And
   Joshua took up the twelve stones (taken) from the midst of
   Jordan," etc.  But this reading is unsupported by any MS. yet
   collated; and it appears wholly unnecessary.

  Ge 26:33  De 34:6  Jud 1:26  1Sa 30:25  2Sa 4:3  2Ch 5:9  Mt 27:8 
  Mt 28:15 

經文:

約書亞記 4:10-4:10

註釋:

 * stood in the midst.
  3:13,16,17  Isa 28:16 
 * Moses.
  Nu 27:21-23  De 31:9 
 * hasted.
  Ex 12:39  Ps 119:60  Pr 27:1  Ec 9:10  2Co 6:2  Heb 3:7,8 

經文:

約書亞記 4:11-4:11

註釋:

 * that the ark.
  18  3:8,17 

經文:

約書亞記 4:12-4:12

註釋:

 * the children.
  1:14  Nu 32:20-32 

經文:

約書亞記 4:13-4:13

註釋:

 * prepared for war.  or, ready armed.
  Eph 6:11 
 * to the plains.
  5:10  2Ki 25:5  Jer 39:5  52:8 

經文:

約書亞記 4:14-4:14

註釋:

 * magnified.
  1:16-18  3:7  1Co 10:2 
 * they feared him.
  Ex 14:31  1Sa 12:18  1Ki 3:28  2Ch 30:12  Pr 24:21  Ro 13:4 

經文:

約書亞記 4:15-4:15

註釋:

  15 

經文:

約書亞記 4:16-4:16

註釋:

  3:3-6  Ex 25:16-22  Re 11:19 

經文:

約書亞記 4:17-4:17

註釋:

 * Come ye up.
  Ge 8:16-18  Da 3:26  Ac 16:23,35-39 

經文:

約書亞記 4:18-4:18

註釋:

 * the soles.
  3:13,15 
 * lifted up.  Heb. plucked up.  that the waters.
   As soon as the priests and the ark were come up out of Jordan,
   the waters of the river, which had stood on a heap, flowed
   down according to their natural and usual course, and again
   soon filled the channel.  This make it abundantly evident,
   that the miraculous change which had been given to the river
   was not from any secret natural cause, but solely by the power
   of God, and for the sake of his chosen people; for when
   Israel's host had passed through, and the token of his
   presence was removed, immediately the waters went forward
   again:  so that if it be asked, "What aileth thee, O Jordan,
   that thou wast driven back?"  it must be answered, it was in
   obedience to the God of Israel, and in kindness to the Israel
   of God.

  Ex 14:26-28 
 * and flowed.  Heb. went.
  3:15  1Ch 12:15  Isa 8:8 

經文:

約書亞記 4:19-4:19

註釋:

 * first month.
  Ex 12:2,3 
 * Gilgal.
   That is, the place afterwards called Gilgal; for it is so
   called here by anticipation.  It was about ten furlongs east
   from Jericho, and fifty west from the Jordan.  See Josephus
   and Calmet.

  5:9  10:6,43  15:7  1Sa 11:14,15  15:33  Am 4:4  5:5  Mic 6:5 

經文:

約書亞記 4:20-4:20

註釋:

  3,8 

經文:

約書亞記 4:21-4:21

註釋:

 * When your.
  6  Ps 105:2-5  145:4-7 
 * in time to come.  Heb. to-morrow.

經文:

約書亞記 4:22-4:22

註釋:

  3:17  Ex 14:29  15:19  Ps 66:5,6  Isa 11:15,16  44:27  51:10 
  Re 16:12 

經文:

約書亞記 4:23-4:23

註釋:

 * as the Lord.
   The parents must take that occasion to tell their children of
   the drying up of the Red Sea forty years before:  "As the Lord
   your God did to the Red Sea."  It greatly magnifies later
   mercies to compare them with those before enjoyed; for, by
   making the comparison, it appears that God is the same
   yesterday, to-day, and forever.  Later blessings should also
   bring to remembrance former mercies, and revive thankfulness
   for them.

 * which he dried.
  Ex 14:21  Ne 9:11  Ps 77:16-19  78:13  Isa 43:16  63:12-14 

經文:

約書亞記 4:24-4:24

註釋:

 * all the people.
  Ex 9:16  De 28:10  1Sa 17:46  1Ki 8:42,43  2Ki 5:15  19:19 
  Ps 106:8  Da 3:26-29  4:34,35  6:26,27 
 * that it is.
  Ex 15:16  1Ch 29:12  Ps 89:13 
 * ye might.
  Ex 14:31  20:20  De 6:2  Ps 76:6-8  89:7  Jer 10:6,7  32:40 
 * for ever.  Heb. all days.

經文:

約書亞記 5:1-5:1

註釋:

  1;  The Canaanites are afraid.
  2;  Joshua renews circumcision.
 10;  The passover is kept at Gilgal
 12;  They eat the corn of the land and the manna ceases.
 13;  An angel appears to Joshua.

 * all the kings.
  12:9-24  24:15  Ge 10:15-19  15:18-21  48:22  Jud 11:23  2Sa 21:2 
  Eze 16:3  Am 2:9 
 * Canaanites.
  17:12,18  Ge 12:6  Ex 23:28  Jud 1:1  4:2  Ezr 9:1  Ps 135:11 
 * which were by.
  Nu 13:29  Jud 3:3  Zep 2:4-6 
 * heard.
  2:9-11  Ex 15:14,15  Ps 48:4-6  Re 18:10 
 * neither was.
  1Sa 25:37  1Ki 10:5  Isa 13:6-8  Eze 21:7  Da 5:6 

經文:

約書亞記 5:2-5:2

註釋:

 * sharp knives.  or, knives of flints.
   Before the use of iron was common, all the nations of the
   earth had their edge tools made of stones, flints, etc.  Our
   ancestors had their arrows and spearheads made of flint; which
   are frequently turned up by the plough.  And even when iron
   became more common, stone knives seem to have been preferred
   for making incisions in the human body.  The Egyptians used
   such to open the bodies for embalming; and the tribe of
   Alnajab in Ethiopia, who follow the Mosaic institution,
   perform the rite of circumcision, according to Ludolf,
   {cultris lapidibus,} with knives made of stone.

 * circumcise.
  Ge 17:10-14  De 10:16  30:6  Ro 2:29  4:11  Col 2:11 

經文:

約書亞記 5:3-5:3

註釋:

 * Joshua.
  Ge 17:23-27  Mt 16:24 
 * the hill of the foreskins.  or, Gibeah haaraloth.

經文:

約書亞記 5:4-5:4

註釋:

 * All the.
  Nu 14:22  26:64,65  De 2:16  1Co 10:5  Heb 3:17-19 

經文:

約書亞記 5:5-5:5

註釋:

 * they had not.
  De 12:8,9  Ho 6:6,7  Mt 12:7  Ro 2:26  1Co 7:19  Ga 5:6  6:15 

經文:

約書亞記 5:6-5:6

註釋:

 * walked.
  Nu 14:32-34  De 1:3  2:7,14  8:4  Ps 95:10,11  Jer 2:2 
 * sware that.
  Nu 14:23  Heb 3:11 
 * a land.
  Ex 3:8,17  Eze 20:6,15  Joe 3:18 

經文:

約書亞記 5:7-5:7

註釋:

 * their children.
  Nu 14:31  De 1:39 

經文:

約書亞記 5:8-5:8

註釋:

 * when they, etc.  Heb. when the people had made an end to be
   circumcised.  till they were whole.
  Ge 34:25 

經文:

約書亞記 5:9-5:9

註釋:

 * I rolled away.
  24:14  Ge 34:14  Le 24:14  1Sa 14:6  17:26,36  Ps 119:39  Jer 9:25 
  Eze 20:7,8  23:3,8  Eph 2:11,12 
 * Gilgal.
   That is, rolling.

  4:19 

經文:

約書亞記 5:10-5:10

註釋:

 * kept the passover.
  Eze 12:3,6,7-16  Nu 9:1-5 

經文:

約書亞記 5:11-5:11

註釋:

 * old corn.
   The people would find abundance of old corn in the deserted
   granaries of the affrighted inhabitants:  and the barley
   harvest being ripe, after offering the sheaf of first-fruits,
   they ate also new parched corn; and thus the manna being no
   longer necessary, ceased, after having been sent them
   regularly for almost forty years.  To Christians the manna for
   their souls shall never fail, till they arrive at the Canaan
   above, to feast on its rich and inexhaustible provisions.

 * unleavened cakes.
  Ex 12:18-20  13:6,7  Le 23:6,14 

經文:

約書亞記 5:12-5:12

註釋:

 * the manna.
  Ex 16:35  Ne 9:20,21  Re 7:16,17 
 * but they did eat.
  De 6:10,11  Pr 13:22  Isa 65:13,14  Joh 4:38 

經文:

約書亞記 5:13-5:13

註釋:

 * he lifted.
  Ge 33:1,5  Da 8:3  10:5 
 * a man.
  6:2  Ge 18:2  32:24-30  Ex 23:23  Jud 13:8,9,11,22  Da 10:5 
  Ho 12:3-5  Zec 1:8  Ac 1:10  Re 1:13 
 * his sword.
  Nu 22:23  1Ch 21:16,17,27,30 
 * Art thou for us.
  1Ch 12:17,18 

經文:

約書亞記 5:14-5:14

註釋:

 * but as captain.  or, Prince.
  Ex 23:20-22  Isa 55:4  Da 10:13,21  12:1  Heb 2:10  Re 12:7 
  Re 19:11-14 
 * fell on his.
  Ge 17:3,17  Le 9:24  Nu 16:22,45  Mt 8:2  Lu 5:12  Ac 10:25,26 
  Re 19:10  22:8,9 
 * What saith.
  1Sa 3:9,10  Isa 6:8  Ac 9:6 
 * my lord.
  Ex 4:10,13  Ps 110:1  Mt 22:44  Lu 1:43  20:42  Joh 20:28  Php 3:8 

經文:

約書亞記 5:15-5:15

註釋:

 * Loose.
  Ex 3:5  Ac 7:32,33  2Pe 1:18 
 * And Joshua.
   Many persons have been puzzled to know what was intended by
   this extraordinary appearance of the angel to Joshua, because
   they supposed that the whole business ends with the chapter;
   whereas it is continued in the succeeding one, the first verse
   of which is a mere parenthesis, simply relating to the state
   of Jericho at the time when Joshua was favoured with this
   encouraging vision; by which he was shewn that their help came
   from God alone, and that it was not by human might or power,
   but by the Lord of hosts they were to obtain the victory.

經文:

約書亞記 6:1-6:1

註釋:

  1;  Jericho is shut up.
  2;  God instructs Joshua how to beseige it.
 12;  The city is compassed.
 17;  It must be accursed.
 20;  The walls fall down.
 22;  Rahab is saved.
 26;  The builder of Jericho is cursed.

 * was straitly.  Heb. did shut up, and was shut up.
  2:7  2Ki 17:4 
 * because.
  2:9-14,24  Ps 127:1 

經文:

約書亞記 6:2-6:2

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  5:13-15 
 * See, I have.
  9-24  2:9,24  8:1  11:6-8  Jud 11:21  2Sa 5:19  Ne 9:24  Da 2:21,44 
  Da 4:17,35  5:18 
 * the king.
  De 7:24  Jud 11:24 

經文:

約書亞記 6:3-6:3

註釋:

 * ye shall.
  7,14  Nu 14:9  1Co 1:21-25  2Co 4:7 

經文:

約書亞記 6:4-6:4

註釋:

 * trumpets of rams'.
   The words {shopheroth hyyovelim,} should rather be rendered
   jubilee, trumpets, i.e., such as were used on the jubilee,
   which were probably made of horn or silver:  for the entrance
   of the Israelites into Canaan was indeed a jubilee to them
   (See Note on Le 25:11):  instead of the dreadful trumpet of
   war, they were ordered to sound the trumpet of joy, as already
   conquerors.

  Le 25:9  Nu 10:1-10  Jud 7:7,8,15-22  2Ch 13:12  20:17,19,21 
  Isa 27:13  Zec 4:6 
 * seven times.
  Ge 2:3  7:2,3  Le 4:6  14:16  25:8  Nu 23:1  1Ki 18:43  2Ki 5:10 
  Job 42:8  Zec 4:2  Re 1:4,20  5:1,6  8:2,6  10:3  15:1,7  16:1 

經文:

約書亞記 6:5-6:5

註釋:

 * make a long.
  16,20  Ex 19:19  2Ch 20:21,22 
 * the people.
  Jud 7:20-22  1Sa 4:5  17:20,52  2Ch 13:14,15  Jer 50:15 
 * and the wall.
   The words {wenaphelah chomath hair tachteyha,} are literally,
   "and the wall of the city shall fall down under itself;" which
   appears simply to mean, that the wall shall fall down from its
   very foundation; which was probably the case in every part,
   though large breaches in different places might have been
   amply sufficient first to admit the armed men, after whom the
   host might enter to destroy the city.  There is no ground for
   the supposition that the walls sunk into the earth.

  Isa 25:12  30:25  2Co 10:4,5  Heb 11:30 
 * flat.  Heb. under it.

經文:

約書亞記 6:6-6:6

註釋:

 * Take up the ark.
  8,13  3:3,6  Ex 25:14  De 20:2-4  Ac 9:1 

經文:

約書亞記 6:7-6:7

註釋:

 * that is armed.
  3  1:14  4:13 

經文:

約書亞記 6:8-6:8

註釋:

 * before the Lord.
  3,4  Nu 32:20 

經文:

約書亞記 6:9-6:9

註釋:

 * and the rereward.  Heb. gathering.  host.
  13  Nu 10:25  Isa 52:11  58:8 

經文:

約書亞記 6:10-6:10

註釋:

 * any noise with your voice.  Heb. your voice to be heard.
  Isa 42:2  Mt 12:19 
 * until the day.
  2Sa 5:23,24  Isa 28:16  Lu 24:49  Ac 1:7 

經文:

約書亞記 6:11-6:11

註釋:

  11 

經文:

約書亞記 6:12-6:12

註釋:

 * Joshua rose.
  3:1  Ge 22:3 
 * the priests.
  6-8  De 31:25  Joh 2:5-8  6:10,11  9:6,7  Heb 11:7,8 

經文:

約書亞記 6:13-6:13

註釋:

 * went on.
  1Ch 15:26  Mt 24:13  Ga 6:9 

經文:

約書亞記 6:14-6:14

註釋:

  3,11,15 

經文:

約書亞記 6:15-6:15

註釋:

 * about the dawning.
  Ps 119:147  Mt 28:1  2Pe 1:19 
 * only on that day.
  4 

經文:

約書亞記 6:16-6:16

註釋:

 * Shout.
  5  Jud 7:20-22  2Ch 13:15  20:22,23 

經文:

約書亞記 6:17-6:17

註釋:

 * accursed.  or, devoted.
  7:1  Le 27:28,29  Nu 21:2,3  1Co 2:7  Ezr 10:8  *marg: 
  Isa 34:6  Jer 46:10  Eze 39:17  Mic 4:13  1Co 16:22  Ga 3:10,12 
 * only Rahab.
  2:1 
 * because.
  22,23  2:4-6,22  Ge 12:3  1Sa 15:6  Mt 10:41,42  25:40  Heb 6:10 
  Heb 11:31  Jas 2:25 

經文:

約書亞記 6:18-6:18

註釋:

 * in any wise.
  Ro 12:9  2Co 6:17  Eph 5:11  Jas 1:27  1Jo 5:21 
 * lest ye make.
  7:1,11,12,15  De 7:26  13:17 
 * make the camp.
  7:11,12  22:18-20  1Sa 14:28-42  Ec 9:18  Jon 1:12 
 * and trouble it.
  7:25  2Sa 21:1  1Ki 18:17,18 

經文:

約書亞記 6:19-6:19

註釋:

 * all the silver.
  2Sa 8:11  1Ch 18:11  26:20,26,28  28:12  2Ch 15:18  31:12 
  Isa 23:17,18  Mic 4:13 
 * consecrated.  Heb. holiness.
  Le 19:24  *marg: 
  Zec 14:20,21 
 * the treasury.
  1Ki 7:51  14:26  2Ki 24:13  1Ch 26:20  Ne 7:70,71  10:38  Jer 38:11 
  Mt 27:6  Mr 12:41 

經文:

約書亞記 6:20-6:20

註釋:

 * the wall.
  5  2Co 10:4,5  Heb 11:30 
 * flat.  Heb. under it.

經文:

約書亞記 6:21-6:21

註釋:

 * And they.
   The Canaanites were ripe for destruction; and God was pleased,
   instead of destroying them by a pestilence, a famine, or an
   earthquake, to employ the Israelites as the executioners of
   his vengeance.  Had an angel been commissioned to slay them,
   who would have charged him with iniquity or cruelty?  In all
   public calamities infants are involved; and tens of thousands
   of infants die in great agony every year.  Now, either God is
   not the agent in these calamities, (which opinion, though
   often implied in men's reasonings on these subjects, is not
   far from atheism;) or they must consist with the most perfect
   justice and goodness.

 * utterly.
  9:24,25  10:28,39  11:14  De 2:34  7:2,3,16  20:16,17 
  1Sa 15:3,8,18,19  1Ki 20:42  Ps 137:8,9  Jer 48:18  Re 18:21 

經文:

約書亞記 6:22-6:22

註釋:

 * Joshua.
  17  2:1-24 
 * as ye sware unto her.
  2:12-14,17-20  9:15,18-20  2Sa 21:2,7  Ps 15:4  Eze 17:13,16,18 
  Eze 17:19  Heb 11:31 

經文:

約書亞記 6:23-6:23

註釋:

 * out Rahab.
  2:18  Ge 12:2  18:24  19:29  Ac 27:24  Heb 11:7 
 * kindred.  Heb. families.  left them.
  Nu 5:2,3  31:19  Ac 10:28  1Co 5:12  Eph 2:12 

經文:

約書亞記 6:24-6:24

註釋:

 * burnt.
  8:28  De 13:16  2Ki 25:9  Re 17:16  18:8 
 * only the silver.
  19 

經文:

約書亞記 6:25-6:25

註釋:

 * Rahab.
  11:19,20  Jud 1:24,25  Ac 2:21  Heb 11:31 
 * she dwelleth.
  Mt 1:5 
 * unto.
  4:9 
 * because.
  Jas 2:25 

經文:

約書亞記 6:26-6:26

註釋:

 * adjured.
   This is to be regarded as a prediction, that he who rebuilded
   this city should lose all his children in the interim between
   the laying of the foundation to the completion of the walls.

  Nu 5:19-21  1Sa 14:24-46  1Ki 22:16  Mt 26:63  Ac 19:13 
 * Cursed.
  1Ki 16:34  Mal 1:4 

經文:

約書亞記 6:27-6:27

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  1:5,9  Ge 39:2,3,21  De 31:6  Mt 18:20  28:20  Ac 18:9,10 
  2Co 13:14  2Ti 4:17,22 
 * his fame.
  9:1,3,9  1Sa 2:30  2Sa 7:9  Mt 4:24  14:1 

經文:

約書亞記 7:1-7:1

註釋:

  1;  The Israelites are smitten at Ai.
  6;  Joshua's complaint.
 10;  God instructs him what to do.
 16;  Achan is taken by the lot.
 19;  His confession.
 24;  He and all he had are destroyed in the valley of Achor.

 * committed.
  20,21  22:16  2Ch 24:18  Ezr 9:6  Da 9:7 
 * for Achan.
  22:20  1Ch 2:6,7 
 * Achar, Zimri.  took.
  6:17,18 
 * the anger.
  22:18  2Sa 24:1  1Ch 21:7  Ec 9:18  Jon 1:7  1Co 5:1-6 
  Heb 12:15,16 

經文:

約書亞記 7:2-7:2

註釋:

 * to Ai.
  12:9  Ge 12:8 
 * Hai.
  Ne 11:31 
 * Aija.  Beth-aven.
  18:12  Ge 28:19  Ho 4:15 
 * Go up.
  2:1  Pr 20:18  24:6  Mt 10:16  Eph 5:15 

經文:

約書亞記 7:3-7:3

註釋:

 * about two.  Heb. about 2,000; men, or about 3,000; men.
   labour.
  Pr 13:4  21:25  Lu 13:24  Heb 4:11  6:11,12  2Pe 1:5,10 

經文:

約書亞記 7:4-7:4

註釋:

 * fled.
  Le 26:17  De 28:25  32:30  Isa 30:17  59:2 

經文:

約書亞記 7:5-7:5

註釋:

 * for they.
  De 1:44 
 * the going down.  or, Morad.  wherefore.
  2:9,11  5:1  Le 26:36  Ps 22:14  Isa 13:7 

經文:

約書亞記 7:6-7:6

註釋:

 * rent.
  Ge 37:29,34  Nu 14:6  2Sa 13:31  Ezr 9:3-5  Es 4:1  Job 1:20 
  Ac 14:14 
 * fell.
  Nu 16:22,45  2Sa 12:16 
 * until the eventide.
  Jud 20:23,26  21:2  2Sa 1:12 
 * put dust.
   Rending the clothes, beating the breast, tearing the hair,
   throwing dust upon the head, and falling prostrate, were usual
   signs of deep affliction and distress among the ancient
   Israelites.  In illustration of this custom, see 1; Sa 4:12,
   when the messenger brought tidings to Eli of the discomfiture
   of the armies of Israel by the Philistines; again, in the case
   of Tamar, 2; Sa 13:19, and in Ne 9:1, when a whole nation,
   "assembled with fasting, and with sackcloth, and earth upon
   them."  See also the case of Mordecai, Es 4:1, and Job 2:12,
   where his friends abased themselves to comfort him; refer also
   to Eze 27:30. Jon 3:6. Mic 1:10.  In each of these instances
   it is worthy of remark, that putting dust on the head
   generally follows rending of the clothes, and was the usual
   mode of evincing poignant sorrow.

