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經文:

以斯拉記 1:1-1:1

註釋:

  1;  The proclamation of Cyrus for the building of the temple.
  5;  The people provide for their return.
  7;  Cyrus restores the vessels of the temple to Sheshbazzar.

 * Now in the.
  2Ch 36:22,23 
 * Cyrus.
   Cyrus is said to have been the son of Cambyses, king of
   Persia, and Mandane, daughter of Astyages, king of Media:  he
   was born about 600; years before Christ, and died at the age of
   70, after a reign of 30; years.  He was mentioned by name, and
   his conquests foretold, by the prophet Isaiah, about a century
   before his birth.  Josephus states the partiality he evinced
   towards the Jews, arose from the circumstance of these
   prophecies being shown him, probably by Daniel.

 * by the mouth.
  Jer 25:12-14  29:10  33:7-13 
 * the Lord.
  5:13-15  6:22  7:27  Ps 106:46  Pr 21:1  Da 2:1 
 * made a proclamation.  Heb. caused a voice to pass.
  Mt 3:1-3  Joh 1:23 

經文:

以斯拉記 1:2-1:2

註釋:

 * Lord God.
  1Ki 8:27  2Ch 2:12  Isa 66:1  Jer 10:11  Da 2:21,28  5:23 
 * hath given.
  Jer 27:6,7  Da 2:37,38  4:25,32  5:19-21 
 * all the kingdoms.
   According to the testimony of ancient writers, Cyrus, at this
   time, reigned over the Medes, Persians, Hyrcanians, Syrians,
   Assyrians, Indians, etc., and all lesser Asia.

 * he hath charged.
  Isa 44:26-28  45:1,12,13 

經文:

以斯拉記 1:3-1:3

註釋:

 * his God.
  Jos 1:9  1Ch 28:20  Mt 28:20 
 * he is the God.
  De 32:31  Ps 83:18  Isa 45:5  Jer 10:10  Da 2:47  6:26  Ac 10:36 

經文:

以斯拉記 1:4-1:4

註釋:

 * let the men.
  7:16-18  Ac 24:17  3Jo 1:6-8 
 * help him.  Heb. lift him up.
  Ec 4:9,10  Ga 6:2 
 * the freewill.
  2:68-70  1Ch 29:3,9,17 

經文:

以斯拉記 1:5-1:5

註釋:

 * whose spirit.
  1  2Ch 36:22  Ne 2:12  Pr 16:1  2Co 8:16  Php 2:13  Jas 1:16,17 
  3Jo 1:11 

經文:

以斯拉記 1:6-1:6

註釋:

 * strengthened their hands.  that is, helped them.
  7:15,16  8:25-28,33 
 * willingly offered.
  4  Ps 110:3  2Co 9:7 

經文:

以斯拉記 1:7-1:7

註釋:

 * Also Cyrus.
  5:14  6:5 
 * Nebuchadnezzar.
  2Ki 24:13  25:13-16  2Ch 36:7,10,18  Jer 27:21,22  28:3-6  Da 1:2 
  Da 5:2,3,23 

經文:

以斯拉記 1:8-1:8

註釋:

 * Sheshbazzar.
  11  5:14,16  Hag 1:1,14  2:2-4  Zec 4:6-10 

經文:

以斯拉記 1:9-1:9

註釋:

 * chargers of gold.
  Nu 7:13,19-89  1Ki 7:50  2Ch 4:8,11,21,22  24:14  Mt 14:8 
 * nine.
  Mt 10:29-31 

經文:

以斯拉記 1:10-1:10

註釋:

  10 

經文:

以斯拉記 1:11-1:11

註釋:

 * the vessels.
  Ro 9:23  2Ti 2:19-21 
 * five thousand.
   Instead of 5,400, the enumeration of the articles in ver. 9,
   10, only amounts to 2,499; but in the account, Esdras 2:13,
   14, the amount is 5,469, as will be evident from the following
   statements:

              In Ezra.                     In Esdras.
      Gold chargers.....     30;     Gold cups.........  1,000
      Silver ditto......  1,000;     Silver cups.......  1,000
      Knives............     29;     Silver censers....     29
      Gold basons.......     30;     Gold vials........     30
      Silver ditto......    410;     Silver vials......  2,410
      Other vessels.....  1,000;     Other vessels.....  1,000
                          _____                         _____

      Said to be........  5,400;     Total.............  5,469
      But only..........  2,499
                          _____                         _____

      Deficiency........  2,901;     Surplus...........     69

   It is supposed that they actually amounted to 5,400, but that
   only the chief of them were specified, the spoons, etc. being
   omitted.

 * captivity.  Heb. transportation.
  Mt 1:11,12 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:1-2:1

註釋:

  1;  The number that return of the people;
 36;  of the priests;
 40;  of the Levites;
 43;  of the Nethinims;
 55;  of Solomon's servants;
 61;  of the priests who could not shew their pedigree.
 64;  The whole number of them, with their substance.
 68;  Their oblations.

 * the children.
  5:8  6:2  Ne 7:6-73  Es 1:1,3,8,11  8:9  Ac 23:34 
 * whom Nebuchadnezzar.
  2Ki 24:14-16  25:11  2Ch 36:1-23  Jer 39:1-18  52:1-34  La 1:3,5 
  La 4:22  Zep 2:7 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:2-2:2

註釋:

 * Zerubbabel.
  1:11 
 * Sheshbazzar.
  Ne 7:7  Hag 1:1,12,14  2:2,4,21  Zec 4:6-10  Mt 1:12,13 
 * Zorobabel.  Jeshua.
  3:8,9  4:3  5:2  Hag 1:12,14  2:4  Zec 3:1,3,8,9 
 * Joshua.  Seraiah.
  Ne 7:7 
 * Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mispereth, Nehum.  Rehum.
  4:8 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:3-2:3

註釋:

 * children.
   The word children, in this table, when prefixed to the name of
   a man, signifies the descendants of that person, as from ver.
   3-21; and when prefixed to the name of a town, place, etc., it
   signifies the inhabitants of that place, as from ver. 21-25.

 * Parosh.
  8:3 
 * Pharosh.
  10:25  Ne 7:8 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:4-2:4

註釋:

 * Shephatiah.
  8:8  Ne 7:9 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:5-2:5

註釋:

 * Arah.
  Ne 6:18  7:10 
 * 652.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:6-2:6

註釋:

 * Pahath-moab.
  8:4  10:30  Ne 7:11 
 * 2,818.
  10:14 
 * Joab.
  8:9 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:7-2:7

註釋:

 * Elam.
  31  8:7  10:26  Ne 7:12 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:8-2:8

註釋:

 * Zattu.
  10:27  Ne 7:13 
 * 845.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:9-2:9

註釋:

 * Zaccai.
  Ne 7:14 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:10-2:10

註釋:

error in strong number parsing >,] and
   Binnui, [Binn(9677)y <See definition 01131>,] arises from the
   elision of, [V(8376),] {wav:}  but the LXX., have here [Banoui,]
   as in the parallel place.

 # 10:34; Ne 7:15|
 * Binnui.  648.

 
經文:

以斯拉記 2:11-2:11

註釋:

 * Bebai.
  8:11  10:28  Ne 7:16 
 * 628.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:12-2:12

註釋:

 * Azgad.
  8:12  Ne 7:17 
 * 2,322.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:13-2:13

註釋:

 * Adonikam.
  8:13  Ne 7:18 
 * 667.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:14-2:14

註釋:

 * Bigvai.
  8:14  Ne 7:19 
 * 2,067.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:15-2:15

註釋:

 * Adin.
  8:6  Ne 7:20 
 * 655.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:16-2:16

註釋:

 * Ater.
  Ne 7:21 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:17-2:17

註釋:

 * Bezai.
  Ne 7:23 
 * 324.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:18-2:18

註釋:

 * Jorah.
  Ne 7:24 
 * Hariph.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:19-2:19

註釋:

 * Hashum.
  10:33  Ne 7:22 
 * 328.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:20-2:20

註釋:

 * Gibbar.
  Ne 7:25 
 * Gibeon.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:21-2:21

註釋:

 * Beth-lehem.
  1Ch 2:50-52 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:22-2:22

註釋:

 * Netophah.
  2Sa 23:28  1Ch 2:54  Ne 7:26 
 * 188.
  Jer 40:8 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:23-2:23

註釋:

 * Anathoth.
  Jos 21:18  Ne 7:27  Isa 10:30  Jer 1:1  11:21 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:24-2:24

註釋:

 * Azmaveth.
  Ne 7:28 
 * Beth-azmaveth.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:25-2:25

註釋:

 * Kirjath-arim.
  Jos 9:17  Ne 7:29 
 * Kirjath-jearim.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:26-2:26

註釋:

 * Ramah.
  Jos 18:24,25  Ne 7:30 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:27-2:27

註釋:

 * Michmas.
  1Sa 13:5,23  Isa 10:28 
 * Michmash.
  Ne 7:31 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:28-2:28

註釋:

 * Ai.
  Ge 12:8 
 * Hai.
  Jos 7:2  8:9,17  Ne 7:33 
 * 133.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:29-2:29

註釋:

 * Nebo.
   This Nebo was probably the Nabau which Eusebius and Jerome
   place eight miles south from Hebron.

  Nu 32:3  De 32:49  Ne 7:33  Isa 15:2  Jer 48:1,22 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:30-2:30

註釋:

 * Magbish.  i.e., congregating; crystallizing.
   [.
   The children of Magbish are not named in our present copies of
   Nehemiah; but the Alexandrian MS. of the LXX. has the same
   reading as here.