經文:

約書亞記 7:7-7:7

註釋:

 * wherefore.
  Ex 5:22,23  Nu 14:3  2Ki 3:10  Ps 116:11  Jer 12:1,2  Heb 12:5 
 * to deliver.
  Ex 14:11,12  17:3  Nu 20:4,5  Mt 17:17,20  Mr 8:17,18 
 * would to.
  Ex 16:3 
 * and dwelt.
  1:2-4 

經文:

約書亞記 7:8-7:8

註釋:

 * what shall.
  Ezr 9:10  Hab 2:1  Ro 3:5,6 
 * back.  Heb. necks.

經文:

約書亞記 7:9-7:9

註釋:

 * shall hear.
  Ex 32:12  Nu 14:13 
 * environ.
  Ps 83:4  124:2,3 
 * what wilt thou.
  De 32:26,27  Ps 106:6-8  Eze 20:9  36:22,23  Joe 2:17  Joh 12:28 

經文:

約書亞記 7:10-7:10

註釋:

 * wherefore.
  Ex 14:15  1Sa 15:22  16:1  1Ch 22:16 
 * liest.  Heb. fallest.
  6 

經文:

約書亞記 7:11-7:11

註釋:

 * Israel.
  1,20,21 
 * transgressed.
  23:16  De 17:2  Jud 2:20  2Ki 18:12  Isa 24:5  50:1,2  Jer 31:32 
  Ho 6:7 
 * the accursed.
  21  6:17-19 
 * stolen.
  Mal 3:8,9  Mt 22:21 
 * dissembled.
  2Ki 5:25,26  Joh 12:5,6  Ac 5:1,2,9  Heb 4:13 
 * among.
  Le 5:15  Hab 2:6  Zec 5:4 

經文:

約書亞記 7:12-7:12

註釋:

 * the children.
  22:18-20  Nu 14:45  Jud 2:4  Ps 5:4,5  Pr 28:1  Isa 59:2  Hab 1:13 
 * they were.
  6:18  De 7:26  Hag 2:13,14 
 * neither.
  Jer 6:8  23:33  Ho 9:12 

經文:

約書亞記 7:13-7:13

註釋:

 * sanctify.
  3:5  Ex 19:10-15  La 3:40,41  Joe 2:16,17  Zep 2:1,2 
 * an accursed.
  11  2Ch 28:10  Mt 7:5 
 * take away.
  1Co 5:1-6,11-13 

經文:

約書亞記 7:14-7:14

註釋:

 * the tribe.
  17,18  1Sa 10:19-21  14:38-42  Pr 16:33  Jon 1:7  Ac 1:24-26 

經文:

約書亞記 7:15-7:15

註釋:

 * he that is.
  25,26  De 13:15,16  1Sa 14:38,39 
 * he hath.
  11 
 * wrought.
  Ge 34:7  Jud 20:6  1Sa 26:21  2Sa 13:13 
 * folly.  or, wickedness.

經文:

約書亞記 7:16-7:16

註釋:

 * rose up.
  3:1  Ge 22:3  Ps 119:60  Ec 9:10 
 * and brought.
  14 

經文:

約書亞記 7:17-7:17

註釋:

  Ge 38:30 
 * Zarah.
  Nu 26:20  1Ch 2:4-7 

經文:

約書亞記 7:18-7:18

註釋:

 * was taken.
  Nu 32:23  1Sa 14:42  Pr 13:21  Jer 2:26  Ac 5:1-10 

經文:

約書亞記 7:19-7:19

註釋:

 * My son.
  2Ti 2:25  Tit 2:2  Jas 1:20  1Pe 3:8,9 
 * give.
  1Sa 6:5  Isa 13:12  Jer 13:16  Lu 17:18  Joh 9:24  Re 16:9 
 * make.
  Nu 5:6,7  2Ch 30:22  33:12,13  Ezr 10:10,11  Ps 32:5  51:3 
  Pr 28:13  Jer 3:12,13  Da 9:4  Ro 10:10  1Jo 1:8-10 
 * tell me.
  1Sa 14:43  Jon 1:8-10 

經文:

約書亞記 7:20-7:20

註釋:

 * Indeed.
  Ge 42:21  Ex 10:16  Nu 22:34  1Sa 15:24,30  Job 7:20  33:27 
  Ps 38:18  Mt 27:4 

經文:

約書亞記 7:21-7:21

註釋:

 * I saw.
  Ge 3:6  6:2  2Sa 11:2  Job 31:1  Ps 119:37  Pr 23:31  28:22 
  Mt 5:28,29  1Jo 2:15,16 
 * Babylonish garment.
   {Addereth shin(8372),} "a splendid or costly robe of Shinar," the
   plain in which Babylon stood.  Bochart and Calmet have shewn
   at large, that Babylonish robes were very splendid, and in
   high reputation.  Calmet says, they are generally allowed to
   have been of various colours, though some suppose they were
   woven thus; others, that they were embroidered with the
   needle; and others, that they were painted.  Silius Italicus
   seems to think they were woven.  Martial supposes them to have
   been embroidered with the needle; and Pliny and Apuleius speak
   of them as painted.

  Ge 10:10  *marg: 
 * wedge.  Heb. tongue.  I coveted.
  Ex 20:17  De 7:25  1Ki 21:1,2  2Ki 5:20-27  Hab 2:9  Lu 12:15 
  Ro 7:7,8  Eph 5:3  Col 3:5  1Ti 6:9,10  Heb 13:5  2Pe 2:15 
 * took them.
  Pr 4:23  Mic 2:1,2  Jas 1:15 
 * they are hid.
  2Sa 11:6-17  2Ki 5:24,25  Isa 28:15  29:15  Lu 12:2 

經文:

約書亞記 7:22-7:22

註釋:

  22 

經文:

約書亞記 7:23-7:23

註釋:

 * laid them out.  Heb. poured.
  23 

經文:

約書亞記 7:24-7:24

註釋:

 * took Achan.
  1  Job 20:15  Pr 15:27  Ec 5:13  Eze 22:13,14  1Ti 6:9,10 
 * his sons.
  6:18,21  Ge 18:25  Ex 20:5  Nu 16:27-31  Job 20:23-28 
 * the valley.
  26  15:7  Isa 65:10  Ho 2:15 

經文:

約書亞記 7:25-7:25

註釋:

 * Why hast.
  11-13  6:18  Ge 34:30  1Ki 18:17,18  1Ch 2:7  Hab 2:6-9  Ga 5:12 
  2Th 1:6  Heb 12:15 
 * all Israel.
  Le 20:2  24:14  De 13:10  17:5  21:21  22:21-24 
 * burned.
  15  Ge 38:24  Le 20:14  21:9 

經文:

約書亞記 7:26-7:26

註釋:

 * raised.
  8:29  10:27  2Sa 18:17  La 3:53 
 * So the Lord.
  De 13:17  2Sa 21:14  Isa 40:2  Joe 2:13,18  Joh 3:9,10  Zec 6:8 
 * The valley.
  24  Isa 65:10  Ho 2:15 
 * Achor.  that is, Trouble.
  25 

經文:

約書亞記 8:1-8:1

註釋:

  1;  God encourages Joshua.
  3;  The stratagem whereby Ai was taken.
 29;  The king thereof is hanged.
 30;  Joshua builds an altar;
 32;  writes the law on stones;
 33;  and pronounces the blessings and curses.

 * Fear not.
  1:9  7:6,7,9  De 1:21  7:18  31:8  Ps 27:1  46:11  Isa 12:2  41:10-16 
  Isa 43:2  Jer 46:27  Mt 8:26 
 * take all.
   It would seem, from this verse, that all that were capable of
   bearing arms were to march out of the camp on this occasion:
   30,000; formed an ambuscade in one place; and 5,000; were placed
   in another, who all gained their positions in the night.  With
   the rest of the army, Joshua appeared the next morning before
   Ai, which the men of that city would naturally suppose was the
   whole of the Israelitish force and, consequently, be the more
   emboldened to come out and attack them.  Some, however, think
   that 30,000; men were the whole that were employed on this
   occasion, 5,000; of whom were placed in ambush on the west of
   the city, between Bethel and Ai (ver. 12,) and, with the rest,
   Joshua appeared before the city in the morning.  The king,
   seeing but about 25,000; coming against him, though he had but
   12,000; persons in the whole city (ver. 25), determined to risk
   a battle, issued out, and was defeated by stratagem.

 * see, I have.
  6:2  Ps 44:3  Da 2:21,37,38  4:25,35 

經文:

約書亞記 8:2-8:2

註釋:

 * do to Ai.
  24,28,29 
 * See on ch.
  6:21  10:1,28  De 3:2 
 * only the spoil.
  27  De 20:14  Job 27:16,17  Ps 39:6  Pr 13:22  28:20  Jer 17:11 
  Lu 12:20,21 
 * lay thee.
  7,9,12,14,19  Jud 20:29-33  2Ch 13:13  20:22  Jer 51:12 

經文:

約書亞記 8:3-8:3

註釋:

 * by night.
  Mt 24:39,50  25:6  1Th 5:2  2Pe 3:10 

經文:

約書亞記 8:4-8:4

註釋:

 * lie in wait.
  16  Jud 9:25  20:29,33,36  1Sa 15:2,5  Ac 23:21 
 * go not.
  Ec 7:19  9:16 

經文:

約書亞記 8:5-8:5

註釋:

 * as at.
  7:5 
 * that we will.
  Jud 20:31-33  Mt 10:16 

經文:

約書亞記 8:6-8:6

註釋:

 * drawn.  Heb. pulled.
  16 
 * They flee.
  Ex 14:3  15:9  Jud 20:32  Ec 8:11  9:12 

經文:

約書亞記 8:7-8:7

註釋:

 * for the Lord.
  1  2Ki 5:1  Pr 21:30,31 

經文:

約書亞記 8:8-8:8

註釋:

 * set the city.
  28  6:24 
 * See, I have.
  1:9,16  Jud 4:6  2Sa 13:28 

經文:

約書亞記 8:9-8:9

註釋:

 * between.
  12  7:2  Ge 12:8 
 * Hai.
  Ezr 2:28  Ne 7:32 
 * lodged.
  Ge 32:21 

經文:

約書亞記 8:10-8:10

註釋:

 * rose up.
  3:1  6:12  7:16  Ps 119:60 

經文:

約書亞記 8:11-8:11

註釋:

  1-5 

經文:

約書亞記 8:12-8:12

註釋:

 * five thousand.
  2,3 
 * of the city.  or, of Ai.

經文:

約書亞記 8:13-8:13

註釋:

 * liers in wait.  Heb. lying in wait.
  4 
 * on the west.
  8,12 

經文:

約書亞記 8:14-8:14

註釋:

 * Ai saw it.
  5,16 
 * he wist not.
  Jud 20:34-36  Ec 9:12  Isa 19:11,13  Da 4:31  Mt 24:39,50 
  1Th 5:1-3  2Pe 2:3 

經文:

約書亞記 8:15-8:15

註釋:

 * by the way.
  18:12 

經文:

約書亞記 8:16-8:16

註釋:

 * called together.
  Jud 20:36-39 
 * drawn away.
  5,6  Jud 20:31  Ps 9:16  Eze 38:11-22  Re 16:14  19:19-21 

經文:

約書亞記 8:17-8:17

註釋:

 * a man.
  3,24,25  11:20  De 2:30  Job 5:13  Isa 19:11-13 
 * Bethel.
   Bethel is not mentioned in the Greek version, and some, with
   Houbigant and Pilkington, think it was not originally in the
   Hebrew; because, had the men of Bethel pursued, as well as
   those of Ai, it would have been said that they left the
   cities, and not the city, open.  The principal strength of
   Bethel might have been previously taken into Ai, as the
   strongest place to make a stand in; Bethel being but about
   three miles westward from Ai.

經文:

約書亞記 8:18-8:18

註釋:

 * Stretch.
  7,26  Ex 8:5  17:11  Job 15:25 
 * the spear.
   The word {keedon} is rendered {clypeum,} a shield or buckler,
   by the Vulgate but the LXX. translate it [gaison,] which
   Suidas says, signifies a kind of weapon, [hoion doratos,] like
   a spear.  It may denote a short spear, javelin, or lance; for
   it is evident that it signifies neither the larger spear nor
   the shield, because it is distinguished from both.

  1Sa 17:6,41,45  Job 39:23 
   Joshua may have had a flag or ensign at the end of the spear,
   which might be seen at a considerable distance when extended,
   which was the sign agreed upon by him and the ambush.

經文:

約書亞記 8:19-8:19

註釋:

  6-8 

經文:

約書亞記 8:20-8:20

註釋:

 * the smoke.
  Ge 19:28  Isa 34:10  Re 18:9  19:3 
 * and they had.
  Job 11:20  Ps 48:5,6  76:5  Am 2:14-16  Re 6:15-17 
 * power.  Heb. hand.

經文:

約書亞記 8:21-8:21

註釋:

  21 

經文:

約書亞記 8:22-8:22

註釋:

 * let none.
  6:21  10:28  11:11,12  De 7:2  Job 20:5  Lu 17:26-30  1Th 5:3 

經文:

約書亞記 8:23-8:23

註釋:

  29  10:17  1Sa 15:8  Re 19:20 

經文:

約書亞記 8:24-8:24

註釋:

 * returned unto Ai.
   This must refer to the women, children, and old persons left
   behind; for it seems that all the effective men had sallied
   out when they imagined the Israelites had fled.  (ver. 16.)

  10:30-41  11:10-14  Nu 21:24 

經文:

約書亞記 8:25-8:25

註釋:

  25 

經文:

約書亞記 8:26-8:26

註釋:

 * Joshua.
   Joshua seems to have been not only the general but the
   standard-bearer of the army, (ver. 18,) and continued in this
   employment, by holding up or extending his spear, during the
   whole of the battle; and did not slacken from the pursuit till
   the forces of Ai were utterly discomfited.  Some commentators,
   however, understand this action in a figurative sense, like
   the holding up of Moses' hands, as if it implied that Joshua
   continued in prayer for the success of his troops, nor ceased
   till the armies of Ai were annihilated, and the city taken and
   destroyed.

 * drew not.
  18  Ex 17:11,12 

經文:

約書亞記 8:27-8:27

註釋:

 * the cattle.
  2  11:4  Nu 31:22,26  Ps 50:10  Mt 20:15 
 * he commanded.
  2 

經文:

約書亞記 8:28-8:28

註釋:

 * an heap.
  De 13:16  2Ki 19:25  Isa 17:1  25:2  Jer 9:11  49:2  50:26  Mic 3:12 
 * unto this day.
  4:9 

經文:

約書亞記 8:29-8:29

註釋:

 * the king.
   The kings of Canaan lay under the same curse as their subjects
   and probably were more deeply criminal.  The reserving of the
   king of Ai for a solemn execution, would tend to strike terror
   into the other kings, contribute to the success of Israel, and
   give their proceedings the stamp of a judicial process, and of
   executing the vengeance of God upon his enemies.

  10:26-28,30,33  De 21:22,23  Es 7:10  Ps 107:40  110:5  Ac 12:23 
  Re 19:17,18 
 * as soon.
  10:27 
 * a great heap.
  7:26  2Sa 18:17 

經文:

約書亞記 8:30-8:30

註釋:

 * built an altar.
  Ge 8:20  12:7,8 
 * in mount Ebal.
   Moses himself had twice given express orders for this
   solemnity; once De 11:29, 30, in which he pointed out the very
   place where it was to be performed; and again, at the 27th
   chapter, there is a renewal of the instructions to Joshua,
   with special reference to minute particulars.  It was a
   federal transaction:  the covenant was now renewed between God
   and Israel upon their taking possession of the land of
   promise, that they might be encouraged in the conquest of it,
   and might know upon what terms they held it, and come under
   fresh obligations to obedience.

  33 

經文:

約書亞記 8:31-8:31

註釋:

 * as it is.
  34,35  1:8  2Ki 14:6  22:8  2Ch 25:4  35:12  Ezr 6:18  Ne 13:1 
  Mt 12:26 
 * altar.
  Ex 20:24,25  De 27:5,6  1Ki 18:31,32 
 * and they offered.
  Ex 18:12  24:5  De 27:6,7 

經文:

約書亞記 8:32-8:32

註釋:

  De 27:2,3,8 

經文:

約書亞記 8:33-8:33

註釋:

 * all Israel.
  23:2  24:1  De 27:12,13  29:10,11 
 * priests.
  3:3,6,14  4:10,18  6:6  De 31:9,25  1Ch 15:11-15 
 * stranger.
  Ex 12:49  Le 24:22  Nu 15:16,29  De 31:12 
 * Moses.
  30-32  De 11:29  27:12 

經文:

約書亞記 8:34-8:34

註釋:

 * he read.
  De 31:10-12  Ne 8:2,3  9:3  13:1 
 * blessings.
  Le 26:1-46  De 27:14-26  28:1-68  29:20,21  30:15-20 

經文:

約書亞記 8:35-8:35

註釋:

 * was not.
  De 4:2  Jer 26:2  Ac 20:27 
 * women.
  De 29:11  31:12  Ezr 10:1  Ne 8:2  Joe 2:16  Mr 10:14  Ac 21:5 
 * strangers.
  33 
 * were.  Heb. walked.  conversant.
   The word conversant, from the Latin {conversor,} is here used
   in the classical sense of having intercourse with.

經文:

約書亞記 9:1-9:1

註釋:

  1;  The kings combine against Israel.
  3;  The Gibeonites by craft obtain a league.
 22;  They are condemned to perpetual bondage.

 * all the kings.
  10:2-5,23,28-39  11:1-5,10,11  12:7-24 
 * on this.
  1:15  3:17  5:1  22:4,7  De 4:49 
 * of the great.
  1:4  15:12  23:4  Nu 34:6 
 * Lebanon.
  11:17  12:7  13:5  De 3:25 
 * Hittite.
  24:11  Ge 15:18-21  Ex 3:17  23:23,31  34:11  De 7:1 

經文:

約書亞記 9:2-9:2

註釋:

 * gathered.
  2Ch 20:1-30  Ps 2:1,2  83:2-8  Pr 11:21  Isa 8:9,10,12  54:15 
  Joe 3:9-13  Ac 4:26-28  Re 16:14  20:8,9 
 * accord.  Heb. mouth.

經文:

約書亞記 9:3-9:3

註釋:

 * Gibeon.
  17  10:2  2Sa 21:1,2 
 * Jericho.
  6:1-27  8:1-35 

經文:

約書亞記 9:4-9:4

註釋:

 * work wilily.
  Ge 34:13  1Ki 20:31-33  Mt 10:16  Lu 16:8 
 * ambassadors.
   The word {tzir,} an ambassador, properly denotes a hinge;
   because an ambassador is a person upon whom the business turns
   as upon a hinge.  So the Latin {Cardinalis,} from {cardo,} a
   hinge, was the title of the prime minister of the emperor
   Theodosius, though now applied only to the Pope's electors and
   counsellors.

 * wine bottles.
   These bottles being made of skin, were consequently liable to
   be rent, and capable of being mended; which is done, according
   to Chardin, by putting in a piece, or by gathering up the
   wounded piece in the manner of a purse; and sometimes by
   inserting a flat piece of wood.

  Ps 119:83  Mt 9:17  Mr 2:22  Lu 5:37,38 

經文:

約書亞記 9:5-9:5

註釋:

 * old shoes.
  13  De 29:5  33:25  Lu 15:22 
 * clouted.
   The word clouted signifies here patched, from the Anglo-Saxon
   {clut,} a clout or rag; and not nailed from the French {clou,}
   a nail.

經文:

約書亞記 9:6-9:6

註釋:

 * the camp.
  5:10  10:43 
 * We be.
  9  De 20:11-15  1Ki 8:41  2Ki 20:14 
 * make ye.
   {Kirthoo lanoo berith,} "cut or divide with us a covenant," or
   rather the covenant sacrifice offered on these occasions.
   (See Note on De 29:12.)