  30 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:31-2:31

註釋:

 * Elam.
  7  Ne 7:34 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:32-2:32

註釋:

 * Harim.
  10:31  Ne 7:35 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:33-2:33

註釋:

 * Lod.
  1Ch 8:12  Ne 6:2  7:37  11:34,35 
 * Hadid.  or, Harid, as it is in some copies.
   Hadid is probably the Adida of Josephus, and the Maccabees,
   (1; Mac 12:38; 13:13,) a city situated on a hill in the plain
   country of Judah, and the Aditha of Eusebius, which he places
   near Diospolis, Lydda, or Lod.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:34-2:34

註釋:

 * Jericho.
  1Ki 16:34  Ne 7:36 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:35-2:35

註釋:

 * Senaah.
  Ne 7:38 
 * 3,930.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:36-2:36

註釋:

 * Jedaiah.
  1Ch 9:10  24:7 
 * Jeshua.
  3:9  Ne 7:39 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:37-2:37

註釋:

 * Immer.
  10:20  1Ch 24:14  Ne 7:40 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:38-2:38

註釋:

 * Pashur.
  10:22  1Ch 9:12  Ne 7:41 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:39-2:39

註釋:

 * Harim.
  10:21  1Ch 24:8  Ne 7:42 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:40-2:40

註釋:

 * Hodaviah.
  3:9 
 * Judah.
  Ne 7:43 
 * Hodevah.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:41-2:41

註釋:

 * Asaph.
  1Ch 6:39  15:17  25:1,2  Ne 7:44  11:17 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:42-2:42

註釋:

 * the porters.
  1Ch 26:1-19  Ne 7:45 
 * 138.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:43-2:43

註釋:

 * Nethinims.
  58  1Ch 9:2  Ne 7:46-56  10:28 
 * Hasupha.
   This variation only exists in the translation, the original
   being written here Husupha, and in the parallel place
   defectively, Hasupha.

  Ne 7:46 
 * Hashupha.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:44-2:44

註釋:

error in strong number parsing >,] is merely a
   contraction of, [C(8c79)ah(8320)<See definition 05517>,] Siaha, by
   the elision of, [H(882c)] {hay.}

 # Ne 7:47|
 * Sia.

 
經文:

以斯拉記 2:45-2:45

註釋:

error in strong number parsing >,]
   Lebanah, [See definition 03838>,] and Lebana;
   [Chag(8362)(8320)<See definition 02286>,] Hagabah, and
   [Chag(8362)(8368) <See definition 02286>,] Hagaba.

 # Ne 7:48|
 * Lebana, Hagaba.

 
經文:

以斯拉記 2:46-2:46

註釋:

 * Shalmai.  or, Shamlai.
   Shamlai, of the Kethiv, is evidently a mistake for Shalmai, as
   the Keri and LXX. have.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:47-2:47

註釋:

  47 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:48-2:48

註釋:

  48 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:49-2:49

註釋:

 * Paseah.
  Ne 7:51 
 * Phaseah.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:50-2:50

註釋:

 * Mehunim.
  Ne 7:52 
 * Meunim, Nephishesim.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:51-2:51

註釋:

  51 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:52-2:52

註釋:

 * Bazluth.
  Ne 7:54 
 * Bazlith.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:53-2:53

註釋:

 * Thamah.
  Ne 7:55 
 * Tamah.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:54-2:54

註釋:

  54 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:55-2:55

註釋:

 * Solomon's.
  1Ki 9:21 
 * Peruda.
  Ne 7:57 
 * Perida.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:56-2:56

註釋:

 * Jaalah.
  Ne 7:58 
 * Jaala.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:57-2:57

註釋:

 * Pochereth.
  Ne 7:59 
 * Ami.
  Ne 7:59 
 * Amon.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:58-2:58

註釋:

 * Nethinims.
  7:7  Jos 9:21,23,27  1Ch 9:2  Ne 3:26  7:60 
 * Solomon's.
  1Ki 9:21 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:59-2:59

註釋:

 * Tel-harsa.
  Ne 7:61 
 * Tel-haresha, Addon.  seed. or, pedigree.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:60-2:60

註釋:

 * of Delaiah.
  Ne 7:62 
 * 642.

經文:

以斯拉記 2:61-2:61

註釋:

 * the children.
  Ne 7:63,64 
 * Barzillai.
  2Sa 17:27  19:31-39  1Ki 2:7 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:62-2:62

註釋:

 * therefore.
  Le 21:21-23  Nu 3:10  16:40  18:7 
 * were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood.  Heb. they
   were polluted from the priesthood.
  Eze 44:10-14 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:63-2:63

註釋:

 * Tirshatha.  or, governor.
   The person who held this office at this time was probably
   Zerubbabel.  The word {Tirshatha} is supposed to be Persian;
   and if, as Castel supposes, it signifies austerity, or that
   fear which is impressed by the authority of a governor, it may
   be derived from {tars,} "ear," or {tursh,} "acid, austere."

  Ne 7:65  8:9  10:1 
 * should not.
  Le 2:3,10  6:17,29  7:16  10:17,18  22:2,3,10,14-16  Nu 18:9-11,19 
  Nu 18:32 
 * Urim.
  Ex 28:30  Le 8:8  Nu 27:21  De 33:8  1Sa 28:6 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:64-2:64

註釋:

 * forty.
   Though the sum total, both here and in Nehemiah, is equal,
   namely, 42,360, yet the particulars reckoned up only make
   29,818; in Ezra, and 31,089; in Nehemiah; and we find that
   Nehemiah mentions 1,765; persons who are not in Ezra, and Ezra
   has 494; not mentioned in Nehemiah.  This last circumstance,
   which seems to render all hope of reconciling them impossible,
   Mr. Alting thinks is the very point by which they can be
   reconciled; for, if we add Ezra's surplus to the sum in
   Nehemiah, and Nehemiah's surplus to the number in Ezra, they
   will both amount to 31,583; which subtracted from 42,360,
   leaves a deficiency of 10,777, which are not named because
   they did not belong to the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, or to
   the priests, but to the other Israelitish tribes.

  9:8  Ne 7:66-69  Isa 10:20-22  Jer 23:3 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:65-2:65

註釋:

 * servants.
  Isa 14:1,2 
 * two hundred.
  Ex 15:20,21  2Sa 19:35  Ne 7:67  Ps 68:25  148:12,13  Ec 2:8 
  Jer 9:17,18  Mt 9:23 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:66-2:66

註釋:

  66 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:67-2:67

註釋:

  67 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:68-2:68

註釋:

 * offered freely.
  Ex 35:5-19,29  36:3  Nu 7:3-89  1Ch 29:5-17  Ne 7:70-73  Ps 110:3 
  Lu 21:1-4  2Co 8:3,12  9:7 
 * in his place.
  3:3  1Ch 21:18  22:1  2Ch 3:1 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:69-2:69

註釋:

 * the treasure.
  8:25-34  1Ki 7:51  1Ch 22:14  26:20-28  Ne 7:71,72 

經文:

以斯拉記 2:70-2:70

註釋:

  6:16,17  1Ch 11:2  Ne 7:73  11:3-36 

經文:

以斯拉記 3:1-3:1

註釋:

  1;  The altar is set up.
  4;  Offerings renewed.
  7;  Workmen employed in preparing materials.
  8;  The foundations of the temple are laid in great joy and
     mourning.

 * the seventh.
  Ex 23:14-17  Le 16:29  23:24,27-44  Nu 29:1-40  Ne 8:2,14 
 * as one.
  Jud 20:1  Ne 8:1  Zep 3:9  Ac 2:46  4:32  1Co 1:10 

經文:

以斯拉記 3:2-3:2

註釋:

 * Jeshua.
  Hag 1:1,12,14  2:2-4  Zec 3:1,8  6:11 
 * Joshua the son of Josedech.  Zerubbabel.
  2:2  1Ch 3:17,19  Hag 2:21,23  Zec 4:6-10  Mt 1:12,13  Lu 3:27 
 * Zorobabel, Salathiel.  as it is written.
  Ex 20:24,25  Nu 28:3-31  De 12:5-7  2Ch 6:6  Ps 78:68 
   Bp. Patrick observes, that before the temple was built, there
   seems to have been a tabernacle pitched for Divine service, as
   was in David's time, not on mount Moriah, but mount Sion, to
   be used while the temple was building.  Let us learn hence to
   begin with God, and to do what we can in the worship of God,
   when we cannot do what we would.  They could not immediately
   have a temple, but they would not be without an altar.
   Wherever a Christian goes, if he carry not with him the
   sacrifices of prayer and praise, he is wanting in his duty;
   for he has an altar ever ready that sanctifies both the gift
   and the giver.

經文:

以斯拉記 3:3-3:3

註釋:

 * the altar.
  2Ch 4:1 
 * for fear.
  4:11-16  8:21,22  Ps 27:1,2  56:2-4 
 * even burnt.
  Ex 29:38-42  Nu 28:2-8 

經文:

以斯拉記 3:4-3:4

註釋:

 * the feast.
  Ex 23:16  Le 23:34-36  Ne 8:14-17  Zec 14:16-19  Joh 7:2,37 
 * the daily.
  Nu 29:12-38 
 * as the duty of every day required.  Heb. the matter of the
   day in his day.
  Ex 5:13  29:38  Jer 52:34  *marg: 

經文:

以斯拉記 3:5-3:5

註釋:

 * the continual.
  Ex 29:38-42  Nu 28:3-10,11,19,27  29:2,8,13 
 * willingly.
  Le 1:3  De 12:6,17  2Ch 29:31,32 

經文:

以斯拉記 3:6-3:6

註釋:

 * the foundation of the temple of the Lord was not yet laid.
   Heb. the temple of the Lord was not yet founded.

經文:

以斯拉記 3:7-3:7

註釋:

 * gave money.
  2Ki 12:11,12  22:5,6  2Ch 24:12,13 
 * carpenters.  or, workmen.  meat.
  1Ki 5:6,9-11  2Ch 2:10-15  Eze 27:17  Ac 12:20 
 * Joppa
   Joppa, now Jaffa or Yaffa, one of the most ancient sea-ports
   in the world, is situated in a fine plain on the shore of the
   Mediterranean, between Jamnia south and Caesarea of Palestine
   north, 150; stadia from Antipatris, according to Josephus, 30
   miles south of Caesarea, 12; miles north of Ashdod, 9; miles
   west of Ramla, and 40; miles west of Jerusalem, according to
   modern authorities; and in lat. 32; degrees 50' long. 65
   degrees 40' according to Ptolemy.  It is still a considerable
   town, containing about 4,000; or 5,000; souls, and occupying a
   circular eminence close to the seaside, with a citadel on the
   summit; the bottom of the hill being surrounded by a wall 12
   or 14; feet high, and two or three feet thick.  The environs
   are occupied by extensive gardens.

  2Ch 2:16  Jon 1:3  Ac 9:36  10:5,6 
 * according.
  6:3-5 

經文:

以斯拉記 3:8-3:8

註釋:

 * Zerubbabel.
  2 
 * twenty years old.
  Nu 4:3  1Ch 23:24-32 

經文:

以斯拉記 3:9-3:9

註釋:

error in strong number parsing >,] is called
   Hodevah, [H(9377)dev(8368) <See definition 01937>,] by the elision
   of [Y(9377)d,] {yood,} and was probably named Judah, from the word
   having the same signification.