經文:

約書亞記 9:7-9:7

註釋:

 * Hivites.
  11:19  Ge 10:17  34:2  Ex 3:8 
 * how shall.
  Ex 23:31-33  34:12  Nu 33:52  De 7:2,3  20:16  Jud 2:2 

經文:

約書亞記 9:8-9:8

註釋:

  11,23,25,27  Ge 9:25,26  De 20:11  1Ki 9:20,21  2Ki 10:5 

經文:

約書亞記 9:9-9:9

註釋:

 * From a.
  De 20:15 
 * because.
  1Ki 8:41  2Ch 6:32,33  Ne 9:5  Ps 72:19  83:18  148:13  Isa 55:5 
  Ac 8:7 
 * we have.
  24  2:9,10  Ex 9:16  15:14  Nu 14:15  Isa 66:19 

經文:

約書亞記 9:10-9:10

註釋:

 * two kings.
  Nu 21:24-35  De 2:30-37  3:1-7 
 * Ashtaroth.
  12:4  De 1:4  1Ch 6:71 

經文:

約書亞記 9:11-9:11

註釋:

 * our elders.
  Es 8:17 
 * Take.
  1:11  Mt 10:9,10  Lu 9:3 
 * with you.  Heb. in your hand.
  Ge 43:12 
 * We are your.
  8  Es 8:17 

經文:

約書亞記 9:12-9:12

註釋:

 * our bread.
  4,5 

經文:

約書亞記 9:14-9:14

註釋:

 * the men took of their victuals.  or, they received the men by
   reason of their victuals.  asked not.
  Ex 28:30  Nu 27:21  Jud 1:1  20:18,28  1Sa 14:18,19  22:10  23:9-12 
  1Sa 30:7,8  2Sa 2:1  5:19  1Ch 10:13,14  Ezr 8:21  Pr 3:5,6 
  Isa 30:1,2  Jas 1:5 

經文:

約書亞記 9:15-9:15

註釋:

 * made peace.
  2:12-19  6:22-25  11:19  De 20:10,11  2Sa 21:2  Jer 18:7,8 
 * and the.
  2Sa 21:2 

經文:

約書亞記 9:16-9:16

註釋:

 * that they heard.
  Pr 12:19 

經文:

約書亞記 9:17-9:17

註釋:

 * Gibeon.
  10:2  18:25-28  1Ch 21:29  2Ch 1:3  Ezr 2:25  Ne 7:29 
 * Kirjath-jearim.
  15:9,60  18:14  1Sa 7:1  1Ch 13:5,6  2Ch 1:4 

經文:

約書亞記 9:18-9:18

註釋:

 * had sworn.
  2Sa 21:7  Ps 15:4  Ec 5:2,6  9:2 

經文:

約書亞記 9:19-9:19

註釋:

 * We have.
  20  Ec 8:2  9:2  Jer 4:2 

經文:

約書亞記 9:20-9:20

註釋:

 * lest wrath.
  2Sa 21:1-6  2Ch 36:13  Pr 20:25  Eze 17:12-21  Zec 5:3,4  Mal 3:5 
  Ro 1:31  1Ti 1:10 

經文:

約書亞記 9:21-9:21

註釋:

 * let them.
  23,27  De 29:11  2Ch 2:17,18 
 * as the princes.
  15 

經文:

約書亞記 9:22-9:22

註釋:

 * Wherefore.
  Ge 3:13,14  27:35,36,41-45  29:25  2Co 11:3 
 * We are.
  6,9,10 
 * ye dwell.
  16 

經文:

約書亞記 9:23-9:23

註釋:

 * cursed.
   This may refer to the original curse pronounced against the
   descendants of Canaan:  both of them seem to have implied
   nothing else than perpetual slavery.  The Gibeonites were
   brought, no doubt, under tribute; performed the meanest
   offices for the Israelites; being in the same condition as the
   servile class of Hindoos, called the {Chetrees;} had their
   national importance annihilated, and yet were never permitted
   to incorporate themselves with the Israelites.

 * See on
  Ge 9:25,26  Le 27:28,29 
 * none of you be freed.  Heb. not be cut off from you.  hewers.
   In the East, collecting wood for fuel, and carrying water, are
   the peculiar employment of females.  The Arab women of
   Barbary, and the daughters of the Turcomans, are thus
   employed.  Hence Mr. Harmer concludes, that the bitterness of
   the doom of the Gibeonites does not seem to have consisted in
   the labouriousness of the service enjoined them, but its
   disgracing them from the characteristic employment of men,
   that of bearing arms, and condemning them and their posterity
   for ever to the employment of females.

  21,27 

經文:

約書亞記 9:24-9:24

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  Ex 23:31-33  Nu 33:51,52,55,56  De 7:1,2,23,24  20:15-17 
 * we were sore.
  Ex 15:14-16  Job 2:4  Mt 10:28 

經文:

約書亞記 9:25-9:25

註釋:

 * we are.
  Ge 16:6  Jud 8:15  2Sa 24:14  Isa 47:6  Jer 26:14  38:5 
 * as it seemeth.
  Jud 10:15  1Sa 3:18  Mt 11:26 

經文:

約書亞記 9:26-9:26

註釋:

  26 

經文:

約書亞記 9:27-9:27

註釋:

 * made them.  Heb. gave, or delivered to be.
  21,23  1Ch 9:2  Ezr 2:43  8:20  Ne 7:60  11:3 
 * Nethinim.  in the place.
  18:1  De 12:5  16:2,6,16  2Ch 6:6  Ps 78:68  132:13,14  Isa 14:32 

經文:

約書亞記 10:1-10:1

註釋:

  1;  Five kings war against Gibeon.
  6;  Joshua rescues it.
 10;  God fights against them with hailstones.
 12;  The sun and moon stand still at the word of Joshua.
 16;  The five kings are mured in a cave.
 22;  They are brought forth;
 24;  scornfully used;
 26;  and hanged.
 28;  Seven kings more are conquered.
 43;  Joshua returns to Gilgal.

 * Adoni-zedec.
  Ge 14:18  Heb 7:1 
 * as he had.
  6:21  8:2,22-29 
 * how the.
  9:15-27  11:19,20 

經文:

約書亞記 10:2-10:2

註釋:

 * they feared.
  2:9-13,24  Ex 15:14-16  De 11:25  28:10  Ps 48:4-6  Pr 1:26,27 
  Pr 10:24  Heb 10:27,31  Re 6:15-17 
 * Gibeon.
   Gibeon was situated on an eminence, as its name imports, 40
   furlongs north from Jerusalem, according to Josephus.

 * the royal cities.  Heb. cities of the kingdom.
  1Sa 27:5  2Sa 12:26 

經文:

約書亞記 10:3-10:3

註釋:

 * king of Jerusalem.
  1,5  12:10-13  15:35-39,54,63  18:28 
 * Hebron.
   Hebron was situated on an eminence, 20; miles south of
   Jerusalem, and the same distance north of Beersheba.  It is
   now called El Khalil, "the well-beloved," the usual epithet
   which the Turks and Arabs apply to Abraham, whose sepulchral
   cave they still shew; over which St. Helena built a
   magnificent church.  Its original site was on an eminence, at
   the southern foot of which the present village is pleasantly
   situated, on which are the remains of an ancient castle, its
   sole defence.

  14:15  Ge 23:2  37:14  Nu 13:22  2Sa 2:11 
 * Lachish.
  2Ki 18:14,17  2Ch 11:9  Mic 1:13 

經文:

約書亞記 10:4-10:4

註釋:

 * and help.
  Isa 8:9,10  41:5-7  Ac 9:24-27  21:28  Re 16:14  20:8-10 
 * we may.
  1  9:15  Mt 16:24  Joh 15:19  16:2,3  Ac 9:23  2Ti 3:12  Jas 4:4 
  1Pe 4:4 

經文:

約書亞記 10:5-10:5

註釋:

  6  9:1,2  Ge 15:16  Isa 8:9,10 

經文:

約書亞記 10:6-10:6

註釋:

 * to the camp.
  5:10  9:6 
 * Slack.
  2Ki 4:24 
 * from thy.
  9:15,24,25  Isa 33:22 
 * mountains.
  21:11  De 1:15  Ps 125:2  Lu 1:39 

經文:

約書亞記 10:7-10:7

註釋:

  Isa 8:12,14 

經文:

約書亞記 10:8-10:8

註釋:

  1:5-9  8:1  11:6  De 3:2  20:1-4  Jud 4:14,15  Ps 27:1,2 
  Isa 41:10-15  Ro 8:31 

經文:

約書亞記 10:9-10:9

註釋:

 * all night.
  1Sa 11:9-11  Pr 22:29  24:11,12  Ec 9:10  2Ti 2:3  4:2 

經文:

約書亞記 10:10-10:10

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  11:8  Jud 4:15  1Sa 7:10-12  2Ch 14:12  Ps 18:14  44:3  78:55 
 * at Gibeon.
  Isa 28:21 
 * Beth-horon.
  16:3,5  21:22  1Sa 13:18 
 * Azekah.
  11  15:35  Jer 34:7 
 * Makkedah.
  28  12:16  15:41 

經文:

約書亞記 10:11-10:11

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  Ge 19:24  Ex 9:22-26  Jud 5:20  Ps 11:6  18:12-14  77:17,18 
  Isa 28:2  30:30  Eze 13:11  Re 11:19  16:21 

經文:

約書亞記 10:12-10:12

註釋:

 * Sun.
   Joshua doubtless acted, on this occasion, by an immediate
   impulse upon his mind from the Spirit of God.  The terms here
   employed to record the miracle, agree with the accustomed
   manner in which the the motions of the earth and sun are
   described in our own day.  The sun apparently moves, but
   really is stationary; while the diurnal movement of the earth
   on its axis is by us unnoticed, and would not have been known
   except by astronomical science.  The sun appeared to the
   Israelites over Gibeon, and the moon over the valley of
   Ajalon, and there they stayed in their course for "a whole
   day."  Many vain enquiries have been made concerning the way
   in which this miracle was wrought, and many difficulties and
   objections have been urged against understanding it literally.
   But the fact is authenticated by the Divine testimony; and the
   manner in which it was accomplished lies entirely out of our
   province, because beyond our comprehension.

  13  De 4:19  17:3  Job 9:7  31:26,27  Ps 19:4  74:16  148:3 
  Isa 28:21  38:8  60:20  Am 8:9  Hab 3:11 
 * stand thou.  Heb. be silent.
  Hab 2:20  *marg: 
  Zec 2:13 
 * Ajalon.
  19:42  Jud 12:12 
 * Aijalon.

經文:

約書亞記 10:13-10:13

註釋:

 * until.
  Nu 31:2  Jud 5:2  16:28  Es 8:13  Lu 18:7  Re 6:10 
 * Jasher.  or, the upright.
  Nu 21:14  2Sa 1:18 
 * So the sun.
  11,14  Ps 19:4  74:16,17  136:7-9  148:3  Isa 24:23  38:8 
  Joe 2:10,31  3:15  Mt 5:45  24:29  Ac 2:20  Re 6:12  8:12  16:8,9 
  Re 21:23 

經文:

約書亞記 10:14-10:14

註釋:

 * there was.
  2Ki 20:10,11  Isa 38:8 
 * the Lord.
  Zec 4:6,7  Mt 21:21,22  Mr 11:22-24  Lu 17:6 
 * for the Lord.
  42  23:3  De 1:30 

經文:

約書亞記 10:15-10:15

註釋:

  6,43 

經文:

約書亞記 10:16-10:16

註釋:

 * and hid.
  Ps 48:4-6  139:7-10  Isa 2:10-12  Am 9:2  Re 6:15 
 * in a cave.
  Jud 6:2  1Sa 13:6  24:3,8  Isa 2:19-22  24:21,22  Mic 7:17 

經文:

約書亞記 10:17-10:17

註釋:

   This information brought to Joshua, is an evidence that there
   were those of the country, who knew the holes and fastnesses
   of it, that were in his interests.  And the care Joshua took
   to secure them there, as it is an instance of his policy and
   presence of mind, even in the heat of action; so, in the
   success of their project, it shews how they who think to hide
   themselves from God, not only deceive, but destroy themselves.
   Their refuge of lies will but bind them over to God's
   judgment.

  17 

經文:

約書亞記 10:18-10:18

註釋:

  22  Jud 9:46-49  Job 21:30  Am 5:19  9:1  Mt 27:66 

經文:

約書亞記 10:19-10:19

註釋:

 * stay ye.
  Ps 18:37-41  Jer 48:10 
 * smite.  Heb. cut off the tail.
  Isa 9:14,15 
 * suffer them.
  20  2Sa 17:13  20:6  Jer 8:14 

經文:

約書亞記 10:20-10:20

註釋:

 * had made.
  10  8:24  2Ch 13:17 
 * fenced cities.
  2Sa 20:6  Jer 8:14 

經文:

約書亞記 10:21-10:21

註釋:

 * to the camp.
  15-17 
 * none.
  Ex 11:7  Isa 54:17  57:4 

經文:

約書亞記 10:22-10:22

註釋:

  1Sa 15:32 
 * See on ver.
  16-18 

經文:

約書亞記 10:23-10:23

註釋:

  1,3,5 

經文:

約書亞記 10:24-10:24

註釋:

 * put your feet.
  De 33:29  Jud 8:20  Ps 2:8-12  18:40  91:13  107:40  110:1,5 
  Ps 149:8,9  Isa 26:5,6  60:11,12  Mal 4:3  Ro 16:20  Re 2:26,27 

經文:

約書亞記 10:25-10:25

註釋:

 * Fear not.
  1:9  De 31:6-8  1Sa 17:37  Ps 63:9  77:11  2Co 1:10  2Ti 4:17,18 
 * be strong.
  Eph 6:10 
 * thus shall.
  De 3:21,22  7:19  Ro 8:37 

經文:

約書亞記 10:26-10:26

註釋:

 * Joshua.
  Jud 8:21  1Sa 15:33 
 * hanged.
  8:29  Nu 25:4  De 21:22,23  2Sa 21:6,9  Es 2:23  7:9,10  Mt 27:25 
  Ga 3:13 

經文:

約書亞記 10:27-10:27

註釋:

 * they took.
  8:29  De 21:23  2Sa 18:17 
 * until this very day.
  4:9  7:26 

經文:

約書亞記 10:28-10:28

註釋:

 * Makkedah.
   Situated, according to Eusebius, 8; miles east from
   Eleutheropolis.  It was afterwards assigned to the tribe of
   Judah.

  15:41 
 * them.
  32,35,37,39  6:21  De 7:2,16  20:16,17  Ps 21:8,9  110:1  Lu 19:27 
  1Co 15:25 
 * and he did.
  30  8:2 

經文:

約書亞記 10:29-10:29

註釋:

 * Libnah.
   This city was situated in the south of Judah, and in the
   district of Eleutheropolis, according to Eusebius and Jerome.
   It is probably the Libnah in the neighbourhood of which the
   Israelites encamped.

  12:15  15:42  21:13  Nu 33:20  2Ki 8:22  19:8  Jer 52:1 
 * as he did.
  28  6:21  8:2,29 

經文:

約書亞記 10:30-10:30

註釋:

  30 

經文:

約書亞記 10:31-10:31

註釋:

 * Lachish.
   Lachish was also situated in the south of Judah, seven miles
   south from Eleutheropolis, according to Eusebius and Jerome.
   It appears to have been anciently a very strong place; for
   though the people were panic struck, and the Israelites
   flushed with success, yet Joshua could not reduce it till the
   second day; and the king of Assyria afterwards was obliged to
   raise the siege.

  3,5  12:11  15:39  2Ki 19:8  2Ch 11:9  Isa 37:8  Mic 1:13 

經文:

約書亞記 10:32-10:32

註釋:

 * to Libnah.
  30 

經文:

約書亞記 10:33-10:33

註釋:

 * Gezer.
   Gezer was situated on the confines of Ephraim and Manasseh,
   between Beth-horon and the sea; and is evidently the village
   of Gazara mentioned by Eusebius, four miles (north) from
   Nicopolis or Emmaus.

  12:12  16:3,10  21:21  Jud 1:29  1Ki 9:16,17  1Ch 6:67  20:4 

經文:

約書亞記 10:34-10:34

註釋:

 * Eglon.
   This town appears to have been no great distance from Lachish,
   with which it is mentioned, ch. 15:39, as one of the cities
   given to Judah.

  3  12:12  15:39 

經文:

約書亞記 10:35-10:35

註釋:

 * on that day.
  32 
 * utterly.
  37  Le 26:44  Job 19:10 

經文:

約書亞記 10:36-10:36

註釋:

 * Hebron.
  3,5  14:13,14  15:13,54  21:13  Ge 13:18  Nu 13:22  Jud 1:10 
  2Sa 5:1-5  15:9,10  1Ch 12:23,28 

經文:

約書亞記 10:37-10:37

註釋:

 * the king.
   From ver. 23, we learn that the king of Hebron was one of the
   five whom Joshua slew and hanged on five trees at Makkedah.
   This slaying of the king of Hebron, therefore, must either
   refer to what had already been done, or the Hebronites had set
   up another, whom Joshua now slew when he took the city.

 * according.
  35 

經文:

約書亞記 10:38-10:38

註釋:

 * Debir.
   Debir was situated in the south of the tribe of Judah, near
   Hebron.  The expression of Joshua's returning to Debir,
   probably denotes, that having carried his conquests in the
   southern parts as far as Gaza, (ver. 41,) which was in the
   south-west angle of Canaan, he then marched back to besiege
   Debir.

  12:13  15:15,49  21:15  Jud 1:11-15 

經文:

約書亞記 10:39-10:39

註釋:

 * he left none.
  33,37,40  11:8  De 3:3  2Ki 10:11  Ob 1:18 

經文:

約書亞記 10:40-10:40

註釋:

 * all the country.
  15:21-63  18:21-28  19:1-8,40-48 
 * utterly.
  35,37  1Ki 15:29  Ps 9:17  2Th 1:7-9 
 * as the Lord.
  6:17  8:2,27  9:24  Ex 23:31-33  34:12  De 7:2-16  26:16,17 

經文:

約書亞記 10:41-10:41

註釋:

 * Kadesh-barnea.
  14:6,7  Nu 13:26  32:8  34:4  De 9:23 
 * Gaza.
  Ge 10:19  Jud 16:1,21  1Sa 6:17  Zec 9:5  Ac 8:26 
 * all the country.
   The country of Goshen, mentioned here, seems to have been in
   the south of Judah; and to have taken its name from the city
   of Goshen, situated in the same tribe.

  11:16  15:51 
 * Gibeon.
  2,12  1Ki 3:5 

經文:

約書亞記 10:42-10:42

註釋:

 * because.
  14  Ex 14:14,25  De 20:4  Ps 44:3-8  46:1,7,11  80:3  118:6 
  Isa 8:9,10  43:4  Ro 8:31-37 

經文:

約書亞記 10:43-10:43

註釋:

 * unto the camp.
  15  4:19  1Sa 11:14 

經文:

約書亞記 11:1-11:1

註釋:

  1;  Divers kings overcome at the waters of Merom.
 10;  Hazor is taken and burnt.
 16;  All the country taken by Joshua.
 21;  The Anakims cut off.
 23;  The land rest from war.

 * Jabin.
  10  12:19  19:36  Jud 4:2,17 
 * he sent.
  10:3,4  Ps 2:1-4  83:1-3  Isa 26:11  43:2,5-7 
 * Madon.
   The LXX. read [Mar▋,] which, if legitimate, Calmet thinks may
   be the same as Maronia or Marath, in Phoenicia, to the north
   of mount Lebanon, ch. 12:19, 20; 19:15, 25.

 * Shimron.
   Supposed to be the same with Symira, in Coele-Syria, joined to
   Maron or Marath by Pliny and Pomponius Mela.

 * Achshaph.
   Supposed by some to be the same as Achzib or Ecdippa; from
   which, however, it is distinguished in ch. 19:25, 29.  It was
   in the northern part of the tribe of Asher.

經文:

約書亞記 11:2-11:2

註釋:

 * on the north.
  21  10:6,40  Lu 1:39 
 * Chinneroth.
   Jerome and others suppose this city to be same as was
   afterwards called Tiberias, now Tabaria, situated on the
   western shore of the lake of the same name.

  12:3 
 * See on
  Nu 34:11 
 * Chinnereth.
  Lu 5:1 
 * Gennesaret.  Dor.
  12:23  17:11  Jud 1:27  1Ki 4:11 

經文:

約書亞記 11:3-11:3

註釋:

 * the Jebusite.
  15:63  Nu 13:29  2Sa 24:16 
 * Hivite.
  Jud 3:3 
 * Hermon.
  13:11  De 4:48  Ps 89:12  133:3  So 4:8 
 * land.
  18:26  Ge 31:49  Jud 20:1  21:5,8  1Sa 7:5-7  10:17  1Ki 15:22 
  Jer 40:6,10  41:3,14 

經文:

約書亞記 11:4-11:4

註釋:

 * as the sand.
  Ge 22:17  32:12  Jud 7:12  1Sa 13:5  2Sa 17:11  1Ki 4:20 

經文:

約書亞記 11:5-11:5

註釋:

 * all these.
  Ps 3:1  118:10-12  Isa 8:9  Re 16:14 
 * met together.  Heb. assembled by appointment.  waters.
   This is what Josephus calls the lake Semechon, now called
   Bahr-el-Houl(8220)(Lake Julius) between the head of the Jordan and
   the lake of Tiberias.  According to Josephus it was seven
   miles long; and according to modern authorities, it is not
   above two miles broad, except at the north end, where it may
   be four.

經文:

約書亞記 11:6-11:6

註釋:

 * Be not.
  10:8  Ps 27:1,2  46:11 
 * tomorrow.
  3:5  Jud 20:28  1Sa 11:9  2Ch 20:16 
 * hough.
  9  2Sa 8:4 
 * horses.
  De 7:16  Ps 20:7,8  46:9  147:10,11  Pr 20:7  Isa 30:16  31:1 
  Ho 14:3 

經文:

約書亞記 11:7-11:7

註釋:

 * suddenly.
  10:9  1Th 5:2,3 

經文:

約書亞記 11:8-11:8

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  21:44 
 * great Zidon.  or, Zidon-rabbah.
  19:28  Ge 10:15  49:13  Zec 9:2 
 * Misrephoth-maim.  or, salt pits.  Heb. burning of waters.
  13:6 

經文:

約書亞記 11:9-11:9

註釋:

 * he houghed.
  6  Eze 39:9,10 

經文:

約書亞記 11:10-11:10

註釋:

 * Hazor.
  1  Jud 4:2 

經文:

約書亞記 11:11-11:11

註釋:

 * any left to breathe.  Heb. any breath.
  10:40 

經文:

約書亞記 11:12-11:12

註釋:

 * all the.
  10:28,30,32,35,37,39,40 
 * as Moses.
  15  8:8,31  9:24  10:40  Nu 33:52,53  De 7:2  20:16,17 

經文:

約書亞記 11:13-11:13

註釋:

 * in their.  Heb. on their heap.
   The Vulgate, Syriac, Onkelos and Waterland render {(836c) tillom,}
   "on their hills."  As the cities of the plain might be easily
   attacked and carried, Joshua destroyed them; but as those on
   mountains, hills, or other eminences, might be retained by him
   with little trouble, prudence would dictate their
   preservation.