 # 2:40|
 * Hodaviah.
 # Ne 7:43|
 * Hodevah.
 * together.  Heb. as one.

 
經文:

以斯拉記 3:10-3:10

註釋:

 * when the builders.
  Zec 4:10 
 * they set.
  Ex 28:40-42  1Sa 22:18  1Ch 15:27  Ne 12:24-26 
 * trumpets.
  Nu 10:1-10  1Ch 15:24  16:5,6,42 
 * the sons of Asaph.
  1Ch 6:39  16:37  25:1-7  2Ch 35:15 
 * after the ordinance.
  1Ch 6:31-48  16:4-7  23:5  2Ch 29:25,26 

經文:

以斯拉記 3:11-3:11

註釋:

 * they sang.
  Ex 15:21  Ne 12:24,40  Ps 24:7-10  Isa 6:3 
 * because.
  1Ch 16:34,41  2Ch 7:3  Ps 103:17  106:1  107:1  135:3  136:1-26 
  Ps 145:1-11  Jer 33:11  Lu 1:50 
 * shouted.
  Jos 6:5,10,16  Ps 47:1,5  Isa 12:6  44:23  Zec 9:9 
 * because.
  Ps 102:13,14  Re 21:10-14 

經文:

以斯拉記 3:12-3:12

註釋:

 * many.
  Hag 2:3 
 * when the foundation.
  Job 8:7  Isa 41:14  60:22  Da 2:34,35  Zec 4:10  Mt 13:31,32 
 * wept.
  Ps 126:6  Jer 31:8,9 

經文:

以斯拉記 3:13-3:13

註釋:

 * So that.
   This sight must have been very affecting; a whole people, one
   part weeping aloud with sorrow, the other shouting aloud for
   joy; and on the same occasion too, in which both sides felt an
   equal interest.  The prophet Haggai (ch 2:1-9) comforted them
   on this occasion, by assuring them that the glory of this
   latter house should exceed that of the former, because the
   Lord would come to this temple, and fill it with His glory.

 * the noise.
  Jud 2:5 
 * shouted.
  Ne 12:43  Ps 5:11  Jer 33:11  Zec 4:7  Lu 19:37-40 
 * and the noise.
  Ex 32:17,18  1Sa 4:5  1Ki 1:40,45  Ps 100:1,2 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:1-4:1

註釋:

  1;  The adversaries, being not accepted in the building of the
     temple with the Jews, endeavour to hinder it.
  7;  Their letter to Artaxerxes.
 17;  The answer and decree of Artaxerxes.
 23;  The building is hindered.

 * the adversaries.
   These were the Samaritans, the descendants of the various
   nations with which the kings of Assyria had peopled Israel,
   when they had carried the original inhabitants captive.

  7:9  1Ki 5:4,5  1Ch 22:9,10  Ne 4:1-11  Da 9:25  1Co 16:9 
 * children of the captivity.  Heb. sons of the transportation.
  1:11  *marg: 
  6:16,19,20  10:7,16  Da 5:13 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:2-4:2

註釋:

 * Zerubbabel.
  1:5  2:2  3:2,12 
 * Let us.
  Pr 26:23-26  2Co 11:13-15  Ga 2:4  2Ti 3:8  2Pe 2:1,2 
 * we do.
  2Ki 17:24,27-33,41 
 * Esarhaddon.
  10 
 * Asnappar.
  2Ki 19:37 
 * Assur.
  Ge 10:11  Ps 73:8  Isa 37:37 
 * Assyria.
  Ho 14:3 
 * Asshur.

經文:

以斯拉記 4:3-4:3

註釋:

 * Ye have nothing.
  Ne 2:20  Joh 4:22,23  Ac 8:21  Ro 9:4,5  3Jo 1:9,10 
 * king Cyrus.
  1:1-3  6:3-5  2Ch 36:22,23  Isa 44:28  45:1,4  Mt 10:16 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:4-4:4

註釋:

 * weakened.
  3:3  Ne 6:9  Isa 35:3,4  Jer 38:4 
 * troubled.
  Ne 4:7,8,11 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:5-4:5

註釋:

 * hired.
  Ps 2:1,2  Na 1:11  Ac 24:1-27 
 * Darius.
  24  5:5-17  6:1-18 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:6-4:6

註釋:

 * A.M. 3475.  B.C. 529. Ahasuerus.  Heb. Ahashverosh.
   This was Cambyses, son of Cyrus, who succeeded his father,
   A.M. 3475, and reigned seven years and five months.

 * wrote.
  Mt 27:37  Ac 24:5-9,13  25:7  Re 12:10 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:7-4:7

註釋:

 * A.M. 3482.  B.C. 522.  Artaxerxes.
   This Artaxerxes was one of the Magi, who usurped the throne
   after the death of Cambyses, for seven months, feigning
   himself to be Smerdis, brother of Cambyses:  he is called
   Oropoestus by Justin, Smerdis by Herodotus, Mardus by
   AEschylus, and Sphendatates by Ctesias.

 * Bishlam.  or, in peace.  companions.  Heb. societies.
  9,17  5:6 
 * the Syrian tongue.
   That is, probably, both the language and character were Syrian
   or Chaldaic; and therefore, from the 8th verse of this
   chapter, to ch. 7:27, the original is not Hebrew, but Chaldee,
   in those parts which consist of letters, decrees, etc.,
   originally written in that language.

  2Ki 18:26  Isa 36:11  Da 2:4 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:8-4:8

註釋:

 * scribe.  or, secretary.
  9  2Sa 8:17  20:25  2Ki 18:18 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:9-4:9

註釋:

 * companions.  Chal. societies.  the Dinaites.
  2Ki 17:24,30,31 
 * Apharsathchites.
  5:6  6:6 
 * Apharsachites.  Susanchites.
  Es 1:2  2:3  Da 8:2 
 * Elamites.
  Ge 10:22  Isa 21:2  Jer 25:25  49:34  Eze 32:24  Ac 2:9 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:10-4:10

註釋:

 * And the rest.
  1  2Ki 17:24-41 
 * noble Asnappar.
  Ro 13:7 
 * at such a time.  Chal. Cheeneth.
  11,17  7:12 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:11-4:11

註釋:

  11 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:12-4:12

註釋:

 * rebellious.
  15,19  2Ki 18:20  24:1  2Ch 36:13  Jer 52:3  Eze 17:12-21 
  Lu 23:2-5  Ac 24:5  1Th 5:22  1Pe 2:13-15 
 * bad city.
  Ps 48:1,2  Isa 1:21-23  Lu 13:34 
 * set up.  or, finished.
  Ne 1:3  Da 9:25 
 * joined.  Chal. sewed together.

經文:

以斯拉記 4:13-4:13

註釋:

 * if this city.
  Ne 5:4  Ps 52:2  119:69 
 * pay.  Chal. give.  toll.
  7:24  Mt 9:9  17:25  Ro 13:6,7 
 * revenue.  or, strength.

經文:

以斯拉記 4:14-4:14

註釋:

 * have maintenance, etc.  Chal. are salted with the salt of the
   palace.
   Salt is reckoned among the principal necessaries of life,
   (Ecclus. 39:26; or 31;) hence, by a very natural figure, salt
   is used for food or maintenance in general.  I am well
   informed, says Mr. Parkhurst, that it is a common expression
   of the natives in the East Indies, "I eat such a one's salt,"
   meaning, I am fed by him.  Salt was also, as it still is,
   among eastern nations, a symbol of friendship and hospitality;
   and hence, to eat a man's salt, is to be bound to him by the
   ties of friendship.

 * and it was.
  Eze 33:31  Joh 12:5,6  19:12-15 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:15-4:15

註釋:

 * this city.
  12  Ne 2:19  6:6  Es 3:5-8  Da 6:4-13  Ac 17:6,7 
 * moved.  Chal. made.  within the same.  Chal. in the midst
   thereof.  for which.
  2Ki 24:20  25:1,4  Jer 52:3-34 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:16-4:16

註釋:

 * thou shalt have.
  20  2Sa 8:3  1Ki 4:24 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:17-4:17

註釋:

 * companions.  Chal. societies.
  7,9 
 * Peace.
  5:7  7:12  Lu 10:5  Ac 23:26  Ro 1:7 
 * at such a time.
  10,11 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:18-4:18

註釋:

  18 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:19-4:19

註釋:

 * I commanded.  Chal. by me a decree is set.  search.
  15  5:17  6:1,2  De 13:14  Pr 25:2 
 * and it is found.
  2Ki 18:7  24:20  Eze 17:13-19 
 * made insurrection.  Chal. lifted up itself.

經文:

以斯拉記 4:20-4:20

註釋:

 * mighty king.
  1Ki 4:21,24  1Ch 18:3  Ps 72:8 
 * beyond.
  16  Ge 15:18  Jos 1:3,4 
 * toll.
  1Ch 18:6,13  19:19  2Ch 9:14,23,24  17:11  26:7,8 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:21-4:21

註釋:

 * Give ye, etc.  Chal. Make a decree.
  19 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:22-4:22

註釋:

 * why should.
  13  Es 3:8,9  7:3,4 

經文:

以斯拉記 4:23-4:23

註釋:

 * Rehum.
  8,9,17 
 * they went up.
  Pr 4:16  Mic 2:1  Ro 3:15 
 * force.  Chal. arm.

經文:

以斯拉記 4:24-4:24

註釋:

 * So.
  Ne 6:3,9  Job 20:5  1Th 2:18 
 * Darius.
   This was Darius Hystaspes, one of the seven princes who slew
   the usurper Smerdis:  he ascended the throne of Persia,
   A.M. 3483, B.C. 521, and reigned 36; years.

  5:5  6:1  Hag 1:15 

經文:

以斯拉記 5:1-5:1

註釋:

  1;  Zerubbabel and Jeshua, incited by Haggai and Zechariah, set
     forward the building of the temple.
  3;  Tatnai and Shethar-boznai are not able to hinder the Jews.
  6;  Their letter to Darius against the Jews.

 * A.M. 3484.  B.C. 520.  Haggai.
   These are the same Haggai and Zechariah, whose writings we
   have among the twelve minor prophets; and, as a great part of
   them refer to the events here recorded, the reader will find
   it very profitable to compare them with the history.

  Hag 1:1-15 
 * Zechariah.
  Zec 1:1-21 
 * the son of Iddo.
   That is, "the grandson of Iddo;" for Zechariah was the son of
   Berechiah, the son of Iddo.