  Jer 30:18 

經文:

約書亞記 11:14-11:14

註釋:

 * the spoil.
  8:27  Nu 31:9  De 6:10,11  20:14 
 * neither.
  11  10:40 

經文:

約書亞記 11:15-11:15

註釋:

 * the Lord.
  12  Ex 34:11-13 
 * so did Moses.
  De 7:2  31:7 
 * and so did Joshua.
  1:7  Ex 39:42,43  De 4:5  2Ch 30:12 
 * he left nothing.  Heb. removed nothing.
  De 4:2  12:32  1Sa 15:1-3,8,9,11,19-22  Mt 23:23  Lu 11:42 
  Ac 20:20,27 

經文:

約書亞記 11:16-11:16

註釋:

 * all that land.
  Ge 15:18-21  Nu 34:2-13  De 34:2,3 
 * hills.
  9:1  12:8 
 * the land.
  10:41 
 * the mountain.
  21  Eze 17:23  36:1-3,8 

經文:

約書亞記 11:17-11:17

註釋:

 * the mount Halak.  or, the smooth mountain.  that goeth.
  Ge 32:3  De 2:1  33:2 
 * Seir.
  3  1:4  12:7  13:5 
 * all their.
  12:7-24  De 7:24 

經文:

約書亞記 11:18-11:18

註釋:

 * a long time.
   Caleb was forty years old when sent from Kadesh-barnea to spy
   the land, and he was eighty-five at the conclusion of this
   war.  (ch. 14:10.)  Almost thirty-nine years of this time were
   spent before Israel passed Jordan; which leaves between six
   and seven for the term of Joshua's wars.

  23  14:7-10 

經文:

約書亞記 11:19-11:19

註釋:

 * the Hivites.
  9:3-27 

經文:

約書亞記 11:20-11:20

註釋:

 * it was.
  Ex 4:21  9:16  De 2:30  Jud 14:4  1Sa 2:25  1Ki 12:15  22:20-23 
  2Ch 25:16  Isa 6:9,10  Ro 9:18,22,23 
 * as the Lord.
  12-15  De 20:16,17 

經文:

約書亞記 11:21-11:21

註釋:

 * the Anakims.
  14:12-14  15:13,14  Nu 13:22,23  De 1:28  2:21  9:2  Jud 1:10,11,20 
  Jer 3:23  9:23  Am 2:9 
 * Joshua destroyed.
  10:42  24:11,12  Ps 110:5,6  149:6-9  Re 6:2  19:11-21 

經文:

約書亞記 11:22-11:22

註釋:

 * only in Gaza.
  Jud 3:3  1Sa 17:4  2Sa 21:16-22  1Ch 18:1  29:4-8 
 * Ashdod.
  15:46  2Ch 26:6  Ne 13:23,24 

經文:

約書亞記 11:23-11:23

註釋:

 * according to all.
  Ex 23:27-31  34:11  Nu 34:2-13  De 11:23-25 
 * according to their.
  14:1-19:51  Nu 26:52-55 
 * And the land.
  18  14:15  21:44,45  22:4  23:1  Ps 46:9  2Ti 4:7,8  Heb 4:8,9 

經文:

約書亞記 12:1-12:1

註釋:

  1;  The two kings whose countries Moses took and disposed of.
  7;  The one and thirty kings on the other side of Jordan which
     Joshua smote.

 * on the other.
  1:15  22:4 
 * from the.
  Nu 21:13,24  De 2:24  Jud 11:18  Isa 16:2 
 * unto the mount.
  11:3,17  De 3:8,9  4:48  Ps 133:3 

經文:

約書亞記 12:2-12:2

註釋:

 * Sihon.
  Nu 21:23-30  De 2:24-37  3:6-17  Ne 9:22  Ps 135:11  136:19,20 
 * Jabbok.
  Ge 32:22  Jud 11:13,22 

經文:

約書亞記 12:3-12:3

註釋:

 * sea of Chinneroth.
   This inland sea, or rather lake, which drives its several
   names, the Lake of Tiberias, Sea of Galilee, Lake of
   Gennesareth, from the territory which forms its western and
   south-western border, is computed to be between seventeen and
   eighteen miles in length, and from five to six in breadth.
   The waters of this lake, which are sweet and agreeable, lie in
   a deep basin, surrounded with lofty hills, except at the north
   and south, where it is a plain country or level.  There is a
   current through the whole lake even to the shore; and the
   Jordan through it is discernible by the smoothness of the
   surface in that part.  Its appearance from the north- western
   extremity is said by Mr. Buckingham to be exceedingly grand;
   but the barren aspect of the mountains on each side, and the
   total absence of wood, give a cast of dullness to the picture.

  11:2  De 3:17  Joh 6:1 
 * Sea of Tiberias.  the sea.
  3:16  15:2,5  Ge 14:3  19:25  De 3:17 
 * Beth-jeshimoth.
  13:20 
 * the south.  or, Teman.  Ashdoth-pisgah.  or, the springs of
   Pisgah, or, the hill.
  Nu 21:20  De 3:17  *marg: 
  De 4:49 

經文:

約書亞記 12:4-12:4

註釋:

 * the coast.
  Nu 21:33-35  De 3:1-7,10 
 * the remnant.
  13:12  De 3:11 
 * dwelt.
  De 1:4 

經文:

約書亞記 12:5-12:5

註釋:

 * Hermon.
  1  11:3  De 3:8,9  4:47,48 
 * Salcah.
  13:11  De 3:10 
 * unto the.
  De 3:14  1Sa 27:8  2Sa 3:3  13:37  15:8  23:34  2Ki 25:23 

經文:

約書亞記 12:6-12:6

註釋:

 * did Moses.
  Nu 21:24-35 
 * gave it.
  13:8-32  Lu 22:29-42  De 3:11-17 

經文:

約書亞記 12:7-12:7

註釋:

 * on this side.
  1  3:17  9:1 
 * Baal-gad.
  11:17  13:5 
 * Seir.
  Ge 14:6  32:3  36:8,20,30  De 2:1,4 
 * Joshua gave.
  1:3,4  11:23  13:1-19:51  De 11:23,24 

經文:

約書亞記 12:8-12:8

註釋:

 * the mountains.
  10:40  11:16 
 * the Hittites.
  9:1  Ge 15:18-21  Ex 3:8  23:23,28-31  De 7:1  9:1 

經文:

約書亞記 12:9-12:9

註釋:

 * Jericho.
  6:2-21 
 * Ai.
  8:1,17,29-35 

經文:

約書亞記 12:10-12:10

註釋:

 * Jerusalem.
  10:23 
 * Hebron.
  10:3,23,36,37 

經文:

約書亞記 12:11-12:11

註釋:

 * Jarmuth.
   Placed by Eusebius and Jerome four miles from Eleutheropolis,
   near Eshtaol; but, in Jermus, which is probably the same, they
   state it to be ten miles from Eleutheropolis, towards
   Jerusalem; which is supposed to be nearer the truth.

  10:3-23 
 * Lachish.
   Eusebius and Jerome say it was a village in their time, seven
   miles south from Eleutheropolis.

  10:3,23,31,32 

經文:

約書亞記 12:12-12:12

註釋:

 * Eglon.
  10:3,23  15:39 
 * Gezer.
   Gezer appears to have situated in the tribe of Ephraim, near
   Beth-horon, between it and the sea.  Eusebius and Jerome place
   it four miles north of Nicopolis or Emmaus.

  10:33 

經文:

約書亞記 12:13-12:13

註釋:

 * Debir.
  10:3,38 
 * Geder.
  15:36 

經文:

約書亞記 12:14-12:14

註釋:

 * Hormah.
  Nu 14:45  21:3 
 * Arad.
   Eusebius places this city in the neighbourhood of Kadesh, four
   miles from Malathis, and twenty from Hebron.

  Nu 21:1 

經文:

約書亞記 12:15-12:15

註釋:

 * Libnah.
   Eusebius and Jerome inform us, that Libnah was a town or
   village in their time, lying in the district of
   Eleutheropolis.

  10:29,30 
 * Adullam.
  1Sa 22:1 

經文:

約書亞記 12:16-12:16

註釋:

 * Makkedah.
  10:28 
 * Beth-el.
  8:17  Ge 12:8  28:19  Jud 1:22 

經文:

約書亞記 12:17-12:17

註釋:

 * Tappuah.
  15:34 
 * Hepher.
  19:13  1Ki 4:10 

經文:

約書亞記 12:18-12:18

註釋:

 * Aphek.
  19:30  1Sa 4:1 
 * Lasharon.  or, Sharon.
  Isa 33:9 

經文:

約書亞記 12:19-12:19

註釋:

 * Madon.
  11:1 
 * Hazor.
  11:1,10,11  Jud 4:2 

經文:

約書亞記 12:20-12:20

註釋:

 * Shimron-meron.
  11:1  19:15 
 * Achshaph.
  11:1  19:25 

經文:

約書亞記 12:21-12:21

註釋:

 * Taanach.
  17:11  Jud 5:19 
 * Megiddo.
  1Ki 4:12  2Ki 23:29,30 

經文:

約書亞記 12:22-12:22

註釋:

 * Kedesh.
  15:23  19:37  21:32 
 * Jokneam.
  19:11 
 * Carmel.
  15:55  1Sa 25:2  Isa 35:2 

經文:

約書亞記 12:23-12:23

註釋:

 * Dor.
  11:2  17:11 
 * the nations.
  Ge 14:1,2  Isa 9:1 
 * Gilgal.
  4:19  5:9,10 

經文:

約書亞記 12:24-12:24

註釋:

 * Tirzah.
  1Ki 16:23  2Ki 15:14 

經文:

約書亞記 13:1-13:1

註釋:

  1;  The bounds of the land not yet conquered.
  8;  The inheritance of the two tribes and half.
 14;  The Lord and his sacrifices are the inheritance of Levi.
 15;  The bounds of the inheritance of Reuben.
 22;  Balaam slain.
 24;  The bounds of the inheritance of Gad;
 29;  and of the half tribe of Manasseh.

 * A.M. 2560.  B.C. 1444.  An. Ex. Is. 47.  Joshua.
  14:10  23:1,2  24:29  Ge 18:11  1Ki 1:1  Lu 1:7 
 * to be possessed.  Heb. to possess it.
  De 31:3 

經文:

約書亞記 13:2-13:2

註釋:

 * the land.
  Ex 23:29-31  De 11:23,24  Jud 3:1 
 * borders.
  Ge 10:14  26:1  Joe 3:4 
 * Geshuri.
  11,13  12:5  1Sa 27:8  2Sa 3:3  13:37,38  15:8 

經文:

約書亞記 13:3-13:3

註釋:

 * Sihor.
  Jer 2:18 
 * which is counted.
  Ge 10:15-19  Nu 34:2-14 
 * five Lords.
  Jud 3:3  1Sa 6:4,16,17  Zep 2:4,5 
   The Philistine were not descended from Canaan, but from
   Mizraim, the son of Ham; (compare Ge 10:6; with ver. 13;) yet
   they were numbered with the Canaanites in this distribution.

 * Avites.
  De 2:23 
 * Avims.

經文:

約書亞記 13:4-13:4

註釋:

 * the land of.
  10:40  11:3  12:7,8 
 * Mearah.  or, the cave.  Aphek.
   This is probably the Aphek spoken of in 1; Ki 20:26.  2; Ki
   13:18, as the capital of the kings of Syria; and the same as
   is mentioned by Sozomen, Eusebius, and Theophanes, as situated
   near the river Adonis (now Nahr Ibrahim,) between Heliopolis
   and Byblos, and celebrated for the infamous temple of Venus
   the Aphacite.  The village Afka, situated in the bottom of a
   valley, and hour and three quarters from Akoura, and three
   hours' distance from Lake Liemoun, is supposed to occupy its
   site.  Burckhardt, however, could not hear of any remains of
   antiquity in it neighbourhood.

  19:30  1Sa 4:1 
 * the Amorites.
  Jud 1:34-36 

經文:

約書亞記 13:5-13:5

註釋:

 * Giblites.
   Probably the inhabitants of the country, around Gebal, (Eze
   27:9,) or Byblos, as the LXX. render, a city of Phoenicia,
   situated on the Mediterranean, between Sidon and Tripoli, on
   the north of the river Adonis.  It is now called Gibyle, of
   Djebail, situated about a day's journey south of Tripoli.  Its
   walls are about a mile in circumference, with square towers
   about every forty yards' distance.  Anciently it must have
   been a place of no mean extent and of considerable beauty,
   from the ruins still visible.

  1Ki 5:18  *marg: 
  Ps 83:7  Eze 27:9 
 * Lebanon.
  De 1:7  3:25 
 * Baal-gad.
  12:7 
 * under mount.
  11:17 
 * unto the.
  Nu 34:8  Isa 10:9  Am 6:2 

經文:

約書亞記 13:6-13:6

註釋:

 * Misrephoth-maim.
  11:8 
 * them.
  23:13  Ge 15:18-21  Ex 23:30,31  Jud 2:21-23 
 * only divide.
  14:1,2 

經文:

約書亞記 13:7-13:7

註釋:

  Nu 26:53-56  33:54  32:2-14  Eze 47:13-23  48:23-29 

經文:

約書亞記 13:8-13:8

註釋:

 * Moses gave.
  4:12  22:4  Nu 32:33-42  De 3:12-17 

經文:

約書亞記 13:9-13:9

註釋:

 * Aroer.
  16  12:2  De 3:12,16 
 * all the plain.
  Nu 21:30  Isa 15:2  Jer 48:18,22 

經文:

約書亞記 13:10-13:10

註釋:

  Nu 21:24-26 

經文:

約書亞記 13:11-13:11

註釋:

  12:2-5  De 4:47,48  1Ch 2:23 

經文:

約書亞記 13:12-13:12

註釋:

 * Og.
  12:4  De 3:10,11 
 * these did.
  14:3,4  Nu 21:23-35 

經文:

約書亞記 13:13-13:13

註釋:

 * expelled.
  11  23:12,13  Nu 33:55  Jud 2:1-3  2Sa 3:3  13:37,38 

經文:

約書亞記 13:14-13:14

註釋:

 * See the Note on verse 33.
  14:3,4  Nu 18:20-24  De 10:9  12:12,19  18:2 

經文:

約書亞記 13:15-13:15

註釋:

  15 

經文:

約書亞記 13:16-13:16

註釋:

  9  12:2  Nu 21:28-30  32:33-38  De 3:12  Isa 15:1,2,4  16:7-9 
  Jer 48:21-24 

經文:

約書亞記 13:17-13:17

註釋:

 * Dibon.
   Eusebius says the city was situated in the plain of Arnon.

 * Bamoth-baal.  or, the high places of Baal, and the house of
   Baal-meon.
  Nu 21:19  22:41  32:38 

經文:

約書亞記 13:18-13:18

註釋:

 * Jahaza.
   A city near Medeba and Dibon, afterwards given to the Levites.

  21:36,37  Nu 21:23 
 * Jahaz.
  1Ch 6:78,79 
 * Jahzah.  Kedemoth.
   Supposed to have been situated east of the Arnon.

 * Mephaath.
   Situated near the desert, east of Moab.  In the time of
   Eusebius, he says the Romans kept a garrison there.

經文:

約書亞記 13:19-13:19

註釋:

 * And Kirjathaim.
   This city, according to Eusebius, was situated ten miles west
   of Medeba.

  Nu 32:37,38 
 * Sibman.
   Called Shibmah, Nu 32:38, and celebrated for its vines
   Jer 48:32.  Isa 16:8, 9; on which last place, Jerome says,
   there were scarcely 500; paces between it and Heshbon.

經文:

約書亞記 13:20-13:20

註釋:

 * Beth-peor.
  Nu 25:3  De 4:46 
 * Ashdoth-pisgah.  or, springs of Pisgah, or, the hill.
  12:3  De 3:17 
 * Beth-jeshimoth.
  Nu 33:49  Eze 25:9 

經文:

約書亞記 13:21-13:21

註釋:

 * And all the.
  De 3:10 
 * whom Moses.
  Nu 21:24-35  De 2:30-36 
 * with the.
  Nu 31:8 

經文:

約書亞記 13:22-13:22

註釋:

 * Balaam.
  Nu 22:5-7  24:1  31:8  2Pe 2:15  Jude 1:11  Re 2:14  19:20 
 * soothsayer.  or, diviner.

經文:

約書亞記 13:23-13:23

註釋:

  23 

經文:

約書亞記 13:24-13:24

註釋:

  Nu 32:34-36 

經文:

約書亞記 13:25-13:25

註釋:

 * their coast.
  Nu 32:35 
 * Jazer.
   A city near a brook of the same name, now called Wady Szyr;
   and probably the present Szyr occupies its site.

 * half.
  Nu 21:26-30  De 2:19  Jud 11:13-27 
 * Rabbah.
  De 3:11  2Sa 11:1  12:26  Eze 21:20  Am 1:14 

經文:

約書亞記 13:26-13:26

註釋:

 * Ramath-mizpeh.
  20:8  Ge 31:49  Jud 10:17  11:11,29  1Ki 22:3 
 * Mahanaim.
  21:38  Ge 32:1,2  2Sa 2:8  17:27 
 * Debir.
  2Sa 9:4,5  17:27 
 * Lodebar.

經文:

約書亞記 13:27-13:27

註釋:

 * Beth-aram.
   A city near mount Peor, and not far from the entrance of the
   Jordan into the Dead Sea; rebuilt and called Livias by Herod,
   in honour of Livia, wife of Augustus.

  Nu 32:36 
 * Beth-nimrah.
  Nu 32:3,36 
 * Succoth.
  Ge 33:17  Jud 8:5,6,14-16  1Ki 7:46 
 * Chinnereth.
  11:2  12:3 
 * Chinneroth.
  Nu 34:11  De 3:17  Lu 5:1 
 * Gennesaret.

經文:

約書亞記 13:28-13:28

註釋:

  28 

經文:

約書亞記 13:29-13:29

註釋:

  29 

經文:

約書亞記 13:30-13:30

註釋:

  26  Nu 32:39-41  De 3:13-15  1Ch 2:21-23 

經文:

約書亞記 13:31-13:31

註釋:

 * Ashtaroth.
  12:4 
 * the children of Machir by.
  Nu 32:39,40 

經文:

約書亞記 13:32-13:32

註釋:

  32 

經文:

約書亞記 13:33-13:33

註釋:

   At verse 14, as well as here, notice is taken, that to the
   tribe of Levi, "Moses gave no inheritance," for so God had
   appointed.  Nu 18:20.  If they had been appointed to a lot
   entire by themselves, Moses would have served them first, not
   because it was his own tribe, but because it was God's, but
   they must be provided for in another manner; their habitation
   must be scattered in all the tribes, and their maintenance
   brought out of all the tribes, and God himself was the portion
   both of their inheritance and of their cup.

  18:7  De 10:9  18:1,2 

經文:

約書亞記 14:1-14:1

註釋:

  1;  The nine tribes and a half are to have their inheritance by
     lot.
  6;  Caleb by privilege obtains Hebron.

 * which Eleazar.
  Nu 34:17-29 

經文:

約書亞記 14:2-14:2

註釋:

 * lot.
   Though God had sufficiently pointed out by the predictions of
   Jacob and Moses what portions he designed for each tribe, yet
   we readily discern an admirable proof of His wisdom, in the
   orders he gave to decide them by lot.  By this means the false
   interpretations which might have been given to the words of
   Jacob and Moses were prevented; and by striking at the root of
   whatever might occasion jealousies and disputes among the
   tribes, he evidently secured the honesty of those appointed to
   distribute the conquered lands of Canaan.  Besides, the
   success of this method gave a fresh proof of the divinity of
   the Jewish religion, and the truth of its oracles.  Each tribe
   finding itself placed by lot exactly in the spot where Jacob
   and Moses foretold, it was evident that Providence had equally
   directed both the predictions and that lot; and it would be
   the greatest folly and presumption not to acknowledge the
   inspiration of God in the words of Jacob and Moses; the
   direction of his hand in the lot, and his providence in the
   event.

  Nu 26:55,56  33:54  34:13  Ps 16:5,6  Pr 16:33  18:18  Mt 25:34 

經文:

約書亞記 14:3-14:3

註釋:

 * Moses.
  13:8  Nu 32:29-42  De 3:12-17 
 * but unto.
  13:14,32,33 

經文:

約書亞記 14:4-14:4

註釋:

 * the children.
  Ge 48:5  1Ch 5:1,2 
 * save cities.
  21:2-42  Nu 35:2-8  1Ch 6:54-81 

經文:

約書亞記 14:5-14:5

註釋:

  5 

經文:

約書亞記 14:6-14:6

註釋:

 * Gilgal.
  4:19  10:43 
 * Caleb.
  Nu 13:6  14:6 
 * Kenezite.
  14  15:17  Nu 32:12 
 * Thou knowest.
  Nu 14:24,30  De 1:36-38 
 * the man.
  Nu 12:7,8  De 33:1  34:5,10  Jud 13:6-8  1Ki 13:1,14 
  2Ki 4:9,16,42  8:7,11  Ps 90:1  *title 
  1Ti 6:11  2Ti 3:17 
 * Kadesh-barnea.
  Nu 13:26 

經文:

約書亞記 14:7-14:7

註釋:

 * sent me.
  Nu 13:6,16-20 
 * I brought.
  Nu 13:26-33  14:6-10 

經文:

約書亞記 14:8-14:8

註釋:

 * wholly.
  14  Nu 14:24  De 1:36  Re 14:4 

經文:

約書亞記 14:9-14:9

註釋:

  1:3  Nu 13:22  14:22-24 

經文:

約書亞記 14:10-14:10

註釋:

 * forty.
  11:18  Nu 14:33,34 
 * wandered.  Heb. walked.

經文:

約書亞記 14:11-14:11

註釋:

  De 31:2  34:7  Ps 90:10  103:5 

經文:

約書亞記 14:12-14:12

註釋:

 * the Anakims.
  11:21,22  Nu 13:28,33 
 * if so be.
  Nu 14:8,9  21:34  1Sa 14:6  2Ch 14:11  Ps 18:32-34  27:1-3  44:3 
  Ps 60:12  118:10-12  Ro 8:31  Php 4:13  Heb 11:33 
 * I shall.
  15:14  Jud 1:20 

經文:

約書亞記 14:13-14:13

註釋:

 * blessed.
  22:6  Ge 47:7,10  1Sa 1:17  So 6:9 
 * gave unto.
  10:36,37  15:13  21:11,12  Jud 1:20  1Ch 6:55,56 

經文:

約書亞記 14:14-14:14

註釋:

 * because.
  8,9  1Co 15:58 

經文:

約書亞記 14:15-14:15

註釋:

 * And the name.
  15:13  Ge 23:2 
 * And the land.
  11:23  Jud 3:11,30  5:31  8:28 

經文:

約書亞記 15:1-15:1

註釋:

  1;  The borders of the lot Judah.
 13;  Caleb's portion and conquest.
 16;  Othniel, for his valour, hath Achsah, Caleb's daughter, to
     wife.
 18;  She obtains a blessing of her father.
 21;  The cities of Judah.
 63;  The Jebusites unconquered.

 * A.M. 2561.  B.C. 1443.  An. Ex. Is. 48.  This then was the
   lot.
   The geography of the sacred writings presents many
   difficulties, occasioned by the changes which Canaan has
   undergone, especially for the last 2,000; years.  Many of the
   ancient towns and villages have had their names so totally
   changed that their former appellations are no longer
   discernible; several lie buried under their own ruins, and
   others have been so long destroyed that not a vestige of them
   remains.  On these accounts it is very difficult to ascertain
   the precise situation of many places mentioned in these
   chapters; but this cannot in any measure affect the truth of
   the narrative.

  14:2  Nu 26:55,56 
 * even to the.
  Nu 33:36,37  34:3-5  Eze 47:19 

經文:

約書亞記 15:2-15:2

註釋:

 * the salt sea.
  3:16  Ge 14:3  Nu 34:3  Eze 47:8,18 
 * bay.  Heb. tongue.
  Isa 11:15 

經文:

約書亞記 15:3-15:3

註釋:

 * Maaleh-acrabbim.  or, the going up to Acrabbim.
  Nu 34:4  Jud 1:36 
 * Zin.
  Ge 14:7  Nu 20:1  32:8 
 * Adar.
   Probably the same as Hazar-addar, Nu 34:4.

 * Karkaa.
   Supposed to be the Coracea of Ptolemy, in Arabia Petr(9161)
   Eusebius places a castle called Carcaria at the distance of a
   day's journey from Petra.

經文:

約書亞記 15:4-15:4

註釋:

 * Azmon.
   The last city they possessed towards Egypt; east of the River
   of Egypt or Rhinocorura.

  Nu 34:5 
 * river.
  13:3  Ex 23:31 

經文:

約書亞記 15:5-15:5

註釋:

  Nu 34:12 

經文:

約書亞記 15:6-15:6

註釋:

 * Beth-hogla.
   Probably the Bethagla mentioned by Jerome is the same as the
   "threshing-floor of Atad," (Ge 50:10,) situated three miles
   from Jericho, and two from Jordan; and belonging to the tribe
   of Benjamin, though serving as a frontier to the tribe of
   Judah.

  18:19,20 
 * the stone.
  18:17 

經文:

約書亞記 15:7-15:7

註釋:

 * Debir.
  15  10:38,39 
 * the valley.
  7:26  Isa 65:10  Ho 2:5 
 * Gilgal.
  4:19  5:9,10  10:43 
 * Adummim.
   A town and mountain of Benjamin (Jos 18:17,) near Jericho,
   towards Jerusalem.

 * En-shemesh.
   Situated east of Jerusalem, on the confines of Judah and
   Benjamin.

 * En-rogel.
   Supposed to be the same as the fountain of Siloam, east of
   Jerusalem, at the foot of mount Zion.

  2Sa 17:17  1Ki 1:9 

經文:

約書亞記 15:8-15:8

註釋:

 * valley of the son.
   A valley near to Jerusalem.

  18:16  2Ki 23:10  2Ch 28:3  Jer 7:31,32  19:2,6,14 
 * the Jebusite.
  63  18:28  Jud 1:8,21  19:10 
 * valley of the giants.
   Situated apparently west of Jerusalem and mount Moriah.

  18:16  2Sa 5:18,22  Isa 17:5 
 * the valley of Rephaim.

經文:

約書亞記 15:9-15:9

註釋:

 * Nephtoah.
  18:15 
 * Baalah.
   A city near Bethshemesh, and, according to Eusebius, nine
   miles from Jerusalem, in going towards Diospolis.

  2Sa 6:2  1Ch 13:6 
 * Kirjath-jearim.
  9:17  Jud 18:12 

經文:

約書亞記 15:10-15:10

註釋:

 * Beth-shemesh.
   Placed by Eusebius ten miles east from Eleutheropolis, towards
   Nicopolis.

  1Sa 6:12-21 
 * Timnah.
  57  Ge 38:13  Jud 14:1,5 

經文:

約書亞記 15:11-15:11

註釋:

 * Ekron.
  45  19:43  1Sa 5:10  7:14  2Ki 1:2,3,6,16 
 * mount Baalah.
  19:44 

經文:

約書亞記 15:12-15:12

註釋:

 * the great sea.
  47  Nu 34:6,7  De 11:24  Eze 47:20 

經文:

約書亞記 15:13-15:13

註釋:

 * Caleb.
  14:6-15  Nu 13:30  14:23,24  De 1:34-36 
 * the city of Arba.  or, Kirjath-arba.
  14:15 

經文:

約書亞記 15:14-15:14

註釋:

  10:36,37  11:21  Nu 13:22,23  Jud 1:10,20 

經文:

約書亞記 15:15-15:15

註釋:

  10:3,38  Jud 1:11-13 

經文:

約書亞記 15:16-15:16

註釋:

  Jud 1:6,12,13 

經文:

約書亞記 15:17-15:17

註釋:

 * Othniel.
  Jud 1:13  3:9,11 
 * Kenaz.
  14:6  Nu 32:12 
 * Achsah.
  1Ch 2:49 

經文:

約書亞記 15:18-15:18

註釋:

 * she lighted.
  Ge 24:64  1Sa 25:23 

經文:

約書亞記 15:19-15:19

註釋:

 * Give me.
  Jud 1:14,15 
 * a blessing.
  Ge 33:11  De 33:7  1Sa 25:27  2Co 9:5  *marg: 

經文:

約書亞記 15:20-15:20

註釋:

  Ge 49:8-12  De 33:7 

經文:

約書亞記 15:21-15:21

註釋:

 * Kabzeel.
  Ne 11:25 
 * Eder.
  Ge 35:21 

經文:

約書亞記 15:22-15:22

註釋:

  22 

經文:

約書亞記 15:23-15:23

註釋:

 * Kedesh.
  12:22  Nu 33:37  De 1:19 
 * Hazor.
   The LXX. read [Hasori▋ain,] for Hazar-Ithnan, regarding these
   two as one city.

經文:

約書亞記 15:24-15:24

註釋:

 * Ziph.
   Eusebius and Jerome say, that Ziph was a village in their time
   eight miles east from Hebron.

  1Sa 23:14,19,24  Ps 54:1  *title 
 * Telem.
  1Sa 15:4 

經文:

約書亞記 15:25-15:25

註釋:

 * Hazor.
   Or, rather, Hazar-hadattah, or, as the LXX., Alexandrian, and
   Vulgate render [Has┴ L(8220)kain(822c)] {Asor nova,} "New Hazor," to
   distinguish it from the preceding (ver. 28,) and following
   Hazor.  Eusebius and Jerome say it was a village in their
   time, on the eastern confines of Askelon.

 * Kerioth.
   Or, rather, Kerioth-Hezron:  LXX. [hai poleis] (Alex.
   [polis]) [Haser▋,] "the cities (city) of Hezron."

  25 

經文:

約書亞記 15:26-15:26

註釋:

 * Moladah.
   Probably the same as Malatha, a city frequently mentioned by
   Eusebius; from whom it appears to have been situated in the
   southern border of Judah, about twenty miles from Hebron.

  1Ch 4:28 

經文:

約書亞記 15:27-15:27

註釋:

 * Hazar-gaddah.
   This is apparently the city which Eusebius calls [Aser;]
   which he says, was, in his time, a town situated between
   Askalon and Ashdod.

 * Beth-palet.
  Ne 11:26 

經文:

約書亞記 15:28-15:28

註釋:

 * Hazar-shual.
  19:3  1Ch 4:28 
 * Beer-sheba.
  19:2  Ge 21:14,31-33  26:33 
 * Bizjoth-jah.
   Instead of Bizjothjah, the LXX. read, "and their towns and
   villages."

經文:

約書亞記 15:29-15:29

註釋:

 * Baalah.
  9-11  19:3 
 * Azem.
  1Ch 4:29 

經文:

約書亞記 15:30-15:30

註釋:

 * Hormah.
  19:4  Nu 14:45  De 1:44  Jud 1:17 

經文:

約書亞記 15:31-15:31

註釋:

 * Ziklag.
  19:5  1Sa 27:6  30:1  1Ch 12:1 

經文:

約書亞記 15:32-15:32

註釋:

 * Ain.
   Probably the [bethanin] of Eusebius, four miles from
   Hebron.

  Nu 34:11 
 * Rimmon.
  Ne 11:29 

經文:

約書亞記 15:33-15:33

註釋:

 * Eshtaol.
   This town is placed by Eusebius ten mile from Eleutheropolis,
   towards Nicopolis:  and it is supposed to be a wretched
   village, called Esdad, about 15; miles south of Yebna.

  19:41  Nu 13:23  Jud 13:25  16:31 
 * Zoreah.
   A town near to Eshtaol, placed at ten miles' distance N. of
   Eleutheropolis by Eusebius.

經文:

約書亞記 15:34-15:34

註釋:

 * Tappuah.
  53  12:17 

經文:

約書亞記 15:35-15:35

註釋:

 * Jarmuth.
  10:3,23  12:11  Ne 11:29 
 * Adullam.
  12:15  1Sa 22:1  Mic 1:15 
 * Socoh.
   Eusebius says, there were two cities of Socoh, an upper and
   lower, nine miles from Eleutheropolis, towards Jerusalem.

  48  1Sa 17:1  1Ch 4:18 
 * Azekah.
   Eusebius and Jerome say there was a town of this name in their
   time, between Jerusalem and Eleutheropolis.

  10:10  1Sa 17:1 

經文:

約書亞記 15:36-15:36

註釋:

 * Sharaim.
  1Sa 17:52 
 * Adithaim.
   Eusebius mentions two cities, called Adatha, one towards Gaza,
   and the other east of Lydda.

 * and Gede-rothaim.  or, or.  fourteen cities.
   There are fifteen in all; but the two last seem to be only two
   names of the same city.

經文:

約書亞記 15:37-15:37

註釋:

  37 

經文:

約書亞記 15:38-15:38

註釋:

 * Mizpeh.
  Ge 31:48,49  Jud 20:1  21:5  1Sa 7:5,6,16  10:17 
 * Joktheel.
  2Ki 14:7 

經文:

約書亞記 15:39-15:39

註釋:

 * Lachish.
  10:3,31,32  12:11  2Ki 18:14,17  19:8 
 * Bozkath.
  2Ki 22:1 
 * Eglon.
  10:3  12:12 

經文:

約書亞記 15:40-15:40

註釋:

  40 

經文:

約書亞記 15:41-15:41

註釋:

 * Makkedah.
  10:21,28  12:16 

經文:

約書亞記 15:42-15:42

註釋:

 * Libnah.
  10:29  12:15  2Ki 8:22 
 * Ether.
  19:7 

經文:

約書亞記 15:43-15:43

註釋:

  43 

經文:

約書亞記 15:44-15:44

註釋:

 * Keilah.
  1Sa 23:1-14 
 * Achzib.
  Ge 38:5  Mic 1:14 
 * Mareshah.
  Mic 1:15 

經文:

約書亞記 15:45-15:45

註釋:

 * Ekron.
  13:3  1Sa 5:10  6:17  Am 1:8  Zep 2:4  Zec 9:5-7 

經文:

約書亞記 15:46-15:46

註釋:

 * near.  Heb. by the place of.
  1Sa 5:1,6  2Ch 26:6  Ne 13:23,24  Isa 20:1  Am 1:8 

經文:

約書亞記 15:47-15:47

註釋:

 * Gaza.
  Jud 16:1-21  Jer 47:1,5  Am 1:6,7  Zep 2:4  Ac 8:26 
 * the river.
  4  13:3  Ex 23:31  Nu 34:5,6 

經文:

約書亞記 15:48-15:48

註釋:

 * Jattir.
  21:14 

經文:

約書亞記 15:49-15:49

註釋:

 * Kirjath-sannah.
  15  Jud 1:11 

經文:

約書亞記 15:50-15:50

註釋:

  50 

經文:

約書亞記 15:51-15:51

註釋:

 * Goshen.
  10:41  11:16 
 * Giloh.
  2Sa 15:12 

經文:

約書亞記 15:52-15:52

註釋:

 * Dumah.
  Isa 21:11 

經文:

約書亞記 15:53-15:53

註釋:

 * Janum.  or, Janus.
  53 

經文:

約書亞記 15:54-15:54

註釋:

 * Kirjath-arba.
  13  14:15  Ge 23:2 

經文:

約書亞記 15:55-15:55

註釋:

 * Maon.
  1Sa 23:25  25:2,7  2Ch 26:10  Isa 35:2 
 * Carmel.
  1Ki 18:42 
 * Ziph.
  24  1Sa 23:14,15  26:1,2 

經文:

約書亞記 15:56-15:56

註釋:

  56 

經文:

約書亞記 15:57-15:57

註釋:

 * Timnah.
  10  Ge 38:12  Jer 14:1 

經文:

約書亞記 15:58-15:58

註釋:

 * Gedor.
  1Ch 4:39 

經文:

約書亞記 15:59-15:59

註釋:

  59 

經文:

約書亞記 15:60-15:60

註釋:

 * Kirjath-baal.
  18:14  1Sa 7:1 

經文:

約書亞記 15:61-15:61

註釋:

 * Beth-arabah.
  6  18:18 

經文:

約書亞記 15:62-15:62

註釋:

 * the city of.
   This city was situated somewhere in the vicinity, west of the
   lake Asphaltites; and supposed by some to be the same as Zoar.

 * En-gedi.
   En-gedi, or Hazazon-Tamar, was situated, according to
   Eusebius, in the desert west of the Dead Sea.  Josephus says
   it was 300; stadia from Jerusalem, and not far from the lake
   Asphaltites; and consequently it could not have been far from
   Jericho and the mouth of the Jordan.  It was celebrated for
   the abundance of its palm-trees.

  1Sa 23:29  2Ch 20:2 

經文:

約書亞記 15:63-15:63

註釋:

  Jud 1:8,21  2Sa 5:6-9  1Ch 11:4-8  Ro 7:14-21 

經文:

約書亞記 16:1-16:1

註釋:

  1;  The general borders of the sons of Joseph.
  5;  The border of the inheritance of Ephraim.
 10;  The Canaanites of Gezer not conquered.

 * fell.  Heb. went forth.  the water.
  8:15  15:61  18:12  2Ki 2:19-21 

經文:

約書亞記 16:2-16:2

註釋:

 * Beth-el.
  18:13  Ge 28:19  Jud 1:22-26 
 * Archi.
  2Sa 16:16  1Ch 27:33 

經文:

約書亞記 16:3-16:3

註釋:

 * Beth-horon.
   Eusebius says that the two Beth-horons were twelve miles from
   Jerusalem, towards Nicopolis or Emmaus:  of which the one,
   called upper Beth-horon, from its situation, was built
   (rebuilt) by Solomon, and the other, called nether Beth-horon,
   was given to the Levites.  Josephus places Beth-oron about 100
   furlongs from Jerusalem.  Dr. Clarke mentions an Arab village
   called Bethoor, about twelve miles from Jerusalem, a small
   distance from Rama, which he supposes, from its situation on a
   hill, to be Beth-horon the upper.

  18:13  1Ki 9:15-17  1Ch 7:24,28  2Ch 8:5 
 * Gezer.
   Probably the [gazara] of Eusebius, four miles from
   Nicopolis.

 * the sea
  Nu 34:6 

經文:

約書亞記 16:4-16:4

註釋:

  17:14 

經文:

約書亞記 16:5-16:5

註釋:

 * Ataroth-addar.
  2  18:13 

經文:

約書亞記 16:6-16:6

註釋:

 * Michmethah.
  17:7 
 * Taanath-shiloh.
   Placed by Eusebius ten miles of Neapolis or Shechem.

  18:1 
 * Janohah.
   Eusebius calls it [Iano,] in Acrabatene, twelve miles east
   from Neapolis.

經文:

約書亞記 16:7-16:7

註釋:

 * Ataroth.
  1Ch 7:28 
 * Jericho.
  3:16  6:1,26  Nu 33:48 

經文:

約書亞記 16:8-16:8

註釋:

 * Tappuah.
  12:17  17:8 
 * river Kanah.
  17:9  19:28 
 * the sea.
  3-6  Nu 34:6 

經文:

約書亞記 16:9-16:9

註釋:

  17:9 

經文:

約書亞記 16:10-16:10

註釋:

 * they drave.
  15:63  Jud 1:29  1Ki 9:16,21 
 * the Canaanites dwell.
  Nu 33:52-55  De 7:1,2 

經文:

約書亞記 17:1-17:1

註釋:

  1;  The lot of Manasseh.
  7;  His coast.
 12;  The Canaanites not driven out.
 14;  The children of Joseph obtain another lot.

 * the firstborn.
  Ge 41:51  46:20  48:18  De 21:17 
 * Machir.
  Ge 50:23  Nu 26:29  27:1  32:39,40  Jud 5:14  1Ch 2:23  7:14,15 
 * Gilead.
  Nu 26:29  32:33,40  De 3:13-15 

經文:

約書亞記 17:2-17:2

註釋:

 * the rest.
  Nu 26:29-32 
 * the children.
  Jud 6:11  8:2  1Ch 7:18 
 * Abiezer.
  Nu 26:30 
 * Jeezer.  children of Asriel.
  Nu 26:31 
 * children of Hepher.
  Nu 26:32 

經文:

約書亞記 17:3-17:3

註釋:

  Nu 26:33  27:1  36:2-11 

經文:

約書亞記 17:4-17:4

註釋:

 * Eleazar.
  14:1  Nu 34:17-29 
 * The Lord commanded.
  Nu 27:6,7  Ga 3:28 

經文:

約書亞記 17:5-17:5

註釋:

 * ten portions.
   As there were six sons and five daughters, among whom this
   division was to be made, there should be eleven portions: but
   Zelophehad, son of Hepher, having left five daughters in his
   place, neither he nor Hepher is reckoned.  The lot of Manasseh
   therefore was divided into ten parts; five for the five sons
   of Gilead, Abiezer, Helek, Asriel, Shechem, and Shemida; and
   five for the five daughters of Zelophehad, Mahlah, Noah,
   Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.

  2,3,14 
 * beside.
  13:29-31  Nu 32:30-42 

經文:

約書亞記 17:6-17:6

註釋:

  6 

經文:

約書亞記 17:7-17:7

註釋:

 * Asher.
   Eusebius says this was a town in his time not far from
   Neapolis, towards Scythopolis or Bethshan; between which towns
   it is also placed by the old Jerusalem Itinerary.

 * Michmethah.
   Situated, probably, east of Shechem, though its precise
   situation, as well as that of many others, cannot, at this
   distance of time, be ascertained.  Many of these towns were
   small, and we may rationally conclude, slightly built; and
   consequently have perished more than two thousand years ago.
   It would therefore be useless now to look for such places;
   though in many instances, their ancient names have been
   preserved, and their sites identified.  Several towns even in
   England, mentioned by C(9173)ar and other ancient writers, are no
   longer discernible; several have changed their names, and not
   a few their situation.

  16:6-8 
 * Shechem.
  20:7  21:21  24:1,32  Ge 34:2  37:12,14  Jud 9:1  1Ki 12:1,25 
  1Ch 6:67 

經文:

約書亞記 17:8-17:8

註釋:

 * of Tappuah.
  12:17  15:34,53  16:8 

經文:

約書亞記 17:9-17:9

註釋:

 * river Kanah.  or, brook of reeds.
   The brook Kanah seem to be what is now called Nahr el Kasab,
   which falls into the Mediterranean a few miles south of
   C(9173)area of Palestine, mentioned by the Hon. C. L. Irby, and J.
   Mangles.

  16:8 
 * these cities.
  16:9 
 * the out-goings.
  16:3,8  19:29 
 * the sea.  The Mediterranean.

經文:

約書亞記 17:10-17:10

註釋:

  10 

經文:

約書亞記 17:11-17:11

註釋:

 * Manasseh.
  16:9  1Ch 7:29 
   Beth-shean, the Scythopolis of the Greek and Roman writers,
   was situated in the plain of Jordan, west of that river, 120
   furlongs (south) from Tiberias, according to Josephus, and 600
   furlongs (north) from Jerusalem.  (2; Mac 12:29.)  It was the
   largest city of the Decapolis, and the only one on that side
   of Jordan.  It is now called Bisan, 8; hours or 24; miles from
   Tiberias; and described by Dr. Richardson, exclusive of its
   ruins, as a "collection of miserable hovels, containing 200
   inhabitants."

  1Sa 31:10,12 
 * Beth-shan.
  1Ki 4:12 
 * Ibleam.
  2Ki 9:27  1Ch 6:70 
 * Bileam.
 * Dor.
   Dor, according to Eusebius, was situated on the Mediterranean,
   nine miles from C(9173)area Palestine, towards Carmel.  The
   village of Tortura, four leagues north of C(9173)area, is supposed
   to nearly occupy it site.