 * in the name.
  Mic 5:4  Hag 1:2-8  Zec 1:3,4  4:6-10 

經文:

以斯拉記 5:2-5:2

註釋:

 * rose up.
  3:2  Hag 1:12-15 
 * Jeshua.
  Zec 6:11 
 * Joshua, Josedech.  the prophets.
  6:14  Hag 2:4-9,20-23  Zec 3:1-4:14  2Co 1:24 

經文:

以斯拉記 5:3-5:3

註釋:

 * Tatnai.
   Tatnai was governor of the provinces which belonged to the
   Persian empire west of the Euphrates, comprehending Syria,
   Arabia Deserta, Phoenicia, and Samaria.  He seems to have been
   a mild and judicious man, and to have acted with great
   prudence and caution, and without any passion or prejudice.

  6  6:6,13  7:21  Ne 2:7-9 
 * Who hath commanded you.
  9  1:3  Mt 21:23  Ac 4:7 

經文:

以斯拉記 5:4-5:4

註釋:

 * What are.
  10 
 * make this building.  Chal. build this building.

經文:

以斯拉記 5:5-5:5

註釋:

 * But the eye.
  7:6,28  8:22  2Ch 16:9  Ps 32:8  33:18  34:15  76:10  Php 1:28 
  1Pe 3:12 
 * that they.
  Ps 129:2-5 
 * then they returned.
  6:6-12 

經文:

以斯拉記 5:6-5:6

註釋:

 * A.M. 3485.  B.C. 519.  copy.
  4:11,23 
 * Apharsachites.
  4:9 
 * Apharsathchites.
  6:6 

經文:

以斯拉記 5:7-5:7

註釋:

 * wherein.  Chal. in the midst whereof.  all peace.
  4:17  Da 3:9  4:1  6:21  Joh 14:27  2Th 3:16 

經文:

以斯拉記 5:8-5:8

註釋:

 * the province.
  2:1  Ne 7:6  11:3  Es 1:1,22 
 * the great God.
  1:2,3  6:10  7:23  De 10:17  32:31  Ps 145:3  Da 2:47  3:26 
  Da 4:2,34-37  6:26 
 * great stones.  Chal. stones of rolling.
  Mr 13:1,2 

經文:

以斯拉記 5:9-5:9

註釋:

 * Who commanded.
  3,4 

經文:

以斯拉記 5:10-5:10

註釋:

 * asked.
  4 

經文:

以斯拉記 5:11-5:11

註釋:

 * We are.
  Jos 24:15  Ps 119:46  Da 3:26  Jon 1:9  Mt 10:32  Lu 12:8  Ac 27:23 
  Ro 1:16  6:16  Ga 6:14 
 * which a great.
  1Ki 6:1-7:51  2Ch 3:1-5:14 

經文:

以斯拉記 5:12-5:12

註釋:

 * A.M. 3408.  B.C. 536.  But after.
  2Ki 21:12-15  2Ch 34:24,25  36:16,17  Ne 9:26,27  Isa 59:1,2 
  Jer 5:29  Da 9:5 
 * he gave.
  De 28:15-68  29:24-28  31:17  32:30  Jud 2:14  4:2  6:1  1Ki 9:6-9 
  2Ch 7:19-22  Ps 106:40 
 * into the hand.
  2Ki 24:2,10-17  25:1,8-11,12-30  2Ch 36:6-10  Jer 39:1-14 
  Da 1:1,2 

經文:

以斯拉記 5:13-5:13

註釋:

  1:1-8  6:3-5  Isa 44:28  45:1 

經文:

以斯拉記 5:14-5:14

註釋:

 * the vessels.
  1:7-10  6:5  2Ch 36:7,18  Jer 52:19  Da 5:2,3 
 * the king.
  7:27  Pr 21:1 
 * Sheshbazzar.
  16  1:11 
 * whom.
  Hag 1:1,14  2:2,21 
 * governor.  or, deputy.
  Ac 13:7,8,12 

經文:

以斯拉記 5:15-5:15

註釋:

 * let the house.
  1:2  3:3  6:3 

經文:

以斯拉記 5:16-5:16

註釋:

 * Sheshbazzar.
  14 
 * laid.
  2  3:8,10  Hag 1:12-14  2:18  Zec 4:10 
 * A.M. 3468-3485.  B.C. 536-519.  it is not finished.
  6:15 

經文:

以斯拉記 5:17-5:17

註釋:

 * A.M. 3485.  B.C. 519.  let there be.
  4:15,19  6:1,2  Pr 25:2 
 * a decree.
  6:3-5 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:1-6:1

註釋:

  1;  Darius, finding the decree of Cyrus, makes a new decree for
     the advancement of the building.
 13;  By the help of Tatnai and Shethar-boznai, according to the
     decree, the temple is finished.
 16;  The feast of the dedication is kept;
 19;  and the passover.

 * and search.
  4:15,19  5:17  Job 29:16  Pr 25:2 
 * rolls.  Chal. books.
  Ps 40:7  Jer 36:2-4,20-23,29,32  Eze 2:9  3:1  Re 5:1 
 * laid up.  Chal. made to descend.

經文:

以斯拉記 6:2-6:2

註釋:

 * at Achmetha.  or, at Ecbatana, or, in a coffer.
   [achmta [,] probably from the Persian
   [chm,] {kham,} "a house for a summer residence," with a
   prefix, [a,] {aleph,} and the Chaldee termination [ta,]
   {tha,} most likely denotes Ecbatana, as the Vulgate and
   Josephus read, the summer residence of the Persian monarchs.
   It was situated in a mountainous region at the foot of mount
   Orontes, or Jasonius, according to Ammianus, on the southern
   confines of Media and Persia, and according to Pliny, 750
   miles from Seleucia the Great, 20; miles from the Caspian
   passes, 450; miles from Susa, and the same from Gaz(910a)   Atropatene, and in lat. 37; degrees 45; min., long. 88; degrees,
   according to Ptolemy.  The building of the city is ascribed to
   Semiramis by Diodorus, but to Deioces by Eusebius, (in Chron.
   1.1,) and Herodotus, who states that it was surrounded by
   seven walls, strong and ample, built in circles one within
   another, rising each above each by the height of their
   respective battlements; each being distinguished by a
   different colour, the first white, the second black, the third
   purple, the fourth blue, the fifth orange, the sixth plated
   with silver, and the seventh with gold.  The largest of these
   was nearly the extent of Athens, i.e., 200; furlongs, according
   to Dion Chrysostom; but Diodorus Siculus states the
   circumference of Ecbatana to be 250; furlongs.  Within the
   inner circle stood the king's palace and the royal treasury,
   so much celebrated for its splendour and riches by Polybius.
   It is highly probable, as D'Anville and Major Rennel suppose,
   that the present Hamadan, whose ruins attest its former
   splendour, occupies the site of Ecbatana.  It is situated in
   Al Gebal, at the foot of the lofty mountain Alwend, about 80
   leagues from Ispahan, and also from Bagdad.

經文:

以斯拉記 6:3-6:3

註釋:

 * the first year.
  1:1-4  5:13-15  2Ch 36:22,23 
 * the place.
  De 12:5,6,11-14  2Ch 2:6  Ps 122:4 
 * the height.
  1Ki 6:2,3  2Ch 3:3,4  Eze 41:13-15  Re 21:16 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:4-6:4

註釋:

 * three rows.
  1Ki 6:36 
 * the expenses.
  7:20-23  Ps 68:29  72:10  Isa 49:23  60:6-10  Re 12:16 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:5-6:5

註釋:

 * the golden.
  1:7,8  5:14  Jer 27:16,18-22  Da 1:2  5:2 
 * which Nebuchadnezzar.
  2Ki 24:13  25:14,15  2Ch 36:6,7,10,18  Jer 52:19 
 * brought.  Chal. go.

經文:

以斯拉記 6:6-6:6

註釋:

 * Tatnai.
  5:3 
 * your companions.  Chal. their societies.
  5:6 
 * be ye far.
  Ge 32:28  43:14  Ne 1:11  Ps 76:10  Pr 21:1,30  Isa 27:8 
  Ac 4:26-28  Ro 8:31 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:7-6:7

註釋:

 * Let the work.
  Ac 5:38,39 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:8-6:8

註釋:

 * I make a decree.  Chal. by me a decree is made.  the king's.
  4  4:16,20  7:15-22  Ps 68:29-31  Hag 2:8 
 * hindered.  Chal. made to cease.
  4:21,23  5:5 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:9-6:9

註釋:

 * young bullocks.
  Le 1:3-5,10  9:2  Ps 50:9-13 
 * lambs.
  Ex 29:38-42  Nu 28:1-29:40 
 * wheat.
  Le 2:1-16  Nu 15:4-31  1Ch 9:29 
 * salt.
  Le 2:13  Mr 9:49 
 * let it be given.
  Isa 49:23 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:10-6:10

註釋:

 * sweet savours.  Chal. rest.
  Ge 8:21  Le 1:9,13  Eph 5:2 
 * pray.
  7:23  Jer 29:7  1Ti 2:1,2 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:11-6:11

註釋:

 * whosoever.
  7:26 
 * timber.
  Es 5:4  7:10 
 * hanged.  Chal. destroyed.  his house.
  2Ki 9:37  10:27  Da 2:5  3:29 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:12-6:12

註釋:

 * caused.
  Ex 20:24  De 12:5,11  16:2  1Ki 9:3  2Ch 7:16  Ps 132:13,14 
 * destroy.
  Ps 5:10  21:8-10  137:8,9  Isa 60:12  Ob 1:10  Zec 12:2-4 
  Ac 5:38,39  9:5  Re 19:14-21 
 * I Darius.
  Es 3:14,15  8:14 
 * speed.
  13  Ec 9:10 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:13-6:13

註釋:

 * Tatnai.
  4:9,23  5:6 
 * so they did.
  Es 6:11  Job 5:12,13  Pr 29:26 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:14-6:14

註釋:

 * And the elders.
  3:8  4:3 
 * through.
  5:1,2  Hag 1:12-14  2:2-15  Zec 2:1-4:14  6:1-15 
 * finished it.
  Zec 4:9 
 * according.
  Isa 44:28  Hag 1:8 
 * commandment.  Chal. decree.  Cyrus.
  13  1:1-4  4:24  5:13 
 * Artaxerxes.
   This was Artaxerxes, the third son and successor of Xerxes,
   surnamed [Makrocheir,] or Longimanus, or in Persian, {Ardsheer
   deeraz dest,} "Ardsheer the long-handed;" so called, according
   to the Greeks, from the extra-ordinary length of his hands,
   but according to the Easterners, from the extent of his
   dominions.  He ascended the Persian throne, A.M. 3540, B.C.
   464, and reigned forty-one years.  He is said to have been the
   most handsome person of his age, and to have been a prince of
   a very mild and generous disposition.