  12:23  Jud 1:27  1Ki 4:11 
 * Endor.
  1Sa 28:7  Ps 83:10 
 * Taanach.
  12:21  Jud 5:19 
 * Megiddo.
  Jud 1:27  5:19  1Ki 4:12  9:15  2Ki 9:27  23:29,30  2Ch 35:22 
  Zec 12:11 

經文:

約書亞記 17:12-17:12

註釋:

  15:63  16:10  Ex 23:29-33  Nu 33:52-56  Jud 1:27,28  Ro 6:12-14 

經文:

約書亞記 17:13-17:13

註釋:

 * waxen strong.
  Jud 1:28  2Sa 3:1  Eph 6:10  Php 4:13  2Pe 3:18 
 * put the.
  16:10  De 20:11-18  Jud 1:30,33,35  2Ch 8:7,8 

經文:

約書亞記 17:14-17:14

註釋:

 * one lot.
  Ge 48:22  Nu 26:34-37  De 33:13-17 
 * a great.
  Ge 48:19  49:22-26 

經文:

約書亞記 17:15-17:15

註釋:

 * If thou be.
  Lu 12:48 
 * the Perizzites.
  Ge 13:7  Ex 33:2  Ezr 9:1 
 * giants.  or, Rephaims.
  Ge 14:5  15:20  2Sa 5:18,22 

經文:

約書亞記 17:16-17:16

註釋:

 * chariots.
  18  Jud 1:19  4:3 
 * Beth-shean.
  11  1Ki 4:12 
 * Jezreel.
  19:18  Jud 6:33  1Ki 4:12  18:46  21:1,23  2Ki 9:10,37  Ho 1:4,5 

經文:

約書亞記 17:17-17:17

註釋:

 * Thou art a great.
  14 

經文:

約書亞記 17:18-17:18

註釋:

 * the mountain.
  15  15:9  20:7 
 * for thou shalt.
  11:4-6  13:6  Nu 14:6-9  De 20:1-4  Ps 27:1,2  Isa 41:10-16 
  Isa 51:12,13  Ro 8:31,37  Heb 13:6 

經文:

約書亞記 18:1-18:1

註釋:

  1;  The tabernacle is set up at Shiloh.
  2;  The remainder of the land is described, and divided into
     seven parts.
 10;  Joshua distributes it by lot.
 11;  The lot and border of Benjamin.
 21;  Their cities.

 * Shiloh.
   Shiloh was situated on a hill in the tribe of Ephraim, though
   near the borders of Benjamin, about fifteen miles north of
   Jerusalem, and, according to Eusebius, twelve, or according to
   Jerome, ten miles (south) from Shechem or Nablous.  It was but
   a little north from Bethel or Ai, and near the road from
   Shechem to Jerusalem.  (Jud 21:19.)  In Jerome's time, Shiloh
   was ruined; and nothing remarkable was extant, but the
   foundations of the altar of burnt offerings which had been
   erected when the tabernacle stood there.

  19:51  21:2  22:9 
 * set up.
  Jud 18:31  1Sa 1:3,24  4:3,4  1Ki 2:27  14:2,4  Ps 78:66 
  Jer 7:12-14  26:6 

經文:

約書亞記 18:2-18:2

註釋:

  2 

經文:

約書亞記 18:3-18:3

註釋:

 * How long are.
  Jud 18:9  Pr 2:2-6  10:4  13:4  15:19  Ec 9:10  Zep 3:16  Mt 20:6 
  Joh 6:27  Php 3:13,14  2Pe 1:10,11 

經文:

約書亞記 18:4-18:4

註釋:

 * three.
  3  3:12  4:2  Nu 1:4  13:2 
 * describe.
  6,9 

經文:

約書亞記 18:5-18:5

註釋:

 * Judah shall.
  15:1-12  19:1-9 
 * the house.
  16:1-17:18 

經文:

約書亞記 18:6-18:6

註釋:

 * that I may cast.
  8,10  14:2  Nu 26:54,55  33:54  34:13  Ps 105:11  Pr 16:33  18:18 
  Ac 13:19 

經文:

約書亞記 18:7-18:7

註釋:

 * the Levites.
  13:14,33  Nu 18:20,23  De 10:9  18:1,2 
 * and Gad.
  13:8-31  Nu 32:29-41  De 3:12-17  4:47,48 

經文:

約書亞記 18:8-18:8

註釋:

 * Go.
  Ge 13:17 
 * that I may here.
  6,10  7:16-18  13:7  14:1,2  15:1  1Sa 14:41  Ac 1:24-26  Ro 14:19 

經文:

約書亞記 18:9-18:9

註釋:

 * described.
   The surveyors seem to have formed some kind of map of the
   country, as well as a description of it in writing.  The
   Egyptians, from the situation of their fields, as annually
   overflowed by the Nile, acquired great skill in mensuration
   and land surveying; and some of the Israelites had, no doubt,
   learned these from them, without a knowledge of which they
   could not properly have divided the land.  This is probably
   the first act of surveying on record.

 * into seven.
  Ac 13:19 

經文:

約書亞記 18:10-18:10

註釋:

 * cast lots.
  6,8  Pr 18:18  Eze 47:22  48:29  Mt 27:35  Ac 13:19 
 * before the Lord.
  Ps 16:5,6  47:4  61:5  Joh 17:2  Ac 26:18  Col 1:12 

經文:

約書亞記 18:11-18:11

註釋:

 * between the children.
  15:1-8  16:1-10  De 10:1-22  13:12 

經文:

約書亞記 18:12-18:12

註釋:

 * Jericho.
  2:1  3:16  6:1  16:1 
 * the wilderness.
  7:2  Ho 4:15  5:8  10:5 

經文:

約書亞記 18:13-18:13

註釋:

 * side of Luz.
  16:2  Ge 28:19  Jud 1:22-26 
 * Beth-horon.
  10:11  16:3  21:22 

經文:

約書亞記 18:14-18:14

註釋:

 * Kirjath-baal.
  15:9,60  1Sa 7:1,2  2Sa 6:2  1Ch 13:5,6 

經文:

約書亞記 18:15-18:15

註釋:

 * Nephtoah.
  15:9 

經文:

約書亞記 18:16-18:16

註釋:

 * the valley of the son.
  15:8  2Ki 23:10  2Ch 28:3  33:6  Isa 30:33  Jer 7:31,32  19:2,6,11 
  Jer 32:35 
 * the valley of the giants.  See on ch.
  15:8  18:16  1Ch 14:9 
 * Jebusi.
   Mount zion, south of Jerusalem; for Jebusi or Jebus was the
   ancient name of that city.

  28  15:63  Jud 1:8,21  19:10 
 * En-rogel.
  15:7  2Sa 17:17  1Ki 1:9 

經文:

約書亞記 18:17-18:17

註釋:

 * En-shemesh.
   The fountain of the Sun; whether a town, or simply a fountain,
   is uncertain.

 * Geliloth.
   Geliloth is probably the same as Gilgal; though as the word
   may signify border or limits, some think that it is probably
   not the proper name of a place:  "And went forth towards the
   borders which are over against the ascent to Adummim."  Others
   render Geliloth circuits or roundings, or the hills about
   Jordan, {tumuli Jordanis.}  Vulgate:  {pertransit usque ad
   tumulos.}

 * the stone.
  15:6 

經文:

約書亞記 18:18-18:18

註釋:

 * Arabah.  or, the plain.
  15:6,61 

經文:

約書亞記 18:19-18:19

註釋:

 * bay.  Heb. tongue.
  15:2  *marg: 
  Isa 11:15 
 * the salt.
  3:16  12:3  Ge 14:3  19:25  Nu 34:3  De 3:17 
 * this was the.
   The borders of this tribe on the north were the same as those
   of Ephraim on the south, and his southern boundaries the same
   as the northern borders of Judah; but drawn from west to east,
   instead of from east to west (ch. 15:1-12; ch. 16.)  As the
   inheritance of Benjamin did not extend to the Mediterranean
   sea, and no other sea or lake is known to have been in those
   parts, perhaps this depression, "compassed the corner of the
   sea southward," (ver. 14,) should be rendered, "made a circuit
   on the side next the sea towards the south;" for it seems to
   connect the northern border, in the preceding verses, with the
   southern which follows.

經文:

約書亞記 18:20-18:20

註釋:

  11 

經文:

約書亞記 18:21-18:21

註釋:

 * Jericho.
  12  2:1  6:1  Lu 10:30  19:1 
 * Beth-hoglah.
  19  15:6 

經文:

約書亞記 18:22-18:22

註釋:

 * Beth-arabah.
  18  15:6 
 * Zemaraim.
  Ge 10:18  2Ch 13:4 
 * Beth-el.
  1Ki 12:29-32 

經文:

約書亞記 18:23-18:23

註釋:

 * Ophrah.
   Situated, according to Eusebius, five miles east of Bethel.

  1Sa 13:17 

經文:

約書亞記 18:24-18:24

註釋:

 * Ophni.
   Probably the same as Gophna (['Ayin] being often pronounced as
   G); which, according to Josephus, was about fifteen miles from
   Jerusalem, towards Shechem, says Eusebius, (Onom. in [pharaux
   botrous.])

 * Gaba.
   Gaba or Geba, according to Josephus, was not far from Rama,
   forty stadia from Jerusalem, and, according to Eusebius, five
   miles from Gophna, towards Shechem.

  21:17  Ezr 2:26  Ne 7:30 

經文:

約書亞記 18:25-18:25

註釋:

 * Gibeon.
  9:17  10:2  1Ki 3:4,5  9:2  Isa 28:21 
 * Ramah.
   Situated, according to Eusebius, six miles from Jerusalem
   towards Bethel; though Jerome places it near Gaba, seven miles
   from Jerusalem.

  1Sa 1:1 
 * Ramathaim-zophim.
  7:17  15:34  Jer 31:15  Mt 27:57 
 * Arimathea.  Beeroth.
   Eusebius says Beeroth was seven miles from Jerusalem, towards
   Nicopolis or Emmaus.  Jerome, however, reads Neapolis or
   Shechem; but Reland prefers the former.

經文:

約書亞記 18:26-18:26

註釋:

 * Mizpeh.
   Situated not far from Rama, forty stadia from Jerusalem.

  Jud 10:17 
 * Chephirah.
  9:17  Ezr 2:25 

經文:

約書亞記 18:27-18:27

註釋:

  27 

經文:

約書亞記 18:28-18:28

註釋:

 * Zelah.
  2Sa 21:14 
 * Jebusi.
  16  15:8,63  2Sa 5:8 
 * Gibeath.
  Jud 19:12-15  20:4,5  1Sa 10:26  13:15,16  Isa 10:29  Ho 10:9 
 * Gibeah.  according.
  Nu 26:54  33:54 

經文:

約書亞記 19:1-19:1

註釋:

  1;  The lot of Simeon;
 10;  of Zebulun;
 17;  of Issachar;
 24;  of Asher;
 32;  of Naphtali;
 40;  of Dan.
 49;  The children of Israel give an inheritance to Joshua.

 * second lot.
  18:6-11 
 * within the.
  9  Ge 49:5-7 

經文:

約書亞記 19:2-19:2

註釋:

 * Beer-sheba, Sheba, and Moladah.
  15:28  Ge 21:31  1Ch 4:28-30 
 * Bilhah, Ezem, Tolad, Bethuel.
  Ne 11:26-30 

經文:

約書亞記 19:3-19:3

註釋:

 * Hazar-shual.
  15:28,29 

經文:

約書亞記 19:4-19:4

註釋:

 * Eltolad.
  15:30 
 * Hormah.
  Jud 1:17 

經文:

約書亞記 19:5-19:5

註釋:

 * Ziklag.
  15:31  1Sa 27:6  30:1 
 * Hazar-susah.
  1Ch 4:31 
 * Hazar-susim.

經文:

約書亞記 19:6-19:6

註釋:

 * Beth-lebaoth.
  15:32 

經文:

約書亞記 19:7-19:7

註釋:

 * Ain.
  15:32 
 * Remmon.
  Nu 33:19,20  1Ch 4:32 
 * Rimmon.  Ether.
  15:42 

經文:

約書亞記 19:8-19:8

註釋:

 * Baalath-beer.
  1Ch 4:33 
 * Ramath.
  1Sa 30:27 
 * Ramoth.

經文:

約書亞記 19:9-19:9

註釋:

 * too much.
  Ex 16:18  2Co 8:14,15 
 * therefore.
  1 

經文:

約書亞記 19:10-19:10

註釋:

 * third.
  18:6,11 
 * Zebulun.
  Ge 49:13  De 33:18,19 

經文:

約書亞記 19:11-19:11

註釋:

 * the river.
   The river Kishon, which empties itself into the Mediterranean
   near mount Carmel, in the vicinity of which Jokneam was
   situated.

 * Jokneam.
  12:22  1Ki 4:12  1Ch 6:68 
 * Jokmeam.

經文:

約書亞記 19:12-19:12

註釋:

 * Chisloth-tabor.
   Called Chasalus by Eusebius and Jerome, and placed at the foot
   of mount Tabor, eight miles east of Dioc(9173)area.

  22  Jud 4:6,12  Ps 89:12 
 * Daberath.
   Josephus, who calls this town Dabaritta, or Darabitta, places
   it in the plain of Jezreel, or Esdraelon, on the confines of
   Samaria and Galilee.  It is probably the Dabira which Jerome
   place towards amount Tabor, in the district of Dioc(9173)area; and
   the Debora or Daboura, mentioned by travellers as a village at
   the foot of mount Tabor.

  21:28 
 * Dabareh.
  1Ch 6:72 
 * Japhia.
   Probably Japha, a city of Galilee, near Jotapata, mentioned by
   Josephus.

經文:

約書亞記 19:13-19:13

註釋:

 * Gittah-hepher.
   Placed by Jerome two miles from Sephoris, or Dioc(9173)area,
   towards Tiberias.

  2Ki 14:25 
 * Gath-hepher.  methoar.  or, which is drawn.

經文:

約書亞記 19:14-19:14

註釋:

  14 

經文:

約書亞記 19:15-19:15

註釋:

 * Kattath, etc.
  21:34,35  Jud 1:30 
 * Nahalol.  Shimron.
  11:1  12:20 
 * Beth-lehem.
  Ru 1:19  2Sa 23:15  2Ch 11:6 

經文:

約書亞記 19:16-19:16

註釋:

  16 

經文:

約書亞記 19:17-19:17

註釋:

  17 

經文:

約書亞記 19:18-19:18

註釋:

 * Jezreel.
  1Ki 21:1,15,16  2Ki 8:29  9:15,30  Ho 1:4,5 
 * Chesulloth.
   Probably the same as Chisloth-tabor.

  12 
 * Shunem.
  1Sa 28:4  1Ki 1:3  2:17,21  2Ki 4:8,12 

經文:

約書亞記 19:19-19:19

註釋:

 * Hapharaim.
   A town called Aiphraim, in the time of Eusebius, six miles
   north of Legio.

 * Shihon.
   A town called Seon by Eusebius, at the foot of mount Tabor.

  19 

經文:

約書亞記 19:20-19:20

註釋:

  20 

經文:

約書亞記 19:21-19:21

註釋:

 * En-gannim.
  21:29 

經文:

約書亞記 19:22-19:22

註釋:

 * Tabor.
  12  Jud 4:6  1Ch 6:77  Jer 46:18 
 * Beth-shemesh.
  38  21:16  1Sa 6:9-19  1Ki 4:9  2Ki 14:11-13 

經文:

約書亞記 19:23-19:23

註釋:

  23 

經文:

約書亞記 19:24-19:24

註釋:

   The lot Asher lay upon the coast of the great sea.  We read of
   only one remarkable person of this tribe, and that was Anna,
   the prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, a widow of about
   four-score and four years, which departed not from the temple,
   but served God with fastings and prayers night and day.

  Lu 2:26-38 

經文:

約書亞記 19:25-19:25

註釋:

 * Helkath.
  2Sa 2:16 
 * Beten.
   Probably the same as Bebeten or Batnai, mentioned by Eusebius,
   eight miles east from Ptolemais; and perhaps the Ecbatana
   which Pliny places not far from Ptolemais.

 * Achshaph.
  11:1  12:20 

經文:

約書亞記 19:26-19:26

註釋:

 * Misheal.
   Situated, according to Eusebius, near mount Carmel, on the sea
   coast.

  21:30  1Ch 6:74 
 * Marshal.  Carmel.
  1Sa 15:12  1Ki 18:20,42  So 7:5  Isa 33:9  35:2  37:24  Jer 46:18 

經文:

約書亞記 19:27-19:27

註釋:

 * Beth-dagon.
  1Sa 5:2 
 * Zebulun.
   Situated on the sea coast, near Ptolemais.

 * valley.
  14 
 * Cabul.
   Supposed to be the same town which Josephus calls [Choboulo,]
   and which he says was situated near the sea side, near
   Ptolemais.

  1Ki 9:13 

經文:

約書亞記 19:28-19:28

註釋:

 * Rehob.
  30 
 * Kanah.
   This seems a different Cana from that in Lower Galilee; and to
   be that which is placed in some maps east of Tyre, between
   Libanus and Antilibanus, and south of the river Cassimer, or
   Leitani.

  Joh 2:1,11  4:46 
 * Cana.  great.
  11:8  Jud 1:31  Isa 23:2,4,12 

經文:

約書亞記 19:29-19:29

註釋:

 * Ramah.
   Probably the Rama mentioned by Theodoret as a city of Syria;
   and placed in some maps between Sarepta and Sidon, eastward,
   near Lebanon.

 * Tyre.  Heb. Tzor.
  2Sa 5:11  Isa 23:1-18  Eze 26:1-28:26 
 * Achzib.
  Ge 38:5  Jud 1:31  Mic 1:14 

經文:

約書亞記 19:30-19:30

註釋:

 * Aphek.
  12:18  13:4  1Sa 4:1  1Ki 20:30 
 * Rehob.
  28  21:31  Nu 13:11 

經文:

約書亞記 19:31-19:31

註釋:

  Ge 49:20  De 33:24,25 

經文:

約書亞記 19:32-19:32

註釋:

  32 

經文:

約書亞記 19:33-19:33

註釋:

 * Zaanannim.
  Jud 4:11 
 * Zaanaim.

經文:

約書亞記 19:34-19:34

註釋:

 * turneth.
  De 33:23 
 * Aznoth-tabor.
   Apparently the same as Azanoth, which Eusebius places in the
   plain not far from Dioc(9173)area or Sephoris.

  12,22 
 * Judah.
   As it is certain that the tribe of Naphtali did not border
   upon that of Judah, there being several tribes between, we
   should probably omit Judah, with the Septuagint; though it may
   have been a town so called.

經文:

約書亞記 19:35-19:35

註釋:

 * Hammath.
  Ge 10:18  Nu 13:21  34:8  34:8  1Ki 8:65 
 * Hamath.  Chinnereth.
  11:2 
 * Chinneroth.
  13:27  Mr 6:53 
 * Gennesaret.

經文:

約書亞記 19:36-19:36

註釋:

 * Hazor.
  11:1,20  12:19 

經文:

約書亞記 19:37-19:37

註釋:

 * Kedesh.
  12:22  20:7 

經文:

約書亞記 19:38-19:38

註釋:

 * Beth-anath.
   Eusebius mentions a town of the name of [Batanaian,] fifteen
   miles from C(9173)area. (Dioc(9173)area or Sephoris probably.)

 * Beth-shemesh.
  22 

經文:

約書亞記 19:39-19:39

註釋:

  39 

經文:

約書亞記 19:40-19:40

註釋:

  40 

經文:

約書亞記 19:41-19:41

註釋:

 * Zorah.
   Situated on the frontiers of Dan and Judah, tens miles north
   from Eleutheropolis, towards Nicoplis, according to Eusebius,
   not far from Caphar Sorek.

  15:33 
 * Zoreah.
  Jud 13:2,25  16:31  18:2  1Ch 2:53  2Ch 11:10 
 * Irshemesh.
   Supposed by some to be the same as Beth-shemesh in the tribe
   of Judah; but this latter city is evidently distinguished from
   it by being assigned by the tribe of Judah to the Levites.
   (ch. 21:16.)  Ir-shemesh rendered [polis Sammaus] by the LXX.,
   seems to be the same as Emmaus or Nicopolis, 22; miles
   south-east from Lydda, according to the Old Jerusalem
   Itinerary.

經文:

約書亞記 19:42-19:42

註釋:

 * Shaalabbin.
   Eusebius calls it [Salaba,] and places it in Samaria:  and
   Jerome calls it Salebi, (Eze 48,) and joins it to Ajalon and
   Emmaus.

  Jud 1:35 
 * Shaalbim.  Ajalon.
   This appears to be the Ajalon which Jerome places two miles
   from Nicopolis or Emmaus, in the road to Jerusalem.

  10:12  21:24  1Sa 14:31 

經文:

約書亞記 19:43-19:43

註釋:

 * Thimnathah.
  Ge 38:12  Jud 14:1,2 
 * Timnath.  Ekron.
   Ekron is placed by Eusebius between Ashdod and Jamnia,
   eastward; and probably the ruined village of Tookrair,
   mentioned by Dr. Richarson, situated on the top of a hill, and
   which he says seems to have been a place of considerable
   consequence, occupies its site.

  15:45  1Sa 5:10  Am 1:8 

經文:

約書亞記 19:44-19:44

註釋:

 * Gibbethon.
  21:23  1Ki 15:27  16:15 
 * Baalath.
  1Ki 9:18 

經文:

約書亞記 19:45-19:45

註釋:

 * Gath-rimmon.
  21:24 

經文:

約書亞記 19:46-19:46

註釋:

 * before.  or, over against.  Japho.  or, Joppa.
  Jon 1:3  Ac 9:36,43  10:8 

經文:

約書亞記 19:47-19:47

註釋:

 * the coast.
  Jud 1:34,35  18:1-29 
 * called Leshem.
  Jud 18:7,27,29 
 * Laish.

經文:

約書亞記 19:48-19:48

註釋:

  48 

經文:

約書亞記 19:49-19:49

註釋:

 * gave.
  Eze 45:7,8 

經文:

約書亞記 19:50-19:50

註釋:

 * Timnath-serah.
  24:30  Jud 2:9 
 * Timnath-heres.
  1Ch 7:24 

經文:

約書亞記 19:51-19:51

註釋:

 * These are.
  14:1  Nu 34:17-29  Ps 47:3,4  Mt 20:23  25:34  Joh 14:2,3  17:2 
  Heb 4:8,9 
 * in Shiloh.
  18:1,10  Ge 49:10  Jud 21:19,21  1Sa 1:3  Ps 78:60  Jer 7:12-14 

經文:

約書亞記 20:1-20:1

註釋:

  1;  God commands,
  7;  and the children of Israel appoint the six cities of
     refuge.

 * spake.
  5:14  6:2  7:10  13:1-7 

經文:

約書亞記 20:2-20:2

註釋:

 * Appoint.
  Ex 21:13,14  Nu 35:6,11-14  De 4:41-43  19:2-13  Ro 8:1,33,34 
  Heb 6:18,19 
 * your refuge.
  Nu 35:15-24 

經文:

約書亞記 20:3-20:3

註釋:

  3 

經文:

約書亞記 20:4-20:4

註釋:

 * at the entering.
  Ru 4:1,2  Job 5:4  29:7  Pr 31:23  Jer 38:7 
 * take.
  Ps 26:9 
 * that he may.
  Heb 6:18 

經文:

約書亞記 20:5-20:5

註釋:

  Nu 35:12,25 

經文:

約書亞記 20:6-20:6

註釋:

 * until.
  Nu 35:12,24,25  Heb 9:26 

經文:

約書亞記 20:7-20:7

註釋:

 * appointed.  Heb. sanctified.  Kedesh.
   Kedesh, called Cadesa, or Caidesa, by Josephus, was situated
   in Upper Galilee, twenty miles south-east from Tyre, according
   to Eusebius.  The cities of refuge were distributed through
   the land at proper distances from each other, that they might
   be convenient to every part of the land; and it is said they
   were situated on eminences, that they might be easily seen at
   a distance; the roads leading to them being broad, even, and
   always kept in good repair.  Kedesh and Hebron were at the two
   extremities of the land, the former being in Galilee, and the
   latter in Judah, both in mountainous districts, and Shechem
   was in mount Ephraim, nearly in the centre.  Bezer was east of
   Jordan, in the eastern part of the plain opposite Jericho;
   Ramoth was about the midst of the country of the two tribes
   and a half, being about the middle of the mountains of Gilead;
   and Golan, the capital of Gaulonitis, was situated in the
   tribe of Manasseh, in the land of Bashan.  As this institution
   is considered as a type of Christ, some expositors observe a
   significancy in the names of these cities with application to
   Him as Our Refuge.  Kedesh signifies holy, and our refuge is
   the holy Jesus.  Shechem, a shoulder, "and the government is
   upon his shoulder."  Hebron, fellowship, and believers are
   called into the fellowship of Christ Jesus our Lord.  Bezer, a
   fortification, for he is a strong hold to all them that trust
   in him.  Ramoth, high, or exalted, for him hath God exalted
   with his own right hand.  Golan, joy, or exultation, for in
   him all the saints are justified, and shall glory.

  21:32  1Ch 6:76 
 * Shechem.
  21:21  Ge 33:18,19  2Ch 10:1 
 * Kirjath-arba.
  14:15  21:11,13 
 * mountain.
  Lu 1:39 

經文:

約書亞記 20:8-20:8

註釋:

 * Bezer.
  21:36  De 4:43  1Ch 6:78 
 * Ramoth.
  21:38  1Ki 22:3,4,6  1Ch 6:80 
 * Golan.
  21:27 

經文:

約書亞記 20:9-20:9

註釋:

 * the cities.
  Nu 35:15 
 * until he stood.
  4,6 

經文:

約書亞記 21:1-21:1

註釋:

  1;  Eight and forty cities given by lot, out of the other
     tribes, unto the Levites.
 43;  God gives the land, and rest unto the Israelites, according
     to his promise.

 * the heads.
  19:51  Ex 6:14,25 
 * Eleazar.
  14:1  17:4  Nu 34:17-29 

經文:

約書亞記 21:2-21:2

註釋:

 * Shiloh.
  18:1 
 * The Lord.
  Nu 35:2-8  Eze 48:9-18  Mt 10:10  Ga 6:6  1Ti 5:17,18 

經文:

約書亞記 21:3-21:3

註釋:

 * unto the Levites.
  Ge 49:7  De 33:8-10  1Ch 6:54-81 

經文:

約書亞記 21:4-21:4

註釋:

 * the children.
  8-19  24:33  1Ch 6:54-60 
 * the tribe.
   These tribes furnished more habitation to the Levites, in
   proportion, than any of the other tribes, because they
   possessed a more extensive inheritance, agreeably to what
   Moses had commanded (Nu 35:8.)  It is worthy of remark, that
   the principal part of this tribe, whose business was to
   minister at the sanctuary, which sanctuary was afterwards
   established at Jerusalem, had their appointment nearest to
   that city; so that they were always within reach of the sacred
   work which God had appointed them.

經文:

約書亞記 21:5-21:5

註釋:

  20-26  Ge 46:11  Ex 6:16-25  Nu 3:27  1Ch 6:18,19,61,66-70 

經文:

約書亞記 21:6-21:6

註釋:

  27-33  Ex 6:16,17  Nu 3:21,22  1Ch 6:62,71-76 

經文:

約書亞記 21:7-21:7

註釋:

  34-40  Ex 6:19  Nu 3:20  1Ch 6:63,77-81 

經文:

約書亞記 21:8-21:8

註釋:

 * by lot.
  3  18:6  Nu 33:54  35:3  Pr 16:33  18:18 
 * as the Lord.
  Nu 32:2 

經文:

約書亞記 21:9-21:9

註釋:

 * these cities.
  13-18  1Ch 6:65 
 * mentioned.  Heb. called.

經文:

約書亞記 21:10-21:10

註釋:

  4  Ex 6:18,20-26  Nu 3:2-4,19,27  4:2 

經文:

約書亞記 21:11-21:11

註釋:

 * And they.
  1Ch 6:55 
 * the city of Arba.  or, Kirjath-arba.
  15:13,14,54  Ge 23:2  35:27  Jud 1:10 
 * is Hebron.
  2Sa 2:1-3  5:1-5  15:7 
 * in the hill.
  20:7-9  Lu 1:39 

經文:

約書亞記 21:12-21:12

註釋:

  14:13-15  1Ch 6:55-57 

經文:

約書亞記 21:13-21:13

註釋:

 * they gave.
  1Ch 6:56 
 * Hebron.
  15:54 
 * a city.
  20:7  Nu 35:6 
 * Libnah.
  10:29  15:42  1Ch 6:57  Isa 37:8 

經文:

約書亞記 21:14-21:14

註釋:

 * Jattir.
   Jattir or Jether, according to Eusebius, was situated in the
   district of Daroma, or the southern part of Judah, 20; miles
   (south) from Eleutheropolis, towards the city of Malatha.

  15:48  1Sa 30:27,28 
 * Eshtemoa.
   Eusebius says Eshtemoa, or Esthema, was a great city in the
   south of Judah, and in the district of Eleutheropolis, north
   of that city.

  15:50 
 * Eshtemoh.

經文:

約書亞記 21:15-21:15

註釋:

 * Holon.
  15:51  1Ch 6:58 
 * Hilen.  Debir.
  12:13  15:49 

經文:

約書亞記 21:16-21:16

註釋:

 * Ain.
  15:42  1Ch 6:59 
 * Ashan.  Juttah.
   Eusebius says Juttah was a great town 18; miles south from
   Eleutheropolis.

  15:55 
 * Beth-shemesh.
  15:10  1Sa 6:9,12  1Ch 6:59 

經文:

約書亞記 21:17-21:17

註釋:

 * Gibeon.
  9:3  18:25  1Ch 6:60 
 * Geba.
  18:24 
 * Gaba.

經文:

約書亞記 21:18-21:18

註釋:

 * Anathoth.
   Anathoth was situated about three miles northward from
   Jerusalem according to Eusebius and Jerome (in Jer ch. 1:20;)
   or twenty furlongs, according to Josephus. Ant. I. viii. c. 10.

  1Ki 2:26  Isa 10:30  Jer 1:1 
 * Almon.
  1Ch 6:60 
 * Alemeth.

經文:

約書亞記 21:19-21:19

註釋:

  19 

經文:

約書亞記 21:20-21:20

註釋:

  5  1Ch 6:66 

經文:

約書亞記 21:21-21:21

註釋:

 * Shechem.
  20:7  Ge 33:19  Jud 9:1  1Ki 12:1 
 * Gezer.
  16:10  1Ki 9:15-17  1Ch 6:67 

經文:

約書亞記 21:22-21:22

註釋:

 * Beth-horon.
  16:3,5  18:13,14  1Ch 6:68 

經文:

約書亞記 21:23-21:23

註釋:

 * Eltekeh.
  19:44,45 
 * Gibbethon.
   Probably the Gabatha mentioned by Eusebius and Jerome, as
   situated in the south of Judah, 12; miles from Eleutheropolis,
   where the prophet Habakkuk's sepulchre was shown.

經文:

約書亞記 21:24-21:24

註釋:

 * Aijalon.
  10:12  19:42 
 * Ajalon.
  1Ch 6:69 
 * Gathrimmon.
   Gathrimmon is said by Jerome to be a great town 10; miles from
   Diospolis, or Lydda, towards Eleutheropolis.

經文:

約書亞記 21:25-21:25

註釋:

   Aner and Bileam are mentioned in Chronicles, instead of Tanach
   and Gath-rimmon.  (1; Ch 6:70.)  Either the cities had at this
   time different names, or afterwards their names were changed;
   or the Levites, being by some means dispossessed of the cities
   first assigned them, received others from their brethren.  A
   careful examination of the marginal references will discover
   other variations of this kind, which may be accounted for in
   the same manner.

 * Tanach.
  17:11  Jud 5:19 

經文:

約書亞記 21:26-21:26

註釋:

  26 

經文:

約書亞記 21:27-21:27

註釋:

 * And unto.
  6 
 * Golan.
  20:8  De 1:4  4:43  1Ch 6:71 
 * Beesh-terah.
   It is very probable that Beesh-terah is a contraction of
   {baith ashtaroth,} "the house of Ashtaroth," and the same as
   Ashtaroth, which is the reading in 1; Ch 6:71.

經文:

約書亞記 21:28-21:28

註釋:

 * Dabareh.
  19:12  1Ch 6:72,73 

經文:

約書亞記 21:29-21:29

註釋:

 * Jarmuth.
   This seems to be the same city with Remeth, Jos 10:19, 21, and
   Ramoth, 1; Ch 6:73, mentioned with Engannim.

  10:3,23  12:11 

經文:

約書亞記 21:30-21:30

註釋:

 * Mishal.
  19:25-28 
 * Misheal.
  1Ch 6:74,75 
 * Mashal.

經文:

約書亞記 21:31-21:31

註釋:

 * Rehob.
   See the note on Nu 13:21.

  Jud 1:31  18:21  1Ch 6:75 

經文:

約書亞記 21:32-21:32

註釋:

 * Kedesh.
  19:37  20:7  1Ch 6:76 
 * Hammoth-dor.
   Supposed by many to be the same as Tiberias; so called from
   the hot-baths, as the word {Chammoth} may denote, in its
   vicinity.

  19:35 
 * Hammath.  Kartan.
   Supposed to be the same as Kirjathaim.

  1Ch 6:76 

經文:

約書亞記 21:33-21:33

註釋:

  33 

經文:

約書亞記 21:34-21:34

註釋:

 * And unto.
  7  1Ch 6:77 
 * Jokneam.
  12:22  19:11,15 

經文:

約書亞記 21:35-21:35

註釋:

 * Dimnah.
   This and the following verse are wholly omitted by the Masora,
   and many Hebrew Bibles which are esteemed very highly; though,
   without them, neither the twelve cities of the Merarites in
   particular (ver. 40,) nor the forty-eight Levitical cities in
   general (ver. 41), nor the six cities of refuge, can be made
   up.  But these two verses, are thus absolutely necessary for
   the truth and consistency of this chapter, are happily
   preserved in no less than 149; MSS. collated by Dr. Kennicott,
   and upwards of 40; collated by De Rossi.

  35 

經文:

約書亞記 21:36-21:36

註釋:

 * Bezer.
  20:8  De 4:43  1Ch 6:78,79 
 * Jahazah.
  13:18  Nu 21:23  1Ch 6:78 
 * Jahzah.

經文:

約書亞記 21:37-21:37

註釋:

  37 

經文:

約書亞記 21:38-21:38

註釋:

 * Ramoth.
  20:8  1Ki 22:3  1Ch 6:80 
 * Mahanaim.
  Ge 32:2  2Sa 17:24  19:32 

經文:

約書亞記 21:39-21:39

註釋:

 * Heshbon.
  13:17,21  Nu 21:26-30  32:37  1Ch 6:81 
 * Jazer.
  Nu 32:1,3,35 
 * Jaazer.
  Isa 16:8,9  Jer 48:32 

經文:

約書亞記 21:40-21:40

註釋:

  40 

經文:

約書亞記 21:41-21:41

註釋:

 * within.
  Ge 49:7  Nu 35:1-8  De 33:10 
 * forty.
   At the last census, the tribe of Levi amounted only to 23,000
   (Nu 36:62); and it is thought by some that forty-eight cities
   was too great a proportion for this tribe.  But it should be
   considered, that cities in ancient times were little more than
   villages.

經文:

約書亞記 21:42-21:42

註釋:

  42 

經文:

約書亞記 21:43-21:43

註釋:

  Ge 12:7  13:15  15:13-21  26:3,4  28:4,13,14  Ex 3:8  23:27-31 
  Ps 44:3  106:42-45 

經文:

約書亞記 21:44-21:44

註釋:

  1:15  11:23  22:4,9  De 7:22-24  31:3-5  Heb 4:9 

經文:

約書亞記 21:45-21:45

註釋:

  23:14,15  Nu 23:19  1Ki 8:56  1Co 1:9  1Th 5:24  Tit 1:2  Heb 6:18 

經文:

約書亞記 22:1-22:1

註釋:

  1;  The two tribes and a half with a blessing are sent home.
 10;  They build the altar of testimony in their journey.
 11;  The Israelites are offended thereat.
 21;  They vindicate their conduct, and give them good
     satisfaction.

 * Joshua.
  Nu 32:18-33  De 29:7,8 
 * Reubenites.
   We have already seen, that a detachment of 40,000; men, of the
   tribes of Reuben and Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh, had
   passed over Jordan armed, with their brethren, according to
   their agreement with Moses.  The war being now concluded, the
   land divided, and their brethren settled, Joshua assembles
   these warriors; and with commendations for their services and
   fidelity, he dismisses them, having fist given them the most
   pious and suitable instructions.  They had now been about
   seven years absent from their respective families; and though
   there was only the river Jordan between the camp of Gilgal and
   their own inheritance, yet it does not appear that they had,
   during that time, ever revisited their home, which they might
   have done at any time of the year, except the harvest, as the
   river was at other times easily fordable.

經文:

約書亞記 22:2-22:2

註釋:

 * Ye have.
  Nu 32:20-29  De 3:16-20 
 * obeyed.
  1:12-18 

經文:

約書亞記 22:3-22:3

註釋:

  Php 1:23-27 

經文:

約書亞記 22:4-22:4

註釋:

 * given rest.
  21:43,44  De 12:9 
 * get.
  13:8,15-33  14:1-5  Nu 32:33-42  De 3:1-17  29:8 

經文:

約書亞記 22:5-22:5

註釋:

 * take.
  Ex 15:26  De 4:1,2,6,9  6:6-9,17  11:22  1Ch 28:7,8  Ps 106:3 
  Ps 119:4-6  Pr 4:23  Isa 55:2  Jer 12:16  Heb 6:11,12  12:15 
  2Pe 1:5-10 
 * love.
  Ex 20:6  De 6:5  10:12,13  11:1,13  Mt 22:37  Joh 14:15,21-23 
  Joh 21:15-17  Ro 8:28  Jas 1:12  2:5  1Jo 5:2,3 
 * cleave.
  23:8  De 4:4  10:20  13:4  Ac 11:23  Ro 12:9 
 * serve.
  24:14,15  1Sa 7:3  12:20,24  Mt 4:10  6:24  Lu 1:74  Joh 12:26 
  Ac 27:23  Ro 1:9 

經文:

約書亞記 22:6-22:6

註釋:

  7,8  14:13  Ge 14:19  47:7,10  Ex 39:43  1Sa 2:20  2Sa 6:18,20 
  2Ch 30:18  Lu 2:34  24:50  Heb 7:6,7 

經文:

約書亞記 22:7-22:7

註釋:

  13:29-31  17:1-12 

經文:

約書亞記 22:8-22:8

註釋:

 * Return.
  De 8:9-14,17,18  2Ch 17:5  32:27  Pr 3:16  1Co 15:58  Heb 11:26 
 * divide.
  Nu 31:27  1Sa 30:24  Ps 68:12 

經文:

約書亞記 22:9-22:9

註釋:

 * the country of Gilead.
  13:11,25,31  Nu 32:1,26,29,39,40  De 3:15,16  Ps 60:7 

經文:

約書亞記 22:10-22:10

註釋:

 * the children.
   This verse should probably be rendered, "And when they came to
   the borders of Jordan, that are in the land of Canaan, the
   children of Reuben, and the children of Gad, and the half
   tribe of Manasseh, Then built an altar by (or beyond, {al})
   Jordan, a great altar to the view."  It would appear, that
   when they came to the river, they formed the purpose of
   building the altar; and when they crossed it they put that
   purpose into execution.  It is evident that they did not build
   it west of the Jordan, for that was not in their territories,
   and the next verse expressly says that it was built over
   against the land of Canaan.

 * built.
  25-28  4:5-9  24:26,27  Ge 28:18  31:46-52 

經文:

約書亞記 22:11-22:11

註釋:

 * heard.
  Le 17:8,9  De 12:5-7  13:12-14  Joh 20:1,12 
 * at the passage.
  2:7  3:14-16  Jud 12:5  Joh 1:28 

經文:

約書亞記 22:12-22:12

註釋:

 * the whole.
   Supposing they had built this altar for sacrifice, in
   opposition to the command of God, they considered them as
   rebels against God and the Israelitish constitution.

  De 13:15  Jud 20:1-11  Ac 11:2,3  Ro 10:2  Ga 4:17,18 

經文:

約書亞記 22:13-22:13

註釋:

 * sent.
  De 13:14  Jud 20:12  Pr 20:18  Mt 18:15 
 * Phinehas.
  Ex 6:25  Nu 25:7,11-13  Jud 20:28  Ps 106:30,31  Pr 25:9-13 

經文:

約書亞記 22:14-22:14

註釋:

 * chief house.  Heb. house of the father.  an head.
  Ex 18:25  Nu 1:4 

經文:

約書亞記 22:15-22:15

註釋:

 * the whole.
  12  Mt 18:17  1Co 1:10  5:4  Ga 1:1,2 
 * trespass.
  Le 5:19  26:40  Nu 5:6  1Ch 21:3  2Ch 26:18  28:13  Ezr 9:2,15 
  Mt 6:14,15 
 * to turn.
  18  Ex 32:8  Nu 14:43  32:15  De 7:4  30:17  2Ch 10:19  25:27 
  Heb 12:25 
 * rebel.
  Le 17:8,9  De 12:4-6,13,14  1Sa 15:23  Ps 78:8  Isa 63:10 

經文:

約書亞記 22:16-22:16

註釋:

  16 

經文:

約書亞記 22:17-22:17

註釋:

 * Is the iniquity.
  Nu 25:3,4-18  De 4:3,4  Ps 106:28,29 
 * from which.
  Ezr 9:13,14  1Co 10:8,11 

經文:

約書亞記 22:18-22:18

註釋:

 * following.
  16  De 7:4  1Sa 12:14,20  1Ki 9:6  2Ki 17:21  2Ch 25:27  34:33 
 * and it will.
  Ezr 9:13,14 
 * he will be.
  20  7:1,11,21  Nu 16:22  2Sa 24:1  1Ch 21:1,14 

經文:

約書亞記 22:19-22:19

註釋:

 * unclean.
  Ex 15:17  Le 18:25-28  Am 7:17  Ac 10:14,15  11:8,9 
 * wherein.
  18:1  Le 17:8,9  De 12:5,6  2Ch 11:13,16,17 

經文:

約書亞記 22:20-22:20

註釋:

  7:1,5,18,24  1Co 10:6  2Pe 2:6  Jude 1:5,6 

經文:

約書亞記 22:21-22:21

註釋:

 * Then the children.
   The conduct and answer of these Reubenites and the associates
   are worthy of admiration and imitation.  Though conscious of
   their innocence, they permitted Phinehas to finish his speech,
   though composed of little else than accusations, without any
   interruption; and taking in good part the suspicions,
   reproofs, and even harshness of their brethren, with the
   utmost meekness and solemnity they explain their intention,
   give all the satisfaction in their power, and with great
   propriety and reverence, appeal to that God against whom they
   were supposed to have rebelled.

 * answered.
  Pr 15:1  16:1  18:13  24:26  Ac 11:4  Jas 1:19  1Pe 3:15 
 * heads.
  Ex 18:21-25  Mic 5:2 

經文:

約書亞記 22:22-22:22

註釋:

error in strong number parsing >
   el(9368)(8c79)m <See definition 0430>
   (886c) <See definition 0410>,] {El Elohim Yehowah,} literally
   "The strong God, Elohim Jehovah," which is nearly the version
   of Luther, {der starte Gott, der Herr,} "The strong God, the
   Lord."