  7:1 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:15-6:15

註釋:

 * A.M. 3489.  B.C. 515.  Adar.
  Es 3:7,13  8:12  9:1,15,17,19,21 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:16-6:16

註釋:

 * the children.
  1Ch 9:2  Ne 7:73 
 * children of the captivity.  Chal. sons of the transportation.
  4:1 
 * the dedication.
  1Ki 8:63  2Ch 7:5,9  Joh 10:22 
 * with joy.
  22  3:11,12  De 12:7  1Ch 15:28  2Ch 7:10  30:23,26  Ne 8:10  12:43 
  Ps 122:1  Php 4:4 
   Having set up the worship of God in this dedication, they took
   care to keep it up, and made the book of Moses their rule, to
   which they had an eye in this establishment.  Though the
   temple service could not now be performed with so much pomp
   and plenty as formerly, because of their poverty, yet no doubt
   it was performed with as much purity and close adherence to
   the Divine institutions as ever.  No beauty is like the beauty
   of holiness.

經文:

以斯拉記 6:17-6:17

註釋:

 * offered.
  8:35  Nu 7:2-89  1Ki 8:63,64  1Ch 16:1-3  2Ch 7:5  29:31-35 
 * a sin offering.
  Le 4:3,13,14,22,23,28  2Ch 29:21-23 
 * according to.
   Though the tribes of Benjamin and Judah, with the priests and
   Levites, formed the bulk of the people, yet many from the
   other tribes had returned with them from captivity.

  1Ki 18:31  Lu 22:30  Re 7:4-8  21:12 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:18-6:18

註釋:

 * the priests.
  1Ch 23:1-26:32  2Ch 35:4,5 
 * as it is written.  Chal. according to the writing.
  Nu 3:6  8:9-26 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:19-6:19

註釋:

 * the children.
  16 
 * kept.
  Ex 12:6-36  Jos 5:10  2Ch 30:1-35:27 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:20-6:20

註釋:

 * purified together.
  2Ch 29:34  30:15-17 
 * killed.
  Ex 12:21  2Ch 35:11  Heb 7:27 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:21-6:21

註釋:

 * all such.
  9:11  Nu 9:6,7,10-14  Isa 52:11  Eze 36:25  2Co 6:17  7:1 
 * did eat.
  Ex 12:47-49  Ps 93:5 

經文:

以斯拉記 6:22-6:22

註釋:

 * the feast.
  Ex 12:15-20  13:6,7  2Ch 30:21  35:17  Mt 26:17  1Co 5:7,8 
 * turned.
  7:27  Pr 16:7  21:1  Joh 19:11 
 * the king.
   Darius, as reigning over the country of Assyria, is here
   called "the king of Assyria."

  6-12  1:1  2Ki 23:29  2Ch 33:11  Zec 10:10,11 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:1-7:1

註釋:

  1;  Ezra goes up to Jerusalem.
 11;  The gracious commission of Artaxerxes to Ezra.
 27;  Ezra blesses God for this favour.

 * A.M. 3547.  B.C. 457.  Artaxerxes.
  12,21  6:14  Ne 2:1 
 * Ezra.
  10  8:1-10:44  Ne 8:2-9 
 * Seraiah.
  2Ki 25:18  1Ch 6:4-14  9:11  Ne 11:11  Jer 52:24-27 
 * Hilkiah.
  2Ki 22:4,8  2Ch 34:9,15 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:2-7:2

註釋:

 * Zadok.
  2Sa 8:17  1Ki 2:35 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:3-7:3

註釋:

  3 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:4-7:4

註釋:

  4 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:5-7:5

註釋:

 * Phinehas.
  Ex 6:25  Nu 25:7-13  31:6  Jos 22:13,31  Jud 20:28  1Ch 6:4,50-52 
  Ps 106:30,31 
 * Eleazar.
  Le 10:6,12,16  Nu 3:32  20:25-28  27:2  31:31,54  Jos 14:1  24:33 
  1Ch 24:1-6 
 * chief priest.
  2Ch 19:11  26:20  Heb 5:4 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:6-7:6

註釋:

 * a ready.
   {Sopher mahir} does not merely signify a speedy writer, or an
   excellent penman, but one eminently skilful in expounding the
   law, {sophro chochmo,} "a wise scribe," as the Syriac renders.

  11,12,21  Ps 45:1  Mt 13:52 
 * scribe.
  Ne 8:4,9,13  12:26,36  Jer 8:8  1Co 1:20 
 * the law.
  De 4:5  28:1  Mt 28:20  1Co 15:1  1Th 4:1,2 
 * granted him.
  11-26 
 * according to.
  9,28  6:22  8:18,22,31  Ge 32:28  Ne 1:10,11  2:8,12,18  4:15 
  Pr 3:6  Isa 50:2  59:1 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:7-7:7

註釋:

 * the children.
  8:1-14 
 * the Levites.
  2:40,41  8:15-20 
 * singers.
  1Ch 6:31-48  25:1-8 
 * porters.
  2:42  1Ch 9:17-27  Ne 7:45 
 * Nethinims.
  24  2:43-70  8:20  Ne 7:46-73  10:28 
 * Artaxerxes.
  11,12  6:14  8:1  Ne 2:1 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:8-7:8

註釋:

  8 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:9-7:9

註釋:

 * began he to go up.  Heb. was the foundation of the going up.
   according to.
  6  Ne 2:8,18 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:10-7:10

註釋:

 * prepared.
  1Sa 7:3  1Ch 29:18  2Ch 12:14  19:3  Job 11:13  Ps 10:17  57:7 
 * the law.
  6  Ps 1:2  19:7  119:45,96-100 
 * to do it.
  De 16:12  Mt 5:19  7:24  Joh 13:17  Re 22:14 
 * and to teach.
  25  De 33:10  2Ch 17:8,9  30:22  Ne 8:1-9  Mal 2:7  Ac 1:1  1Ti 3:2 
  2Ti 4:2  Tit 2:1,15 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:11-7:11

註釋:

 * the copy.
  4:11  5:6 
 * a scribe.
  6  Mt 23:2,13  Mr 7:1-13 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:12-7:12

註釋:

 * Artaxerxes.
   The title of the king would, in Persian, run thus: {Ardsheer
   shahinshah,} or {padshah,} "Ardsheer, king of kings," i.e.,
   great or supreme king or emperor.

  1Ki 4:24  20:1  Isa 10:8  Eze 26:7  Da 2:37,47  1Ti 6:15  Re 17:14 
  Re 19:16 
 * unto Ezra, etc.  or, to Ezra the priest, a perfect scribe of
   the law of the God of heaven, peace, etc.  and at such a
   time.
  4:10,11,17 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:13-7:13

註釋:

 * I make.
  5:13  6:1  2Ch 30:5  Es 3:15  9:14  Ps 148:6 
 * minded.
  1:3  Ps 110:3  Php 2:13  Re 22:17 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:14-7:14

註釋:

 * of the king.  Chal. from before the king.  seven counsellors.
   Seven princes of Persia having conspired against and slain the
   usurper Smerdis, and thus made way for the family of Darius,
   which afterwards filled the throne, the Persian kings of this
   race had always seven chief princes as their counsellors, who
   possessed peculiar privileges, were his chief assistants in
   the government, and by whose advice all the public affairs of
   the empire were transacted.  The names of these counsellors
   are given in the parallel place of the book of Esther.

  Es 1:14 
 * according.
  25,26  De 17:18,19  Isa 8:20 
 * thy God.
  1:3  5:8  6:12  Da 2:47  6:20,26 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:15-7:15

註釋:

 * the silver.
  6:4,8-10  Ps 68:29,30  72:10  76:11  Isa 60:6-9  Re 21:24-26 
 * whose habitation.
  6:12  2Ch 2:6  6:2,6  Ps 9:11  26:8  76:2  135:21 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:16-7:16

註釋:

 * all the silver.
  8:25-28 
 * offering.
  1:4,6  1Ch 29:6,9,17  2Co 8:12  9:7 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:17-7:17

註釋:

 * buy speedily.
  6:9,10  De 14:24-26  Mt 21:12,13  Joh 2:14 
 * their meat offerings.
  Nu 15:4-13 
 * offer them.
  De 12:5-11 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:18-7:18

註釋:

 * whatsoever.
  2Ki 12:15  22:7 
 * that do.
  26  Eph 5:17 
 * after the will.
   He gave them the fullest liberty to order every thing
   according to their own institutions; binding them to no form
   or mode of worship.

經文:

以斯拉記 7:19-7:19

註釋:

 * The vessels.
  8:27-30,33,34 
 * the God of Jerusalem.
  2Ch 32:19  Jer 3:17 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:20-7:20

註釋:

 * bestow it.
  6:4,8-18 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:21-7:21

註釋:

 * Artaxerxes.
  12,13 
 * beyond the river.
  4:16,20  6:6 
 * Ezra the priest.
  6,10,11 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:22-7:22

註釋:

 * measures.  Chal. cors.
  Lu 16:7  *marg: 
 * baths of wine.
  Eze 45:14  Lu 16:6  *marg: 
 * salt.
  Le 2:13 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:23-7:23

註釋:

 * Whatsoever is commanded.  Chal. Whatsoever is of the decree.
  13,18 
 * let it be.
  Ps 119:4 
 * why should there be wrath.
   As Artaxerxes believed he was appointed by the Almighty to do
   this work, he therefore wished to do it heartily; knowing that
   if he did not, God would be displeased, and that the kingdom
   would be cut off from him or his posterity.

  6:10-12  Zec 12:3 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:24-7:24

註釋:

 * touching any.
  7  2:36-55 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:25-7:25

註釋:

 * the wisdom.
  14  1Ki 3:28  1Ch 22:12  Ps 19:7  119:98-100  Pr 2:6  6:23  Jas 1:5 
  Jas 3:17,18 
 * set magistrates.
  Ex 18:21-25  De 16:18  1Ch 23:4  2Ch 19:8-10 
 * beyond the river.
   That is, "west of the Euphrates," which was beyond with regard
   to the king of Persia, who was on the east.

  6:6 
 * teach ye.
  10  2Ch 17:7-9  Ne 8:1-3,7,8  9:3  13:1-3  Mal 2:7  Mt 13:52  23:2,3 
  Mr 6:34  Ro 10:14-17 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:26-7:26

註釋:

 * whosoever.
  6:11  Da 3:28,29  6:26 
 * the law of thy God.
  2Ch 30:12 
 * whether it be.
  Ex 21:1-22:31  Le 20:1-27  De 13:1-18 
 * banishment.  Chal. rooting out.
  Ps 52:5 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:27-7:27

註釋:

 * Blessed.
   There is a most amiable spirit of piety in these reflections.
   Instead of expatiating on the praises of his munificent
   patron, or boasting of his own services, he blesses God for
   "putting such a thing in the king's heart;" and for all the
   assistance and favour shown him by the king and his
   counsellors.

  6:22  1Ch 29:10-30  Php 4:10 
 * put such.
  6:22  Ne 2:12  7:5  2Co 8:16  Heb 8:10  10:16  Jas 1:17  Re 17:17 
 * in the king's heart.
  Ne 2:8  Pr 21:1 
 * to beautify.
  Isa 60:13 

經文:

以斯拉記 7:28-7:28

註釋:

 * extended.
  9:9  Ge 32:28  43:14  Ne 1:11 
 * his counsellors.
  14  Jon 3:7 
 * And I was strengthened.
   In what the king decreed he saw the hand of God:  he therefore
   gave Him the praise, and took courage.

 * as the hand.
  6,9  5:5  8:18  Ne 2:8  2Ti 4:17,18 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:1-8:1

註釋:

  1;  The companions of Ezra, who returned from Babylon.
 15;  He sends to Iddo for ministers for the temple.
 21;  He keeps a fast.
 24;  He commits the treasures to the custody of the priests.
 31;  From Ahava they come to Jerusalem.
 33;  The treasure is weighed in the temple.
 36;  The commission is delivered.

 * the chief.
  1:5  1Ch 9:34  24:31  26:32  2Ch 26:12  Ne 7:70,71 
 * genealogy.
  2:62  1Ch 4:33  9:1 
 * them that went up.
  7:7,13 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:2-8:2

註釋:

 * Phinehas.
  1Ch 6:3,4-15  24:1-6 
 * David.
  1Ch 3:1,22 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:3-8:3

註釋:

 * Pharosh.
   This variation is attributable to the translators; the
   original being uniformly Par(9373)h.

  2:3  Ne 7:8  10:14 
 * Parosh.

經文:

以斯拉記 8:4-8:4

註釋:

 * Pahath-moab.
  2:6  Ne 7:11  10:14 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:5-8:5

註釋:

  5 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:6-8:6

註釋:

 * Adin.
  2:15  Ne 7:20  10:16 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:7-8:7

註釋:

 * Elam.
  2:7,31  Ne 7:12,34 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:8-8:8

註釋:

 * Shephatiah.
  2:4  Ne 7:9  11:4 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:9-8:9

註釋:

 * Joab.
  2:6  Ne 7:11 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:10-8:10

註釋:

  10 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:11-8:11

註釋:

 * Bebai.
  2:11  10:28  Ne 7:16 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:12-8:12

註釋:

 * Azgad.
  2:12  Ne 7:17 
 * the son of Hakkatan.  or, the youngest son.

經文:

以斯拉記 8:13-8:13

註釋:

 * Adonikam.
  2:13  Ne 7:18 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:14-8:14

註釋:

 * Bigvai.
  2:14  Ne 7:19 
 * Zabbud.  or, Zaccur, as some read.
  Ne 10:12 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:15-8:15

註釋:

 * the river that runneth.
   Ahava is supposed to be the river Adiava, which, with the
   Diava, is said by Ammianus to have given name to Adiabene, a
   province of Assyria, through which they flowed into the
   Tigris.  These rivers were also called respectively, Anzabas
   and Zabas, the Caprus and Lycus of Ptolemy; the former of
   which he places, at its source, in long. 79; degrees, lat. 39罔   degrees, and at its junction with the Tigris, in long. 79罔   degrees, lat. 36; degrees 6'; and the latter, at its source, in
   long 78; degrees, lat. 39; degrees; and where it falls into the
   Tigris, in long. 79; degrees, lat. 36芟degrees.  They are now
   called the Great and Little Zab, or the Zabein, i.e., the two
   Zabs, which, says Ibn Haukal, "are considerable streams, each
   about half as large as the Dejleh (or Tigris).  They rise
   among the mountains of Azerbaijan:  of these, the larger is
   that which runs towards Haditheh.  These streams form part of
   the Tigris, and water the district of Semerah."

  Ps 137:1  Eze 1:1  3:15  Ac 16:13 
 * Ahava.
  21,31 
 * abode.  Heb. pitched.  and found.
  2  7:7,24 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:16-8:16

註釋:

 * Shemaiah.
  13  10:21 
 * Nathan.
  10:39 
 * Zechariah.
  11 
 * chief men.
  1 
 * men of understanding.
  18  1Ki 3:11  1Ch 12:32  26:14  2Ch 2:12  Pr 2:6  20:5  28:2  Da 2:21 
  2Ti 2:7  1Jo 5:20 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:17-8:17

註釋:

 * Casiphia.
   Casiphia is supposed to denote the Caspian mountains, between
   Media and Hyrcania, near the Caspian Sea.  It is evident, from
   a comparison of ch. 7:9; with ver. 31, that Casiphia could not
   be far from Ahava.

 * I told them.  Heb. I put words in their mouth.
  Ex 4:15  De 18:18  2Sa 14:3,19  Jer 1:9  15:19 
 * the Nethinims.
  2:43,58  7:7 
 * ministers.
  Nu 8:22-26  18:6  1Ch 23:3-6,26-32  Tit 1:5 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:18-8:18

註釋:

 * by the good hand.
  22  7:28  Ne 2:8  Pr 3:6 
 * a man of understanding.
  16  Pr 24:3  Jer 3:15  Da 1:20  1Co 14:20 
 * Mahli.
  Nu 3:20  1Ch 6:19 
 * Sherebiah.
  24  Ne 8:7  9:4,5  10:12  12:24 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:19-8:19

註釋:

 * Hashabiah.
  Ne 3:17  10:11 
 * Merari.
  1Ch 6:1,16,19 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:20-8:20

註釋:

 * Nethinims.
  17  2:43  7:7  1Ch 9:2 
 * all of them.
  Php 4:3 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:21-8:21

註釋:

 * I proclaimed.
  Jud 20:26  1Sa 7:6  2Ch 20:3  Joe 1:14  2:12-18  Jon 3:5 
 * afflict ourselves.
  Le 16:29,31  23:29  Isa 58:3,5  Jer 31:8,9  50:4,5 
 * to seek.
  Ps 5:8  107:2-8  143:8-10  Pr 3:6  Isa 30:21  35:8  42:16  49:10 
  Jer 10:23 
 * for our little ones.
  Nu 14:3,31  Ps 8:2  Mr 10:13-16  Ac 2:39 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:22-8:22

註釋:

 * I was ashamed.
  1Co 9:15  2Co 7:14 
 * The hand.
  7:6,9,28  1Ch 28:9  2Ch 16:9  Ps 33:18,19  34:15,22  Isa 3:10,11 
  La 3:25  Ro 8:28  1Pe 3:12 
 * his power and his wrath.
  Jos 23:16  2Ch 15:2  Ps 21:8,9  34:16  90:11  Zep 1:2-6  Heb 10:38 
  1Pe 3:12 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:23-8:23

註釋:

 * we fasted.
  Ne 9:1  Es 4:16  Da 9:3  Lu 2:37  Ac 10:30 
 * besought.
  Jer 29:12,13  33:3  50:4,5 
 * and he was intreated.
  31  De 4:29  1Ch 5:20  2Ch 33:12,13  Ps 66:18-20  Isa 19:22 
  Jer 29:12,13  Mt 7:7,8 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:24-8:24

註釋:

 * Sherebiah.
  18,19 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:25-8:25

註釋:

 * weighed.
  33  1:8  2Co 8:20,21  Php 4:8 
 * the silver.
  7:15,16 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:26-8:26

註釋:

  26 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:27-8:27

註釋:

 * fine copper.  Heb. yellow, or shining brass.
   The Syriac renders, {nechosho korinthyo tovo,} "good
   Corinthian brass;" so called from the brass found after the
   burning of Corinth by Lucius Mummius, which was, as is
   generally supposed, brass, copper, silver, and gold, melted
   together.  Sir J. Chardin, however, in a MS. note, cited by
   Harmer, mentioned a factitious metal used in the East, and
   highly esteemed there, which might probably be of an origin as
   ancient as Ezra.  He says, "I have heard some Dutch gentlemen
   speak of a metal in the island of Sumatra, and among the
   Macassars, much more esteemed than gold, which royal
   personages alone are privileged to wear.  It is a mixture, if
   I remember right, of gold and steel, or copper and steel."  He
   afterwards added, "calmbac is the name of this metal, which is
   composed of gold and copper."

 * precious.  Heb. desirable.
  La 4:2 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:28-8:28

註釋:

 * Ye are holy.
  Le 21:6-8  De 33:8  Isa 52:11 
 * the vessels.
  1:7-11  Le 22:2,3  Nu 4:4-15,19,20  7:13,84-88  1Ki 7:48-51 
  1Ch 23:28  2Ch 24:14 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:29-8:29

註釋:

 * Watch ye.
  1Ch 26:20-26  Mr 13:34,35  Ac 20:31  2Ti 4:5 
 * until ye weigh them before.
  33,34 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:30-8:30

註釋:

 * the house of our God.
  22  1Ch 29:2,3  Ps 122:9  Isa 60:13 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:31-8:31

註釋:

 * the river of Ahava.
  15,21 
 * the hand.
  22  7:9,28  Job 5:19-24  Ps 91:9-14  Isa 41:10-14  Ac 25:3  26:22 
 * and he delivered.
   Ezra and his company had now entered upon a journey of several
   hundred miles through the desert, which they were nearly four
   months in completing, encumbered with families and
   possessions, and carrying large treasures with them, which
   would invite the attempts of the Arabian hordes, and others,
   that infested that neighbourhood; yet, having declared to the
   king, "that the hand of God was upon all them for good that
   seek him, and that his power and wrath were against all them
   that forsook him," (ver. 22,) he determined to travel without
   a guard, except that of the Almighty, being ashamed to ask any
   other, after his former avowed confidence in Him!  Having,
   therefore, humbled themselves before the Lord, and besought
   his guidance and protection, he was intreated by them, their
   enemies were restrained or disabled, and they arrived
   unmolested at Jerusalem.