 # Ex 18:11; De 10:17; Ps 82:1; 95:3; 97:7; 136:2; Da 2:47; 11:36|
 # 1Ti 6:16; Re 19:16|
 * he knoweth.
 # 1Ki 8:39; Job 10:7; 23:10; Ps 7:3; 44:21; 139:1-12; Jer 12:3; 17:10|
 # Joh 2:24,25; 21:17; Ac 1:24; 2Co 11:11,31; Heb 4:13; Re 2:23|
 * Israel.
 # Ps 37:6; Mic 7:9; Mal 3:18; Ac 11:2-18; 2Co 5:11|
 * if it be.
 # 1Sa 15:23; Job 31:5-8,38-40; Ps 7:3-5; Ac 25:11|

 
經文:

約書亞記 22:23-22:23

註釋:

 * let the Lord.
  Ge 9:4  De 18:19  1Sa 20:16  2Ch 24:22  Ps 10:13,14  Eze 3:18 
  Eze 33:6,8 

經文:

約書亞記 22:24-22:24

註釋:

 * for fear.
  Ge 18:19 
 * In time to come.  Heb. To-morrow.
  4:6  Ge 30:33  Ex 13:14  De 6:20  *margins 

經文:

約書亞記 22:25-22:25

註釋:

 * ye have.
  27  2Sa 20:1  1Ki 12:16  Ezr 4:2,3  Ne 2:20  Ac 8:21 
 * make.
  1Sa 26:19  1Ki 12:27-30  14:16  15:30 

經文:

約書亞記 22:26-22:26

註釋:

  26 

經文:

約書亞記 22:27-22:27

註釋:

 * a witness.
  10,34  24:27  Ge 31:48,52  1Sa 7:12 
 * that we.
  De 12:5,6,11,17,18,26,27 

經文:

約書亞記 22:28-22:28

註釋:

 * Behold.
  Ex 25:40  2Ki 16:10  Eze 43:10,11  Heb 8:5 

經文:

約書亞記 22:29-22:29

註釋:

 * God forbid.
  24:16  Ge 44:7,17  1Sa 12:23  1Ki 21:3  Ro 3:6  6:2  9:14 
 * to build.
  23,26  De 12:13,14  2Ki 18:22  2Ch 32:12 

經文:

約書亞記 22:30-22:30

註釋:

 * it pleased them.  Heb. it was good in their eyes.
   It is remarkable, that Joshua is not once named in this
   transaction; but this only shews, that he did not in his old
   age assume any regal authority, but left the elders and
   magistrates to conduct the general business, only acting
   himself when great occasions made it necessary.  Yet we cannot
   doubt, that his wisdom and piety influenced the counsels of
   the elders and people at this time.

  33  Ge 28:8  Jud 8:3  1Sa 25:32,33  29:6  2Ch 30:4  Es 1:21  *margins 
  Pr 15:1  Ac 11:18 

經文:

約書亞記 22:31-22:31

註釋:

 * the Lord is.
  3:10  Le 26:11,12  Nu 14:41-43  2Ch 15:2  Ps 68:17  Isa 12:6 
  Zec 8:23  Mt 1:23  1Co 14:25 
 * now.  Heb. then.

經文:

約書亞記 22:32-22:32

註釋:

 * and brought.
  12-14  Pr 25:13 

經文:

約書亞記 22:33-22:33

註釋:

 * the thing.
  30  Ac 15:12,31  2Co 7:7  1Th 3:6-8 
 * blessed.
  1Sa 25:32,33  1Ch 29:20  Ne 8:5,6  Da 2:19  Lu 2:28  Eph 1:3 

經文:

約書亞記 22:34-22:34

註釋:

error in strong number parsing >,]
   [h(9677)' <See definition 01931>]
   [el(9368)(8c79)m < See definition 0430>,] {Yehowah, hoo Elohim,}
   "Jehovah he is God."

 
經文:

約書亞記 23:1-23:1

註釋:

  1;  Joshua's exhortation before his death;
  3;  by former benefits;
  5;  by promises;
 11;  and by threatenings.

 * the Lord.
  11:23  21:44  22:4  Ps 46:9 
 * waxed old.
  13:1  Ge 25:8  De 31:2 
 * stricken in age.  Heb. come into days.

經文:

約書亞記 23:2-23:2

註釋:

 * all Israel.
  24:1  De 31:28  1Ch 28:1  Ac 20:17-35 
 * and for their elders.
   Or, "even for their elders," etc.; for it is probably that
   Joshua gave the following charge only to the elders, judges,
   etc., to communicate to the people.

經文:

約書亞記 23:3-23:3

註釋:

 * And ye.
  De 4:9  Ps 44:1,2  Mal 1:5 
 * for the.
  10:14,42  Ex 14:14  De 20:4  Ps 44:3 

經文:

約書亞記 23:4-23:4

註釋:

 * Behold.
  13:2,6,7  18:10 
 * westward.  Heb. at the sunset.

經文:

約書亞記 23:5-23:5

註釋:

 * he shall.
  12,13  13:6  Ex 23:30,31  33:2  34:11  De 11:23 
 * as the Lord.
  Nu 33:52,53 

經文:

約書亞記 23:6-23:6

註釋:

 * very.
  1:7-9  Jer 9:3  1Co 16:13  Eph 6:10-19  Heb 12:4  Re 21:8 
 * that ye.
  De 5:32  12:32  17:20  28:14  Pr 4:26,27 

經文:

約書亞記 23:7-23:7

註釋:

 * That ye come.
   Have no civil or social contacts with them, as these will
   infallibly lead to spiritual affinities, in consequence of
   which, ye will make honourable "mention of the name of their
   gods," "swear by them" "and serve" them in their abominable
   rites; and "bow yourselves unto them," as your creators and
   preservers.  All this will follow by simply coming among them.
   He who walks in the counsel of the ungodly, will soon stand in
   the way of sinners, and sit in the seat of scorners.

  12  Ex 23:33  De 7:2,3  Pr 4:14  1Co 15:33  2Co 6:14-17  Eph 5:11 
 * neither.
  Ex 23:13  Nu 32:38  Ps 16:4  Ho 2:17 
 * to swear.
  Jer 5:7  Zep 1:5 

經文:

約書亞記 23:8-23:8

註釋:

 * or, For if ye will cleave, etc.
  22:5  De 4:4  10:20  11:22  13:4  Ac 11:23 

經文:

約書亞記 23:9-23:9

註釋:

 * For the Lord.  or, Then the Lord will drive.
  5  21:43,44  De 11:23 
 * no man.
  1:5,8,9  15:14 

經文:

約書亞記 23:10-23:10

註釋:

 * One man.
  Le 26:8  De 32:30  Jud 3:31  7:19-22  15:15  1Sa 14:6,12-16 
  2Sa 23:8 
 * Lord.
  10:42  Ex 14:14  23:27-33  De 3:22  20:4  Ps 35:1  44:4,5  46:7 
  Ro 8:31 

經文:

約書亞記 23:11-23:11

註釋:

 * Take good.
  22:5  De 4:9  6:5-12  Pr 4:23  Lu 21:34  Eph 5:15  Heb 12:15 
 * yourselves.  Heb. your souls.  love.
  Ex 20:6  Ro 8:28  1Co 8:3  16:22  Jude 1:20,21 

經文:

約書亞記 23:12-23:12

註釋:

 * go back.
  Ps 36:3  125:5  Isa 1:4  Eze 18:24  Zep 1:6  Mt 12:45  Joh 6:66 
  Heb 10:38,39  2Pe 2:18-22  1Jo 2:9 
 * cleave.
  Ge 2:24  34:3  1Sa 18:1-3  1Ki 11:2  Ro 12:9 
 * shall make.
  Ex 34:12-16  De 7:3  1Ki 11:4  Ezr 9:1,2,11,12  Ne 13:23-26 
  2Co 6:14-17 

經文:

約書亞記 23:13-23:13

註釋:

 * will no.
  Ex 23:33  Nu 33:55  De 7:16  Jud 2:2,3  Ps 106:35-39 
 * snares.
  De 7:16  Jud 2:3  1Ki 11:4  Ps 69:22  2Ti 2:26 
 * until ye perish.
  Le 26:31-35  De 4:26  28:63-68  29:28  30:18  2Ki 17:22,23 
  2Ki 25:21,26  Lu 21:24 

經文:

約書亞記 23:14-23:14

註釋:

 * I am going.
  1Ki 2:2  Job 30:23  Ec 9:10  12:5  Heb 9:27 
 * not one thing.
  21:43-45  Ex 3:8  23:27-30  Le 26:3-13  Nu 23:19  De 28:1-14 
  1Sa 3:19  1Ki 8:56  Lu 21:33 

經文:

約書亞記 23:15-23:15

註釋:

 * so shall.
  Le 26:14-46  De 28:15-68  Jud 3:8,12  4:1,2  6:1  10:6,7  13:1 
  2Ch 36:16,17  Lu 21:22-24  1Th 2:16 

經文:

約書亞記 23:16-23:16

註釋:

 * then shall.
  2Ki 24:20 
 * perish.
  13 

經文:

約書亞記 24:1-24:1

註釋:

  1;  Joshua assembles the tribes at Shechem.
  2;  A brief history of God's benefits, from Terah.
 14;  He renews the covenant between them and God.
 26;  A stone the witness of the covenant.
 29;  Joshua's age, death, and burial.
 32;  Joseph's bones are buried.
 33;  Eleazar dies.

 * Joshua.
   This must have been a different assembly from that mentioned
   in the preceding chapter, though probably held not long after
   the former.

 * Shechem.
   As it is immediately added, that "they presented themselves
   before God," which is supposed to mean at the tabernacle; some
   are of opinion that Joshua caused it to be conveyed from
   Shiloh to Shechem on this occasion, to give the greater
   solemnity to his last meeting with the people.  The Vatican
   and Alexandrian copies of the Septuagint, however, read
   [Selo,] both here and in verse 25; which many suppose to have
   been the original reading.  Dr. Shuckford supposes that the
   covenant was made at Shechem, and that the people went to
   Shiloh to confirm it.  But the most probable opinion seems to
   be that of Dr. Kennicott, that when all the tribes were
   assembled as Shechem, Joshua called the chiefs to him on that
   mount, which had before been consecrated by the law, and by
   the altar which he had erected.

  Ge 12:6  33:18,19  35:4  Jud 9:1-3  1Ki 12:1 
 * called.
  23:2  Ex 18:25,26 
 * presented.
  1Sa 10:19  Ac 10:33 

經文:

約書亞記 24:2-24:2

註釋:

 * Your fathers.
  Ge 11:26,31  12:1  31:53  De 26:5  Isa 51:2  Eze 16:3 
 * served other gods.
   In the case of Abraham this was probably the case, till he was
   called to the knowledge of God, when above 70; years old.

  15  Ge 31:19,30,32,53  35:4 

經文:

約書亞記 24:3-24:3

註釋:

 * I took.
  Ge 12:1-4  Ne 9:7,8  Ac 7:2,3 
 * gave.
  Ge 21:2,3  Ps 127:3 

經文:

約書亞記 24:4-24:4

註釋:

 * unto Isaac.
  Ge 25:24-26 
 * unto Esau.
  Ge 32:3  36:8  De 2:5 
 * Jacob.
  Ge 46:1-7  Ps 105:23  Ac 7:15 

經文:

約書亞記 24:5-24:5

註釋:

 * sent.
  Ex 3:10  4:12,13  Ps 105:26 
 * plagued.
  Ex 7:1-12:51  Ps 78:43-51  105:27-36  135:8,9  136:10 

經文:

約書亞記 24:6-24:6

註釋:

 * I brought.
  Ex 12:37,51  Mic 6:4 
 * Egyptians.
  Ex 14:1-15:27  Ne 9:11  Ps 77:15-20  78:13  136:13-15 
  Isa 63:12,13  Ac 7:36  Heb 11:29 

經文:

約書亞記 24:7-24:7

註釋:

 * And when.
  Ex 14:10 
 * he put.
  Ex 14:20 
 * brought.
  Ex 14:27,28 
 * your eyes.
  Ex 14:31  De 4:34  29:2 
 * ye dwelt.
  5:6  Nu 14:33,34  Ne 9:12-21  Ps 95:9,10  Ac 13:17,18  Heb 3:17 

經文:

約書亞記 24:8-24:8

註釋:

  13:10  Nu 21:21-35  De 2:32-37  3:1-7  Ne 9:22  Ps 135:10,11 
  Ps 136:17-22 

經文:

約書亞記 24:9-24:9

註釋:

  Nu 22:5,6-21  De 23:4,5  Jud 11:25  Mic 6:5 

經文:

約書亞記 24:10-24:10

註釋:

  Nu 22:11,12,18-20,35  23:3-12,15-26  24:5-10  Isa 54:17 

經文:

約書亞記 24:11-24:11

註釋:

 * And ye.
  3:14-17  4:10-12,23  Ps 114:3,5 
 * the men.
  6:1-27  10:1-11:23  Ne 9:24,25  Ps 78:54,55  105:44  Ac 7:45  13:19 

經文:

約書亞記 24:12-24:12

註釋:

 * I sent.
  Ex 23:28  De 7:20 
 * not.
  Ps 44:3-6 

經文:

約書亞記 24:13-24:13

註釋:

 * And I.
  21:45 
 * cities.
  11:13  De 6:10-12  8:7  Pr 13:22 

經文:

約書亞記 24:14-24:14

註釋:

 * fear.
  De 10:12  1Sa 12:24  Job 1:1  28:28  Ps 111:10  130:4  Ho 3:5 
  Ac 9:31 
 * serve.
  23  Ge 17:1  20:5,6  De 18:13  2Ki 20:3  Ps 119:1,80  Lu 8:15 
  Joh 4:23,24  2Co 1:12  Eph 6:24  Php 1:10 
 * put.
   From this exhortation of Joshua, we not only learn that the
   Israelites still retained some relics of idolatry, but to what
   gods they were attached.  1.  Those whom their fathers
   worshipped on the other side of the food, or the river
   Euphrates, i.e., the gods of the Chaldeans, fire, light, the
   sun, etc.  2.  Those of the Egyptians, Apis, Anubis, serpents,
   vegetables, etc.  3.  Those of the Amorites, Moabites,
   Canaanites, etc., Baal-peor, Astarte, etc.  How astonishing is
   it, that after all that God had done for them, and all the
   miracles they had seen, there should still be found among them
   both idols and idolaters!

  2,23  Ge 35:2  Ex 20:3,4  Le 17:7  Ezr 9:11  Eze 20:18  Am 5:25,26 
 * in Egypt.
  Eze 20:7,8  23:3 

經文:

約書亞記 24:15-24:15

註釋:

 * choose.
  Ru 1:15,16  1Ki 18:21  Eze 20:39  Joh 6:67 
 * whether the gods.
  14 
 * or the gods.
  Ex 23:24,32,33  34:15  De 13:7  29:18  Jud 6:10 
 * as for me.
  Ge 18:19  Ps 101:2  119:106,111,112  Joh 6:68  Ac 11:23 

經文:

約書亞記 24:16-24:16

註釋:

  1Sa 12:23  Ro 3:6  6:2  Heb 10:38,39 

經文:

約書亞記 24:17-24:17

註釋:

  5-14  Ex 19:4  De 32:11,12  Isa 46:4  63:7-14  Am 2:9,10 

經文:

約書亞記 24:18-24:18

註釋:

 * will we also.
  Ex 10:2  15:2  Ps 116:16  Mic 4:2  Zec 8:23  Lu 1:73-75 

經文:

約書亞記 24:19-24:19

註釋:

 * Ye cannot.
  23  Ru 1:15  Mt 6:24  Lu 14:25-33 
 * holy.
  Le 10:3  19:2  1Sa 6:20  Ps 99:5,9  Isa 5:16  6:3-5  30:11,15 
  Hab 1:13 
 * a jealous.
  Ex 20:5  34:14  1Co 10:20-22 
 * he will not.
  Ex 23:21  34:7  1Sa 3:14  2Ch 36:16  Isa 27:11 

經文:

約書亞記 24:20-24:20

註釋:

 * he will turn.
  23:12-15  1Ch 28:9  2Ch 15:2  Ezr 8:22  Isa 1:28  63:10  65:11,12 
  Jer 17:13  Eze 18:24  Ac 7:42  Heb 10:26,27,38 

經文:

約書亞記 24:21-24:21

註釋:

 * Nay.
  Ex 19:8  20:19  24:3,7  De 5:27,28  26:17  Isa 44:5 

經文:

約書亞記 24:22-24:22

註釋:

 * Ye are witnesses.
   Ye have been sufficiently apprised of the difficulties in your
   way--of God's holiness, and the nature of his service--your
   own weakness, inconstancy, and insufficiency--your need of the
   Divine help, and the hope of assistance held out in the
   law--and the awful consequences of apostasy:  and now ye make
   your choice.  Remember then that ye are witnesses against
   yourselves; and your own conscience will be witness, judge,
   and executioner.

  De 26:17  Job 15:6  Lu 19:22 
 * ye have.
  Ps 119:11,173  Lu 10:42 

經文:

約書亞記 24:23-24:23

註釋:

 * put away.
  14  Ge 35:2-4  Ex 20:23  Jud 10:15,16  1Sa 7:3,4  Ho 14:2,3,8 
  1Co 10:19-21  2Co 6:16-18 
 * incline.
  Pr 2:2  Heb 12:28,29 

經文:

約書亞記 24:24-24:24

註釋:

  De 5:28,29 

經文:

約書亞記 24:25-24:25

註釋:

 * made.
  Ex 15:25  24:3,7,8  De 5:2,3  29:1,10-15  2Ki 11:17  2Ch 15:12,15 
  2Ch 23:16  29:10  34:29-32  Ne 9:38  10:28,29 
 * in Shechem.
  1,26 

經文:

約書亞記 24:26-24:26

註釋:

 * Joshua.
  Ex 24:4  De 31:24-26 
 * took.
  Jud 9:6 
 * set it.
  4:3-9,20-24  Ge 28:18-22 
 * under.
  Ge 35:4,8  Jud 9:6 

經文:

約書亞記 24:27-24:27

註釋:

   A curious coincidence of circumstances is related by Livy, the
   Roman historian:  he writes that "when three ambassadors were
   sent from Rome to complain of the perfidious conduct of the
   (9271)ui, the General informed them, that they might deliver their
   message to an oak which shaded his tent."  On this one of the
   ambassadors turning away, said, "This venerable oak, and all
   the gods, shall know that you have violated the peace; they
   shall now hear our complaints; and may they also soon be
   witnesses, when we revenge with our arms the violation of
   divine and human rights."  It is worthy of remark that Joshua
   merely set up a pillar under an oak,--the one, perhaps, to
   protect the other; while the General directed the ambassadors
   to address the oak, perhaps with an idolatrous feeling that
   they were addressing one of the gods, who would aid his cause;
   while the Roman ambassadors caught the feeling, and really
   invoked the aid of the oak and the gods.

  22:27,28,34  Ge 31:44-52  De 4:26  30:19  31:19,21,26  1Sa 7:12 
 * it hath.
  De 32:1  Isa 1:2  Hab 2:11  Lu 19:40 
 * deny.
  Job 31:23  Pr 30:9  Mt 10:33  2Ti 2:12,13  Tit 1:16  Re 3:8 

經文:

約書亞記 24:28-24:28

註釋:

  Jud 2:6 

經文:

約書亞記 24:29-24:29

註釋:

 * after these.
  De 34:5  Jud 2:8  Ps 115:17  2Ti 4:7,8  Re 14:13 
 * an hundred.
  Ge 50:22,26 

經文:

約書亞記 24:30-24:30

註釋:

 * Timnath-serah.
  19:50  Jud 2:9 
 * Gaash.
  2Sa 23:30 

經文:

約書亞記 24:31-24:31

註釋:

 * served.
  De 31:29  Jud 2:7  2Ch 24:2,17,18  Ac 20:29  Php 2:12 
 * overlived Joshua.  Heb. prolonged their days after Joshua.
   which had.
  De 11:2,7  31:13 

經文:

約書亞記 24:32-24:32

註釋:

 * bones.
  Ge 50:25  Ex 13:19  Ac 7:16  Heb 11:22 
 * buried.
  Ge 33:19  48:22 
 * pieces of silver.  or, lambs.

經文:

約書亞記 24:33-24:33

註釋:

 * Eleazar.
  14:1  Ex 6:23,25  Nu 3:32  20:26-28 
 * died.
  Job 30:23  Ps 49:10  Isa 57:1,2  Zec 1:5  Ac 13:36  Heb 7:24 
  Heb 9:26,27 
 * Phinehas.
  Jud 20:28 



                  CONCLUDING REMARKS ON JOSHUA.

 The Book of Joshua is one of the most important documents in the
 Old Testament.  The rapid conquest of the Promised Land, and the
 actual settlement of the Israelites in it, afford a striking
 accomplishment of the Divine predictions to Abraham and the
 succeeding patriarchs; and at the same time bear the most
 unequivocal and ample testimony to the authenticity of this
 sacred book.  Several of the transactions related in it are
 confirmed in a very extraordinary manner, by the traditions
 current among heathen nations, and preserved by ancient profane
 historians of undoubted character.  Thus there are monuments
 still in existence, which prove that the Carthaginians were a
 colony of Syrians who escaped from Joshua; as also that the
 inhabitants of Leptis, in Africa, came originally from the
 Sidonians, who abandoned their country on account of the
 calamities with which it was overwhelmed.  Procopius relates
 that the Phoenicians fled before the Hebrews into Africa, and
 spread themselves abroad as far as the pillars of Hercules; and
 adds, "In Numidia, where now stands the city Tigisis (Tangiers),
 they have erected two columns, on which, in Phoenician
 characters, is the following inscription:--"We are the
 Phoenicians who fled from the face of Jesus (Joshua) the son of
 Naue" (Nun).

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