經文:

以斯拉記 8:32-8:32

註釋:

  7:8,9  Ne 2:11 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:33-8:33

註釋:

 * weighed.
  26,30  1Ch 28:14-18  2Co 8:20,21 
 * Meremoth.
  Ne 10:5 
 * Uriah.
  Ne 3:4 
 * Urijah.  Jozabad.
  Ne 8:7 
 * Binnui.
  Ne 10:9 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:34-8:34

註釋:

  34 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:35-8:35

註釋:

 * offered burnt.
  Le 1:1-7:38  2Ch 29:31,32  Ps 66:10-15  116:12-19  Lu 1:74,75 
 * twelve bullocks.
  6:17  Nu 7:27 

經文:

以斯拉記 8:36-8:36

註釋:

 * the king's commissions.
  7:21-24 
 * lieutenants.
  4:7-23  5:6-17 
 * they furthered.
  6:13  Isa 56:6,7  Ac 18:27  Re 12:16 

經文:

以斯拉記 9:1-9:1

註釋:

  1;  Ezra mourns for the affinity of the people with strangers.
  5;  He prays unto God, with confession of sins.

 * the princes.
  10:8  Jer 26:10,16 
 * have not separated.
  6:21,22  10:10,11  Ex 33:16  Nu 23:9  Ne 9:2  13:3  Isa 52:11 
  2Co 6:14-18 
 * doing according.
  Le 18:3,24-30  De 12:30,31  18:9  2Ch 33:2  Ps 106:35  Ro 2:17-25 
 * of the Canaanites.
  Ge 15:16,19-21  Ex 23:23  De 20:17,18 
 * Ammonites.
  De 23:3-5  1Ki 11:1,5-7  Ne 4:3,7  13:1-3 
 * Moabites.
  Nu 25:1-3 

經文:

以斯拉記 9:2-9:2

註釋:

 * taken of their.
  10:18-44  Ex 34:16  De 7:1-4  Ne 13:23,24  Mal 2:11 
 * the holy seed.
  Ex 19:6  22:31  De 7:6  14:2  Isa 6:13  Mal 2:15  1Co 7:14 
 * mingled.
  Ge 6:2  Ne 13:3,23,24  2Co 6:14 
 * the hand.
  10:18-44  Ne 13:4,17,28 

經文:

以斯拉記 9:3-9:3

註釋:

 * rent.
  Jos 7:6  2Ki 18:37  19:1  Job 1:20  Jer 36:24 
 * off.
  Le 21:5  Ne 13:25  Isa 15:2  Jer 7:29  48:37,38  Eze 7:18  Mic 1:16 
 * sat.
  Ne 1:4  Job 2:12,13  Ps 66:3  143:4  Eze 3:15  Da 4:19  8:27 

經文:

以斯拉記 9:4-9:4

註釋:

 * trembled.
  10:3  2Ch 34:27  Ps 119:136  Isa 66:2  Eze 9:4 
 * until.
  Ex 29:39  Da 9:21  Ac 3:1 

經文:

以斯拉記 9:5-9:5

註釋:

 * heaviness.  or, affliction.  I fell.
  2Ch 6:13  Ps 95:6  Lu 22:41  Ac 21:5  Eph 3:14 
 * spread.
  Ex 9:29,33  1Ki 8:22,38,54  Ps 141:2  143:6  Isa 1:15 

經文:

以斯拉記 9:6-9:6

註釋:

 * I am ashamed.
  Job 40:4  42:6  Jer 3:3,24,25  6:15  8:12  31:19  Eze 16:63 
  Da 9:7,8  Ro 6:21 
 * our iniquities.
  Ge 13:13  Ps 38:4  Isa 1:18  59:12 
 * trespass.  or, guiltiness.  grown up.
  2Ch 28:9  Lu 15:21  Re 18:5 

經文:

以斯拉記 9:7-9:7

註釋:

 * Since the days.
  Nu 32:14  2Ch 29:6  30:7  Ne 9:32-34  Ps 106:6,7  La 5:7  Da 9:5-8 
  Zec 1:4,5  Mt 23:30-33  Ac 7:51,52 
 * for our iniquities.
  Le 26:14-46  De 4:25-28  28:15-68  29:22-28  30:17-19  31:20-22 
  De 32:15-28  1Sa 12:15  1Ki 9:6-9  Ne 9:30 
 * into the hand.
  2Ki 17:5-8  18:9-12  24:1-4  2Ch 36:16-19  Ne 9:36,37  Da 9:11-14 
 * to confusion.
  Da 9:7,8 
 * as it is this day.
  Ne 9:32  Jer 25:18  44:22 

經文:

以斯拉記 9:8-9:8

註釋:

 * little space.  Heb. moment.  grace hath.
  9  Ne 1:11  9:31  Hab 3:2 
 * a remnant.
  14  2Ki 19:4,30,31  Isa 1:9  Jer 42:2  44:14  Eze 6:8,9  14:22 
  Zec 8:6,12  Ro 9:27  11:5,6 
 * a nail.  or a pin.  i.e., a constant and sure abode.
  Ec 12:11  Isa 22:23-25  Zec 10:4 
 * in his holy place.
  Isa 56:5  Re 3:12 
 * lighten.
  1Sa 14:27,29  Job 33:30  Ps 13:3  34:5 
 * reviving.
  Ps 85:6  138:7  Isa 57:15  Eze 37:11-14  Ho 6:2 

經文:

以斯拉記 9:9-9:9

註釋:

 * we were bondmen.
  Ne 9:36,37 
 * yet our God.
  Ps 106:45,46  136:23,24  Eze 11:16 
 * in the sight.
  1:1-4,7-11  6:1-12  7:6,8,11-28 
 * to set up.
  6:14,15  Hag 1:9  Zec 4:6-10 
 * repair.  Heb. set up.  a wall.
   Or rather, a hedge or fence, {gader,} such as were made for
   sheep-folds.

  Isa 5:2,5  Da 9:25  Zec 2:5 

經文:

以斯拉記 9:10-9:10

註釋:

 * what shall we say.
  Ge 44:16  Jos 7:8  La 3:22  Da 9:4-16  Ro 3:19 

經文:

以斯拉記 9:11-9:11

註釋:

 * by thy servants.  Heb. by the hand of thy servants.  The
   land.
  1  Le 18:24-30  De 12:31  18:12  2Ch 33:2 
 * the filthiness.
  6:21  Eze 36:25-27  2Co 7:1 
 * one end to another.  Heb. mouth to mouth.
  2Ki 21:16  *marg: 

經文:

以斯拉記 9:12-9:12

註釋:

 * give not.
  Ex 23:32  34:16  De 7:3  Jos 23:12,13 
 * nor seek their peace.
  De 23:6  2Ch 19:2  2Jo 1:10,11 
 * that ye may.
  De 6:1,2  Jos 1:6-9 
 * and eat.
  Isa 1:19 
 * and leave it.
  Ge 18:18,19  Ps 112:1,2  Pr 13:22  20:7 

經文:

以斯拉記 9:13-9:13

註釋:

 * after all.
  Ne 9:32  Eze 24:13,14  Ga 3:4 
 * hast punished, etc.  Heb. hast withheld beneath our
   iniquities.  less.
  Ps 103:10  La 3:22,39,40  Hab 3:2 
 * hast given us.
  Ps 106:45,46 

經文:

以斯拉記 9:14-9:14

註釋:

 * we again.
  Joh 5:14  Ro 6:1  2Pe 2:20,21 
 * join in.
  2  Ex 23:32  Jud 2:2  Ne 13:23-27 
 * wouldest not thou.
  Ex 32:10  Nu 16:21,45  De 9:8,14 
 * no remnant.
  8  De 32:26,27  Isa 1:9  Jer 46:28  Eze 6:8 

經文:

以斯拉記 9:15-9:15

註釋:

 * thou art righteous.
  Ne 9:33,34  Da 9:7-11,14  Ro 10:3 
 * for we remain.
  La 3:22,23 
 * in our trespasses.
  Isa 64:6,7  Eze 33:10  Zec 3:3,4  Joh 8:21,24  1Co 15:17 
 * we cannot.
  Job 9:2,3  Ps 130:3  143:2  Ro 3:19 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:1-10:1

註釋:

  1;  Ezra encouraged to reform the strange marriages.
  6;  Ezra assembles the people.
  9;  The people repent, and promise amendment.
 15;  The care to perform it.
 18;  The names of them which had married strange wives.

 * when Ezra.
  Da 9:3,4,20  Ac 10:30 
 * when he had.
  Le 26:40,41  Ps 32:5  Ho 14:2  1Jo 1:8-10 
 * weeping.
  Ps 119:136  Jer 9:1  13:17  Zec 12:10  Lu 19:41  Ro 9:2 
 * before the house.
  1Ki 8:30  9:3  2Ch 20:9 
 * a very great.
  De 31:12  2Ch 20:13  Ne 10:28  Joe 2:16-18  Ac 21:5 
 * very sore.  Heb. a great weeping.
  Jud 2:4,5  Ne 8:9 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:2-10:2

註釋:

 * Shechaniah.
  26  Ne 3:29 
 * Elam.
  2:7,31  Ne 7:12,34 
 * We have trespassed.
   Shechaniah here speaks in the name of the people, not
   acknowledging himself culpable; for he is not in the following
   list.

 * Compare.
  Jas 2:9  Ex 34:12  Ne 13:27 
 * yet now there is hope.
  Ex 34:6,7  Isa 55:6,7  Jer 3:12,13  1Jo 1:7-9 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:3-10:3

註釋:

 * let us make.
   {Nichrath berith,} "let us cut a covenant:"

  De 29:12  Jos 9:6  2Ki 11:17  2Ch 29:10  34:31,32  Ne 9:38 
  Ne 10:29-39 
 * put away.  Heb. bring forth.  according to the counsel.
  2Ch 30:12 
 * of those that.
  9:4  2Ch 34:21,27  Ps 119:59,120  Isa 66:2  Eze 9:4 
 * at the commandment.
  De 7:2,3  Jos 23:12,13 
 * let it.
  Ne 8:14  13:1-3  Isa 8:20 
   Shechaniah's counsel, which he was then so clear in, will not
   hold now:  such marriages, it is certain, are contrary to the
   will of God, and ought not to be made; but they are not null.
   Our rule under the gospel is {Quod fieri non debuit, factum
   valet,} "That which ought not to have been done must, when
   done, abide."  See

  1Co 7:12,13 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:4-10:4

註釋:

 * Arise.
  Jos 7:10-26  1Ch 22:16,19  Ec 9:10 
 * for this matter.
   By the decree of Artaxerxes, Ezra was authorised to do every
   thing that the law of God required.

  7:23-28  Mr 13:34 
 * we also will.
  Jos 1:16-18  1Ch 28:10,21 
 * be of good.
  Isa 35:3,4  Heb 10:24  12:12,13 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:5-10:5

註釋:

 * arose.
  Pr 1:5  9:9  15:23  25:11,12  27:9 
 * made.
  3  Ne 5:12  10:29  13:25  Mt 26:63 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:6-10:6

註釋:

 * the chamber.
  Ne 13:5 
 * Johanan.
  Ne 3:1,20  12:10,22  13:28 
 * he did eat.
  De 9:18  Job 23:12  Joh 4:31-34 
 * he mourned.
  9:4  Isa 22:12  Da 9:3 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:7-10:7

註釋:

 * they made.
  1:1  2Ch 30:5 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:8-10:8

註釋:

 * And that whosoever.
  7:26  Jud 21:5  1Sa 11:7 
 * forfeited.  Heb. devoted.
  Le 27:28  Jos 6:19 
 * himself separated.
  Ne 13:3  Mt 18:17  Joh 9:22,34  16:2  1Co 5:13 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:9-10:9

註釋:

 * the ninth month.
   That is, some time in December, which is the coldest and most
   rainy time of the year in Palestine.  Dr. Russel, in his
   account of the weather at Aleppo, which very much resembles
   that in Judea, says, that the natives reckon the severity of
   the winter, which they call {marbania,} to last but forty
   days, beginning from the 12th of December, and ending the 20th
   of January, and that this computation comes in fact very near
   the truth:  and that the air during this time is excessively
   piercing, even to those that are just come from a cold
   climate.

  7:8,9  Es 2:16 
 * trembling.
  1Sa 12:17,18  Jer 10:10,13 
 * great rain.  Heb. showers.

經文:

以斯拉記 10:10-10:10

註釋:

 * taken.  Heb. caused to dwell.  or, brought back.  to
   increase.
  9:6  Nu 32:14  Jos 22:17,18  2Ch 28:13  Mt 23:32 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:11-10:11

註釋:

 * make confession.
  Le 26:40-42  Jos 7:19  Ps 32:5  Pr 28:13  Jer 3:13  1Jo 1:7-9 
 * do his.
  Isa 1:16-18  56:4  Ro 12:2  Col 1:10  Heb 13:21 
 * separate.
  9:1  Ne 13:3  2Co 6:17 
 * and from the.
  De 7:3,4  1Co 2:12-14 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:12-10:12

註釋:

 * As thou hast said.
   They all resolved to do what Ezra had commanded; and they did
   put away their wives, even those by whom they had children,
   (ver. 44,) each of whom doubtless received a portion according
   to the circumstances of her husband, and was not turned away
   desolate.  Humanity must have dictated this, and no law of God
   is contrary to humanity.

 * so must we do.
  3,4  Ne 13:23  Ps 78:37,57 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:13-10:13

註釋:

 * the people.
  18-44  Mt 7:13,14 
 * we are many that have transgressed in this thing.  or, we
   have greatly offended in this thing.

經文:

以斯拉記 10:14-10:14

註釋:

 * our rulers.
  De 17:9,18,19  2Ch 19:5-7 
 * the fierce.
  Nu 25:4  De 13:17  Jos 7:26  2Ch 29:10  30:8  Ps 78:38  Isa 12:1 
 * for this matter be turned from us.  or, be turned from us,
   till this matter be dispatched.

經文:

以斯拉記 10:15-10:15

註釋:

 * were employed.  Heb. stood.  Meshullam.
  Ne 3:6  10:20  12:33 
 * Shabbethai.
  Ne 11:16 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:16-10:16

註釋:

 * to examine the matter.
  De 13:14  Job 29:16  Joh 7:51 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:17-10:17

註釋:

 * A.M. 3548.  B.C. 456.  the first day.
   The cases brought before the council were either so many, or
   so complicated, that, though they separated themselves from
   other employments, yet they were three whole months in
   examining into their affairs, and making the necessary
   separations required by the law.

  17 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:18-10:18

註釋:

 * the sons.
  9:1  Le 21:7,13-15  1Sa 2:22-24  Ne 13:28  Jer 23:11,14  Eze 44:22 
  Mal 2:8,9  1Ti 3:11 
 * Jeshua.
  2:2  3:2  5:2  1Ch 6:14,15  Ne 12:10  Hag 1:1  Zec 3:1 
 * Joshua.  Maaseiah.
  Ne 8:4,7 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:19-10:19

註釋:

 * gave their hands.
   They bound themselves in the most solemn manner to do as the
   rest of the delinquents had done, and make and acknowledgment
   to God of their iniquity, by offering each a ram for a
   trespass offering.

  2Ki 10:15  1Ch 29:24  2Ch 30:8  *marg: 
  La 5:6  Ga 2:9 
 * a ram.
  Le 5:15,16  6:4,6 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:20-10:20

註釋:

 * Immer.
  2:37  1Ch 24:14  Ne 7:40 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:21-10:21

註釋:

 * Harim.
  2:39  1Ch 24:8  Ne 7:42 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:22-10:22

註釋:

 * Pashur.
  2:38  1Ch 9:12  Ne 7:41 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:23-10:23

註釋:

 * Jozabad.
  8:33  Ne 11:16 
 * Kelita.
  Ne 10:10 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:24-10:24

註釋:

  24 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:25-10:25

註釋:

 * Moreover of Israel.
   That is, as Calmet observes, simple Israelites; thus
   distinguished from the priests, Levites, and singers,
   mentioned in ver. 18, 23, 24.

 * sons of Parosh.
  2:3  Ne 7:8 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:26-10:26

註釋:

 * Elam.
  2  2:7,31  8:7  Ne 7:12,34 
 * Jehiel.
  2 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:27-10:27

註釋:

 * Zattu.
  2:8  Ne 7:13 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:28-10:28

註釋:

 * Bebai.
  2:11  8:11  Ne 7:16 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:29-10:29

註釋:

 * Bani.
  2:10  Ne 7:15 
 * Binnui.  Malluch.
  Ne 10:4 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:30-10:30

註釋:

 * Pahath-moab.
  2:6  8:4  Ne 7:11 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:31-10:31

註釋:

 * Harim.
  2:32  Ne 7:35 
 * Malchiah.
   This variation only exists in the translation, the original
   being uniformly Malchijah, or rather, Malkeeyah.

  Ne 3:11 
 * Malchijah.

經文:

以斯拉記 10:32-10:32

註釋:

  32 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:33-10:33

註釋:

 * Hashum.
  2:19  Ne 7:22 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:34-10:34

註釋:

 * Bani.
  29 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:35-10:35

註釋:

  35 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:36-10:36

註釋:

  36 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:37-10:37

註釋:

  37 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:38-10:38

註釋:

  38 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:39-10:39

註釋:

  39 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:40-10:40

註釋:

 * Machnadebai.  or, Mabnadebai, according to some copies.

經文:

以斯拉記 10:41-10:41

註釋:

  41 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:42-10:42

註釋:

  42 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:43-10:43

註釋:

 * Nebo.
  2:29  Ne 7:33 

經文:

以斯拉記 10:44-10:44

註釋:

 * strange wives.
  Pr 2:16  5:3,20 
 * and some of them.
   This observation was probably intended to shew that only a few
   of them had children, and also how rigorously the law was put
   in execution.  According to a passage in Justin Martyr's
   Dialogue with Trypho, a Jew, Ezra offered a paschal lamb on
   this occasion, and addressed the people thus:  "And Ezra said
   to the people, This pass-over is our Saviour and our Refuge;
   and if ye will be persuaded of it, and let it enter into your
   hearts, that we are to humble to Him in a sign, and afterwards
   shall believe in Him, this place shall not be destroyed for
   ever, saith the Lord of hosts; but, if ye will not believe in
   Him, nor hearken to his preaching, ye shall be a
   laughing-stock to the Gentiles."  This was probably a marginal
   note added by some early Christian.



             CONCLUDING REMARKS ON THE BOOK OF EZRA.

   This book details the events of a very interesting period of
   the Sacred History, when, according to the decree of
   Providence, the Jewish people were to be delivered from their
   captivity, at the expiration of seventy years, and restored to
   the land of their fathers.  This book informs us how the
   Divine goodness accomplished this most gracious design, and
   the movers and agents He employed on the occasion.  Ezra was
   undoubtedly the chief agent under God in effecting this
   arduous work; and his zeal, piety, knowledge, and discretion,
   appear here in a most conspicuous point of view, and claim our
   utmost admiration.  Descended from Seraiah, in a direct line
   from Aaron, he seems to have united all the requisites of a
   profound statesmen with the functions of the sacerdotal
   character.  He appears to have made the Sacred Scriptures,
   during the captivity, his peculiar study; and, perhaps
   assisted by Nehemiah and the great synagogue, he corrected the
   errors which had crept into the Sacred Writings, through the
   negligence or mistake of transcribers; he collected all the
   books of which the Sacred Scriptures then consisted, disposed
   them in their proper order, and settled the canon of
   Scriptures for his time; he occasionally added, under the
   dictation of the Holy Spirit, whatever appeared necessary for
   the purpose of illustrating, completing, or connecting them;
   he substituted the modern for the ancient names of some
   places, which had now become obsolete; and transcribed the
   whole of the Scriptures into the Chaldee character.  He is
   said to have lived to the age of 120; years, and, according to
   Josephus, was buried in Jerusalem; but the Jews believe he
   died in Persia, in a second journey to Artaxerxes, where his
   tomb is shown in the city of Zamusa.  Though not styled a
   prophet, he wrote under the Divine Spirit; and the canonical
   authority of his book has never been disputed.  It is written
   with all the spirit and fidelity that could be displayed by a
   writer of contemporary times; and those parts which chiefly
   consist of letters, decrees, etc., are written in Chaldee,
   because it seemed more suitable to the fidelity of a sacred
   historian to give these official documents, as they may be
   termed, in the original language, especially as the people,
   recently returned from the captivity, were familiar, and
   perhaps more conversant with the Chaldee, than with the
   Hebrew.

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